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Pioneering new markets for waste resources Remade South East Update on proposed new waste Pioneering new markets for waste resources Remade South East Update on proposed new waste packaging targets 9 th January 2012 Tel: 01732 876618 Mob: 07786 191499 Email: d. [email protected] co. uk Web: www. remade-southeast. co. uk

Consultation on new packaging targets 19 th December 2011 - Proposals for tougher packaging Consultation on new packaging targets 19 th December 2011 - Proposals for tougher packaging recycling targets that will stop 400, 000 tonnes of packaging going to landfill by 2017 have been announced by Environment Secretary Caroline Spelman. The new targets for packaging producers will ease the demand on raw natural materials and improve resource efficiency by making more recyclable materials available for businesses.

Background – Packaging legislation • Statutory Producer Responsibility scheme for packaging recycling since 1997 Background – Packaging legislation • Statutory Producer Responsibility scheme for packaging recycling since 1997 which implements the EU Packaging Directive • Takes account of some of the practical issues of dealing with packaging at the end of its life • Sets minimum recycling and recovery targets on UK businesses in the packaging supply chain • Current targets run until 2012 – these have been flat for the past 2 years • Proposed targets are intended to run from 1 January 2013 for five years

Government’s preferred option • Steel -Increase the steel recycling target by one percent per Government’s preferred option • Steel -Increase the steel recycling target by one percent per year, from 71 percent in 2012 to 76 percent by 2017 • Aluminium- Increase the aluminium recycling target by three percent per year, from 40 percent in 2012 to 55 percent in 2017 • Plastics - Increase the plastics recycling target by five percent per year, from 32 percent in 2012 to 57 per cent by 2017 • All packaging - Increase the overall packaging recovery rate by one percent each year, from 74 percent in 2012 to 79 percent in 2017 • Glass - Glass recycling split into sub-categories to boost the amount of glass that is re-melted (rather than used as aggregates).

Defra comments • Government feels that increasing the amount of packaging which is recycled Defra comments • Government feels that increasing the amount of packaging which is recycled will benefit consumers, businesses and the environment • Recycling reduces the need to extract virgin raw materials, which helps prevent natural resource depletion - preference in favour of waste hierarchy • Recycling processes are less energy intensive than the manufacture of virgin materials, which saves both money to businesses and greenhouse gas emissions. • Householder perception that packaging recycling could be improved based on high visibility of packaging in the waste stream • Higher packaging targets provide greater certainty to businesses to invest in capacity for the recycling

Glass • • Proposal to split glass recycling targets based on the end use Glass • • Proposal to split glass recycling targets based on the end use of the recovered material with a 1% change/year from 2013. Recycling glass back into re-melt has a higher carbon saving than recycling the material into nonremelt applications e. g. road aggregates Proposal to limit the amount of glass which can be recycled into aggregates to 2008 level of 565, 000 tonnes. Consultation asks for views on any practical issues or consequences of splitting the glass target in this way.

Glass Reprocessors green Day Aggregates yellow OI Harlow (and Alloa) blue Berrymans Reuse Glass Glass Reprocessors green Day Aggregates yellow OI Harlow (and Alloa) blue Berrymans Reuse Glass UK purple British Glass

Aluminium and Steel • Covers aluminium and steel cans, aerosols, and foil • In Aluminium and Steel • Covers aluminium and steel cans, aerosols, and foil • In future the UK will not count the amount of aluminium used in composite materials in the overall waste arising figure for aluminium e. g. tetrapaks • In 2010, the UK only recycled 41% of aluminium and 59. 3% of steel therefore higher recycling targets are proposed • Both have a high carbon impact, and so any increases in recycling rates will have a significant environmental benefit, from a GHG perspective

Metal Reprocessors Red TATA Steel (formally CORUS)- Steel Yellow Novelis Recycling Aluminium Green Aleris Metal Reprocessors Red TATA Steel (formally CORUS)- Steel Yellow Novelis Recycling Aluminium Green Aleris Aluminum UK Ltd. Aluminium Blue Avon Metals -Aluminium Purple EMR Ltd - Steel & Aluminium Teal Tandom Metallurgical Group - Steel & Aluminium Fuscia Eassar Steel- Steel Orange AMG Resources - Steel & Aluminium

Plastics • Increased target covers plastic bottles, carrier bags, nonbottle plastics • In 2010, Plastics • Increased target covers plastic bottles, carrier bags, nonbottle plastics • In 2010, the UK only recycled 24% of plastic and therefore higher recycling targets are proposed • Increase in plastics recycling target by five percent per year from 32% in 2012 to 57 per cent by 2017 • Plastics have a high carbon impact - increase in recycling will have help to reduce GHG emissions • Will be competition for plastics waste from efw facilities

Plastics Reprocessors • . red PPR WIPAG Ltd (ELV plastics) yellow Veka Recycling Ltd Plastics Reprocessors • . red PPR WIPAG Ltd (ELV plastics) yellow Veka Recycling Ltd (upvc) green Eco Plastics Limited blue Closed Loop Recycling Ltd purple Axion Polymers teal Moores Recycling fuscia Monoworld recycling orange J & A Young ( Leicester ) Ltd.

Plan for expansion of waste infrastructure 29 th November 2011 - Chancellor George Osborne Plan for expansion of waste infrastructure 29 th November 2011 - Chancellor George Osborne used his Autumn Statement to announce the publication of a National Infrastructure Plan which sets out the government’s strategy for developing infrastructure across many sectors, including waste management. ‘’For the first time we are identifying over 500 infrastructure projects we want to see built over the next decade and beyond. Roads, railways, airport capacity, power stations, waste facilities, broadband networks. ” The plan is broken down into sectors including transport, communications, energy and the environment, with a sub-section on waste. For the waste sector, the government notes that its aim is to move to a ‘zero waste economy’ where material is reused, recycled or recovered wherever possible, and only disposed of as a last resort.

Initial comments and discussion points Comments • Proposals generally being met with cautious approval Initial comments and discussion points Comments • Proposals generally being met with cautious approval • Investment needed in UK reprocessing facilities to meet targets • Proximity principle is important for the economics of waste reprocessing • Informed planning needed for facilities of appropriate size and type Discussion points • How does this proposal fit with the new National Waste /Infrastructure Plans? • Should the workforce be trained to achieve increased level of separation? • Will waste companies be persuaded to reduce comingled collections and revert to colour separation? • Does the existing infrastructure have sufficient capacity for the proposed increase in recycling? • Does this provide enough incentive for businesses to invest in small and large scale reprocessing facilities? • Will increased plastics recycling affect feedstock for efw plants? .

Timescale for the consultation This consultation paper is presented by the Department for Environment, Timescale for the consultation This consultation paper is presented by the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, the Scottish Government, the Northern Ireland Assembly and the Welsh Government. It can be found on the website: www. defra. gov. uk/corporate/consult/ The Government is seeking views on proposed packaging recycling and recovery targets and the accompanying impact assessment. The consultation started on 12 th December 2011 and runs for 8 weeks. Responses should be received no later than Friday 10 th February 2012. The consultation is reduced to 8 weeks in order to make a decision by Budget 2012.

Pioneering new markets for waste resources For more information please contact: Diana Lock Tel: Pioneering new markets for waste resources For more information please contact: Diana Lock Tel: 01732 876618 Mob: 07786 191499 Email: d. [email protected] co. uk Web: www. remade-southeast. co. uk