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Preservation, access and re-use of researc A Publisher’s perspective……and how we can h Joep Preservation, access and re-use of researc A Publisher’s perspective……and how we can h Joep Verheggen, Elsevier PARSE. insight workshop, Darmstadt, 22 September 2009

Context “…… increased availability of primary sources of data in digital form has the Context “…… increased availability of primary sources of data in digital form has the potential to shift the balance away from research based on secondary sources such as publications, thus positioning data as the central element in the scientific process. ” (a statement from the Director of the Directorate General for Information Society and Media of the European Commission, 2008) “If the raw data doesn’t form a central part of the scientific record then we perhaps need to start asking whether the usefulness of that record in its current form is starting to run out. ” (from a blog called Science in the Open: http: //blog. openwetware. org/scienceintheopen/2008/05/16/avoid-the-pain-and-embarassment-makeall-the-raw-data-available/ “. . let us get back to the days where observational scientists could justify peer reviewed publication primarily on the basis of collection, description and reporting of high quality data sets (usually with some basic level of interpretation. . ” Quote taken from a discussion paper called “The Risk-Reward Basis for Data Publication” (marine sciences, 2007) “Problem = scientific community does not see online data as “publication” 2

what makes researchers decide to publish data. . Simply put motivation • reward & what makes researchers decide to publish data. . Simply put motivation • reward & recognition • community culture • collaboration • instructions (& mandates) application process • modelling & simulation • commercial applications • long term preservation • Re-evaluation infrastructure Genetics Materials sciences 3

What do scientist want……. 4 What do scientist want……. 4

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What do Publishers currently do…… Instructions to authors in “Tetrahedron” 7 What do Publishers currently do…… Instructions to authors in “Tetrahedron” 7

Supplementary files are linked directly from an article’s abstract page. 8 Supplementary files are linked directly from an article’s abstract page. 8

Supplementary files are referenced within the article text and linked via the article’s abstract Supplementary files are referenced within the article text and linked via the article’s abstract page using the doi. 9

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How do Publishers view research data in the context of “IPR” The Publishing Industry How do Publishers view research data in the context of “IPR” The Publishing Industry (STM/ALPSP) position is: “…. . believe that, as a general principle, data sets, raw data outputs of research and sets or subsets of that data should wherever possible be made freely acce to other scholars” (Statement from STM & ALPSP, June 2006) It is also stated that: “…. articles published in scholarly journals often include tables and charts in wh certain data points are included or expressed. Journal publishers often do seek the transfer of or ownership of the publishing rights in such illustrations. . , but th does not amount to a claim to the underlying data itself. . ” 11

Research data and the Publisher’s Mission Publishers are committed to making genuine contributions to Research data and the Publisher’s Mission Publishers are committed to making genuine contributions to the research communities…. . Can we meaningful contribute to an “editorial” process for data? § § Submission processes editorial organization, review Can we contribute to the data dissemination/retrieval process? § § Storing, Linking Search, Discovery Can we contribute to research workflows ? § § Meta-data, collections, ontologies Visualization, mining, etc • support to the scholarly communication process • increased availability of research output • increased citations to research output • increased overall quality of research • develop new means of knowledge discovery • increase in the research efficiency 12

Support through the journal networks and publishing platforms Move To………. from…. . § § Support through the journal networks and publishing platforms Move To………. from…. . § § General instructions to make available as supplementary information with the online article Textual references to data repositories & datasets Verbal instructions, limited support by editorial team § § § Note: a successful implementation § requires a combination of domain specific and generic solutions § § “More granular” definition of research data and supplementary information Specific instructions & mandates how, when and where to submit, and how to cite. Specific sustainable destinations for research data Agreed formats & metadata requirements for data submission Expand editorial teams with a “data-editor” Hyper-linking between articles and (final) dataset destinations and v. v. “Federated searching” Intelligent (contextual) referencing of datasets in 13

working examples……. . 14 working examples……. . 14

Visa versa 15 Visa versa 15

Digital object identifiers – for data(sets) 16 Digital object identifiers – for data(sets) 16

A possible solution § § § Creation of new and strenghtening of existing data A possible solution § § § Creation of new and strenghtening of existing data centers. Global access to data sets and their metadata through existing catalogues. By the use of persistent identifiers This and the following slides are taken from Jan Brase’s presentation 17

Results § § § § Citability of primary data High visability of the data Results § § § § Citability of primary data High visability of the data Easy re-use and verification of the data sets. Scientific reputation for the collection and documentation of data (Citation Index) Accepting the rules of good scientific practice Avoiding duplications Motivation for new research 18

§ What the DOI System Can Do to Help 19 § What the DOI System Can Do to Help 19

Project § The German Research Foundation (DFG) has started the project Publication and Citation Project § The German Research Foundation (DFG) has started the project Publication and Citation of Scientific Primary Data to increase the accessibility of scientific primary data, starting with the field of earth science. § The German National Library of Science and Technology (TIB) is now established as a “non-commercial” DOI-registration agency for scientific primary data as a member of the International DOI Foundation (IDF). 20

Data and article § The DOI system offers an easy way to connect the Data and article § The DOI system offers an easy way to connect the article with the underlying data: The dataset: G. Yancheva, . R Nowaczyk et al (2007) Rock magnetism and X-ray flourescence spectrometry analyses on sediment cores of the Lake Huguang Maar, Southeast China, PANGAEA doi: 10. 1594/PANGAEA. 587840 Is cited in the article: G. Ycheva, N. R. Nowaczyk et al (2007) Influence of the intertropical convergence zone on the East Asian monsoon 21

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“Quasi mash-up” type of interaction 28 “Quasi mash-up” type of interaction 28

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Collaborations is the way to go……. 30 Collaborations is the way to go……. 30

In conclusion § Do Publishers recognise the importance of “data publishing” § Can Publishers In conclusion § Do Publishers recognise the importance of “data publishing” § Can Publishers help to get research data in the open? § Will Publishers help to improve the discoverability of data? § § § YES YES …. . and YES: Solutions must be scalable & sustainable Existing capabilities should be used as much as possible We need to secure buy-in from the researchers and research communities as well as the policy makers 31

And finaly Thank you for your attention……. . j. verheggen@elsevier. com 32 And finaly Thank you for your attention……. . j. [email protected] com 32