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Part 1 • To analyse the chemistry of ground water and surface water to Part 1 • To analyse the chemistry of ground water and surface water to study their relation ship with health problems 1. Impact of Waterbourne DST NRDMS HEALTH GIS Project Water Quality & Health diseases Waterbourne diseases have significant impact on National and International economy. Infected people are usually, confronted with related costs and Sri Vaidya Veera Raghavar, seldom with a huge the Lord of medicine. Coouam River and Tanks in financial burden. study area This is especially in less developed countries.

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION classify the infections that predominantly transmitted through contact with or consumption WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION classify the infections that predominantly transmitted through contact with or consumption of infected water as "waterbourne diseases". It has estimated 3. 6% of global population affected with daily global burden for economy, as, it causes about 1. 5 million human deaths annually.

MONITORING AND MANAGING WATER BORNE DISEASES AT THIRUVALLUR TAMIL NADU USING GEO SPATIAL TECHNIQUES MONITORING AND MANAGING WATER BORNE DISEASES AT THIRUVALLUR TAMIL NADU USING GEO SPATIAL TECHNIQUES Impact of Waterbourne diseases Waterborne diseases have significant impact on National and International economy. Infected people are usually, confronted with related costs and seldom with a huge financial burden. This is especially in less developed countries. Long before modern studies established, any advanced understanding of the nature of water as a vehicle, for transmitting disease, traditional beliefs had cautioned against the consumption of water, rather favouring processed beverages such as beer, wine and tea.

When camel caravans crossed Central Asia along the Silk Road, the explorer Owen Baltimore When camel caravans crossed Central Asia along the Silk Road, the explorer Owen Baltimore noted, "The reason we drank so much tea was because of the bad water. Water alone, un-boiled, never drunk as it causes blisters on the feet. " ,

 Out of this 58% of that burden, i. e. , 842, 000 deaths Out of this 58% of that burden, i. e. , 842, 000 deaths per year, because of unsafe water supply, sanitation and hygiene as pathogenic microorganisms are commonly transmitted in contaminated, fresh water while bathing, washing, drinking, preparation of food or consumption of infected food.

The financial losses are mostly costs for medical treatment and medication, costs for transport, The financial losses are mostly costs for medical treatment and medication, costs for transport, special food, and by the loss of wages and manpower. Many families may even sell their land to pay for treatment in a proper hospital. On an average, a family spends about 10% of the monthly household’s income person infected.

100 year record flood project area BHUVAN IMAGE NRSC ISRO DEC 2015 100 year record flood project area BHUVAN IMAGE NRSC ISRO DEC 2015

AUTH 0 URS DST NRDMS HEALTH GIS Project G. Aiswarya 1, Ramakrishnan. V. V AUTH 0 URS DST NRDMS HEALTH GIS Project G. Aiswarya 1, Ramakrishnan. V. V 2, Dr. J. Venkatesh 3, Ghouse Shaik Mohamed 6 1*Final BE Student, 2*ME (Cse) Scholar, *Principal, 6*Dean Research *Geo Information Technology Dept, Sri Venakateswara college of Enggg and Technology, Thirupachur, Thiruvallaur, Anna University, Chennai 600025 1 [email protected] com, 2 vvramkee 2 [email protected] co. in, 3 venkateshj [email protected] com, 6 shaik. [email protected] com, Dr. Murthy Ramillah 4 4 Deputy Detector, ISRO Satellite centre, Bangalore, 4 [email protected] com T. Srinivasan Shridhar I. A. S (Rtd )5 5#Director General, Easwari Engg College, SRM Ramapuram , Anna University, Chennai 600025. tss [email protected] com 1+914427660119, 2+917418202521, 3+919840605812, 4+919980853662, 5+9444386225, 6+919444055967

