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PRESENTATION ON POPULATION & HOUSING CENSUS 2011 By Mr. Habib Ullah Khan Census Commissioner POPULATION CENSUS ORGANIZATION PAKISTAN
DECISION TO HOLD CENSUS Ø The issue of 6 th Population and Housing Census was considered by the Council of Common Interests in a meeting held on 8 th Nov. 2010 under the chairmanship of the Prime Minister and it was decided to hold the next Census as per following schedule: House Listing Operation - Population and Housing Census - March / April , 2011 August / Sept, 2011 3
IMPORTANCE OF CENSUS Ø Population and Housing Census is a stock taking of human resources of a country and their living conditions at one point of time. Ø It provides basic data on demographic, social and economic variables about each person and each housing unit. Ø Data collected through census serves as bench mark for all type of socio-economic development plans, administrative activities and demographic research. 4
LEGAL AND POLITICAL IMPACT Ø Census also meets Legal requirements for: Providing basis for political representation in the National and Provincial Assemblies (Article 51 (3) of Constitution). Distribution of funds to the federating units by National Finance Commission (Article 160(2) of Constitution). Determining quota for recruitment to all civil posts in the Federal Government. Delineation of constituencies for National and Provincial Assemblies 5
HISTORY OF CENSUS TAKING Ø First regular census in the areas now comprising Pakistan was held in 1881. Since then regular censuses have been conducted after every ten years up to 1981. Ø After independence five censuses have been undertaken first in 1951, 1961, 1972, 1981 and the last in 1998. Ø 6 th Population & Housing Census is scheduled to be held in September, 2011. 6
TOPICS TO BE COVERED IN CENSUS A) DEMOGRAPHIC & SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS Age - Sex - Relationship to the head - Marital status - Religion - Mother tongue (language) - Nationality B) EDUCATIONAL CHARACTERISTICS (for 5 years +) Literacy status - School attendance - Level of education completed - Field of education C) GEOGRAPHICAL / MIGRATION CHARACTERISTICS Usual residence - District of birth - Duration of continuous residence in district - District of previous residence - Reason of migration 7
D) ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS (for 10 years +) Usual Activity - Part time Activity – Occupation - Industry, Employment status - Reason of unemployment E) FERTILITY / MORTALITY (females 15 -49 Years) No. of children ever born by sex No. of children still living by sex No. of children born during last 12 months by sex No. of children still living by sex F) MISCELLANEOUS Nature and Type of Disability if any Holding of CNI Card by persons of 18 years plus Member of a household living abroad for more than 6 members. 8
G) HOUSING CHARACTERISTICS - Information about living quarters; number of rooms, sex of the owner, tenure status, period since constructed and construction material used in outer walls & roofs. - Data on source of drinking water, source of lighting and cooking fuel used. - Availability of proper kitchen, bathroom, latrine and type of latrine. - Media of information such as T. V. , Radio, Newspaper, Telephone and Mobile. 9
Forms Used in House Listing And Census Operation 10
Scope of House Listing Operation Ø 12
Continued Steps involved are: - to number each structure in the census block. - to ascertain nature & use of each structure. - to indentify households and obtain name and CNIC of head or member of household. - to obtained number of persons residing in the household. - any kind of economic activity being carried out in the household. 13
Planning & Preparation
Planning & Preparation
Planning & Preparation
ARRANGEMENTS/ PREPARATIONS MADE FOR THE CENSUS 2011 17
DELIMITATION OF CENSUS AREAS v For complete coverage and effective field supervision, the country has been delimited on a four-tier system, into; Census Districts (Tehsils/ Towns and Cantts. ) Census Charges (Qanun go/ part of Town/Cantt. ) Census Circle (Patwar Circle/part of Town /Cantt. ) Census Blocks (Village, part of Village/Town) v Census block roughly comprises of 200 -250 houses v One block is assigned to one enumerator. 18
PREPRATION OF MAPS Ø Maps help in proper delimitation, control of census operations and presentation of census results. Ø Maps of each Admin as well as Census Area have been prepared/updated. Ø Maps of 50666 villages and 7594 urban areas (census circles) have been prepared and updated. Maps are being verified through satellite images (Google Earth). Ø Block maps showing physical landmarks have been prepared which are provided to the enumerators and supervisors. 20
BREAKUP OF CHARGE/CIRCLE/BLOCK (URBAN) CHARGE/CIRCLE/ BLOCKS SETUP COMPRISING OF CENSUS CHARGE 5 TO 7 CIRCLES CENSUS CIRCLE 5 TO 7 BLOCK CENSUS BLOCK 200 TO 250 HOUSES
BREAKUP OF CHARGE/CIRCLE/BLOCK (RURAL) CHARGE/CIRCLE/ BLOCK SETUP Census Charge Census Circle Census Block COMPRISING OF One Qanungo Halqa/ Total number of Patwar Circles in Qanungo Halqa Total number of mauzas in Patwar Circle / Tapedar Circle. Each mauza/deh/village ranging from 200 to 250 houses comprises one block. Large mauzas are divided into two or more blocks of 200 to 250 houses.
