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Peculiar Helium Nova V 445 Puppis as event of merging of white dwarf with a nucleus of an evolved star Vitaly Goranskij, Sternberg Astronomical Institute, Moscow University, Russia also participated or presented their observations Peter Kroll, Sonneberg Observatory, Germany Elena Barsukova, Special Astrophysical Observatory, Russian Academy of Sciences Alon Retter, Tel Aviv, Israel Albert Jones, Nelson, New Zealand We used also VSNET observations
Light curves of V 445 Pup The outburst in 2000 R band light curves in outburst and later Last measured remnant’s magnitudes: Sonneberg & Moscow eye estimates Takamizawa, VSNET Pre- and postoutburst observations in the B band B = 20. 5 +/- 0. 2 V= 19. 5 +/- 0. 1 Rc = 19. 1 +/-0. 2 Ic = 20. 1 +/-0. 2 E(B-V) = 0. 51
Spectra of V 445 Pup in the outburst Iijima & Nakanishi, As. Ap V 482, 865, 2008 Hydrogen lines are absent in the spectrum
Sonneberg and Moscow photographic photometry of the precursor of V 445 Pup *Heliocentric Julian dates are given without first two digits 24… Photographic plates were digitized with a scanner or a digital camera. Digitized images were reduced using 16 comparison stars, and characteristic curves were approximated with a quadratic or cubic expression. Error bars are RMS of approximation. The precursor is evidently variable
Periodogram analysis of the light curve Phase dispersion minimization method by Lafler & Kinman (1965) Discrete Fourier transform by Deeming (1975) Spectrum of window The precursor of V 445 Pup is a periodic variable, and a binary system There are many aliases due to short duration visibility at night (the star has low declination).
Light curves extracted with PDM method *Heliocentric Julian dates are given without first two digits 24…
Light curves extracted with Discrete Fourier Transform method This period is one of two extracted by PDM method These sets of day aliases have reverse (mirror) phase localization
B band light curves
Periodic light variation of V 445 Pup progenitor Contains some contradicted points. Does not like the light variation of the hot spot of an inclined accretion disk. Resembles a reflection effect on the surface of a donor star in the low-mass X-ray binaries, but no signs of burning on the surface of WD were seen before the outburst. And the outburst was beginning of such a burning. Possible common envelope evolved binary with a WD inside before the outburst. Non uniform surface brightness of common envelope. Additional facts Dust formation after outburst (Lynch et al. , 2001; Ashok and Banerjee, 2003). Dust emission disappeared in 2005 November (Lynch et al. , 2005). Blue colors in the optical bands and I band excess absence in 2008. The remnant is now 300 times fainter than progenitor in B band.
CONCLUSION Evidently, donor was an evolved star. And it was accreted on the massive white dwarf in the merging event. This caused a helium flash on the surface of the dwarf which destroyed the common envelope and probably the donor remnant itself. We do not see it in the light curve.