- Количество слайдов: 20
Presented By: Mohammad Raza Vice Chairman - AMBP EVP & Head of Consumer Banking & Marketing Meezan Bank Ltd.
Presentation Outline ØGrowth of Islamic Housing Finance – Statistics ØIslamic Housing Finance Model – Diminishing Musharakah ØDocumentation of Islamic Housing Finance ØWhy Islamic Housing Finance. ØIssues in Islamic Housing Finance
Growth of Islamic Housing Finance in Pakistan Share of Islamic Banking in Housing Finance Portfolio of all banks/DFIs in Pakistan Conventional Banks/DFIs (Excluding HBFC) HBFC Islamic Banking Industry Gross Outstanding as at 31 -Dec-2012 (PKR in Billions) 28. 40 12. 80 13. 80 Share in Percentage 52% 23% 25% It is encouraging to note that share of Islamic Banking in Pakistan’s banking industry is around 10% whereas incase of housing finance, the share of Islamic Banking Industry is 25%. Source: SBP Quarterly Reviews for the year 2012
Last Two years comparison of Gross Outstanding of Housing Finance Gross Outstanding as at 31 -Dec-2011 31 -Dec-2012 (PKR in Billions) 37. 40 32. 20 (5. 20) 14% Decline HBFC 13. 20 12. 80 (0. 40) 3% Decline Full Fledged Islamic Banks 8. 70 10. 00 1. 30 15% Increase TOTAL 59. 30 55. 00 (4. 30) 7% Decline All Banks / DFIs (excluding Islamic Banks & HBFC) Source: SBP Quarterly Reviews for the year 2012 Increase / Decrease in a year
Share of Islamic Banking Industry in Fresh Housing Finance Disbursements Housing Finance Quarterly Disbursements in the year 2012 All Banks/DFIs including HBFC & Only Islamic Banking Industry (PKR in Billions) Share of Islamic Banking Industry Qtr-1, 2012 (Jan to Mar) 1. 6 0. 7 44% Qtr-2, 2012 (Apr to Jun) 2. 7 1. 0 37% Qtr-3, 2012 (Jul to Sep) 1. 4 0. 9 64% Qtr-4, 2012 (Oct to Dec) 2. 0 1. 1 55% Total 7. 71 3. 66 47% Source: SBP Quarterly Reviews for the year 2012
Islamic Housing Finance structures: • Murabaha • Ijarah • Istisna • Diminishing Musharakah (Mostly used in banks for Islamic Housing Finance)
Concept and Application of Diminishing Musharakah • Diminishing Musharakah is kind of Shirkat-ul-Milk. • It involves taking share in the ownership of a specific asset and then gradually transferring complete ownership to the other partner. • This concept is based on Declining ownership of the bank. Three components ü Joint ownership of the Bank and customer ü Customer as a lessee uses the share of the bank ü Redemption of Bank’s share by the customer
Concept and Application of Diminishing Musharakah is a form of partnership (Shirkat). & there are two types of Shirkah: n n 1. Shirkat-ul-Milk : Joint ownership of two or more persons in a particular property. n 2. Shirkat-ul-Aqd : A partnership affected by mutual contract. It can also be translated as a joint commercial enterprise
Concept and Application of Diminishing Musharakah General Process Flow for Diminishing Musharakah Transaction a) b) c) d) Customer approaches Bank with the request for House financing. customer and both the parties provide their investments to be utilized for the purposes of purchasing a property from the seller of the asset. (This Musharakah is based on the principle of Shirkat ul- Milk). The ank’s hare s ivided nto wnership nits nd s iven o he ustomer B s id i o u a ig t t c on rent via Monthly payment agreement (Ijarah agreement). the transaction. This promise from customer is made in writing through Undertaking to Purchase.
Concept and Application of Diminishing Musharakah Cont…. e) f) share in the property. The customer also purchases the Bank’s Musharakah units every month. g) The rental amount is adjusted according to the bank’s share (units) remaining in the property. h) Eventually customer becomes the owner of the property and bank’s ownership diminishes.
Concept and Application of Diminishing Musharakah BANK Joint Ownership Gradual Transfer of Ownership CUSTOMER
Diminishing Musharakah Application Islamic Housing Finance normally has following product options ü Home Purchase To buy a new house or apartment. ü Home Building / Construction To construct house on already owned land OR purchase a piece of land construct house thereon. ü Home Renovation To Renovate the existing house. ü Home Financing Facility Transfer / Replacement To transfer the existing home financing facility from one bank to another.
Documentation of Diminishing Musharakah Transaction Musharakah Agreement: This is the main agreement that establishes the share of bank and customer in the musharakah Property. Components: - Both parties share - Musharakah Property detail Monthly Payment Agreement (Rent Agreement): This agreement is signed after the Musharakah Agreement. Bank gives out its share on rent to the customer via this agreement. Components: - Rent Schedule - Formula of calculation of rent
Documentation of Diminishing Musharakah Transaction Undertaking to Purchase Musharakah Units: This is an undertaking by the customer to purchase Bank’s Musharakah units from time to time. Components: - Normal Sale Price - Additional Unit Purchase Price Undertaking to Sell Musharakah Units: This is an undertaking by the bank to sell Bank’s Musharakah units to the customer. Components: - Normal Sale Price - Additional Unit Purchase Price
Why Islamic Housing Finance ? 1. The Nature of contract is a co-ownership. The transaction is not based on lending & borrowing of money but on the joint ownership of an asset. 2. In Islamic Housing Finance, bank takes risk in property up to the extent of it’s ownership share. 3. Incase musharakah property is collapsed, rental payment is stopped, as due to non-availability of asset, rent cannot be charged.
Why Islamic Housing Finance ? 4. With the purchase of musharakah share consistently, the rental amount is gradually reduced every month. 5. No restriction on purchase of additional musharakah share. 6. No fixed penalty on early termination. Bank’s profit on early purchase of musharakah share is subject to the appreciation of the musharakah property value.
Issues in Islamic Housing Finance 1. Use of Interest based benchmark for calculation of rent. 2. There is a need to formulate a mechanism to calculate rent based on real-life market rate for rent in the area where property locates. 3. Unavailability of financing to lower-middle class segment which is in dire need of home shelter.
Issues in Islamic Housing Finance 4. Although the public awareness about Islamic mortgages is increasing but still at large, public is not aware of the Islamic Mortgage. 5. Further research is need from shariah perspective to develop more Islamic modes for mortgage financing.
Jazak Allah & Thank You