THE HIRUTHAAPANASANA THEERTHAM, THE BIGGEST TANK, It has two temple tank float festivals on THE HIRUTHAAPANASANA THEERTHAM, THE BIGGEST TANK, It has two temple tank float festivals on Full moon day of Thai Tamil month ( Jan- Feb ) end of winter season and in Chitra pournami, Full Moon day in Mid summer (April and May). The winter season known vector and water borne deceases due to impounded water in agricultural lands and water bodies. On festival season of two months in summer people have to take preventive measures from sun stroke, virus fevers of small pox chicken pox and apart from water bourn deceases

Thiruvallur 5000 YEAR OLD TOWN Tiruvallur is a First Grade municipality on the banks Thiruvallur 5000 YEAR OLD TOWN Tiruvallur is a First Grade municipality on the banks of Coouvam river about 42 km (26 mi) northwest of Chennai i, India which is also the District Headquarters It is an ancient town linked with 5000 year mythological history in Kaliyuga and recorderd history of about 2000 years It is one of the 108 Divya Desams sacred shrines for Vaishnavites and Sri Vaidhiya Veeraragavar to protect people by curing all deceases.

COOUAM –KAKKALUR PROJECT AREA The water drains from Coouvam River to Kakkalur lake All COOUAM –KAKKALUR PROJECT AREA The water drains from Coouvam River to Kakkalur lake All houses depends on septic tanks The aquifer near Coouvam river is less contaminated than the area near Kakkalur which has clay and stone and water is not fit for drinking

Perumppakkam lake filled up 1 st Dec 2015 , Thiruvallur court complex surrounded by Perumppakkam lake filled up 1 st Dec 2015 , Thiruvallur court complex surrounded by floods The wetlands above the lake have become housing colonies and blocking natural drains The flood water was source for Dengue and other mosquitoes The septic tanks filled up and sewerage was mixing with flood water and a source of infection water Bourne diseases

Religion Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Other No religion Religious census     Religion Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Other No religion Religious census         Percent(%) 86. 45% 5. 88% 6. 17% 0. 02% 0. 35% 1. 12% 0. 0%

POONGA NAGAR SEGMENT Church with grass land on Chennai tvr road POONGA NAGAR SEGMENT Church with grass land on Chennai tvr road

Poonga nagar part of mage and map of wells and septic tank Poonga nagar part of mage and map of wells and septic tank

INTERACTION WITH HEALTH DEPT AND PUBLIC 1. 2. 3. 4. 1. 2. Advisory committee INTERACTION WITH HEALTH DEPT AND PUBLIC 1. 2. 3. 4. 1. 2. Advisory committee formed Health Dept Govt RMO / DD Academics Govt GH Thiruvallur in Project area Deputy Director Public Health / District Malaria officer Welfare Associations Poonga nagar, VOC nagar Jaya nagar and Thiruvallur Municipality Residents Two Thiruvallur Bar council advocates living in the project area Two Faculty of SVCET in Project area

Health GIS Selection of Observation wells GIS Attribute data base Bi Monthly Testing of Health GIS Selection of Observation wells GIS Attribute data base Bi Monthly Testing of well sample Review Health Dept Team Web page in Tamil and English Geospatial analysis Final Report and GIS

Market Mosque Veerarargava Temple School Siva temple 1 Ladies Milk Men TEMPLE Tank School Market Mosque Veerarargava Temple School Siva temple 1 Ladies Milk Men TEMPLE Tank School Veeraragavar Temple area 100000 visit on Amavasai and festival days The Tank have three compartments for men wome and for milk , Few schools Mosques and Market of near by. Water quality may give notables data on contaminations in festival season Rain and Summer

