Скачать презентацию Popular Recreation Local Unwritten rules simple Cruel Скачать презентацию Popular Recreation Local Unwritten rules simple Cruel

15ad4d51e2e15804c21477f0618c42b6.ppt

  • Количество слайдов: 8

Popular Recreation Local Unwritten rules / simple Cruel / violent Irregular / occasional Courtly Popular Recreation Local Unwritten rules / simple Cruel / violent Irregular / occasional Courtly / popular Rural / ritual Occupational Wagering

Social changes – that helped the development of rational recreation Pre-industrial n. Seasonal Time Social changes – that helped the development of rational recreation Pre-industrial n. Seasonal Time n. Limited Transport n. Illiteracy n. Harsh Rural Lifestyle n. Two class society n. Agricultural n. Uncivilized n. Lack of technology Post-industrial n. Machine Time n. Improved transport n. Business/Admin Skills n. More civilized n. Emergence of Middle Class n. Industrial n. Increased law and order n. Technological advancement

Boarding Boys Expanding Non. Gentry Fee paying local Trustees Spartan Boarding Boys Expanding Non. Gentry Fee paying local Trustees Spartan

Stage 1 – Bullying and Brutality n n n n Sport was recreation not Stage 1 – Bullying and Brutality n n n n Sport was recreation not educative Boarding gave boys free time together and they played the games they learnt at home They were run by the boys, for the boys Headmasters tried to stop violent activities Some activities were off site with no control over activities Used the games to let off steam, no referees, popular versions of the games Gave boys leadership & decision making opportunities

Stage 2 – Influences of Dr Arnold 1828 Dr Thomas Arnold - Head of Stage 2 – Influences of Dr Arnold 1828 Dr Thomas Arnold - Head of Rugby school n Areas of reform n Discipline and expulsion of boys n House system increased regular organised play & loyalty to house n Importance of leadership, process of social control n More staff control n Activities to stay on school site

Stage 2 – Influences of Dr Arnold 1828 Dr Thomas Arnold - Head of Stage 2 – Influences of Dr Arnold 1828 Dr Thomas Arnold - Head of Rugby school n Areas of reform n Discipline and expulsion of boys n House system increased regular organised play & loyalty to house n Importance of leadership, process of social control n More staff control n Activities to stay on school site

Spread of games in Society n Old boys from public school from all over Spread of games in Society n Old boys from public school from all over the country took codes with them that had to be rationalised. This process changed the face of sport. As graduates took the unified codes back into schools the standards improved. Games spread to the world at large. Estates managers encouraged estate and village games. Graduates careers (Old boys) n Teachers – coached and played n Officers - Army – spread the games to the ranks n Politicians – improved facilities in Government n Vicars - Church – established parish teams n Industry/workers – improved sporting opportunities for workers n Colonial – spread the games across the British Empire