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PARODY by Don L. F. Nilsen, and Alleen Pace Nilsen 1 PARODY by Don L. F. Nilsen, and Alleen Pace Nilsen 1

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Saturday Night Live Parodies Sarah Palin, Hillary Clinton, Bill Clinton & Barach Obama 3 Saturday Night Live Parodies Sarah Palin, Hillary Clinton, Bill Clinton & Barach Obama 3

The 2016 Republican Primary Debates Ben Carson, Donald Trump & Marco Rubio 4 The 2016 Republican Primary Debates Ben Carson, Donald Trump & Marco Rubio 4

Alec Baldwin as Donald Trump 5 Alec Baldwin as Donald Trump 5

Tina Fey and Amy Poehler as Sarah Palin and Hillary Clinton 6 Tina Fey and Amy Poehler as Sarah Palin and Hillary Clinton 6

Parodies of ASU: Gammage 2013 -2014 Season 7 Parodies of ASU: Gammage 2013 -2014 Season 7

Southwest Airlines Boarding Instructions in Parody Form: https: //www. youtubenocookie. com/embed/Tx. Nriz. Gdht. Y? Southwest Airlines Boarding Instructions in Parody Form: https: //www. youtubenocookie. com/embed/Tx. Nriz. Gdht. Y? vq=hd 720&rel=0&showinfo=0&start=0 &end= 8

Another Visual Parody 9 Another Visual Parody 9

Jack Webb on Johnny Carson Show: Parody of “Dragnet” : https: //www. youtube. com/watch? Jack Webb on Johnny Carson Show: Parody of “Dragnet” : https: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=cjqu. Gpmgw. Oo 10

“Las Meninas” by Diego Velázquez While we usually think of parodies in relation to “Las Meninas” by Diego Velázquez While we usually think of parodies in relation to written work, art can also be parodied as happened to this 1656 painting of the Spanish court by Diego Velázquez , who was the leading artist of the Spanish Golden Age. The artist is standing to the left with his paintbrush and palette. Especially notice the dog, the children, and the dwarf when you look at the next slide. 11

Pablo Picasso painted this parody in 1957. Notice how much bigger he made the Pablo Picasso painted this parody in 1957. Notice how much bigger he made the artist and how he stylized the figures and the windows. __ 12

Parodies Illustrate Deconstruction Followed by Re-Construction • Wolcott Gibbs wrote in The New Yorker Parodies Illustrate Deconstruction Followed by Re-Construction • Wolcott Gibbs wrote in The New Yorker that parody is the hardest form of creative writing because the style of the subject must be reproduced in slightly enlarged form, while at the same time holding the interest of people who haven’t read the original. • Further complications are posed since it must entertain at the same time that it criticizes and must be written in a style that is not the writer’s own. • “The only thing that would make it more difficult, ” he concluded, “would be to write it in Cantonese. ” 13

Why We Like to Parody Children’s Literature • Obviously, it is easier for people Why We Like to Parody Children’s Literature • Obviously, it is easier for people to enjoy a parody if they know what the original was. • In our increasingly diverse culture, memories of “classic” children’s books may be one of the few things we have in common. • Advertisers, broadcasters, cartoonists, journalists, politicians, bloggers, and everyone else who wants to communicate with large numbers of people, therefore turn to the array of exaggerated characters that we remember from childhood books as in the picture on the next slide which parodies Maurice Sendak’s 1962 Where the Wild Things Are to advertise an upcoming comedy festival. 14

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Famous Children’s Literature Characters and What They Represent • • Chicken Little to represent Famous Children’s Literature Characters and What They Represent • • Chicken Little to represent alarmists Pinocchio to stand in for liars. The Big Bad Wolf to warn us of danger. Humpty Dumpty to point out how easy it is to fall from grace. • The Frog Prince to give hope to women of all ages. • Judith Viorst’s The Terrible, Horrible, No Good, Very Bad Day to let us know that things might get better. 16

Margaret Wise Brown’s 1947 Goodnight Moon has inspired all kinds of parodies. 17 Margaret Wise Brown’s 1947 Goodnight Moon has inspired all kinds of parodies. 17

Besides this Sweet Dream book and Goodnight, Construction Site, Michael Rex has written Goodnight Besides this Sweet Dream book and Goodnight, Construction Site, Michael Rex has written Goodnight Goon: A Petrifying Parody. 18

Identical Pieces of Children’s Literature Can Be Parodied for Different Purposes In the 1980 Identical Pieces of Children’s Literature Can Be Parodied for Different Purposes In the 1980 s, Alleen’s • In her most recent class, children’s literature students brought in a full page cartoon in which the advertisement from APS (the Wicked Witch was saying, local power company) “Forget the slippers. I showing Dorothy and her want the Tin Man’s Oil!” friends from The Wizard of • In the saddest cartoon, Oz happily walking up a Dorothy and friends had brick road with the caption sold the Tin Man to a “We’re on our way to more recycling center in efficient fuel alternatives. ” exchange for bus fare back to Kansas. 19

