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Presentation to Petroleum Ministry Government of India Thursday 9 th April 2009 New Delhi Presentation to Petroleum Ministry Government of India Thursday 9 th April 2009 New Delhi

Fundamentals SAGE Pipelines generally transport natural gas at a lower cost than LNG over Fundamentals SAGE Pipelines generally transport natural gas at a lower cost than LNG over distances up to around 2100 Km. Approximately 2000 Trillion Cubic Feet of Natural Gas in the Middle East lies less than 2000 Km from the Gujarat coast. * Transport of Iranian gas through SAGE to anywhere in India lying to the South and West of Jaipur (approximately) is a shorter route than for the same allocation of gas transported to the same place through IPI. SO why haven't numerous gas pipelines from the Middle East to Western India been built over the last 30 years? ANSWER: Until recently, the geo-politically attractive deepwater route was technically challenging but is, however, now practical on normal contractual terms. A shallow conventional coastal route to India involves laying a pipeline across the Indus Canyon which was effectively impossible and even today, is still extremely challenging, technically. CONCLUSION: The time has now come to import gas into India through deepwater gas pipelines across the Arabian Sea from Oman and/or Iran. *The KG D-6 gas field offshore Eastern India also lies at, or slightly more than, 2000 Km from the Gujarat coast. April 2009 Proprietary to South Asia Gas Enterprise PVT Ltd (SAGE) 2

History SAGE will build on the extensive study of the deepwater route started during History SAGE will build on the extensive study of the deepwater route started during the mid 1990’s, strengthened by the development work now undertaken by SAGE and the major body of industrial deepwater pipelay experience over the last decade. The deep water section will reach down to 3, 500 meters and will be just over 1, 000 km in length. April 2009 Proprietary to South Asia Gas Enterprise PVT Ltd (SAGE) 3

Recent Milestones SAGE Presentation to Mr S. Sundareshan, Additional Secretary Petroleum Ministry. Also to Recent Milestones SAGE Presentation to Mr S. Sundareshan, Additional Secretary Petroleum Ministry. Also to Power and Fertilizer Ministries in December 2007. At a meeting on 28 th March 2009, H. E. Dr. Rumhy, Oman Oil & Gas Minister, agreed in principle to give "Right of Way" and other clearances to SAGE in presence of Indian Ambassador. Written confirmation from Qatar Energy Ministry within recent months that SAGE is on the "Waiting List" for gas. Doha Gas Conference March 2009: evidence that the "LNG Glut" price collapse makes diversification into gas pipeline export increasingly attractive to Gulf States. Invitation from NIGEC to present SAGE project and hold gas supply discussions in Tehran, 24 th-25 th May 2009. April 2009 Proprietary to South Asia Gas Enterprise PVT Ltd (SAGE) 4

Possible Upstream Routes for gas to India Iran Asalouyeh, IRAN (South Pars Terminal) FARSI Possible Upstream Routes for gas to India Iran Asalouyeh, IRAN (South Pars Terminal) FARSI ■ South Pars to IPI pipeline route (built) ■ SOUTH PARS ■ ■ ■ KISH NORTH FIELD ■ "Dolphin Route" Gas onwards to India down one new spur line. UAE KEY: Existing Pipelines New Pipelines April 2009 Oman ■ The gas allocated to India for IPI can equally well be transported to Western India via SAGE because the distance is similar. N. B. SAGE acts as a Common Carrier, not as a Gas Merchant. The Gold coloured route for Iranian gas initially follows the Asalouyeh-Pakistan line, believed to be substantially complete. This connects to the South Pars field which is the supply source for the "IPI" gas already allocated to India. A new spur line down to the coast will complete the delivery system for gas onwards to India. Alternatively, a route to Northern Oman and then South to the deepwater compression terminal can be adopted. Gas from FARSI and/or KISH can also feed into this system through short new lines as shown. The white route option for gas sourced in Qatar is based generally on the route of the existing Dolphin pipeline as far as the Oman border. A new transit pipeline to the Oman coast is then needed as shown. Access to an extended or duplicated Dolphin pipeline would be a matter for negotiation, but might have economic advantages. Proprietary to South Asia Gas Enterprise PVT Ltd (SAGE) 5

Existing Iranian offshore pipelines - detail SAGE NOTE: South PARS is by far the Existing Iranian offshore pipelines - detail SAGE NOTE: South PARS is by far the largest of the gas fields shown. It is believed to be part of the same structure as Qatar's North Field. Section not built, reportedly because commercial agreement with the UAE was not reached on access to the Mobarak platform. Salman gas has been routed to Asalouyeh. April 2009 Proprietary to South Asia Gas Enterprise PVT Ltd (SAGE) 6

