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Partnership Security Stability UNITED STATES AFRICA COMMAND The overall classification of this presentation is Partnership Security Stability UNITED STATES AFRICA COMMAND The overall classification of this presentation is UNCLASSIFIED

Unified Command Structure 5 Geographical Commands • • • European Command (EUCOM) Pacific Command Unified Command Structure 5 Geographical Commands • • • European Command (EUCOM) Pacific Command (PACOM) Central Command (CENTCOM) Northern Command (NORTHCOM) Southern Command (SOUTHCOM) AFRICOM will be 6 th geographic command CDR and staff entirely focused on Africa Partnership-Security-Stability 2 United States Africa Command

Our Area of Responsibility Consolidates the continent under one unified command U S N Our Area of Responsibility Consolidates the continent under one unified command U S N O R T H C O M USEUCOM USCENTCOM USAFRICOM U S S O U T H C O M USPACOM U S P A C O M Simplifies coordination of DOD activities in Africa and facilitates cooperation with existing regional organizations Partnership-Security-Stability 3 United States Africa Command

USAFRICOM’s Mission … Our Proposed Mission Statement United States Africa Command conducts sustained security USAFRICOM’s Mission … Our Proposed Mission Statement United States Africa Command conducts sustained security engagement through military to military programs, military sponsored activities, and other military operations as directed to promote a stable and secure African environment in support of U. S. foreign policy. We are a command under construction… Accepting missions from the other unified commands in a deliberate, seamless fashion Partnership-Security-Stability Building the team and building relationships with our partners and friends 4 United States Africa Command

Commander’s Initial Guidance Build the Team Enable the Work of Africans Accept Missions Engage Commander’s Initial Guidance Build the Team Enable the Work of Africans Accept Missions Engage the U. S. Engage Africa Add Value & Do No Harm Partnership-Security-Stability 5 United States Africa Command

Our Role Department of State leads U. S. foreign policy Continent-wide: African Union Regional: Our Role Department of State leads U. S. foreign policy Continent-wide: African Union Regional: Regional Economic Community (REC) Bi-Lateral: With each nation Embassies Exercise military to military contacts Coordinate all activities with USAMBs to host nations FBI Commerce Agriculture DHS Partnership-Security-Stability Treasury Energy Help harmonize the U. S. Government effort USAID Others Apply DOD capabilities to meet needs of African states and organizations, and support U. S. foreign policy 6 United States Africa Command

Building the (Broader) Team We seek to partner with everyone with interests on the Building the (Broader) Team We seek to partner with everyone with interests on the continent and its island nations • • U. S. Government – – State, USAID, Treasury, Homeland Security, and other U. S. Government agencies U. S. Missions in African Partners – – African Union and its Regional Economic Communities (RECs) African nations, African militaries – – UN, NATO, EU, Euro. Militaries Donor community – – NGOs, Humanitarian relief and development organizations Academia, ‘think tanks’ – Private sector organizations • International Partners • Civil Society • Industry Partnership-Security-Stability 7 United States Africa Command

Where We Add Value Activities Missions MEDFLAG CJTF-Horn of Africa and OEF-Trans-Sahara Africa Partnership Where We Add Value Activities Missions MEDFLAG CJTF-Horn of Africa and OEF-Trans-Sahara Africa Partnership Station Programs Partnership-Security-Stability Exercises 8 FLINTLOCK 07, Mali United States Africa Command

Strategy of “Active Security” Persistent, Sustained Level of Effort Building Partner Security Capacity Fostering Strategy of “Active Security” Persistent, Sustained Level of Effort Building Partner Security Capacity Fostering Continued Dialogue and Development Supporting Humanitarian Assistance Efforts Providing Crisis Response Oriented on Preventing Conflict Partnership-Security-Stability 9 …to Enable the Work of Africans United States Africa Command

A Draft Vision for a New Command A Joint, Interagency, Intergovernmental, and Multinational (JIIM) A Draft Vision for a New Command A Joint, Interagency, Intergovernmental, and Multinational (JIIM) unified command that… • Develops and implements Department of Defense programs that add value to the important endeavor of enhancing stability and security on the continent of Africa and its island nations. • Is a trusted and reliable security partner with the nations and security organizations of Africa. • Is a listening and learning organization. • Directs, integrates, and employs credible and relevant military capability in peace and in response to crisis. Partnership-Security-Stability Security Stability 10 Hope! United States Africa Command

Building Strong Relationships Openness and Transparency Responsiveness Innovation Listening and Learning Mutual Trust, Mutual Building Strong Relationships Openness and Transparency Responsiveness Innovation Listening and Learning Mutual Trust, Mutual Confidence, Mutual Respect, Mutual Competence Partnership-Security-Stability 11 United States Africa Command

