Скачать презентацию Pediatric Scoliosis OMT Module l l American College Скачать презентацию Pediatric Scoliosis OMT Module l l American College

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Pediatric Scoliosis OMT Module l l American College of Osteopathic edited by Pediatricians DO, Pediatric Scoliosis OMT Module l l American College of Osteopathic edited by Pediatricians DO, Eric Hegybeli, FACOP Robert Hostoffer, DO, FACOP, FAAP

Background: Andrew Taylor Still, was born in Virginia in 1828, the son of a Background: Andrew Taylor Still, was born in Virginia in 1828, the son of a Methodist minister and physician. At an early age, Still decided to follow in his father's footsteps as a physician. After studying medicine and serving an apprenticeship under his father, Still became a licensed M. D. in the state of Missouri. Later, in the early 1860's, he completed additional coursework at the College of Physicians and Surgeons in Kansas City, Missouri. He went on to serve as a surgeon in the Union Army during the Civil War.

Background: l After the Civil War and following the death of three of his Background: l After the Civil War and following the death of three of his children from spinal meningitis in 1864, Still concluded that the orthodox medical practices of his day were frequently ineffective, and sometimes harmful. He devoted the next ten years of his life to studying the human body and finding better ways to treat disease.

Background: His research and clinical observations led him to believe that the musculoskeletal system Background: His research and clinical observations led him to believe that the musculoskeletal system played a vital role in health and disease and that the body contained all of the elements needed to maintain health, if properly stimulated. Still believed that by correcting problems in the body's structure, through the use of manual techniques now known as osteopathic manipulative treatment, the body's ability to function and to heal itself could be greatly improved. He also promoted the idea of preventive medicine and endorsed the philosophy that physicians should focus on treating the whole patient, rather than just the disease. l http: //www. aacom. org/OM/history. html

Toddler and Children OMT Toddler and Children OMT

Classification of Scolosis l Nonstructural scoliosis – postural scoliosis – compensatory scoliosis Classification of Scolosis l Nonstructural scoliosis – postural scoliosis – compensatory scoliosis

Transient Structural Scoliosis – – – sciatic scoliosis hysterical scoliosis> inflammatory scoliosis Transient Structural Scoliosis – – – sciatic scoliosis hysterical scoliosis> inflammatory scoliosis

Structural Scolosis – – – idiopathic (70 - 80 % of all cases) congenital Structural Scolosis – – – idiopathic (70 - 80 % of all cases) congenital neuromuscular l poliomyelitis l cerebral palsy l syringomyelia l muscular dystrophy l amyotonia congenita l Friedreich's ataxia neurofibromatosis mesenchymal disorders l Marfan's syndrome l Morquio's syndrome l rheumatoid arthritis l osteogenesis imperfecta l certain dwarves trauma l fractures l irradiation l surgery

Types of Curves Types of Curves

Cobb’s Angle Cobb’s Angle

Vertebral Maturation Vertebral Maturation

Maturation of iliac crest Maturation of iliac crest

Osteopathic Considerations Type II (non-neutral) mechanics occur at the transitional areas between the spinal Osteopathic Considerations Type II (non-neutral) mechanics occur at the transitional areas between the spinal curves In scoliosis, flexed vertebral dysfunctions are typically found in the lumbar region; extended dysfunctions in the thoracic region Scoliosis usually is not secondary to a short leg

Osteopathic Considerations Treatment *Infantile scoliosis can be treated fairly effectively by addressing the occiput Osteopathic Considerations Treatment *Infantile scoliosis can be treated fairly effectively by addressing the occiput (usually with cranial), cervicothoracic and sacroiliac areas *Treatment of older patients is focused on mobilizing restricted areas with OMT, stretching tightened tissues on the convex side, strengthening weak muscles on the concave side and correcting posture

Shoulder Leveling Shoulder Leveling

Demonstrate the procedure on patient in front of director Demonstrate the procedure on patient in front of director

Scapular leveling Scapular leveling

Demonstrate the procedure on patient in front of director Demonstrate the procedure on patient in front of director