Possible Deepwater Routes for gas to India The route stays to the South to Possible Deepwater Routes for gas to India The route stays to the South to avoid expensive, difficult crossings of the Murray Ridge and Indus Fan. ARABIAN SEA Crossing the Indus Canyon is the main technical impediment to a shallow water coastal route. It is deep, turbulent and can change location. Directional Drilling of multiple lines beneath it may be theoretically possible but remains a high risk solution. Original, surveyed, route Possible route direct from gas export landfall via Compression Platform on Sea Mount. Two shorter, smaller lines laid by existing barges can be used on this route. Note there is no 3 rd Party Jurisdiction crossing. April 2009 Spur to Maharashtra if desired Possible re-route suggested by INTECSEA to minimize mud flow exposure in Channel 4; the revised route is also shorter Proprietary to South Asia Gas Enterprise PVT Ltd (SAGE) 7

Seamount Location for In-line Compression The seamounts at the South-West end of the Murray Seamount Location for In-line Compression The seamounts at the South-West end of the Murray Ridge present a near-ideal location for an in-line Compression Platform. These remarkable features reach to within a few hundred metres of Sea Level, as shown above. April 2009 Several examples of platforms in this water depth exist. The slopes are exaggerated - they are quite suitable for pipelay up to the platform. The Compression Platform will be outside of all Territorial Waters but within helicopter supply range. Proprietary to South Asia Gas Enterprise PVT Ltd (SAGE) 8

Pipeline Routes to Oman for gas from Kish Asalouyeh, IRAN (South Pars Terminal) South Pipeline Routes to Oman for gas from Kish Asalouyeh, IRAN (South Pars Terminal) South Pars to IPI pipeline route (built) ■ KISH Possible link (A) to Oman UAE Possible link (B) to Oman KEY: Existing Pipelines Oman Compression ■ Platform New Pipelines April 2009 The Gold coloured route for gas from Kish initially runs inside Iran and there are two delivery options for the link to Oman that avoid transit across the UAE. The shortest route to Oman requires a short export line pipeline Kish to the Westfrom IPI East Jacobabad pipeline believed to already run from route (not built) New Delhi Asalouyeh to near the Pakistan border. A PAKISTAN INDIA second short new line (A) then connects a suitable offtake point on the Iranian coast to Northern Oman across the shallow Continental Shelf. The longer route (B) shares the SAGE delivery system up to the offshore Compression Platform from where a short export line will be needed to the Oman coast. Link (A) passes close to the coast of the UAE. Link (A) could supply gas to Musandam. Link (B) delivers gas to a more Southerly point in Oman. The flow can reverse when any future gas "Hub" emerges in Oman. The Compression Platform can offer significant economic benefit but sabotage risk must be considered. Proprietary to South Asia Gas Enterprise PVT Ltd (SAGE) 9

Summary of Possible Pipeline Routes to India NOTE: The proposed routes shown are chosen Summary of Possible Pipeline Routes to India NOTE: The proposed routes shown are chosen to minimise crossings of third party countries which can be a source of construction delay, political risk and additional tariff costs. IPI pipeline route options (not built) Jacobabad PAKISTAN Asalouyeh, IRAN (South Pars Terminal) FARSI ■ ■ South Pars to IPI pipeline route (built) New Delhi INDIA SOUTH PARS ■ ■ ■ KISH NORTH FIELD ■ "Dolphin Route" Possible link (A) to Oman KEY: Existing Pipelines UAE Possible link (B) to Oman ■ New Pipelines Compression Platform ■ Surveyed Deepwater Route Optional routes Indian Pipe Mills NOTE: All of these routes (if link (B) is built) will permit and benefit from co-mingling of gas supplies to Oman and India. April 2009 Proprietary to South Asia Gas Enterprise PVT Ltd (SAGE) 10

Building on Previous Experience SAGE Technical Risk Issues facing the project in 1995: Pipe Building on Previous Experience SAGE Technical Risk Issues facing the project in 1995: Pipe mill upgrades needed to manufacture linepipe. Lack of lay vessel with enough tension capability. Conversion work needed to lay pipe to 3, 500 m water depth. Incomplete understanding of seismic activities and mitigation methods – mudflows, fault lines & slope failures. No qualified deepwater pipeline repair system was available. HOWEVER: These were not considered to be fatal impediments by the industry and three competitive bids were received and evaluated before the gas was re-assigned elsewhere. April 2009 Proprietary to South Asia Gas Enterprise PVT Ltd (SAGE) 12