Climate data for Chennai, India (1971– 2000) Month Record high °C (°F) Jan Feb Climate data for Chennai, India (1971– 2000) Month Record high °C (°F) Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year 34. 4 36. 7 40. 6 43. 3 39. 4 35. 4 33. 0 42. 8 45. 0 41. 1 40. 0 38. 9 45. 0 (93. 9 (98. 1 (105. (109. (102. (95. 7 (91. 4 (109) (113) (106) (104) (102) (113) ) ) 1) 9) 9) ) ) Average high °C (°F) 28. 8 30. 5 32. 5 34. 3 36. 8 36. 9 (83. 8 (86. 9 (90. 5 (93. 7 (98. 2 (98. 4 ) ) ) Average low °C (°F) 20. 9 22. 0 23. 8 26. 4 27. 9 27. 5 26. 3 25. 7 25. 5 24. 5 23. 0 21. 9 24. 6 (69. 6 (71. 6 (74. 8 (79. 5 (82. 2 (81. 5 (79. 3 (78. 3 (77. 9 (76. 1 (73. 4 (71. 4 (76. 3 ) ) ) ) Record low °C (°F) Average rainfall mm (inches) 13. 9 (57) 15. 0 (59) 16. 7 (62. 1 ) 20. 0 (68) 21. 1 (70) 35. 0 (95) 34. 3 (93. 7 ) 33. 9 (93) 31. 8 29. 6 28. 5 (89. 2 (85. 3 (83. 3 ) ) ) 20. 6 21. 0 20. 6 16. 7 (69. 1 (69. 8 (69. 1 (62. 1 ) ) ) 15. 0 (59) 13. 9 (57) 32. 8 (91) 13. 9 (57) 1, 391. 22. 5 2. 2 4. 0 7. 7 43. 9 55. 9 100. 3 140. 4 137. 3 278. 8 407. 4 191. 1 5 (0. 88 (0. 08 (0. 15 (0. 30 (1. 72 (2. 20 (3. 94 (5. 52 (5. 40 (10. 9 (16. 0 (7. 52 (54. 7 6) 7) 7) 3) 8) 1) 9) 8) 6) 76) 39) 4) 83) Average rainy days 1. 3 0. 4 0. 3 0. 6 1. 4 4. 0 6. 9 8. 5 7. 1 10. 6 11. 7 6. 3 59. 1 Average relati ve humidity (%) 73 72 70 69 62 57 64 66 72 77 78 77 70 Mean 2, 761. monthly suns 268. 3 268. 1 293. 6 290. 2 279. 9 202. 6 185. 2 193. 6 198. 6 194. 6 182. 7 204. 3 7 hine hours Source #1: India Meteorological Department (temperatures and precipitation)[4][5]

Average relative humidity (%) 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 Average relative humidity (%) 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Average relative humidity (%)

Average monthly mean sunshine hrs and relative humidity Mean monthly sunshine hours and Average Average monthly mean sunshine hrs and relative humidity Mean monthly sunshine hours and Average relative humidity 350 300 250 200 150 100 50 0 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Mean monthly sunshine hours Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Average relative humidity (%) Dec

Mean monthly sunshine hrs Mean monthly sunshine hours 350 300 250 200 150 100 Mean monthly sunshine hrs Mean monthly sunshine hours 350 300 250 200 150 100 50 0 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Mean monthly sunshine hours

50 30 year Climate data 45 40 35 Axis Title 30 25 20 15 50 30 year Climate data 45 40 35 Axis Title 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 Record high °C Average low °C Record low °C Jan 34. 4 28. 8 20. 9 13. 9 Feb 36. 7 30. 5 22 15 Mar 40. 6 32. 5 23. 8 16. 7 Apr 42. 8 34. 3 26. 4 20 May 45 36. 8 27. 9 21. 1 Jun 43. 3 36. 9 27. 5 20. 6 Jul 41. 1 35 26. 3 21 Aug 40 34. 3 25. 7 20. 6 Sep 38. 9 33. 9 25. 5 20. 6 Oct 39. 4 31. 8 24. 5 16. 7 Nov 35. 4 29. 6 23 15 Dec 33 28. 5 21. 9 13. 9

14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Average rainy. . .

 The area near the temple have street house with narrow lanes without trees, The area near the temple have street house with narrow lanes without trees, dusty and affected by high intensity population and vehicles and summer diseases high in the area because of dense assembly of devotees on same day. The Thiruvallur bus stand, hotels, food shops Markets make high solid waste and also civic issuses when temperature is above 35 to 45 degrees in summer. The southern area like Poonga nagar and new colonies are 1500 sq plots with compounds with street drains. But many vacant plots Ponds and tanks are potential source of Dengue as clean water is retained in pits, gardens and vegetation.

