Скачать презентацию Progress of Moon LITE Penetrators Rob Gowen on Скачать презентацию Progress of Moon LITE Penetrators Rob Gowen on

ae96274f79db3ca209ad495adca08b97.ppt

  • Количество слайдов: 37

Progress of Moon. LITE Penetrators Rob Gowen on behalf of the UK Penetrator Consortium Progress of Moon. LITE Penetrators Rob Gowen on behalf of the UK Penetrator Consortium LEAG 2008 : Florida, Oct 30 MSSL/UCL UK

Contents § § § Brief overview Status Phase-A elements Impact Trial Collaboration LEAG 2008 Contents § § § Brief overview Status Phase-A elements Impact Trial Collaboration LEAG 2008 : Florida, Oct 30 MSSL/UCL UK

Moon. LITE Mission A UK led science mission including an orbital communications package and Moon. LITE Mission A UK led science mission including an orbital communications package and to emplace 4 penetrators on the Moon for : § Science: Lunar science (inc. geology, chemistry, interior structure) + water ice/volatiles in permanently shadowed craters and astrobiological connections + ground truth. § Exploration: For manned missions -> water for ISRU + sites of possibly dangerous seismic levels for lunar bases + radiation shielding effectiveness of lunar regolith. § UK plc: Showcase British Innovation § Public interest: First UK led mission for 30+ years, already much media and personal interest. § Strategic Potential: For future solar system bodies (e. g. Europa/Ganymede, Titan/Enceladus, NEOs…) Penetrators - a new tool in the toolbox for planetary exploration LEAG 2008 : Florida, Oct 30 MSSL/UCL UK

Moon. LITE Mission § Delivery and Comms Spacecraft (Polar Orbiter) § Emplace 4 penetrators Moon. LITE Mission § Delivery and Comms Spacecraft (Polar Orbiter) § Emplace 4 penetrators into lunar surface Polar comms orbiter 3 Far side 4 each 13 Kg @300 m/s 2 § Landing sites: Globally spaced - far side - polar region(s) - one near an Apollo landing site for calibration § Duration: 1 year operations LEAG 2008 : Florida, Oct 30 1 MSSL/UCL UK

Science & Exploration Objectives 3 – Characterize water, volatiles, and astrobiologically related material at Science & Exploration Objectives 3 – Characterize water, volatiles, and astrobiologically related material at lunar poles. => Water is key to manned missions lunar base ? Far side – Constrain origin, differentiation, 3 d internal structure & far side crustal thickness of moon via a seismic network. 4 2 – Investigate enigmatic strong surface seismic signals => identify potentially dangerous sites for lunar bases – Determine thermal & compositional differences at polar regions and far side. – Obtain ground truth for remote sensing instruments LEAG 2008 : Florida, Oct 30 1 MSSL/UCL UK

Feasibility & Heritage DS 2 (Mars) NASA 1999 ? § Lunar-A and DS 2 Feasibility & Heritage DS 2 (Mars) NASA 1999 ? § Lunar-A and DS 2 space qualified § Military have been successfully firing instrumented projectiles for many years Mars 96 (Russia) failed to leave Earth orbit § Most scientific instruments have space heritage When asked to describe the condition of a probe that had impacted 2 m of concrete at 300 m/s a UK expert described the device as ‘a bit scratched’! Many paper studies and ground trials Japanese Lunar-A cancelled LEAG 2008 : Florida, Oct 30 MSSL/UCL UK

Program and Status § Late 2006 : PPARC initiated lunar mission studies § Early Program and Status § Late 2006 : PPARC initiated lunar mission studies § Early 2007 : Moon. LITE recommended for first mission § May 2008 : Full scale impact trial at Pendine Sands, Wales. § July 2008 : Moon. LITE International Peer Review. § 08 Sep’ 08 : Moon. LITE SOI considered by STFC Strongly endorsed and recommended proceed to Phase-A study. Peer Review Process – passed: now 3 part Phase-A Mission, PDS, Penetrators ‘ Moon. LITE mission. . . inspirational. . . ’ NASA LEAG 2008 : Florida, Oct 30 MSSL/UCL UK

Proposed Development Program Objective: within 2 years to be ready to proceed to mission Proposed Development Program Objective: within 2 years to be ready to proceed to mission construction § Parallel Phase-A and Technical Development § Review at end of Phase-A § Final Review at end of technical development LEAG 2008 : Florida, Oct 30 MSSL/UCL UK

PHASE-A § Penetrator Delivery System § Penetrator - baseline - options LEAG 2008 : PHASE-A § Penetrator Delivery System § Penetrator - baseline - options LEAG 2008 : Florida, Oct 30 MSSL/UCL UK