Headquarters Organization Commander USAFRICOM Special Staff Deputy to the Commander Civ-Mil Activities CSM Deputy Headquarters Organization Commander USAFRICOM Special Staff Deputy to the Commander Civ-Mil Activities CSM Deputy to the Commander Military Ops Chief of Staff Directorate for Resources Directorate for Intelligence & Knowledge Development Partnership-Security-Stability Directorate for Strategy, Plans & Programs Office of Shared Services Directorate for Operations & Logistics Directorate for C 4 Systems 12 Directorate for Outreach United States Africa Command

Mission Transfer Process 1 Oct 2008 1 Oct 2007 Strategy, Plans, and Policy Theater Mission Transfer Process 1 Oct 2008 1 Oct 2007 Strategy, Plans, and Policy Theater Security Cooperation Plans and Activities Contingency Planning Crisis Response Humanitarian Assistance/ Disaster Relief On-Going Operations, Training, Exercises TSCTP and OEF-TS Partnership-Security-Stability 13 United States Africa Command

Africa’s Size Before transferring missions we must understand Africa’s Size Argentina China Africa: 11, Africa’s Size Before transferring missions we must understand Africa’s Size Argentina China Africa: 11, 608, 000 sq mi China: 3, 704, 427 sq mi US: 3, 044, 503 sq mi Western Europe: 1, 414, 807 sq mi Argentina: United States 1, 077, 924 sq mi Partnership-Security-Stability 14 Western Europe United States Africa Command

African Standby Force NASBRIG ECOBRIG AU HQ Addis Ababa FOMAC SADCBRIG Partnership-Security-Stability 15 United African Standby Force NASBRIG ECOBRIG AU HQ Addis Ababa FOMAC SADCBRIG Partnership-Security-Stability 15 United States Africa Command

Main African Regional & Sub-Regional Economic Groups SUB-Regional Organizations AU African Union AMU Arab Main African Regional & Sub-Regional Economic Groups SUB-Regional Organizations AU African Union AMU Arab Maghreb Union AL Arab League CBI Cross Border Initiatives CEMAC Economic & Monetary Community of Central Africa CILSS Permanent Interstate Committee on Drought Control in the Sahel COMESA Common Market for East and Southern Africa EAC East Africa Community AMU ECCAS Economic Community of Central African States Algeria* ECOWAS Economic Community of West African States Libya* IGAD Inter Governmental Authority for Morocco* (HQ) Development Mauritania* Tunisia* IOC Indian Ocean Community MRU Manu River Union SACU Southern Africa Customs Union SADC Southern Africa Development Community WAEMU West African Economic and Monetary Union ECOWAS Benin Cape Verde Gambia Guinea Liberia Niger Senegal Togo Burkina Faso Cote d’Ivoire Ghana Guinea-Bissau Mali Nigeria (HQ) Sierra Leone Mauritania (Withdrew 2002) SADC ECCAS (CEEAC) Angola* Gabon (HQ) Lesotho Burundi* Malawi Cameroon Mozambique Central African Republic Swaziland Chad Tanzania* Democratic Republic of the Congo* Zambia Republic of the Congo Zimbabwe Equatorial Guinea Namibia Rwanda* South Africa Sao Tome & Principe Mauritius Angola** Democratic Republic of the Congo* Madagascar Seychelles Botswana (HQ) IGAD Djibouti (HQ) Ethiopia Kenya* Somalia Sudan Eritrea Uganda* Eritrea (Withdrew in 2007) EAC Kenya* Uganda* Tanzania* (HQ) Burundi* Rwanda*

Inherited Presence Offices for Military Assistance and Security • EUCOM – Offices of Defense Inherited Presence Offices for Military Assistance and Security • EUCOM – Offices of Defense Cooperation (ODC) • CENTCOM – US Liaison Offices (USLO) • AFRICOM – will expand mission to Offices of Security Cooperation (OSC) Current EUCOM (9): Algeria Botswana Ghana Liberia Morocco Nigeria Senegal S. Africa Tunisia Partnership-Security-Stability CJTF HOA Liaison Officers (LNOs) TSCTP Liaison Officers Current CENTCOM (4): Djibouti Eritrea Ethiopia Kenya 17 United States Africa Command

CJTF-HOA MILITARY SUPPORT Counter Terrorism Coastal Security Civil Affairs Water & MED / VETCAPs CJTF-HOA MILITARY SUPPORT Counter Terrorism Coastal Security Civil Affairs Water & MED / VETCAPs Counter Terrorism Coastal Security Civil Affairs Wells, Schools & MED / VETCAPs AMIS/UNAMID Counter Terrorism AMISOM Support Civil Affairs MED / VETCAPs ERITREA YEMEN SUDAN DJIBOUTI ETHIOPIA Civil Affairs MED / VETCAPs Counter Terrorism Commando Civil Affairs Schools & MED / VETCAPs SOMALIA Civil Affairs Schools UGANDA KENYA LEGEND Mil to Mil SEYCHELLES TANZANIA Civil Affairs HCA Projects Partnership-Security-Stability COMOROS Adv Infantry Trng Maritime Ops & EOD Civil Affairs Wells & MED / VETCAPs United States Africa Command