Water Bourne Diseases (CDC, WHO) Amebiasis (CDC) Buruli Ulcer* (CDC, WHO) Campylobacter (CDC, WHO) Water Bourne Diseases (CDC, WHO) Amebiasis (CDC) Buruli Ulcer* (CDC, WHO) Campylobacter (CDC, WHO) Cholera (CDC, WHO) Cryptosporidiosis (CDC) Cyclosporiasis (CDC) Dracunculiasis (guinea-worm disease) (CDC, Carter Center, WHO)

Water Bourne Diseases Contd Escherichia coli (CDC, WHO) Fascioliasis (CDC, WHO) Giardiasis (CDC) Hepatitis Water Bourne Diseases Contd Escherichia coli (CDC, WHO) Fascioliasis (CDC, WHO) Giardiasis (CDC) Hepatitis (CDC, WHO) Leptospirosis (CDC, WHO) Norovirus (CDC) Rotavirus (CDC, [WHO) Salmonella (CDC, WHO) Schistosomiasis (CDC, WHO-PPC) Shigellosis (CDC, WHO) Typhoid Fever (CDC, WHO)

Solid Waste and Sewarage from Colleges per day (Contd) * Treated water let in Solid Waste and Sewarage from Colleges per day (Contd) * Treated water let in to field Name Ton KL John Bosco Art and Science College Tiruvallur 0. 60 60 Loganatha Narayanasamy Govt. Arts College Tiruvallur 0. 60 60 Sri Subramaniaswami Government Arts Colleges in Thiruvallur Place Dr. Sir A. L. Mudaliar Vocational Arts and Science Tiruvallur 0. 60 60 Shri Chandra Prabhu Jain College for Men Tiruvallur 0. 60 60 John Bosco Engineering College Tiruvallur 0. 40 40 Kumaran Institute of Technology Tiruvallur 0. 30 30 Sri Venkateswara College of Engineering and Thiruvallur Technology 1. 50 150 STP* 100 STP* Sri Venkateswara Technology Institute of Science and Thiruppachur 1. 0 Post

Solid Waste and Sewerage from Colleges per day Contd Kg Ton Kilo Lit Hotel Solid Waste and Sewerage from Colleges per day Contd Kg Ton Kilo Lit Hotel Management TTI Sriram Institute of Hotel Management and Catering Tiruvallur Technology 600 0. 60 Victory Institute of Catering& Hotel Tiruvallur Management 400 0. 40 Indira Institute of Computer Tiruvallur Application 400 0. 40 Indira Institute of Tiruvallur Management and Research 400 0. 40 Indira Teacher Institute 600 0. 60 Training Tiruvallur 8600 8. . 60 1. 720

School C. S. I. Goudie Higher Sec. School Average Daily attendence 1500 Solid Waste School C. S. I. Goudie Higher Sec. School Average Daily attendence 1500 Solid Waste @0. 1 Kg 150 Christ King Hr. Sec. School. 1200 120 Chellammal Vidyalaya Matriculation Higher Sec. School 1200 120 CSC Vivekananda Vidyalaya Matriculation School 1300 130 Dr. V Gengu Swami Naidu matriculation school, Vishnuvakkam 1200 120 Dharmamurthi Rao Bahadur Calavala Cunnan Chetty's Hindu Higher Secondary School 2000 200 Oxford Metric School 1200 120 Vivekananda vidhyalaya matriculation school, Tiruvallur. 1500 150 Gnana Vidyalaya 1800 180 Sri Venkateshwara Matric. Hr. Sec. School 1500 150 St. Anne's Matriculation Higher Secondary School. 1500 150 Sewerage 0. 2 Lit

