Elections in the USA.pptx
- Количество слайдов: 10
PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS IN THE U. S. A. Made by Anna Oputina and Anastasiya Suleimanova
Every four years, Americans elect a President and Vice President, thereby choosing both national leaders and a course of public policy. President – Barack Obama Vice President – Joseph Biden
President of the U. S. A. The President of the United States of America is the head of state and head of government of the United States. He has the executive power and is the commander-in-chief of the United States Armed Forces. One person can be elected as a President of the U. S. A. twice, both times for a four-year term. The first person to have this position was George Washington. He became the President of the U. S. A. in 1789.
President of the U. S. A. Article II, Section 1, Clause 5 of the U. S. A. Constitution sets the following qualifications which a person must have if wants to become a President: be a natural-born citizen of the United States; be at least thirty-five years old; have been a permanent resident in the United States for at least fourteen years.
The Election Day The Constitution does specify that all electors must be selected on the same day, which is "the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November, " i. e. a Tuesday no earlier than November 2 and no later than November 8.
The presidential ballot* Generally, voters are required to vote on a ballot where they select the candidate of their choice. The presidential ballot is a vote "for the electors of a candidate" meaning that the voter is not voting for the candidate, but endorsing a slate of electors pledged to vote for a specific Presidential and Vice Presidential candidate**. *ballot – бюллетень **– поддерживает список членов коллегии выборщиков, давших обещание голосовать за определённого кандидата в президенты или вицепрезиденты
The Presidential Ballot A Texas voter about to mark a selection for President on a ballot, 2008 Election Day
Nominating process* The modern nominating process of U. S. presidential elections currently consists of two major parts: a series of presidential primary elections* and caucuses* held in each state, and the presidential nominating conventions held by each political party. *nominating process - процедура выдвижения кандидатов *primary elections - первичные выборы, внутрипартийные выборы (выборы кандидата от партии, который затем участвует в основных, национальных выборах, особенно выборах президента) *caucus - закрытое собрание членов политической партии (для выдвижения кандидатов на предстоящие выборы или выработки политической линии)
Nominating process The primary elections are run by state and local governments, while the caucuses are organized directly by the political parties. Some states only hold primary elections, some only hold caucuses, and others use a combination of both. Like the general election, presidential caucuses or primaries are indirect elections. Each party's presidential candidate also chooses a vice presidential nominee to run with them on the same ticket.