Humpty Dumpty • In the old days when • A cartoon in the fall Humpty Dumpty • In the old days when • A cartoon in the fall Humpty Dumpty fell of 2009 showed the off the wall, he was poor fallen egg always surrounded being shunned by a by sympathetic donkey and two bystanders trying to wizard-like put him back characters saying, together again. “Salmonella!” 20

The House That Jack Built • In the 1980 s, students laughed out loud The House That Jack Built • In the 1980 s, students laughed out loud at a fullpage ad for U. S. Plywood showing a darling couple standing in a newly paneled room. • A recent Tom Beck cartoon showed the proverbial Jack standing near the house he just built with a big screw through his belly. • The adoring wife was proudly saying, “This is the room that Herb paneled!” • Nearby a bureaucrat and a Supreme Court Justice are holding up EMINENT DOMAIN and PUBLIC USE signs. 21

Hansel and Gretel • In a funny cartoon from the 1990 s, Gretel was Hansel and Gretel • In a funny cartoon from the 1990 s, Gretel was solemnly quizzing the Witch on the nutritional value of the food in her enticing house. • In the fall of 2009, a popular televised advertising campaign showed Hansel and Gretel fearfully wandering into Wall Street and dropping bread crumbs along the way in hopes of being able to find their way out. 22

The Old Woman Who Lived in a Shoe • This year her house is The Old Woman Who Lived in a Shoe • This year her house is • In the 1980 s, she boarded up with a was happy to be a FORECLOSURE sign on huckster for it. In a second cartoon Hawaiian Punch as a realtor is standing in front of it, and saying to she happily served it a colleague, “It looked to all of her children kinda dumpy, but while keeping to her appraised at a millionmodest budget. two. ” 23

Julie Andrews Turning 79 In order to commemorate her 79 th birthday, Julie Andrews Julie Andrews Turning 79 In order to commemorate her 79 th birthday, Julie Andrews made a special appearance at Manhattan’s Radio City Music Hall for the benefit of AARP. One of the musical numbers she performed was an updated version of “My Favorite Things” from “The Sound of Music. Here are the new lyrics: 24

Boxtops and nose drops and needles for knitting, Walkers and handrails and new dental Boxtops and nose drops and needles for knitting, Walkers and handrails and new dental fittings, Bundles of magazines tied up in string, These are a few of my favourite things. Cadillacs, cataracts, hearing aids and glasses, Polident, Fixodent, false teeth in glasses, Pacemakers, golf carts and porches with swings, These are a few of my favourite things. When the pipes leak, When the bones creak, When the knees go bad, I simply remember my favourite things, And then I don’t feel…. . so bad. 25

Hot tea and crumpets and corn pads for bunions, No spicy hot food or Hot tea and crumpets and corn pads for bunions, No spicy hot food or food cooked with onions, Bathrobes and heating pads, hot meals they bring, These are a few of my favourite things. Back pain, confused brains and no need for sinnin’, Thin bones and fractures and hair that is thinnin’, And we won’t mention our short shrunken frames, When we remember our favourite things. When the joints ache, When the hips break, When the eyes grow dim, Then I remember the great life I’ve had, And then I don’t feel………so bad. 26

Whenever a book gets popular enough, even if it’s a grammar book, there is Whenever a book gets popular enough, even if it’s a grammar book, there is room for a parody. 27

LEWIS CARROLL Was a Master at Parodying Common Poems • “Twinkle, twinkle, Little Star, LEWIS CARROLL Was a Master at Parodying Common Poems • “Twinkle, twinkle, Little Star, How I wonder where you are, ” became “Twinkle, twinkle, Little Bat, How I wonder where you’re at. ” • With most of his parodies, Carroll was protesting the didacticism and the sentimentality imposed on Victorian children and their parents. 28

G. W. LANGFORD’S POEM G. W. Langford’s poem not only preached at parents but G. W. LANGFORD’S POEM G. W. Langford’s poem not only preached at parents but threatened them with a reminder of the high mortality rate for young children: As a protest, Carroll turned it into a song for the Duchess to sing to a piglet wrapped in baby clothes: Speak gently to the little child! Its love be sure to gain; Teach it in accents soft and mild; It may not long remain. Speak roughly to your little boy, And beat him when he sneezes. He only does it to annoy Because he knows it teases. 29

ISAAC WATTS’ ORIGINAL POEM: “AGAINST IDLENESS AND MISCHIEF” How doth the little busy bee ISAAC WATTS’ ORIGINAL POEM: “AGAINST IDLENESS AND MISCHIEF” How doth the little busy bee Improve each shining hour And gather honey all the day From every opening flower! Lewis Carroll’s Parody How doth the little crocodile Improve his shining tail And pour the waters of the Nile On every golden scale? 30

