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PRACTICES AND UTILIZATION PATTERN OF IODIZED SALT AT NEELAMBUR PANCHAYATCOIMBATORE
Mrs. G. Malarvizhi, Associate professor&HOD Mrs. Sathya, Assistant professor PSG college of Nursing, Peelamedu, Coimbatore
INTRODUCTION n n n Iodine deficiency is an ecological phenomena occurring in many parts of the world. It jeopardize children’s mental health and starts even before birth. Serious iodine deficiency during pregnancy may result in still birth, abortions and congenital anomalies such as cretinism
Introduction n Salt is the most suitable vehicle for iodine supplementation as it is consumed by all. Proper storage and utilization is essential in using iodized salt. Most of the people purchase iodized salt but the method of storage and practices are inappropriate Hence this study was undertaken to assess the knowledge , practices and utilization pattern of iodized salt
Objectives n n To assess the knowledge on iodine deficiency disorders. To assess the practices on utilization of iodized salt To estimate the iodine level of household salt through kit method To educate on prevention of iodine deficiency disorders
Methodology n n Assessment of knowledge and practice on iodine deficiency disorders Measure the level of iodine in house hold salt Educational intervention to promote utilization of iodized salt
Continued n n n Descriptive survey design is adopted for this study. Systemic sampling technique was used. Every 5 th house of the street was identified, 150 houses interviewed. Structured questionnaire was used to assess the knowledge and practices Iodine content of salt was measured by kit method Education was given on IDD, appropriate iodine levels and method of storage
Questionnaire n n Sociodemographic data: Name, age, sex, number of family members, occupation, Income, literacy level, marital status and number of children. Specific data: pregnancy child birth history any still birth, thyroid problems such as goitre, hypothyroidism. Knowledge on IDD: Iodine sources, iodised salt and use, consequences of IDD in pregnant women, children and adults
Continued n n n Knowledge on practices : Type of salt used, checking date and month of manufacturing. Iodized salt or plain salt, brand of salt. Method of storage and iodine level of house hold salt in PPM (parts per meter)
Findings of the study n n n 80% of the population are female and 20% are male. Income: 14. 6% has 1000 Rs/month 48%of population has income of Rs 10002500/month 29. 3% of the population’s income is between 2500 -5000 Rs/month 8% of the population has income of 5000/month
Literacy level n n n 32. 6%of the population is illiterate. 20. 6% of the population had primary education 40% had secondary education 6. 6% of the population are graduates. 94%of the population is married 6% of the population is unmarried
Health problems n n 5% of the female population has history of abortion and 5% has history of still birth 3. 5% of the population has growth failure 3. 3% of the sample has goiter 2. 6% of the population has hypothyroidism
Type of salt n n n 20. 6% of the population use crystal salt. 66% of the population use powdered salt. 24. 6% of the population use both crystal and powdered salt
Knowledge on IDD n n 17. 3%of the population is aware what is iodine 43% of the sample are able to tell the sources of iodine 12% 0 f the sample is aware about iodized salt. 8. 6% of the population is aware about the consequences of iodine deficiency disorders
Knowledge on practices n n 28. 6% of the population check the date and month of manufacturing when they purchase salt. 38% of the population check whether the salt is iodized or not.
Iodine level n n 7. 3% of the population use 0 PPM salt. 36. 6% of the sample use 5 ppm salt. Among 32% of the population the iodine level is 10 PPM. 21. 3% of the sample use 15 PPM salt
Method of storage n n n 17. 3% sample store the salt in open containers. 48. 6% store the salt in improperly closed containers. 36% of the sample store the salt in air tight containers.
Correlation between literacy level& knowledge on IDD n The calculated value is 0. 260. There is a positive correlation and there is a positive relationship between level of education and the knowledge on iodine deficiency disorders.
Correlation between method of storage and iodine level in salt n n The calculated value is 0. 124. There is a positive correlation between method of storage and iodine level in salt. Salt stored in airtight containers has more iodine than salt stored in open containers and loose lids
Implications of this study n n Education to public on IDD and create awareness on purchase of iodized salt will be useful. Promotion of appropriate practices such as storing salt in airtight containers, keeping in cool places helps to have optimum iodine levels Salt testing by kit method Mass awareness programmes in schools, to self help groups by IEC approach can help to prevent IDD