- Количество слайдов: 8
Present and Past, Simple and Progressive By Kulicheva Marina, gr. 12812
Present Simple Present Progressive Past Simple Past Progressive a)repeated habitual or everyday activities a)activity in progress at the moment of speaking e. g. : I get up at 7: 00 in the morning e. g. : John is sleeping right now a)complete action or event happened at a stated past time e. g. I bought a new car three days ago a)past action in progress interrupted by another action e. g. I was walking down the street when it started to rain b)permanent situations and states b)repeated actions with «always» expressing annoyance or criticism e. g. «She is always leaving her dirty socks on the floor!» 1)Scheme 2)Using e. g. : She works as a nurse c)general statements of fact and timeless truths. e. g. : Water consists of hydrogen and oxygen c)fixed arrangements in the near future e. g. : The Browns are visiting us tonight b)past actions, which happened one after another b)action in the middle of happening at a stated past time e. g. : She sealed the e. g. At 8 o'clock last letter, put a stamp on it night, I was studying and posted it c)Two or more simultaneous past actions e. g. I was reading a book while he was sleeping c)action not connected with the present which happened at a definite nonmentioned past d)background time description to events in d)reviews/sport d)changing or commentaries/dram developing situation e. g. : Shakespeare atic narrative eg. : His English is getting e. g. Meryl Streep acts brilliantly in this film. better a story wrote a lot of plays (He e. g. She was flying to is dead now. He won't Paris. . . The sun was
Regular and irregular verbs
Regular verbs: pronunciation of -ed endings
Troublesome verbs: raise/rise, set/sit, lay/lie Transitive Intransitive raise, raised e. g. : Tom raised his hand rise, rose, risen e. g. : The sun rises in the East set, set e. g. : I will set the book on the desk lay, laid e. g. : I am laying the book on the desk sit, sat e. g. : I sit in the front now lie, lay, lain e. g. : He's lying on his bed
Stative verbs ➲ ➲ ➲ Some verbs have both stative and progressive meanings e. g. «The chef is tasting the sause. It tastes too salty» Stative verbs are the verbs, that describe states, conditions or situations. They are usually not used in progressive meaning ➲ The list of such verbs: ➲ 1)know, realize, understand, recognize, believe, feel, suppose, need, desire (mental states) 2)all the verbs, naming emotional state 3)possess, own, belong (possession) 4)hear (sense perception) 5)seem, sound, resemble, look like, owe, equal, exist, matter, consist of, contain The list of such verbs 1)think, imagine, doubt, remember, forget, want, mean (mental states) 2)have (possession) 3)taste, smell, feel, see (sense perception) 4)look, appear, cost, weigh, include, BE!!!
AM/ IS/ ARE being + Adjective