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PRESCHOOLERS’ DEVELOPING MORPHOSYNTACTIC SKILLS PRESCHOOLERS’ DEVELOPING MORPHOSYNTACTIC SKILLS

Power Point Outline** • I. Mastering Grammatical Morphemes • II. Developing Syntactic Elements • Power Point Outline** • I. Mastering Grammatical Morphemes • II. Developing Syntactic Elements • III. Basic Sentence Structure

I. MASTERING GRAMMATICAL MORPHEMES I. MASTERING GRAMMATICAL MORPHEMES

Morpheme Age of Mastery Morpheme Age of Mastery

To assess children’s morphosyntactic skills: To assess children’s morphosyntactic skills:

Words vs. morphemes** • We wanted to eat cookies. • 5 words • 7 Words vs. morphemes** • We wanted to eat cookies. • 5 words • 7 morphemes • The PRAXIS always asks you to count the # of morphemes in an utterance

How many morphemes? ** • The three boys wanted five candies. • We played How many morphemes? ** • The three boys wanted five candies. • We played all day with my friend’s toys. • He’s going to cook eggs and bacon.

Count the morphemes in Mark Mc. Kibbin’s utterances: ** • (2. 5 yrs old) Count the morphemes in Mark Mc. Kibbin’s utterances: ** • (2. 5 yrs old) “I need to get my shoes and socks on because the stones will hurt my feet. ” • (3 yrs old) “I will give my old pillow to the poor children so they can sleep better. ” • (3 yrs. old) “Madame Blueberry was sad because they didn’t have happy hearts at the Stuffmart. ”

II. DEVELOPING SYNTACTIC ELEMENTS • A. Basic Sentence Constituents II. DEVELOPING SYNTACTIC ELEMENTS • A. Basic Sentence Constituents

2. Clause 2. Clause

3. Sentence 3. Sentence

4. Noun phrase 4. Noun phrase

5. Verb phrase 5. Verb phrase

 • **The little red hen • NP • The students – NP The • **The little red hen • NP • The students – NP The leaves NP The baby NP was eating corn. VP are taking notes. VP were falling down. VP was laughing at the dog. VP

Youtube • Weird Al Yankovich grammar Youtube • Weird Al Yankovich grammar

B. Noun Phrase Elements B. Noun Phrase Elements

The derivational noun suffix - er The derivational noun suffix - er

C. Verb Phrase Elements C. Verb Phrase Elements

Copula verbs– to be verbs that serve syntactically as the main verbs in sentences Copula verbs– to be verbs that serve syntactically as the main verbs in sentences

More examples of copula verbs: ** • He is a boy scout. • They More examples of copula verbs: ** • He is a boy scout. • They were in their car. • I am happy.

By 5 years of age…** • Children have mastered most verb forms By 5 years of age…** • Children have mastered most verb forms

Youtube examples… • 5 year old Gus— typically developing • 8 year old with Youtube examples… • 5 year old Gus— typically developing • 8 year old with mixed expressive language disorder

III. BASIC SENTENCE STRUCTURE (review) • A. Types of Sentences III. BASIC SENTENCE STRUCTURE (review) • A. Types of Sentences

3. Passive 3. Passive

4. Negative 4. Negative

B. Complex and Compound Sentences B. Complex and Compound Sentences

 • 1. Complex sentence: Has indep. clause and dependent clause** • We will • 1. Complex sentence: Has indep. clause and dependent clause** • We will go to the party if it is not raining. • (main/indep. clause) (subordinate/dep. clause) I talked to the boy (main/indep. clause) who has red hair. (subordinate/dep. clause)

 • 2. **Compound sentence: 2 independent clauses are linked together by a conjunction • 2. **Compound sentence: 2 independent clauses are linked together by a conjunction • We ate cookies and they were good. – (main/indep. clause) – John liked her but she didn’t like him. – (main/indep. clause)

Coordinating conjunctions: Coordinating conjunctions:

Examples of sentences using coordinating conjunctions in compound sentences: ** • I wanted to Examples of sentences using coordinating conjunctions in compound sentences: ** • I wanted to get an A on the test, so I studied hard. • We could eat popcorn or we could have Doritos. • She wanted to go shopping, but she didn’t have any money.

** • Rescorla, L. , & Turner, H. L. (2015, April). Journal of Speech, ** • Rescorla, L. , & Turner, H. L. (2015, April). Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 58, 434 -444. • This study looked at late talkers (at age 2) in comparison to typically-developing children • Late talkers usually understand what they hear, but they are late in developing expressive language

The study found: The study found:

Thus… Thus…

Power Point Outline** • I. Mastering Grammatical Morphemes • II. Developing Syntactic Elements • Power Point Outline** • I. Mastering Grammatical Morphemes • II. Developing Syntactic Elements • III. Basic Sentence Structure

Halloween Morphology Haunted House! • Take an index card and 4 post-its • On Halloween Morphology Haunted House! • Take an index card and 4 post-its • On the back of the card, write 4 verbs, 4 nouns, and 4 adjectives that have to do with Halloween • On the front of the card, under each post-it, write a bound morpheme (the post-its are the windows of the haunted house )

Get into pairs and take turns being the child and therapist: • Make as Get into pairs and take turns being the child and therapist: • Make as many words as you can with the bound morphemes and the nouns, verbs, and adjectives