Shree Nikethan Matric. Hr. Sec. School. 2000 200 Sri Lakshmi Hr. Sec. School. 1800 Shree Nikethan Matric. Hr. Sec. School. 2000 200 Sri Lakshmi Hr. Sec. School. 1800 180 Sri R M Jain vidhyasharam 1800 180 Jacob Matric. School. 1500 150 K. E. NATAESA CHETIYAR Higher. Sec. School. 1200 120 Kamaraj Marticulation School. 1200 120 A B S Vidhya Mandhir School. 1300 130 Active KIDS Pre School. 600 60 National Lotus Matriculation Higher Sec. School Mangalam nursery and primary school 700 70 Hindu nursery and primary school 700 70 Calavala Cunnan Chetty Matriculation School, 900 Kakkaluur Swamy Vivekananda Vidhyalaya Nursery and 900 Primary School. Tiruvallur. 90 Joy Play School, 47, Veerannan street, Tiruvallur 20 200 90

Kamaraj Marticulation School. A B S Vidhya Mandhir School. Active KIDS Pre School. National Kamaraj Marticulation School. A B S Vidhya Mandhir School. Active KIDS Pre School. National Lotus Matriculation Higher Sec. School Mangalam nursery and primary school Hindu nursery and primary school Calavala Cunnan Chetty Matriculation School, Kakkaluur 1200 1300 600 700 700 900 120 130 60 70 70 70 90 Swamy Vivekananda Vidhyalaya Nursery and Primary School. Tiruvallur. 900 90 Joy Play School, 47, Veerannan street, Tiruvallur Active KIDS Play School. 200 20 20 Rollins Primary and Nursery School 430 Adhi Dravida Primary School Selai 431 A Primary School Nethaji Street, Tiruvallur 432 M Primary School, Tiruvallur Barathi Dasan St 454 Mp School Edapalayam, Tiruvallur 455 M Primary School Masudhi Street, Tiruvallur 456 M Primary School Nggo Colony, Tiruvallur 457 M Primary School Rajaji Street, Tiruvallur 461 M Secondary School Thiruvallut 500 600 300 300 300 400 34900 50 60 30 30 30 40 3490 6980

EVACUATION SYSTEM ANALYSIS FOR MITIGATION OF PREDICTABLE DISASTERS Akichika Ishibashi@, Janakiraman Kumar#of Jaoan have EVACUATION SYSTEM ANALYSIS FOR MITIGATION OF PREDICTABLE DISASTERS Akichika [email protected], Janakiraman Kumar#of Jaoan have observed that Predictable disasters such as land-slides, floods account for majority of natural disasters in the Asian region causing heavy loss of life and property every year. Demand for land is increasing and people are opted to live in flood prone areas resulting in heavy casualties during a calamity. Land exploitation in a watershed would further intensify the consequences by heavy soil washout, and alarming amount of mudflows in the floodplain is threatening the human lives. Non-structural measures like forecasting, warning and evacuation are essentially becoming important to reduce the loss of life and property to offset the marginal success with structural measures. This paper discusses a new strategy developed by us for assessment of Evacuation System, one of the nonstructural disaster mitigation measures. Detailed GIS database consisting of topography, roads, houses and evacuation center was created. Considering the household distribution, proximity to evacuation centers and road network capacities, assignment and routing were carried out. Estimates of evacuation time and congestion were obtained through traffic simulation and ways to improve the evacuation system are highlighted. Creating effective non-structural mitigation measure, by means of designing efficient evacuation systems and coupling it with low cost “Hinomiyagura” observation towers, was also discussed for the case of Nepal.