Pelvic Leveling Pelvic Leveling

Demonstrate the procedure on patient in front of director Demonstrate the procedure on patient in front of director

Spinal Inspection Spinal Inspection

Demonstrate the procedure on patient in front of director Demonstrate the procedure on patient in front of director

Bending Test Bending Test

Demonstrate the procedure on patient in front of director Demonstrate the procedure on patient in front of director

Innervation Table Organ/System EENT Parasympathetic Sympathetic Ant. Chapman's Post. Chapman's T 1 -T 4 Innervation Table Organ/System EENT Parasympathetic Sympathetic Ant. Chapman's Post. Chapman's T 1 -T 4 T 1 -4, 2 nd ICS Suboccipital Heart Cr Nerves (III, VII, IX, X) Vagus (CN X) T 1 -T 4 T 3 sp process Respiratory Vagus (CN X) T 2 -T 7 T 1 -4 on L, T 23 rd 3 & 4 th ICS Esophagus Vagus (CN X) T 2 -T 8 --- T 3 -5 sp process --- Foregut Vagus (CN X) T 5 -T 9 (Greater Splanchnic) --- Stomach Vagus (CN X) T 5 -T 9 (Greater Splanchnic) T 6 -7 on L Liver Vagus (CN X) T 5 -T 9 (Greater Splanchnic) 5 th-6 th ICS on L Rib 5 on R Gallbladder Vagus (CN X) T 5 -T 9 (Greater Splanchnic) Rib 6 on R T 6 Spleen Vagus (CN X) T 5 -T 9 (Greater Splanchnic) Rib 7 on L T 7 Pancreas Vagus (CN X) Rib 7 on R T 7 Midgut Vagus (CN X) T 5 -T 9 (Greater Splanchnic), T 9 T 12 (Lesser Splanchnic) Thoracic Splanchnics (Lesser) Small Intestine Vagus (CN X) T 9 -T 11 (Lesser Splanchnic) Ribs 9 -11 T 8 -10 Appendix T 12 Tip of 12 th Rib T 11 -12 on R Hindgut Lumbar (Least) Splanchnics Ascending Colon Pelvic Splanchnics (S 24) Vagus (CN X) Transverse Colon Vagus (CN X) Descending Colon & Rectum T 9 -T 11 (Lesser Splanchnic) T 5 -6 --- --- --T 10 -11 T 9 -T 11 (Lesser Splanchnic) R Femur @ hip Near Knees Pelvic Splanchnic (S 2 -4) Least Splanchnic L Femur @ hip T 12 -L 2 Pelvic Splanchnics (S 24) T 8 -L 2 --- ---

Print out the answer sheet to use with the following questions. Print out the answer sheet to use with the following questions.

Circle the correct answer and review with director: l l l Question 1: A, Circle the correct answer and review with director: l l l Question 1: A, B, C, D, E. Question 2: A, B, C, D, E. Question 3: A, B, C, D, E.

Question: l 1. Inflammatory Scoliosis is considered a: A. Transient scoliosis B. Structural C. Question: l 1. Inflammatory Scoliosis is considered a: A. Transient scoliosis B. Structural C. Idiopathic D. Neurogenic E. Non. Structural

l 2. All of the following are causes of structural scoliosis except: A. B. l 2. All of the following are causes of structural scoliosis except: A. B. C. D. E. Wedge vertabrae Hemivertebrae Congenital Bar Block vertebra Circular wedge

l 3. All are curves found in scoliosis except: A. Thoracic curve B Cervico/thoracic l 3. All are curves found in scoliosis except: A. Thoracic curve B Cervico/thoracic curve C. Lumbar curve D. Double major curve E. Thoraco/lumbar curve

Certificate of Completion I, _____________, successfully completed the Pediatric OMT Module on __ __ Certificate of Completion I, _____________, successfully completed the Pediatric OMT Module on __ __ 20__ Signatures: l Pediatric Resident __________ l Pediatric Residency Director______ l l ( Please print and give to program director. )

Congratulations Congratulations