Penetrator Delivery System – – – Launch from spacecraft Spin stabilise Fire de-orbit motor Penetrator Delivery System – – – Launch from spacecraft Spin stabilise Fire de-orbit motor Re-orient Requirements: Separate penetrator from – Progress telemetering back to s/c delivery system – Descent imaging – impact – Impact velocity 300 m/s – Attack angle < 8 degs – Separate impact site for PDS away from penetrator descent sequence courtesy SSTL LEAG 2008 : Florida, Oct 30 MSSL/UCL UK

Penetrator – post impact Impact physics group • regolith properties • cratering • skin Penetrator – post impact Impact physics group • regolith properties • cratering • skin depth modification aft flare for flight stability in regolith batteries/RHU & heat switch (Cof. G forward) power options: • fuel cells • micro-rtg LEAG 2008 : Florida, Oct 30 crater Phase-A study: – impact physics – aft flare – power options – internal bay options Internal bays • ease of AIT • consider plastic -> good insulation -> save power -> improve lifetime few metre below surface MSSL/UCL UK

Penetrator – post impact crater option: trailing aerial (de-risk comms through regolith & save Penetrator – post impact crater option: trailing aerial (de-risk comms through regolith & save power) Phase-A study: – trailing aerial comms LEAG 2008 : Florida, Oct 30 MSSL/UCL UK

Penetrator – post impact Phase-A study: – needle probes • heat flow • (magnetometer) Penetrator – post impact Phase-A study: – needle probes • heat flow • (magnetometer) • accelerometers sub-surface 0. 8 m Maximum vertical separation for gradient measurements • Baseline: needle probes • Backup: patch thermometers LEAG 2008 : Florida, Oct 30 MSSL/UCL UK

Penetrator – post impact Phase-A study: – sample imager – stand off techniques • Penetrator – post impact Phase-A study: – sample imager – stand off techniques • water/volatiles • geochemistry • sample imager (geologic context, mineralogy) LEAG 2008 : Florida, Oct 30 drill (sample acquisition) MSSL/UCL UK

Penetrator – post impact micro seismometers LEAG 2008 : Florida, Oct 30 DHU PCU Penetrator – post impact micro seismometers LEAG 2008 : Florida, Oct 30 DHU PCU MSSL/UCL UK

Full Scale Impact Trial May 19 -21 2008 LEAG 2008 : Florida, Oct 30 Full Scale Impact Trial May 19 -21 2008 LEAG 2008 : Florida, Oct 30 MSSL/UCL UK

Impact Trial: 19 -21 May 2008 § Full-scale § 3 Penetrators, Aluminium § 300 Impact Trial: 19 -21 May 2008 § Full-scale § 3 Penetrators, Aluminium § 300 m/s impact velocity § Normal Incidence § Dry sand target 13 Kg 0. 56 m … just 9 months from start to end. Starting from scratch in Sep’ 07 LEAG 2008 : Florida, Oct 30 MSSL/UCL UK

Impact trial - Contributors LEAG 2008 : Florida, Oct 30 MSSL/UCL UK Impact trial - Contributors LEAG 2008 : Florida, Oct 30 MSSL/UCL UK

Impact trial – Payload Radiation sensor Batteries Magnetometers Mass spectrometer Accelerometers Power Interconnection Processing Impact trial – Payload Radiation sensor Batteries Magnetometers Mass spectrometer Accelerometers Power Interconnection Processing Micro-seismometers Accelerometers, Thermometer Batteries, Data logger LEAG 2008 : Florida, Oct 30 Drill assembly MSSL/UCL UK

Impact Trial - Objectives § Demonstrate survivability of penetrator shell, accelerometers and power system. Impact Trial - Objectives § Demonstrate survivability of penetrator shell, accelerometers and power system. § Assess impact on penetrator subsystems and instruments. § Determine internal acceleration environment at different positions within penetrator. § Extend predictive modelling to new impact materials and penetrator materials. § Assess alternative packing methods. § Assess interconnect philosophy. LEAG 2008 : Florida, Oct 30 MSSL/UCL UK

Trial Hardware Inners Stack LEAG 2008 : Florida, Oct 30 MSSL/UCL UK Trial Hardware Inners Stack LEAG 2008 : Florida, Oct 30 MSSL/UCL UK

Impact Trial - Configuration § Rocket sled § Penetrator LEAG 2008 : Florida, Oct Impact Trial - Configuration § Rocket sled § Penetrator LEAG 2008 : Florida, Oct 30 MSSL/UCL UK

Target § § § Dry sand 2 m x 6 m Small front entrance Target § § § Dry sand 2 m x 6 m Small front entrance aperture (polythene) LEAG 2008 : Florida, Oct 30 MSSL/UCL UK

Real-Time Impact Video LEAG 2008 : Florida, Oct 30 MSSL/UCL UK Real-Time Impact Video LEAG 2008 : Florida, Oct 30 MSSL/UCL UK

Firing LEAG 2008 : Florida, Oct 30 MSSL/UCL UK Firing LEAG 2008 : Florida, Oct 30 MSSL/UCL UK