SCHEMATIC DIAGRAM FOR EVACUATION DURING DISASTERS Schematic Diagram SCHEMATIC DIAGRAM FOR EVACUATION DURING DISASTERS Schematic Diagram

Table-1: Types of evacuation ‘ system DET C. D DET Condition of Evacuation System Table-1: Types of evacuation ‘ system DET C. D DET Condition of Evacuation System Low 1: Superior Evacuation System High Low 2: Resident ~ Evacuation Center distance large Low High 3: Infra-structure Capacity in-sufficient High 4: Inferior Evacuation System

MONITORING AND MANAGING WATER BOURNE DISEASES AT THIRUVALLUR TAMIL NADU USING GEO SPATIAL TECHNIQUES MONITORING AND MANAGING WATER BOURNE DISEASES AT THIRUVALLUR TAMIL NADU USING GEO SPATIAL TECHNIQUES Accepted Oral Presentation at American University International Conference at Sharja , Abu Dhubai , United Arab Emititus 28 Feb to 2 March 2017 Dr. Ghouse Shaik Mohamed 1*, Dr. J. Venkatesh 2*, Dr. Vallimanikkam 3%. , Dr. Jagdeesh kumar [email protected], Gayatri 5*, J. K. Thiyagarajan 6*, Dr. G. Sreekanth 7*

GEO SPATIAL MANAGEMENT TO INCREASE IMMUNITY BY HERBAL & ALLIED MEDICINES FOR EID( EMERGING GEO SPATIAL MANAGEMENT TO INCREASE IMMUNITY BY HERBAL & ALLIED MEDICINES FOR EID( EMERGING INFECTIOUS DISEASES). Accepted for Oral Presentation at Sharja Abu dubai UAE for International Conferance of Amrerican University 28 Feb to 2 April R. Soundarya 1 a, Sindhuvenkat 2 a, Dr. Ghouse Shaik Mohamed 3 a , Dr I V Muralikrishna National Coordinator Mohanram Govindarajulu PPP Member , Dr Jagadeesh Kumar Civil Surgeon Govt Hospital Thiruvallur, Dr. E. Padmanseasn 6$, 6 Associate Prof, $School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of New South Wales. NSW 2052 Australia 6 Email: 4 E. padmanesan @unsw. edu. au , 6 Mobile: +61 (2) 9385 2517,

Part 2 Impact on Health by floating population at Thiruvallur G. Aiswarya 1, Ramakrishnan. Part 2 Impact on Health by floating population at Thiruvallur G. Aiswarya 1, Ramakrishnan. V. V 2, Dr. J. Venkatesan 3, Ghouse Shaik Mohamed 6 Dr. Murthy Ramillah 4 ISRO T. Srinivasan Shridhar I. A. S (Rtd )5 DST NRDMS HEALTH GIS Project Water Quality & Health Paper no 173 Accepted oral presentation at Sri Vaidya Veera Raghavar, LOCATE Ausralian Remote the Lord of medicine. Coouam River and Tanks in sensing confedrance Sydney April 2017 study area

Work under progress Paper to be presented as Key note address by Dr J Work under progress Paper to be presented as Key note address by Dr J Venkatesh with Dr Ramakrishnan Director Inst of Remote sensing Dr Ghouse Mohamed Shaik and Kalyan Janakiram 3 3 Senior System Analyst expert Fuzzy logic in evacuation in disasters in Japan New south wales Land & Property Dev. , Authority, Sydney, Australia, Mobile +61425261181, [email protected] com

 Mou with Karnataka NRDMS centre and GIS Head and ESRI to have their Mou with Karnataka NRDMS centre and GIS Head and ESRI to have their tools and mobile application and also to associate Kuppam Medical College, Adiyaman Engg College and MIT , VIT to develop Geo spatial tools as Networking Project Partners and submit papers to international journals with students and staff of SVCET

 Final Report in three volumes will be submitted 1 Water bourne Diseases 2. Final Report in three volumes will be submitted 1 Water bourne Diseases 2. Health and Floating Population 3. GIS tools for Health GIS and Creation of GIS web site in Tamil and English and Training of Medical staff to up date attribute table will be taken up in March 2017 and Reports and Web site will be presented in MAY 2017 The project will be managed within 6. 3 lakhs for 2016 -17 and balance at SB Ac Indian Bank Thirupachur 2015 -16 amount of Rs 0. 65 lakhs will spent for micro biological testing of 100 samples at Eswari Engg college SRM Ramapuram Training will be conducted in Telemedicine with ISRO and Mobile application in March-April 2017 for public and schools students to update data

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