Part of Mark Twain’s “WAR PRAYER, ” Which Was a “Dark” Parody of Self. Part of Mark Twain’s “WAR PRAYER, ” Which Was a “Dark” Parody of Self. Righteousness • Oh Lord our God, help us to tear their soldiers to bloody shreds with our shells; • Help us to cover their smiling fields with their patriot dead; • Help us to lay waste their humble homes with a hurricane of fire; . . . • Lord, blast their hopes, blight their lives, protract their bitter pilgrimage, make heavy their steps, water their way with their tears. • We ask it in the spirit of love, of Him Who is the Source of Love, and Who is the ever-faithful refuge and friend of all that are sore beset and seek his aid. Amen. 31

MEL BROOKS’ and MONTY PYTHON Famous Film Parodies • Blazing Saddles • Monty Python’s MEL BROOKS’ and MONTY PYTHON Famous Film Parodies • Blazing Saddles • Monty Python’s Life of Brian • The Producers • Robin Hood, Men in Tights • Young Frankenstein • Monty Python and the Holy Grail • Monty Python: The Meaning of Life 32

A Montie Python Parody The Life of Brian--Always Look at the Bright Side of A Montie Python Parody The Life of Brian--Always Look at the Bright Side of Life: http: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=j. HPOz. Qzk 9 Qo 33

ADD TO THESE LISTS OF CONTINUING MEDIA PARODIES • Bulwer Lytton Fiction Contest: “It ADD TO THESE LISTS OF CONTINUING MEDIA PARODIES • Bulwer Lytton Fiction Contest: “It was a dark and stormy night…. ” • MAD Magazine • Harvard Lampoon • MAD TV • Julia Moore Poetry Contest (The Sweet Singer of Michigan) • The Onion • National Lampoon 34

Different Kinds of Parodies • Quentin Tarantino’s 1994 film Pulp Fiction, parodies the flamboyant Different Kinds of Parodies • Quentin Tarantino’s 1994 film Pulp Fiction, parodies the flamboyant characters, mystery, and personal greed found in thriller fiction. • Jeffrey Katzenberg worked for the Walt Disney Corporation from 1975 to 1984. He left in disappointment when he did not get the promotion he thought he deserved. In 1994, he joined Steven Spielberg and David Geffen to form Dreamworks. One of the first things they did was to create the “Shrek” film with the purposeful intention of “getting even” with Disney by parodying such Disney icons as Beauty and the Beast, Cinderella, Dumbo, The Little Mermaid, Peter Pan, Pinocchio, and Sleeping Beauty. 35

Parody of 60 is the new 50 36 Parody of 60 is the new 50 36

A Parody of the News: Auto-Tune the News: http: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=t. Bb A Parody of the News: Auto-Tune the News: http: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=t. Bb 4 cjjj 1 g. I 37

Western Tall Tales Parody the Exaggerated “Fish Stories” that Travelers Send Home Alvin Schwartz Western Tall Tales Parody the Exaggerated “Fish Stories” that Travelers Send Home Alvin Schwartz was a wellknown collector and editor of western folklore for kids. Examples include • Tomfoolery • The Cat’s Elbow • Whoppers • Chin Music • Kickle Snifters. 38

Parodies of Songs: “Weird Al” Yankovic: Eat it (Michael Jackson’s “Beat it”): http: //www. Parodies of Songs: “Weird Al” Yankovic: Eat it (Michael Jackson’s “Beat it”): http: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=Zc. Jj. Mn. Ho. IBI Fat (Phat): http: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=t 2 m. U 6 USTBRE White and Nerdy (Parody of “Ridin”): http: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=N 9 q. YF 9 DZPdw 39

PARODIES OF THE RHYTHM AND RHYME IN EDGAR ALAN POE’S “BELLS” Hear the sledges PARODIES OF THE RHYTHM AND RHYME IN EDGAR ALAN POE’S “BELLS” Hear the sledges with the bells— Silver bells! What a world of merriment their melody foretells! How they tinkle, In the Icy air of night! While the stars that oversprinkle All the heavens, seem to twinkle With a crystalline delight. . . 40

Keeping time, In a sort of Runic rhyme, To the tintinnabulation that so musically Keeping time, In a sort of Runic rhyme, To the tintinnabulation that so musically wells From the bells, Bells, bells— From the jingling and the tinkling of the bells. 41

In Parody, Bells Pills, Tea and Flutes 42 In Parody, Bells Pills, Tea and Flutes 42

