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Production and Evaluation of Genetically Modified Crops John J. Finer http: //www. oardc. o Production and Evaluation of Genetically Modified Crops John J. Finer http: //www. oardc. o hio-state. edu/plantranslab/

Acreage of GMO Varieties Acreage of GMO Varieties

Global cultivation areas, in millions of hectares http: //www. gmo-compass. org/eng/agri_biotechnology/gmo_planting/257. global_gm_planting_2013. html Global cultivation areas, in millions of hectares http: //www. gmo-compass. org/eng/agri_biotechnology/gmo_planting/257. global_gm_planting_2013. html

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Plant Biotechnology: Classical Plant Breeding: Genetic modification following of a plant cell by introduction Plant Biotechnology: Classical Plant Breeding: Genetic modification following of a plant cell by introduction of defined introduction of large amounts of DNA(s) from a genetically undefined DNAgenetically different source. similar source.

Biotechnology: Bio = Biology Technology = Application “The application of Biology” (for the benefit Biotechnology: Bio = Biology Technology = Application “The application of Biology” (for the benefit of humans)

Plant Biotechnology: 1) Plant Tissue Culture (Cloning) 2) DNA introduction (Gene Transfer) Plant Biotechnology: 1) Plant Tissue Culture (Cloning) 2) DNA introduction (Gene Transfer)

Cloning Apple Turf es? Ros gras s? in Plants s? Orang ils? fod f Cloning Apple Turf es? Ros gras s? in Plants s? Orang ils? fod f Da plants? es Have you ever eaten/used? cloned Potato es? rries? awbe Str

Xmas Cactus Poplar Cotton Soybean Fern Ohio Buckeye Xmas Cactus Poplar Cotton Soybean Fern Ohio Buckeye

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Plant Transformation Agrobacterium Particle gun Plant Transformation Agrobacterium Particle gun

First biotech plant product – Flav’r Sav’r tomato First biotech plant product – Flav’r Sav’r tomato

Bt Corn Reduces: Insecticide Application Mycotoxin Production Bt Corn Reduces: Insecticide Application Mycotoxin Production

Monarch larvae on Butterfly weed X Monarch larvae on Butterfly weed X

Public Support Varies for Different Applications of Biotechnology (Includes ALL Countries – N = Public Support Varies for Different Applications of Biotechnology (Includes ALL Countries – N = 35, 000) Source: Thomas Hoban, North Carolina State University

The Benefits of Using Biotechnology are Greater than the Risks (35, 000 Consumers from The Benefits of Using Biotechnology are Greater than the Risks (35, 000 Consumers from 35 Countries)

The Benefits of Using Biotechnology are Greater than the Risks (European Consumers) The Benefits of Using Biotechnology are Greater than the Risks (European Consumers)

Willing to Buy GM Food if More Nutritious (Net = Continue – Not Continue) Willing to Buy GM Food if More Nutritious (Net = Continue – Not Continue)

“Can you think of any information not currently included on food labels that you “Can you think of any information not currently included on food labels that you would like to see? ”

Perceptions of safety improved when US consumers learn that biotech foods have been in Perceptions of safety improved when US consumers learn that biotech foods have been in the stores. Do you think genetically modified foods are basically safe, basically unsafe, or don’t you have an opinion on this? Now, as you know, more than half of products in the grocery store are produced using some form of biotechnology or genetic modification. Knowing this, do you think genetically modified foods are basically safe, basically unsafe, or don’t you have an opinion on this? January 2001 Source: Pew Initiative on Food and Biotechnology

“By Eating a Genetically Modified Fruit, a Person’s Genes Could also Be Changed” 1996 “By Eating a Genetically Modified Fruit, a Person’s Genes Could also Be Changed” 1996 - 1998 Source: Thomas Hoban, North Carolina State University

“Ordinary Tomatoes Do Not Contain Genes, while Genetically Modified Ones Do” 1996 - 1998 “Ordinary Tomatoes Do Not Contain Genes, while Genetically Modified Ones Do” 1996 - 1998

Biotech Regulatory Oversight Biotech Regulatory Oversight

For further information, contact: John J. Finer Department of Horticulture and Crop Science OARDC/The For further information, contact: John J. Finer Department of Horticulture and Crop Science OARDC/The Ohio State University 1680 Madison Ave. Wooster, OH 44691 Tel: 330 -263 -3880 Fax: 330 -263 -3887 e-mail: finer. [email protected] edu