Building on Previous Experience SAGE What makes SAGE's Risk Profile lower now? New generation, Building on Previous Experience SAGE What makes SAGE's Risk Profile lower now? New generation, large lay vessels ready to build. Several mills can manufacture pipe, particularly in India. Era of damaging cost escalation appears to be over. New and improved design methods for free-spanning and geo-hazards have been developed. Better positioning capabilities are now available during pipelay to avoid seabed hazards. Deepwater repair systems are now available. New testing and commissioning philosophies developed by SAGE with Dn. V permits use of 28 -inch pipe. April 2009 Proprietary to South Asia Gas Enterprise PVT Ltd (SAGE) 13

Project Features - Technical SAGE The pipelay industry has continued to reach into ever Project Features - Technical SAGE The pipelay industry has continued to reach into ever deeper water until today, the new pipelay barges are being specified and built to work beyond 3500 m with "Big-Inch" pipe. SAGE has a conservative design, well inside current technology guidelines. SAGE establishes a natural gas “Energy Corridor” to form new, politically neutral, energy route infrastructure as additional lines are subsequently installed. 31. 1 Million Standard Cubic Meters per day is available through each line (1. 1 BCFD). Western Indian gas markets are as close to Middle East gas as to new gas reservoirs off the Indian East Coast. April 2009 Proprietary to South Asia Gas Enterprise PVT Ltd (SAGE) 14

Energy Economics Pipelines Cheaper LNG Cheaper Energy Economics Pipelines Cheaper LNG Cheaper "Grey Zone" pipelines and LNG complementary Pipelines are generally more economic than LNG for transportation distances below 1300 miles (2100 Km), which is around the distance from Qatar to Gujarat, India. Pipelines and LNG will therefore be complementary. April 2009 Proprietary to South Asia Gas Enterprise PVT Ltd (SAGE) 15

Energy Economics SAGE DEMAND: India will continue to need more gas by LNG and Energy Economics SAGE DEMAND: India will continue to need more gas by LNG and pipeline. Spot LNG price is now low but India was paying $18/MMBTU recently. Pipelines provide complementary long-term supply. SUPPLY: Over 2000 TCF gas reserves possibly available in the Middle East. Only 8 TCF required for each SAGE line. SAGE: Independent feasibility study by CRISIL estimates: Project cost of $3. 5 Billion for first line from Oman Coast to India requires a tariff of $1. 8 per MMBTU. Bringing the gas from, for example, Qatar to the Oman coast adds $1. 7/MMBTU. (recent steel fall price may reduce this. ) Tariff from Iran via Compression Platform ≈ $2. 0 per MMBTU April 2009 Proprietary to South Asia Gas Enterprise PVT Ltd (SAGE) 16

Energy Economics -Summary SAGE Gas from Qatar: Gas can be transported by pipeline from Energy Economics -Summary SAGE Gas from Qatar: Gas can be transported by pipeline from Qatar to India at a cost of $3. 5/MMBTU or less (without UAE transit fees). If gas sells in India at $6 -8/MMBTU then available wellhead price in Qatar is around $2. 5 to $4. 5/MMBTU. Gas from Iran: Gas can be transported by pipeline from the Eastern coast of Iran direct to India at a cost of around $2. 0/MMBTU. If gas sells in India at $6 -8/MMBTU then available export price at the Iranian beach point of sale is $4 to $6/MMBTU. Note that much of the upstream delivery system in Iran exists. If 50 c/MMBTU real onshore transport costs apply, the Iranian wellhead price would be $3. 5 to $5. 5/MMBTU. Could gas from Iran be $1/MMBTU less than from Qatar? NOTE: GOI East Coast India landed price for KG gas is reported as $4. 50/MMBTU. April 2009 Proprietary to South Asia Gas Enterprise PVT Ltd (SAGE) 17