DEMER CAPE’S PARODY See the doctors with their pills--Silver-coated pills. What a world of DEMER CAPE’S PARODY See the doctors with their pills--Silver-coated pills. What a world of misery their calomel instills. How they twingle, twingle in the icygolden night. You have taken two that mingle. And you wish you’d had a single; While your cheeks are ashy white… Oh, the pills, pills— Pills, pills, pills. So ends my rhyming and my chiming on the pills. 43

BARRY PAIN’S PARODY Here’s a mellow cup of tea, golden tea! What a world BARRY PAIN’S PARODY Here’s a mellow cup of tea, golden tea! What a world of rapturous thought its fragrance brings to me! Oh, from out the silver cells How it wells! How it smells! Keeping tune, tune To the tintinnabulation of the spoon And the kettle on the fire Boils its spout off with desire, … But he always came home to tea, Tea, tea, tea. 44

ANONYMOUS’ PARODY OF “BELLS” Hear the fluter with his flute, Silver flute! Oh, what ANONYMOUS’ PARODY OF “BELLS” Hear the fluter with his flute, Silver flute! Oh, what a world of wailing is awakened by its toot! How it demi-semi quavers On the maddened air of night! And defieth all endeavors To escape the sound or sight Of the flute, With its tootle, toot… Of the flute, flewt, fluit, floot, Phlute, Phlewt, Phlewght, And the tootle, tooting of its toot. 45

C. F. LUMIS’ PARODY OF “ANNABEL LEE” It was many and many a year C. F. LUMIS’ PARODY OF “ANNABEL LEE” It was many and many a year ago, On an island near the sea, That a maiden lived whom you mightn’t know By the name of Cannibelee; And this maiden, she lived with no other thought Than a passionate fondness for me. (The poem continues by developing the nature of his fondness for Cannibelee and ends with the idea of being eaten. He named it “A Poe-’em of Passion. ) 46

THOMAS HOOD JR. ’S PARODY OF “ANNABEL LEE” It was many and many a THOMAS HOOD JR. ’S PARODY OF “ANNABEL LEE” It was many and many a year ago In a District called E. C. , That a Monster dwelt whom I came to know By the name of Cannibel Flea, And the brute was possessed with no other thought Than to live—and to live on me! 47

BARBARA ANGELL’S “ULABEL LUME” I was a child and she was a child And BARBARA ANGELL’S “ULABEL LUME” I was a child and she was a child And childishly childlike we’d romp. But we loved with a lovelier love than love In this old barge on the swamp. With a love that made the winged seraphs in heaven Foam at the mouth and stomp. 48

This is Holly Chivers’ original poem, written before Edgar Alan Poe wrote “The Raven”: This is Holly Chivers’ original poem, written before Edgar Alan Poe wrote “The Raven”: While the world lay round me sleeping I alone for Isadore Patient Vigils lonely keeping, Someone said to me while weeping: “Why this grief forever more? ” And I answered: “I am weeping for my blessed Isadore. 49

After Poe’s “The Raven, ” Holly Chivers wrote his “Humpty-Dumpty: A La Poe” As After Poe’s “The Raven, ” Holly Chivers wrote his “Humpty-Dumpty: A La Poe” As an egg, when broken, never Can be mended but must ever Be the same crushed egg forever— So shall this dark heart of mine Which, though broken, is still breaking, And shall nevermore cease aching For the sleep which has no waking— For the sleep which now is thine. 50

 • Chivers’ parody of Poe’s “The Raven” is very dark. He wrote it • Chivers’ parody of Poe’s “The Raven” is very dark. He wrote it when Poe died, and the death in the poem refers both to the death of Poe, and the death of Chivers’ lover, whose name was Isadore. • Chivers felt that Poe had stolen his own poem, entitled, “Isadore. ” • Chivers’ original poem read as follows: 51

While the world lay round me sleeping I alone for Isadore Patient Vigils lonely While the world lay round me sleeping I alone for Isadore Patient Vigils lonely keeping, Someone said to me while weeping: “Why this grief forever more? ” And I answered: “I am weeping for my blessed Isadore. ” 52

NOW BACK TO CHIVERS’ PARODY As an egg, when broken, never Can be mended NOW BACK TO CHIVERS’ PARODY As an egg, when broken, never Can be mended but must ever Be the same crushed egg forever— So shall this dark heart of mine Which, though broken, is still breaking, And shall nevermore cease aching For the sleep which has no waking— For the sleep which now is thine. 53

 • Did Poe steal Chivers’ poem? • You be the judge. 54 • Did Poe steal Chivers’ poem? • You be the judge. 54

Donald Trump’s Children’s Book--Winners Aren’t Losers: https: //www. facebook. com/100008147201796/videos/1667421816872709/ 55 Donald Trump’s Children’s Book--Winners Aren’t Losers: https: //www. facebook. com/100008147201796/videos/1667421816872709/ 55