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Pharmacists January 2004
Pharmacy • The Art of preparing and dispensing drugs. • A place where drugs are sold; a drugstore.
• History of Career • Expected Duties and Physical Demands • Training and Education • Personal Qualities • Skill Measurement • Code of Ethics
• Earnings/Benefits • Future outlook • Bibliography
• Dates back to medieval times with priests • Origin of the word “pharmacy” come from the Greek • As much as 80, 000 years ago people of Paleolithic period were interested in flora.
• It is hard to say when it started exactly – It existed in a rudimentary form long before the word existed. • Combining different agents(compounding) was considered an art form by priests and doctors. • First known chemical process was carried out by the artisans of Mesopotamia, Egypt, and China. • Theories often involved magic, but developed mathematical, astronomical, and cosmological ideas.
• The first culture to consider ideas scientifically was the Greeks. – Made logical speculations rather than relying on myth. • Pharmacy began to develop as a profession separate from medicine in the 18 th century. – 1821 the first school of pharmacy was established.
• Industrial Revolution – Rapid change from hand methods to machine methods of production that characterized industrial revolution. • Large scale drug manufacturing was big in society; many machines and patents
• Declining art of Apothecary: – Industrial Revolution had an impact of every aspect of pharmacy. • 1 st lead to creation of new drugs. – Drugs many pharmacists couldn’t produce • 2 nd many drugs could be produced more economically & with better quality. • 3 rd the industry assumed responsibilities for the quality of medication instead of individuals.
• The Community Pharmacy – 19 th century didn’t see the end of compounding. • Its estimated the 80% of prescriptions dispensed in 1920’s were still compounded. – They used chemicals purchased to make own prescriptions. – Called to provide first aid and medicines for common aliments Ex: Burns, frostbite, poisoning etc.
• Graph for 50 years Between 1920 -1971.
• Now they need to know things like shelf life and effect of exposure to light, – Judging reliability and reputation of manufacturers. • Compounding today is on the rise – People are realizing the benefits – Pharmacists are going back to it just for the love science and interests.
• The Work – Prepare and dispense drugs prescribed by doctors. – Advise doctors, patients, and other health care professionals on proper dosage and possible side effects. • They must know what’s in the drug, how it works, and how it affects people.
• Purchase medical supplies • Answer customer questions • Go with doctors and hospital staff on rounds • Advise patients on medical equipment and over-thecounter medication • HELP PATIENTS GET WELL
• May work in a hospital, clinic, or drug store • Constantly learning and studying about properties & side effects of new drugs. • Communicate with doctors & patients • Most work a standard work week
• Best job opportunities go to people with best grades – Lower grades will get you a job, however, maybe part time • Companies want people who graduate at the top of the class. • Fierce competition
Education • Bachelor’s degree is being phased out – Instead schools offer a doctor of pharmacy (Pharm. D). • Bachelor’s degrees will not be awarded after 2005
Education. Classes • College Prep – English – Math – Science – Good written and verbal communication skills
Education. Classes • College requirements – 2 years of pre-pharmacy courses – 4 years of professional programs leading to Pharm. D. • Courses include Biology, Chemistry, Calculus, English, Speech and General Education. • Electives – Community pharmacy, hospital pharmacy, marketing, pediatrics and geriatrcs.
Personal Qualities • Have a good memory • Enjoy learning about new medications & treatments • Be trustworthy & detail oriented • Good communication skills • Good problem solving abilities • Enjoy people
Personality Qualities Personality Matches Analytical Personality Misses Detailed Emotional Focused Disorganized Creative *I want some one who is kind and caring, who shows an interest in me and my well being.
Skill Measurement • Board Exams – NAPLAX – Federal Law Exam – Each States test • 30 hours of CEU’s every 2 years • Renew State License every year
• A pharmacist respects the covenantal relationship between the patient and pharmacist • They promote the good of every patient in a caring, compassionate, and confidential way • The place concern for the well-being of the patient • They respect the autonomy & dignity of each patient. • They act with honesty & integrity in professional relationships
• They maintain professional competence • They respect the values & abilities of colleagues and other health care professionals • They serve individual, community, and societal needs • They seek justice in the distribution of health resources – Very similar to many peoples morals.
Earnings/Benefits Average Earning $69, 440 Average Hourly Rate $33. 39 California Pharmacist. Staff average-$90, 000 -100, 000 per year Manager- $100, 000 -150, 000 Owner - $100, 000 -? ? ?
Pros Cons Good Salaries Long Hours Wide variety of Careers Options Potential Restlessness
• INCREASING NEED!!!!! 2000 workforce 217, 000 2000 -2010 Growth Rate 24. 3%
Other Places of Work • • Armed Services Community pharmacy Drug Research & Development Sales & Marketing
Armed Forces • • Air force Army Coast Guard Navy *You need a 4 year college degree in pharmacy and a state license to practice pharmacy.
• http: //www. iit. edu/departments/csep/Public WWW/codes/coe/American%20 Pharmaceut ic… • http: //www. lindsaydrug. com/newhist. htm • http: //usa. cx. bridges. com/student/Display. Ar ticle. do? dt=Career+Information&dn=Pharm acist
• • http: //www. uspharmd. com/rxpharmacist. htm http: //www. uspharmd. com/rxpharmacist 2. htm http: //www. uspharmd. com/rxpharmacist 3. htm http: //www. pharmacists-recruitmentint. com/Pharmacits. Recruitment/Professinal_Requirements. html • Kevin House-interview
• http: //www. op. nysed. gov/pharm. htm • http: //www. ask. com/-pictures