1’st Firing - Results Firing parameters: • Impact velocity: 310 m/s (c. f. 300 1’st Firing - Results Firing parameters: • Impact velocity: 310 m/s (c. f. 300 m/s nominal) • Nose-up ~8 degs (c. f. 0 degs nominal) => worst case • Penetrator found in top of target • Glanced off a steel girder which radically changed its orientation. • Penetration: ~3. 9 m • Much ablation to nose and belly • Rear flare quite distorted. • Penetrator in one piece ✓ LEAG 2008 : Florida, Oct 30 MSSL/UCL UK

Post Firing belly up ! LEAG 2008 : Florida, Oct 30 MSSL/UCL UK Post Firing belly up ! LEAG 2008 : Florida, Oct 30 MSSL/UCL UK

First Firing – Opening up §s LEAG 2008 : Florida, Oct 30 MSSL/UCL UK First Firing – Opening up §s LEAG 2008 : Florida, Oct 30 MSSL/UCL UK

st 1 Firing – internal Results Micro seismometer bay Connecting to MSSL accelerometer and st 1 Firing – internal Results Micro seismometer bay Connecting to MSSL accelerometer and data processing bay LEAG 2008 : Florida, Oct 30 MSSL/UCL UK

1’st Firing – accelerometer data (a) Front end (Qineti. Q) hi-time res: 2 nd 1’st Firing – accelerometer data (a) Front end (Qineti. Q) hi-time res: 2 nd peak- > body slap higher gee forces than along axis ~ 5 kgee smoothed, ~16 kgee peak high frequency components ~5 khz LEAG 2008 : Florida, Oct 30 MSSL/UCL UK

1 st Firing - accelerometer data (b) Rear end (MSSL) 11 kgee Along axis: 1 st Firing - accelerometer data (b) Rear end (MSSL) 11 kgee Along axis: § Cutter impact : 3 kgee § Main impact : 10 kgee § Girder impact : 1 kgee Lateral Axes: § ~40% more gee forces than along axis. LEAG 2008 : Florida, Oct 30 cutter Main impact Girder 15 kgee Vertical axis 4 kgee Horizontal axis MSSL/UCL UK

2 nd Firing “Jaws-3” ? . . struck steel girder and moved it 6 2 nd Firing “Jaws-3” ? . . struck steel girder and moved it 6 inches LEAG 2008 : Florida, Oct 30 MSSL/UCL UK

Survival Table Triple worst case: exceed 300 m/s, >8 deg attack angle No critical Survival Table Triple worst case: exceed 300 m/s, >8 deg attack angle No critical failures Item Firing 1 Firing 2 Firing 3 Penetrator ✓ ✓ ✓ Q-accel sys ✓ ✓ ✓ Rad sensor ✓ not present Batteries ✓ (reduced capacity) not present Drill assembly ✓ not present Magnetometer ✓ not present Micro seismometers not present ✓ (protected suspensions ok) ✓ x pressure sensor x 3” heating element ✓ x pressure sensor ✓ 6” heating element ✓ ✓ Mass spectrometer not present + other package elements MSSL accel sys ✓ LEAG 2008 : Florida, Oct 30 MSSL/UCL UK

Impact Trial Objectives üDemonstrate survivability of penetrator body, accelerometers and power system. üAssess impact Impact Trial Objectives üDemonstrate survivability of penetrator body, accelerometers and power system. üAssess impact on penetrator subsystems and instruments. üDetermine internal acceleration environment at different positions within penetrator. üExtend predictive modelling to new penetrator materials, and impact materials. üAssess alternative packing methods üAssess interconnect philosophy. LEAG 2008 : Florida, Oct 30 MSSL/UCL UK

Next Steps & Strategy … § § Next full scale trial – aiming for Next Steps & Strategy … § § Next full scale trial – aiming for 4 th quarter ’ 09. Small scale trials – de-risk full scale trials and allow more complicated scenarios (e. g. regolith layering. ) § Impact into closer representative lunar regolith § Design for Moon …and eventually… § Full-up system (all operating) § Transmit from target in parallel : - Moon. LITE Phase-A LEAG 2008 : Florida, Oct 30 MSSL/UCL UK

Collaboration Possibilities § § § Communications Artificial Seismic event ILN Launch Other LEAG 2008 Collaboration Possibilities § § § Communications Artificial Seismic event ILN Launch Other LEAG 2008 : Florida, Oct 30 MSSL/UCL UK

- End - Penetrator website: http: //www. mssl. ucl. ac. uk/planetary/missions/Micro_Penetrators. php LEAG rag@mssl. - End - Penetrator website: http: //www. mssl. ucl. ac. uk/planetary/missions/Micro_Penetrators. php LEAG [email protected] ucl. ac. uk email: 2008 : Florida, Oct 30 MSSL/UCL UK