The SAGE Project – Key team members SAGE Mr. T. N. R. Rao Former The SAGE Project – Key team members SAGE Mr. T. N. R. Rao Former Petroleum Secretary, Govt. of India and “Architect of the Oman-India Pipeline” Chairman of the SAGE Advisory Board Founder Chairman, Hydrocarbons Education & Research Society, Indian School of Petroleum Founder Chairman – University of Petroleum & Energy Studies Subodh Jain Director: INOX-AIR PRODUCTS Ltd. Director: South Asia Gas Enterprise PVT Ltd Director: Siddho Mal & Sons, New Delhi Former Senior Advisor to original Oman-India Pipeline team Peter M Roberts Director: South Asia Gas Enterprise PVT Ltd Director: Verd. Erg Ltd, London Former Project Director of original Oman-India Pipeline Dr Herman Franssen Senior Consultant to SAGE Member of the SAGE Advisory Board. President, International Energy Associates, USA Former Economic Advisor to the Oman-India Pipeline project Former Economic Advisor to the Sultanate of Oman, Ministry of Petroleum Graham Taylor Senior Vice-President, Europe and Africa, INTECSEA Former Managing Director and Engineering Manager, INTEC Engineering (UK) Ltd Project Manager / Peer Review of numerous developments: West Delta Deep , MEDGAZ etc John Stearns Vice-President, Marine Pipeline Systems, INTECSEA Engineering Inc. , Houston Former Project Director, Mardi Gras Transportation System Former Project Manager, Canyon Express Project Rob Narold Heerema Marine Contractors Project Manager for new barge design and construction HMC Strategic Development Advisor Sr. Proposals Manager - Manager New Product Development HMC Deep Water Product Manager Dr Alastair Walker FRS Leading International Expert on Marine Pipeline Engineering Senior Consultant to SAGE Member of the SAGE Advisory Board Professor Emeritus, University of Surrey UK Visiting Professor, University College London Richard Freeman Manager, Business and Sales Development, Corus Tubes (Energy), UK. April 2009 Proprietary to South Asia Gas Enterprise PVT Ltd (SAGE) 18

INTECSEA DEEPWATER Pipeline Examples • • • April 2009 Proprietary to South Asia Gas INTECSEA DEEPWATER Pipeline Examples • • • April 2009 Proprietary to South Asia Gas Enterprise PVT Ltd (SAGE) Oman-India Pipeline Bluestream Canyon Express Mardi Gras MEDGAZ Galsi 19

Assessment of Risk Levels during Operation Data from Oman India What does this tell Assessment of Risk Levels during Operation Data from Oman India What does this tell us? Zone Calculated Failure Probability ‘Safety’ Level • Oman Shelf 9. 81 x 10 -2 Oman Shelf Break 2. 87 x 9. 18 x 10 -4 4. 4 Lower Oman Slope 1. 44 x 10 -3 1. 56 x 10 -4 2. 69 x 14. 9 Dalrymple Trough* 5. 37 x 10 -3 7. 4 Abyssal Plain (Indian Side) 6. 60 x 10 -4 6. 1 Indus Fan (Excl. Ch. 1, 2, 4) 4. 27 x 10 -4 9. 4 Indus Fan Channel 1 2. 17 x 10 -4 18. 4 Indus Fan Channel 2 3. 09 x 10 -4 12. 9 Indus Fan Channel 4 7. 27 x 10 -4 5. 5 Lower Indian Slope 1. 96 x 10 -4 20. 4 Upper Indian Slope 3. 22 x 10 -4 12. 4 Indian Shelf Break 1. 15 x 10 -3 3. 5 10 -2 The risk from Sabotage is insignificant. 25. 6 10 -3 • 27. 8 Abyssal Plain (Oman Side) The only areas requiring mitigation are the conventional shallow sections near the beach at each end, similar to any other pipeline, where trenching and rock-dumping are conventionally applied. This protects the pipeline against anchors and fishing activity. 14. 0 Upper Oman Slope • 0. 04 10 -4 The deepwater environment is an outstandingly safe, protective and benign location for a gas pipeline. 0. 04 Murray Ridge* Indian Shelf 9. 86 x Note: "Safety" Level means "how much safer than acceptable is it? " April 2009 Proprietary to South Asia Gas Enterprise PVT Ltd (SAGE) 20

Deepwater Pipelay Progression 1991 Zeepipe IIB 1992 Camps Basin 1993 Transmed Auger 1994 Marlim Deepwater Pipelay Progression 1991 Zeepipe IIB 1992 Camps Basin 1993 Transmed Auger 1994 Marlim 1995 Troll Oljenor Popeye 1996 The March to Deep Water 10" 26" 12" Installed and Operating Under Construction Under Design Under Consideration 12" 10" 6" 8" Mars Mensa 1998 Allegheny 2000 Aqaba Malampaya Ursa Diana Horn Mountain 2001 Mica Blue Stream 2002 12" Roncador 1999 Canyon Express 2004 10" 12" 30" 16" 18" 12" 8" 24" 12" Ceasar 24" Cleopatra 16" 2005 2006 16" 24" Cleopatra (Lateral) Caesar (Lateral) Proteus Okeanos Lateral Atlantis Lateral (Caesar) Atlantis Lateral (Cleopatra) Independence Hub (Atlas) 24" 20" 24" 16" 20" 8" Perdido 2008 10" Medgaz Cascade/Chinook Galsi Jack/St. Malo 24" 14" 24" 3500 3000 2500 2000 1500 1000 SAGE 500 Year 40" Water Depth (m) April 2009 Proprietary to South Asia Gas Enterprise PVT Ltd (SAGE) 21