Capacity Building Programs • Security programs – – – • Tools / Activities Peacekeeping Capacity Building Programs • Security programs – – – • Tools / Activities Peacekeeping Security Sector Reform Maritime and Air Security Counter Terrorism Military Professionalization • Provide Support to USG (non- DOD) Programs – Disease Prevention – Education – Economic Security Partnership-Security-Stability 19 – Exercises – Foreign Military Financing (FMF) – International Military Education and Training – Military to Military Programs – Medical Programs – Humanitarian Assistance Programs – Construction projects – Environmental Programs – State Partnership Program United States Africa Command

Peacekeeping • Africa Contingency Operations Training and Assistance (ACOTA) program • The US has Peacekeeping • Africa Contingency Operations Training and Assistance (ACOTA) program • The US has been training African peacekeepers through ACOTA (or ACRI) since 1997 • Enhances existing African peace keeping capabilities • Focuses on infantry skills, humanitarian operations, human rights, and rules of engagement in peacekeeping scenarios • Trains approximately 20 battalions a year Partnership-Security-Stability 20 United States Africa Command

Liberia Security Sector Reform • $209 M over four years to create a new Liberia Security Sector Reform • $209 M over four years to create a new Liberian army by 2008 • ~ 2000 soldiers to be trained • Brigade HQ, 2 infantry battalions, MP company, band • Contractor-provided training, EUCOM-provided mentors • Provides all training, equipment, and infrastructure construction • EUCOM commitment: 3 years • UN Mission in Liberia (since Sep 03) • Mission: To provide security for country of Liberia • $714. 9 M for UN FY 06 • ~ 17, 000 total personnel • 90 fatalities Partnership-Security-Stability 21 United States Africa Command

Maritime Security • Goals: • Improved maritime domain awareness • Enhanced African regional maritime Maritime Security • Goals: • Improved maritime domain awareness • Enhanced African regional maritime security and regional cooperation • Reduced piracy and “freedom of action” of traffickers and terrorists • Illegal fishing is countered • Enhanced sovereignty and security • EUCOM actions: • Ship visits and maritime training • Provision of equipment • Boats, Coastal Radars, and Automated Identification Systems (AIS) Partnership-Security-Stability 22 United States Africa Command

Africa Partnership Station (APS) • Chief of Staff – CDR Nigel May, UK • Africa Partnership Station (APS) • Chief of Staff – CDR Nigel May, UK • Themes – Maritime Security and Safety are vital to regional prosperity – US and partners are committed to enabling African solutions – Building trust through transparency and collaboration Ghana Cameroon Gabon Sao Tome & Principe Angola • Recent Developments – Coalition support expanding • UK, FR, GE, Ghana, Cameroon • PO, IT, SP, Morocco – NGO participation growing • Project Hope (Liberia, Ghana) • Wildlife Conservation Society (Gabon) Partnership-Security-Stability 23 Coalition and NGO support expands United States Africa Command

Africa Partnership Station (APS) • Recent events (Oct ’ 07) – Multi-national APS staff Africa Partnership Station (APS) • Recent events (Oct ’ 07) – Multi-national APS staff forms – APS roll out - Washington, DC • First APS TSC event (Nov ’ 07) – 19 Nov – 12 teams to Accra, Ghana USS FORT Mc. HENRY (LSD 43) Oct 07 - May 08 • Mil-Mil interaction, USAID seminar on fisheries, and ACSS sponsored workshop – Deploy Sea. Bees for HCA projects • Medical clinic for future turnover to Project Hope (medical NGO) • Next steps HSV-2 SWIFT Jan 08 – Jun 08 – Focus on APS events in Ghana, Cameroon, Gabon, STP, and Angola AFRICOM delivers engagement Partnership-Security-Stability 24 Expeditionary Partnership Teams United States Africa Command

Air Security • EUCOM, through USAFE, supports USG “Safe Skies for Africa” program Broad Air Security • EUCOM, through USAFE, supports USG “Safe Skies for Africa” program Broad expanses of “ungoverned airspace” • Goal is to improve radar coverage and air traffic control over Africa • Presently, radar coverage is limited • Costs of “ungoverned” airspace • Potential for trafficking • Poor air safety • Reduction in economic potential Partnership-Security-Stability 25 United States Africa Command

