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Participatory Rural Appraisal and Wealth Ranking September 13 th, 2010 1 Participatory Rural Appraisal and Wealth Ranking September 13 th, 2010 1

CWS Program 1. Partnership Program • Holistic Support • Small Grant Support • Non-Funding CWS Program 1. Partnership Program • Holistic Support • Small Grant Support • Non-Funding Support 2. Emergency Response and Disaster Preparedness Program • Emergency Response • Disaster Preparedness 3. Direct Service Program • Village Based Community Development project • Water and Sanitation Cooperation project 2

Why CWS implements water and sanitation Ø To comply with Rural Water and Sanitation Why CWS implements water and sanitation Ø To comply with Rural Water and Sanitation Strategy (RWSS) of the Kingdom of Cambodia that mentions: “ Every person in rural communities has sustained access to safe water supply and sanitation services and lives in a hygienic environment by 2025 ” Ø To improve access to water supplies and sanitation facilities of the rural poorest and poor in rural communities. 3

Participatory Rural Appraisal: Implementation partners At sub-national level: • Commune Councils and District Authority Participatory Rural Appraisal: Implementation partners At sub-national level: • Commune Councils and District Authority • Provincial Department of Rural Development At community level: • Community Based Organizations (CBO) § Water and Sanitation User Groups (WSUG) which are elected by villagers § Commune Development Facilitators (CDF) which are selected by CWS and PDRD • Local authority: Village Chief/Leaders 4

Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) and Participatory Wealth Ranking (PWR) • Collaborate with PDRD to Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) and Participatory Wealth Ranking (PWR) • Collaborate with PDRD to draft wealth ranking criteria • Consultation with local authority, CDF, WSUG and respected key person on wealth ranking criteria at village level. • Using Participatory rural appraisal, wealth ranking criteria and local capacity for peace/do no harm approach in the participatory beneficiaries selection. 5

Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) and Participatory Wealth Ranking (PWR) Criteria (excerpt) Criteria House Draft Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) and Participatory Wealth Ranking (PWR) Criteria (excerpt) Criteria House Draft animals Cattle Pig Poultry Agricultural land (ha) Home land (m 2) Main source of income Other source of income Food Poorest of the Poor Cottage (9 -24 m 2) Wooden house with leaf wall and roof (25 -45 m 2) None 2 -5 None 20 -100 m 2 1 -2 1 1 6 -10 0. 25 ha 101 -300 m 2 Rice production and sell labor Sell labor None or non. Farming and non-timber Lack of food 7 -10 months 3 - 6 months Better off Poor Wooden house with leaf wall and zinc roof (48 -60 m 2) 2 -4 2 -3 2 More than 10 0. 5 ha 301 - 500 m 2 Rice production Farming and non- timber Just enough food 6

PRA and PWR (cont…. ) • WSUG , CDF and Village Leader are responsible PRA and PWR (cont…. ) • WSUG , CDF and Village Leader are responsible in addressing the villagers' needed on water supplies and Sanitation facilities through participatory village development plan. • Villagers and key people (CDF and WSUG) participate in identifying the potential beneficiaries selection and their priority needs (latrines, bio-sand filters, new or upgraded wells). In exceptional cases, a beneficiary would receive two items in the same year of project intervention. 7

PRA and PWR -Process • Conduct a village meeting with at least 60% of PRA and PWR -Process • Conduct a village meeting with at least 60% of households participated • CDF/WSUG invite and encourage villagers to attend the meeting with one representative from each family. • Conduct Participatory Rural Appraisal by using village mapping to identify village resources (water source, defecation areas, health center, water point for new well drilling…) • Consolidate data from PRA if there has been separate gender meetings 8

PRA and PWR –Process (cont…) • CWS staff with CDF/WSUG present wealth ranking criteria PRA and PWR –Process (cont…) • CWS staff with CDF/WSUG present wealth ranking criteria • Communities participate in beneficiaries selection and identify their priority needs which refer to the wealth ranking criteria • Recommend the design of the water supply and sanitation facilities (eg. household latrines, well platforms adapted from MRD, and bio-sand water filters are built according to CAWST model) • CWS staff together with CDF/WSUG conduct home visit to cross check and verify the reality and priority needs of beneficiaries 9

Contribution • The service of CWSC is provided free of charge, but to promote Contribution • The service of CWSC is provided free of charge, but to promote and stimulate ownership, beneficiaries contribute labor and resources based on the cost affordable to different vulnerability characteristics and wealth ranking criteria. However, 100 % granted to public centers such as health centers, commune offices and primary schools (both service and manufacturing cost) Category/Facility Bio-sand filter Hand Pump Well Latrine Poorest household USD 0. 00 + labor Aprox USD 77 (20%) Poor household USD 1. 00 + labor Better off poor USD 2. 00 + labor Aprox USD 116 (30%) Upper structure + Labor + material (aprox USD 24) Aprox USD 116 (30%) Upper structure + Labor + material (aprox USD 36) Medium household/other USD 4. 00 + labor 80 -100% of total cost Upper structure + Labor 80 -100% of total cost 10

Project ensuring the quality • Hand pump wells are tested by PDRD using Arsenic Project ensuring the quality • Hand pump wells are tested by PDRD using Arsenic testing kit before allowing people to use. • Bio-sand water filters are built in compliance with the Center for Affordable Water and Sanitation Technologies (CAWST) and sample water testing is done and the result is shown to the community people and local authority. • Household latrines are built on an agreed standard between CWS Cambodia and PDRD as well as through the consultative process with beneficiaries before the construction. 11

Project ensuring the quality • Conduct regular visit to check and verify water flow Project ensuring the quality • Conduct regular visit to check and verify water flow from bio-sand water filter • Provide immediate advice or support to improve the facility usage • Conduct site inspection on the technical standard. • Inform all beneficiaries of materials needed for each product (including size, amount, cost…) • Communities check and verify the construction and materials with private company and sellers. • Building skill to repair head of hand pump and biosand water filter 12

Advantages of the method • Promotes right to access to water and sanitation for Advantages of the method • Promotes right to access to water and sanitation for all among communities and authorities • Promotes accountability and honesty within communities • Builds solidarity, unity and connection of communities • Empowers women in decision-making • Creates ownership of communities 13

Disadvantages • Process takes more time and more energy of staff and counterparts • Disadvantages • Process takes more time and more energy of staff and counterparts • Difficult to allocate time during farming season 14

Outcome of the project • Households sanitation are improved • Sanitation and hygiene in Outcome of the project • Households sanitation are improved • Sanitation and hygiene in schools influence communities • Less water borne disease and children are in better health • Community members rarely have diarrhea • WSUG members are able to repair head hand pump wells in their community • WSUGs are able to facilitate community meetings and advise users to maintain water supplies and sanitation facilities • Home gardening surrounding home yard even in dry season, for earning income and for family consumption 15

Scope of the project • The model was implemented in 59 villages in Svay Scope of the project • The model was implemented in 59 villages in Svay Rieng and then adapted and replicated in CWS’s village based community development projects in Kompong Thom (12 villages) and Preah Vihear (18 villages) Projects • The PDRD staff of Svay Rieng province share their knowledge and skills learned from CWS to other provinces 16

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Thank you 18 Thank you 18