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Participate in Drinking Water Week 2017 For more than 35 years the American Water Works Association and its members have celebrated Drinking Water Week – a unique opportunity for both water professionals and the communities they serve to join together in recognizing the vital role water plays in our daily lives.
Your Water World
Purpose This lesson is important because it will: • Help you understand where your water comes from • Explain why water is a valuable natural resource • Show you how water utilities keep your drinking water safe • Give examples of things you can do to save water
Learning Objectives As a result of this lesson, you will be able to: • Discuss water’s journey from its home to yours • Figure out how much water you should drink, daily • Explain why its better to drink water than soda or other fluids • Describe how water utilities keep your water safe • Find ways to save water in your home and neighborhood
Agenda • 0: 00 - 0: 02 – Introduction • 0: 03 - 0: 18 – Module 1: Water Consumption – The Water You Drink • 0: 19 - 0: 34 – Module 2: Water Systems – How You Get Your Water • 0: 35 - 0: 50 – Module 3: Water Conservation – Becoming a Friend to Water • 0: 51 - 0: 58 - Summary and Q & A • 0: 59 - 0: 60 – Thank you, additional resources and information
Module One: Water Consumption - The Water You Drink
Do You Know…? ? How long can humans live without water? We can live 30+ days without food, but only 4 -7 days without water How much of the human body is made of water? The human body is about 60% water How much water should humans drink each day? We must drink at least 6 -8 glasses of water each day
How Much Water Should Kids Drink? Factors affecting how much water kids should drink: • Age • Height & weight • Activity level • Climate type
1. How Can We Get the Water We Need? Cucumber - 97% water 1. Cucumber 2. Tomato - 95% water 3. Apple - 80% water 4. Banana - 75% water 5. One slice of cheese pizza 5. Slice of cheese pizza - 47% water 6. Chicken nuggets - 47% water 7. One slice of bread - 37% water 8. French fries - 35% water 9. Buttered popcorn - 5% water 10. Potato chips - 1% water
How Many 8 ounce Cups of Water are in Your Body? Example: 1. Mike weighs 90 pounds 2. 60% of the human body is water, so…. 3. 90 x 60% = 54 pounds of water in Mike’s body 4. 1 gallon of water weighs 8. 33 pounds 5. 54 pounds divided by 8. 33 pounds/gallon = 6. 48 gallons of water 6. There are 16 cups (8 ounces) in a gallon. So 6. 48 gallons x 16 cups per gallon = 103. 7. 7. There are 103. 7 cups of water in Mike’s body
How Many 8 ounce Cups of Water are in Your Body? 1. How much do you weigh in pounds? 1. I weigh “X” pounds 2. What is 60% of that? 2. “X” pounds x 60% = ? pounds of water 3. There are 8. 33 pounds in a gallon; divide #2 figure by 8. 33 3. ? pounds ÷ 8. 33 = ? ? gallons of water 4. Multiply #3 figure by 16 (there are 16 cups in a gallon) 4. ? ? gallons x 16 cups = ? ? ? cups of water in your body 5. The result of #4 tells you how many 8 ounce cups of water are in your body 5. How many 8 ounce cups of water are in YOUR body?
The Value of Drinking Water In the U. S. , drinking water from your faucet costs…. …. less than about one cent per gallon Bottled water costs… …. about $1. 20 per gallon Lemonade costs… …. about $3. 40 per gallon Soda costs… …. about $3. 79 per gallon
The Value of Drinking Water vs. Other Fluids 12, 000%
Yearly Cost of Drinking Tap Water 1. Cost of tap water =. 01 cent per gallon 1. Multiply. 01 cent per gallon x 5 gallons per week = . 05 cents per week 2. There are 52 weeks in a year 2. Multiply. 05 cents per week from above x 52 weeks in a year = $2. 60 per year
Yearly Cost of Drinking Bottled Water 1. Cost of bottled water = $1. 20 per gallon 1. Multiply $1. 20 per gallon x 5 gallons per week = $6. 00 per week 2. There are 52 weeks in a year 2. Multiply $6. 00 per week from above x 52 weeks in a year = $312. 00 per year
Tap vs. Bottled Water: Yearly Value Drinking 5 gallons of water a week for a year: What do you save per year if you drink tap water instead of bottled water? • Tap water: $2. 60 per year • $309. 40 • Bottled water: $312. 00 per year • What else could you buy with your savings instead of bottled water?
$309. 40 Extra Dollars a Year? ? ? What would you do with $309. 40 extra dollars a year? 1. Treat your little brother to a movie once a month for a year 2. Order one medium pizza & breadsticks every month for a year 3. Buy some new school clothes for $309. 40 4. Buy two tickets to a professional NBA game in your home town 5. Put it in the bank and add it to your college savings account 6. What else? ?
Module Two: Water Systems - How You Get Your Water
Introduction to Water Utilities Water utilities have 3 main jobs: • Oversee water found in lakes, rivers, and other places • Treat (or “clean”) water so that it is safe to drink and use • Send clean water to the public through water pipes
Water Utilities & Source Water utilities’ 1 st job is to oversee water in nature Water in nature is called Source Water is either: • surface water (lakes, rivers, reservoirs), found above the Earth’s surface • Groundwater (found below the Earth’s surface; sometimes also called an “aquifer”) Source water is unsafe to drink. Do you know why?