Counter-Terrorism • OEF-Trans-Sahara is EUCOM / AFRICOM’s effort to: • Build regional capacity • Counter-Terrorism • OEF-Trans-Sahara is EUCOM / AFRICOM’s effort to: • Build regional capacity • Promote interoperability • Strengthen Inter-regional cooperation in the trans-Sahara region • Trans-Sahara Counter Terrorism Partnership (TSCTP) is the US Department of State program in these same nations Partnership-Security-Stability 26 United States Africa Command

Partnership Development • Goal: To build on regional relationships with African Union and sub-regional Partnership Development • Goal: To build on regional relationships with African Union and sub-regional organizations • AFRICOM support regional cooperation and coalition development through conferences and workshops Partnership-Security-Stability 27 United States Africa Command

US—African Exercises • Disaster Preparedness • NATURAL FIRE • GOLDEN SPEAR • Command Control US—African Exercises • Disaster Preparedness • NATURAL FIRE • GOLDEN SPEAR • Command Control • AFRICA ENDEAVOR • Capacity Building • FLINTLOCK • SHARED ACCORD • Medical Training • MEDFLAG • Naval Forces • West African and SWIO Training Cruises Partnership-Security-Stability 28 United States Africa Command

State’s FY 08 FMF Request Foreign Military Financing (FMF) • Funding of foreign militaries State’s FY 08 FMF Request Foreign Military Financing (FMF) • Funding of foreign militaries in order to help countries meet defense needs Partnership-Security-Stability 29 United States Africa Command

State’s FY 08 IMET Request International Military Education and Training (IMET) • Provides military State’s FY 08 IMET Request International Military Education and Training (IMET) • Provides military education, training, and professional development of African military personnel Partnership-Security-Stability 30 United States Africa Command

US-African Military Engagement • Security cooperation is just one part of US collaboration with US-African Military Engagement • Security cooperation is just one part of US collaboration with Africa… • US spends $9 B per year in Africa on: – Health – Development - Trade promotion - Good governance • DOD spends $250 M annually on: – Peacekeeping training – Logistics and airlift support to PKO – Border/coastal security capacity building – Joint Training Exercises Partnership-Security-Stability 31 United States Africa Command

Medical and Humanitarian Assistance • HIV/AIDS prevention • Malaria Prevention Program • Humanitarian Mine Medical and Humanitarian Assistance • HIV/AIDS prevention • Malaria Prevention Program • Humanitarian Mine Action Program • Medical facility, clinic, orphanage, and school construction • Excess US property is provided to African clinics, hospitals, and schools • Synchronization of medical and dental outreach to support humanitarian assistance objectives • Other Humanitarian Assistance (HA) projects • School improvements • Well drilling • Infrastructure development projects Partnership-Security-Stability 32 United States Africa Command

Africa Clearing House • Africa Clearing House – a forum for exchange of information Africa Clearing House • Africa Clearing House – a forum for exchange of information and to coordinate activities and programs on the African continent by external donors • Participants • France, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, United Kingdom, EU, NATO, UN, and US • Brazil, India, Portugal, Spain have also been invited • Meetings held annually • Open to all interested nations with engagement in Africa • Last meeting hosted by Germany in Mar 07 • Next meeting TBD in 2008 (to be hosted by Japan? ) • Inclusion of NGOs possible in future Partnership-Security-Stability 33 United States Africa Command

State Partnership Program Current State Partnerships Wyoming Utah North Dakota Tunisia (2004) Morocco (2003) State Partnership Program Current State Partnerships Wyoming Utah North Dakota Tunisia (2004) Morocco (2003) Ghana (2004) New York South Africa California Nigeria Vermont Senegal North Carolina The State Partnership Program (SPP) partners a US state’s National Guard with an African partner for mil-to-mil, civ-to-mil, and civ-to-civ training, exercise, and relationship building Botswana 3/16/2018 34 Partnership-Security-Stability (2003) (2006) (In process – April 2007) 34 United States Africa Command

Command Challenges • Mission transfer process – 3 current commands – CJTF-HOA: budget, staff, Command Challenges • Mission transfer process – 3 current commands – CJTF-HOA: budget, staff, continent-wide tasking • Full capacity of command personnel – US military – US interagency staffing – Foreign military liaison officers (LNOs) • Strategic plan for working with NGOs • Maturation of Component Commands Partnership-Security-Stability 35 United States Africa Command

Command Challenges • Coordination of continent-wide activities – Africa Clearing House – US governmental Command Challenges • Coordination of continent-wide activities – Africa Clearing House – US governmental activities – European partner activities • Strategic Communications – US government – African Union and regional economic communities – Global partners Partnership-Security-Stability 36 United States Africa Command

Partnership Security Stability UNITED STATES AFRICA COMMAND The overall classification of this presentation is Partnership Security Stability UNITED STATES AFRICA COMMAND The overall classification of this presentation is UNCLASSIFIED