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Patterns of Not Sure Figurative More That Sounds Development What To Call Language and Rhetorical Good! And More! This One More Terms 1 pt 1 pt 2 pt 2 pt 3 pt 3 pt 4 pt 4 pt 5 pt 5 pt
Writing that “tells” or explains rather than “shows. ” An example would be, “Romans didn’t consider birth the only way to acquire offspring. They felt free to adopt—adults, that is. ”
What is Exposition.
Telling a story or giving an account of an event.
What is narration?
The following sentence is an example of this rhetorical device: “Separate and yet inseparable; fragile yet impossible to destroy. ” Not a syntactical feature.
What is a paradox?
When in his autobiography Frederick Douglass explores how he learned to read and write, he is using this pattern for development.
What is process analysis?
This is the “mask” or voice that an author presents in their writing to achieve a certain effect. The personality of the writer. Questions that ask about this might say, “The author is best described as. . . ”
What is the persona?
This genre of writing ridicules a part of society by imitating the style or opinions of that part of society in order to critique or change that part of society. Stephen Colbert was a paragon of this genre.
What is Satire?
This is a sentence whose function is to give a command. “Sit down” is an example. The subject will always be an implied “you. ”
What is an imperative sentence?
“In silent night when rest I took” is an example of this syntactical feature.
What is inversion of normal word order (normal subject-verb-object order)?
The following sentence is an example of this type of sentence: “By the simple operation of constructing a government on the principles of society and the rights of man, every difficulty retires. ”
What is a Complex Sentence? AND What is a Periodic Sentence?
This is an argument based on three parts: a major premise, a minor premise, and a conclusion.
What is a syllogism?
Questions on the exam that ask about this might be worded as the following: “Which stance does the author take in note 3? ” or “The author’s attitude towards Terry can best be described as —”
What is TONE? You must always be thinking about this.
This device compares two things by saying one thing is the other. It can be implied or explicit. For example, “The heart has need of some deceit / To make its pistons rise and fall. ”
What is a metaphor?
This is a sentence that contains one independent clause and one or more dependent clauses.
What is a complex sentence?
For example, “I am no prince Hamlet, nor was meant to be. ”
What is allusion?
These are two figures of speech where, in the first, a whole thing is represented by a part of that thing—“I have known the arms” to mean “I’ve known women”--and, in the second, one thing is represented by something closely related to it—“The pen is mightier than the sword” to speak about writing and military force.
What are synecdoche and metonymy?
The use of everyday language in writing, often to create local color or to provide an informal tone.
What is colloquial language?
The tone of the passage and how you know: “It’s true. If you want to buy a spring suit, the choice selection occurs in February: a bathing suit, March: back -to-school clothes, July: a fur coat, August. Did I tell you about the week I gave in to a mad-Mitty desire to buy a bathing suit in August? ”
The author light-heartedly points out the absurdity of shopping seasons, and perhaps of consumerism in general? I know this tone because of the way the author ironically makes the passage more serious than need be by saying, “It is true, ” and “I gave in to a desire. ”
A sentence that contains at least two independent clauses and one or more dependent clauses.
What is a compoundcomplex sentence?
Describe the effect of the diction in this passage: “No longer just friendly social gatherings with a vague continuingeducation agenda, book clubs have become literary pressure cookers, marked by aggressive intellectual one-upmanship and unabashed social skimishing. ”
Your response must indicate which specific words you are talking about, describe what you notice about those words (thinking about the scales of diction), and explain what the effect is of the author’s choice.
This is a group of words containing a preposition and the object of the preposition as a noun or pronoun. For example, “after several minutes. ”
What is a prepositional phrase?
Respectively, these are the appeal to the reader’s emotions, to the readers sense of logic, and to the readers feeling that the author is credible.
What are the appeals to pathos, logos, and ethos?
For example, “government of the people, by the people, for the people. ”
What is parallelism or parallel structure?
In writing, this is any detail that appeals to any of the five senses.
What is imagery?
When considering how diction develops tone, one must consider these (both the dictionary definition of the word as well as any “emotional baggage” a word carries).
What are denotation and connotation?
A complex sentence where the main clause is given first, and then has modifying phrases that pile on it after.
What is a cumulative sentence?