From Source to Utility How source water gets to the water utility • Pumping • Gravity
Water Utilities & Water Treatment Water utilities’ 2 nd job is to “treat” source water • Source water cleaned • Water becomes safe • Safe water is called “Potable” How can utilities clean source water?
Water Utilities & Water Distribution Water utilities’ 3 rd job is to send you clean water • Water moves through a series of pipes • Connected pipes = the “water system infrastructure” • Infrastructure handles 40 billion gallons/day
How Water Works: from source to you
How Water Works: from source to you 1 a and 1 b in this picture shows water at its source. In this case the sources include a reservoir and a river 2 shows the water treatment plant where the source water is cleaned The red arrow shows water moving from its source to the treatment plant for cleaning
How Water Works: from source to you Item 3 shows you an elevated tank. The elevated tank stores clean drinking water that comes from the treatment plant shown in 2 In 4, you see large pipes called distribution mains. Distribution mains carry water from the treatment plant or storage tank to service lines. They also provide water to hydrants for fire protection.
How Water Works: from source to you In the previous slide, we talked about pipes called distribution mains. Item 4 illustrates a distribution main. Distribution mains connect to service lines as shown in item 5. Service lines carry clean water to the plumbing in a building. Once the water is in a building’s plumbing system, you just turn on the faucet to drink it!
Module Three: Water Conservation - Becoming a Friend to Water
Fun Facts About Water The Earth’s surface is 70% water • but only 1% of this water is suitable for drinking Each American uses from 80 -100 gallons of water a day… • that’s more than the weight of some elephants! 6 gallons of water is used in the growing and production of…? ? • French fries
How Much Water Do Americans Use? Estimates range from 80 -100 gallons daily person How Much Water Do Americans Use Person Per Day? Lawn watering & swimming pools 25 Laundry Water Use by Category On average, how much water in gallons (daily person) does each American use? 8. 5 Car wash 2. 5 Dishwasher 4 Garbage Disposal 1 Drinking/Cooking 2 Toilet flushing 24 Bathing 20 0 5 10 15 20 25 Usage in Gallons Person Per Day 30
Our Water World • The Earth’s surface is about 70% water… • Only about 1% of this water is suitable for drinking 70% water 1% suitable for drinking
Water Numbers So far, you have learned that: • The Earth’s surface is about 70% water • Only 1% of that 70% is suitable for drinking • We use about 80 -100 gallons of water per day person • We use over 300 gallons of water per day at home • The United States uses 355 billion gallons/water a day
How Long Will Our Water Last? • Our water supplies are limited (many countries do not have enough clean fresh water) • Droughts & changing weather patterns affect our water supply • Water can become polluted through natural or human causes
Saving Water in Your Home Be a friend of water at home: • Take shorter showers or fewer baths • Ask parents to water the lawn less often • Check the toilets to make sure they’re not running or leaking • Don't leave the faucet running
Saving Water in the Neighborhood Be a friend of water in your neighborhood: • Don’t use weed killer on your lawn • Pull weeds (don’t spray with chemicals) • Pick up trash you see • Clean up after your dog (animal waste gets into our water supply)
Saving Water for Life • One person can make a difference • You are not alone – others will join/follow • Everyone has a stake in the future of our world’s water supply • You can create a better world for future generations
Summary • Water is necessary for all living things to survive • Public water utilities protect public health by “treating” source water • We protect water sources by not polluting • We save water supplies by not wasting it
Resources We wish to thank the following for providing resources used in this presentation: • Drink. Tap. org: http: //www. drinktap. org • How Water Works: http: //www. awwa. org/resources-tools/waterknowledge/how-water-works. aspx • Only Tap Water Delivers: http: //www. awwa. org/resources-tools/public- • Rocky Mountain Section of the American Water Works Association: http: //rmsawwa. org/getintowaterco/index. html • United States Environmental Protection Agency: https: //www. epa. gov/students • Work for Water: http: //www. awwa. org/resources-tools/water-knowedge/how-water- affairs/communications-tools/only-tap-water-deliversmaterials. aspx works. aspx
For More Information For more information about our water world: • Aquapedia, Water Education Foundation: http: //www. watereducation. org/aquapedia • Get. Wise. org: http: //www. getwise. org • H 2 O for Life: http: //www. h 2 oforlifeschools. org/ • Project WET (Water Education for Teachers): http: //www. allwater. org/index. html • United States Geological Survey (USGS), Learn About Water: https: //www. usgs. gov/centers/sa-water/science/learn-about-water? qtscience_center_objects=1#qt-science_center_objects • The Water Page: http: //www. thewaterpage. com/ • Water Research Foundation: http: //www. waterrf. org/Pages/Index 3. aspx
Introduction to Water Utilities Water utilities have 3 main jobs: • Oversee water found in lakes, rivers, and other places such as aquifers • Treat (or “clean”) water so that it is safe to drink and use • Send clean water to the public through water pipes
Groundwater Well Supply
Pick a career path! *Certifications are required with this position.
Water Works for EVERYONE Never forget about the importance of your liquid life line. There are endless career flows. Bank on the benefits of longevity, stability, and growth.