Existing J-lay vessel “BALDER”……. 1000 m. T J-lay Tower Double joint storage Welding stations Existing J-lay vessel “BALDER”……. 1000 m. T J-lay Tower Double joint storage Welding stations Hex-joints (6 single joints) = 240 ft A HEEREMA GROUP COMPANY

……and HMC's planned new J-lay New Build Vessel vessel < < 2 x 5, ……and HMC's planned new J-lay New Build Vessel vessel < < 2 x 5, 500 m. T cranes. 2000 m. T J-lay system Pipe sizes up to 32” OD Accommodates 450 pax other contractors also have new lay vessels under construction. 23

Feasibility - Summary SAGE Heavy Wall Line Pipe manufacture: Dn. V has formally confirmed Feasibility - Summary SAGE Heavy Wall Line Pipe manufacture: Dn. V has formally confirmed the SAGE pipe size and manufacturing Heat Treatment process to be safe. – – – Workshop: DNV Offices, Hovik, Oslo, Date: 16/17 -1 -08, DNV: Kim Mork, Leif Collberg, Kristoffer Aronsen, Olav Aamlid CORUS: Peter Tait, Technical Manager Energy, Mark Fryer Mgr–Develop. & Tech. Support Richard Freeman Manager – Business Development C-FER Technology: Duane De. Geer Manager, Offshore Pipelines University of Texas: Professor Stelios Kyriakides, Saipem Energy Services: Enrico Torselletti, R&D Project Man. , Luigino Vitali, Mgr, Advanced Tech. Solutions SAGE: Professor Alastair Walker F. R. S. SAGE is qualifying the manufacturing processes of this pipe by the Indian Pipe Mills. Pipelay: Heerema Marine Contractors has confirmed the deepwater pipeline installation to be technically feasible. INTECSEA Eng. in Houston has confirmed the installation to be technically feasible and is completing a summary of its Feasibility Study work for SAGE. April 2009 Proprietary to South Asia Gas Enterprise PVT Ltd (SAGE) 24

Schedule Design development work started March 2007 The project schedule leads to first gas Schedule Design development work started March 2007 The project schedule leads to first gas in 2013 Current glut of LNG is expected to be over by then and LNG spot-market prices will have been driven upwards again by US market demand. April 2009 Proprietary to South Asia Gas Enterprise PVT Ltd (SAGE) 25

The SAGE Project – Current Activity SAGE Dn. V input - SAGE economic upgrade The SAGE Project – Current Activity SAGE Dn. V input - SAGE economic upgrade by introducing heat treatment into pipe mill Quality Control techniques. Dn. V is preparing to show All-Risk Insurance at normal rates applies. INTECSEA Inc. (a Worley. Parsons company) has completed cost/route study of onshore Gas Gathering system and is now appointed as the SAGE Project Development Consultant. Feasibility Study and Risk Assessment are under way. Study of SAGE-owned Lay Barge is being commissioned. SAGE technology being shared with Indian & UK Pipe Mills are enthusiastically implementing test programs. Middle Eastern Pipeline and Upstream Companies are being encouraged to join SAGE Consortium. Ongoing contact with Indian entities (GAIL/ONGC/IOC/NTPC) MOU with GAIL is under discussion. Program of gas acquisition discussions in Iran and Qatar. April 2009 Proprietary to South Asia Gas Enterprise PVT Ltd (SAGE) 26

Mutual Benefits to India and Oman SAGE Large quantities of gas can readily be Mutual Benefits to India and Oman SAGE Large quantities of gas can readily be sold at the Indian landfall for around $6 -8/MMBTU, producing a substantial volume of gas from KISH, FARSI, South PARS or Qatar transiting Oman to India. The unit transport cost of importing some of this gas into Oman and the rest into India can be significantly reduced through economies of scale by co-mingling the gas imported into Oman with the gas in transit to India. Balancing a dependence on LNG with diversification into pipeline business is particularly useful to both India and Oman during periods of LNG "Spot Market" volatility, such as those prevailing at the present time. Access to KISH gas may provide an opportunity for the Indian side to help develop the field in partnership with Oman. Delivery of FARSI gas to India facilitates OVL's FARSI field development. Joint gas acquisition by Oman and India gives negotiating leverage. Interdependence of national energy policies helps regional stability. In Summary: Oman and India can help each other source and economically deliver the natural gas that each country needs. April 2009 Proprietary to South Asia Gas Enterprise PVT Ltd (SAGE) 27