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Poultry Production Poultry Production

Poultry Meat o High protein o Low fat o Economical to eat o 2 Poultry Meat o High protein o Low fat o Economical to eat o 2 nd in consumption only to beef

Chickens o Layers: for egg production o Leghorn o Broilers: o White (hybrids) meat Chickens o Layers: for egg production o Leghorn o Broilers: o White (hybrids) meat production Plymouth Rock, Cornish Crosses o Producers usually buy chicks from hatcheries o Turkeys must be artificially inseminated (have been bred for large breasts which makes it physically impossible to mate)

Getting Started o Order chicks early o Only order what you can house o Getting Started o Order chicks early o Only order what you can house o Space requirements: o 10 square inches / chick under light o 25 square inches / chick house space o Chicks shouldn’t be allowed to get more than 3 ft away from light

When they arrive o Temperature = 92 -95 degrees under light, 70 -75 deg When they arrive o Temperature = 92 -95 degrees under light, 70 -75 deg in house o Decrease temp. 5 degrees / week until 60 degrees o Teach how to drink right away o If chicks are huddled together under light = too cold o If none are under light = too hot o Should be scattered

Management o Debeaking: remove 1/3 of the top beak and a small part of Management o Debeaking: remove 1/3 of the top beak and a small part of the bottom (prevent cannibolism) o at 6 -8 days old o Vaccinate (hatchery can do this) o Lighting: birds naturally reproduce in spring, simulate spring, chickens molt (shed feathers) production increases

Layer Care o Collect eggs 2 -3 times per day (if hot) o Wash Layer Care o Collect eggs 2 -3 times per day (if hot) o Wash eggs immediately in warm water o Refridgerate & keep away from onions & mold o Production Goal: 4 lbs feed / dozen eggs o Hens produce 7 eggs / 10 days

Broilers o Don’t keep in cages (weak bones & bruise easily) o Keep light Broilers o Don’t keep in cages (weak bones & bruise easily) o Keep light on at night (prevent cannibolism) o Market at 4 1/2 lbs for males, 3 1/2 lbs for females (about 8 weeks) o 2. 1 lbs feed / lb of gain

Chicken Terms o What do you call a mature male? Rooster o What do Chicken Terms o What do you call a mature male? Rooster o What do you call a mature female? Hen o What do you call a young female? Pullet

Chicken Terms o What do you call a castrated male? Capon o Chickens Hatch Chicken Terms o What do you call a castrated male? Capon o Chickens Hatch o What is the incubation period? 21 days