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Power Shifts in Western Europe Power Shifts in Western Europe

I. Dominant powers in late 17 th - early 18 th centuries 1. W. I. Dominant powers in late 17 th - early 18 th centuries 1. W. Europe (which countries? ) 2. Central and E. Europe? (which countries? ) 3. Russia Note: these state became dominant powers & would remain so until World War I

II. DQ #1: What were the common characteristics of the states that became international II. DQ #1: What were the common characteristics of the states that became international powers during the last part of the 17 th century and the beginning of the 18 th century? 1. 2. 3.

III. W. Europe & Countries that LOST power 1. Spain lost power – Why? III. W. Europe & Countries that LOST power 1. Spain lost power – Why? (DQ#2) a) b)

2. Netherlands lost power – why? (DQ#3 – part 1) a) b) c) what 2. Netherlands lost power – why? (DQ#3 – part 1) a) b) c) what saved the Netherlands from becoming completely insignificant in European matters? (DQ#3)

IV. W. Europe & Countries that GAINED power 1. France – Why? a b IV. W. Europe & Countries that GAINED power 1. France – Why? a b c d

2. STILL…England able to replace France as dominant W. Euro power by mid 18 2. STILL…England able to replace France as dominant W. Euro power by mid 18 th c. Why? a b c AND……because of what is called the………. .

d) Mississippi Bubble i. Duke of Orleans ii. John Law iii. French debt & d) Mississippi Bubble i. Duke of Orleans ii. John Law iii. French debt & gov. bonds iv. Law takes over national debt in exchange for? v. People take gov. bonds to Law & trade their bonds for? vi. Stock values rise, and investors exchange stock for newly printed money

vii. Law establishes a bank in Paris and… viii: This money was to be vii. Law establishes a bank in Paris and… viii: This money was to be backed by _____ ix: When people attempt to exchange printed money for gold there is not enough gold !! So…what happens to the value of printed money? x: Government response? Xi: What happened to Law?

3. French Nobility and Orleans a) b) c) d) 3. French Nobility and Orleans a) b) c) d)

e) Chief feature of 18 th c. political life in France: fa)Parlements: How were e) Chief feature of 18 th c. political life in France: fa)Parlements: How were the French parlements different from the English Parliament? (DQ#5 a) fb) How did these regional institutions regain power during the 18 th century? (DQ#5 b)

4. Cardinal Fleury a) b) c) d) 4. Cardinal Fleury a) b) c) d)

V. England 1. George I – 1 st Hanoverian King a) Doesn’t speak English V. England 1. George I – 1 st Hanoverian King a) Doesn’t speak English so… b) He has to follow c) He has to consult Note: At this time the king chose the Prime Minister (although the term is not used then) Still, ______ is considered to be England’s 1 st P. M. Then = King was executive branch Today = ______is the executive branch Patronage?

2. Whigs vs. Tories Traditionally, Whigs favored: Tories favored: a) Political b) Social c) 2. Whigs vs. Tories Traditionally, Whigs favored: Tories favored: a) Political b) Social c) Religious

3. WHY, then, was it the “Whigs” who gained the favor of George I? 3. WHY, then, was it the “Whigs” who gained the favor of George I? a) Tories had supported the b) Tories also supported James Edward, son of_________

4. Robert Walpole (1 st P. M. ) “Let sleeping dog’s lie” a) Pursued 4. Robert Walpole (1 st P. M. ) “Let sleeping dog’s lie” a) Pursued peace b) Patronage c) Walpole, as head minister, controlled the Parliament by dispensing the king’s patronage

5. Why did the Hanoverian Kings (George I and II give their ministers so 5. Why did the Hanoverian Kings (George I and II give their ministers so much power? a) b)

6. Structure of Parliament during the 18 th century a) Neither a _____nor a 6. Structure of Parliament during the 18 th century a) Neither a _____nor a _____body b) House of Commons c) House of Lords