CENSUS AREAS BY ADMN. UNITS Admn. Area Admn Distt. Census District Census Charges Census Circles Census Blocks Khyber Pk. 24 78 336 2283 19828 FATA 7 7 48 288 3797 Punjab 36 158 1542 11224 72201 Sindh 23 129 875 4893 35317 Balochistan 30 34 264 726 9186 Islamabad 1 1 14 107 863 AJK 10 10 88 445 3892 GB 7 7 35 141 1198 Total 138 424 3202 20107 146289 29
APPOINTMENT OF FIELD STAFF Ø Census operation requires a field force of 182, 000 as enumerators and supervisors. Ø The services of school Teachers and employees of other Government Departments are hired as Enumerators / Supervisors. Ø Participation of females is encouraged. Efforts are been made to deploy maximum females in the census operation as enumerators and supervisors. Ø Enumerators and supervisors are paid one month salary as remuneration. 24
Field Staff (for House Listing) Field Staff for House Listing Including 6% Reserve Province PCOs/RCOs Charge Superintendents Circle Supervisors Enumerators Total Lahore 1127 8853 18040 24074 Multan 569 4474 11872 14940 Karachi 710 4100 10010 13440 Sukkur 240 1235 4220 5031 Peshawar 383 2464 7325 9955 FATA 57 305 1455 1698 Quetta 144 424 5270 5828 Khuzdar 134 339 4435 4896 Gilgit 39 151 648 834 ICT Islamabad 16 116 325 576 AJK 98 473 2100 2683 3523 22932 65700 91155 Punjab Sindh KPK FATA Balochistan Gilgit Baltistan Total -
TRANSPARENCY o Updated maps of census areas are provided to each enumerator and supervisors. o CNIC of head or any member of household is recorded for verification. o One supervisor has to supervise 5 -7 enumerators. They fill-in certain forms independently for quality checks. o Vigilance teams comprising DDO (R), a police officer and a technical officer are formed at Census District level to monitor census operation. o Established control rooms at Census District level to redress public complaints about enumeration.
Continued o Collection of filled-in questionnaires under sealed cover. o Census Evaluation Survey will be undertaken by an independent agency (FBS). o Administrative Boundaries have been freezed by the Provincial Governments. o Ban on the transfer and postings have been imposed on the staff engaged in census operation.
Continued o Provincial Census Commissioners (PCC) have been appointed for effective coordination between Provincial Governments & Population Census Organization. o Government Universities have been requested to spare students to be deputed as Enumerators / Supervisors o Meetings were also held with Provincial Chief Secretaries and Secretaries of Education, Home Department, S&GAD, Local Government and Rural Development Department and Senior Member Board of Revenue to seek their cooperation.
ISSUES Ø Law and order situation in certain parts of the country. Ø Access of enumeration and supervisory staff in troubled areas. Ø Security of census documents in sensitive areas. Ø Distortion of population figures due to linguistic and ethnic feelings in certain areas. Ø Political linkage of census data in terms of representations in assemblies and distribution of financial resources among provinces have made census a sensitive issue. 33
House Listing Operation-2011 o House Listing Operation has been conducted from 5 th April, 2011 to 5 th May, 2011. o Summary Forms REN-1 have been received which are being processed. o Results will be used for effective Planning of Population Census. o Other material i. e. Booklets of Form-I are being received at PCOs / RCOs level. 30
KEY OBSERVATIONS ON HOUSE LISTING OPERATION Most of the field staff was taken from Education Department with few exception Revenue and Local Government Departments. Training was imparted by DEOs/AEOs and senior Headmasters. Deficiency in quality of training was observed in some areas. The concepts of Structure / Building and household were not clear to the Trainers / Supervisors and the Enumerators. 31
Continued At some venues field staff found deviating from guidelines provided in the Manual of Instructions. For the next phase services of senior staff of FBS will be utilized for imparting training. Admn. Tiers had problems / confusion about their functions who needed briefing on the concept and methodology of House Listing Operation will be rectified. Other activities were going on in the field hence, the enumerators were not spared timely for census duties. 32
Continued Census Enumeration Blocks particularly in suburbs of big urban areas were found of abnormal sizes. These blocks will be splited / bifurcated into manageable size to avoid problems in second phase. In some Census Blocks Settlements / Goths were missing in the maps which created confusion. 33
Continued The initial period for Field Operation was 5 th to 19 th April, 2011 which had to be extended up to 5 th May, 2011 on the request of some quarters. Instructions regarding Hiring of Vehicles did not reach timely. Coordination within the Census Staff and Admn. tiers was weak. 34
Monitoring/ Checking of Field Activities. Effective monitoring of field activities was ensured by deputing officers / officials of FBS, PCO and ACO. The complaints received from field were addressed promptly. 35
Establishment of Control Room There were 392 Control Rooms operative in 424 Census Districts. The complaints received in Control Rooms were either redressed on the spot or referred to the concerned quarters for necessary action. Publicity campaign could not be started as per Activity Calendar of the House Listing Operation. However, Publicity Campaign was launched during the operation to create the awareness among the masses through Print & Electronic. 36
LESSON LEARNT Recommendation is that census staff may be taken from Education Department only. Appointment of Census Field Staff should be ensured well before the start of operation. Impartial people should be taken in the 2 nd phase. Training may be imparted by Senior Officers of PCO, FBS and ACO. 37
Continued Photograph of an Enumerator / Supervisor may be affixed on the Identity Card. ID Card also should have a serial number. Admn. Tiers should be briefed / sensitized about their functions / responsibilities. Enumerators should be spared timely for census duties. Effective Monitoring may be started in the beginning of census operation. Briefing / Sensitization workshops should be conducted for Coordination Committees / Vigilance 38 Teams to make them more active and effective.