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PAKISTAN DEVELOPMENT FORUM 2010 RELIEF, EARLY RECOVERY AND DISASTER RISK REDUCTION BY LT GEN PAKISTAN DEVELOPMENT FORUM 2010 RELIEF, EARLY RECOVERY AND DISASTER RISK REDUCTION BY LT GEN (R) NADEEM AHMED CHAIRMAN NDMA 14 NOVEMBER 2010

SITUATIONAL BACKGROUND § Population return started with improved accessibility § Capacity enhancement for improved SITUATIONAL BACKGROUND § Population return started with improved accessibility § Capacity enhancement for improved service delivery § No outbreak of epidemic § Infrastructural repairs in progress § Distribution of Cash grants through WATAN Cards § Draw down of Armed Forces as well as international aviation assets in progress § Plans for Early Recovery under implementation 2

RELIEF PROVIDED VS NEEDS FOOD SHELTER WASH WATER 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% RELIEF PROVIDED VS NEEDS FOOD SHELTER WASH WATER 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% 3

EARLY RECOVERY PRINCIPLES § Coverage of worst affected areas § Mapping of partners and EARLY RECOVERY PRINCIPLES § Coverage of worst affected areas § Mapping of partners and activities to avoid duplication § Key performance indicators identified to measure aid effectiveness through single reporting format § Delivery enhancements through diversity of partners § Monetization of area through cash based incentives 4

EARLY RECOVERY FOCUS SEP 2010 – SEP 2011 § Shelter Risk Reduction § Farm EARLY RECOVERY FOCUS SEP 2010 – SEP 2011 § Shelter Risk Reduction § Farm based Livelihood § Community Restoration § Protection Gender Equality § Health § Education Environmental Safeguards § Governance Infrastructure 5

STRATEGIES ISSUED § Relief SHELTER AGRICULTURE § Winter § Survival § Return § Early STRATEGIES ISSUED § Relief SHELTER AGRICULTURE § Winter § Survival § Return § Early Recovery § Shelter § Agriculture FOOD 6

Pakistan Floods Emergency Response Plan 2010 - PFERP 7 Pakistan Floods Emergency Response Plan 2010 - PFERP 7

RESPONSE PLAN Ø Timeline - Sep 2010 - Sep 2011 Ø Plan (GOP/UN) - RESPONSE PLAN Ø Timeline - Sep 2010 - Sep 2011 Ø Plan (GOP/UN) - Finalized Ø Projects - 397 Ø Amount - 1. 9 billion US $ 8

CLUSTER WISE PROJECTS Cluster Total Projects Appeal ($) Food Security 13 573. 2 m CLUSTER WISE PROJECTS Cluster Total Projects Appeal ($) Food Security 13 573. 2 m Shelter 61 321. 1 m WASH 51 245. 1 m Health 85 198. 9 m Agriculture 24 170. 5 m Community Restoration 61 167. 1 m Education 22 83. 4 m Protection 43 52. 9 m Nutrition 25 44. 6 m Miscellaneous 12 80. 2 m 397 1. 939 Billion TOTAL 9

Pakistan Floods Emergency Response Plan As of 11 November 2010 Overall Response 10 Pakistan Floods Emergency Response Plan As of 11 November 2010 Overall Response 10

Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) 11 Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) 11

NEED FOR DRR ? • Pakistan a disaster prone country – frequency and nature NEED FOR DRR ? • Pakistan a disaster prone country – frequency and nature 5 Yrs 7 Yrs 56 Yrs 11 Yrs Since then: • 2 Cyclones • 2 Floods • 2 Earthquakes • 2 Land Slides • 1 Complex Emergency • Erosion of Economic Growth and Social Capital • Unsustainable Development – Pakistan a developing country with emphasis on infrastructure development • Difficult to achieve Poverty Reduction Goals 12

PURPOSE OF DRR • All activities are designed with consideration for potential disaster risks PURPOSE OF DRR • All activities are designed with consideration for potential disaster risks • Development and Reconstruction programs do not increase vulnerability to disasters in all sectors • Early Recovery, Rehabilitation and Reconstruction initiatives are designed to contribute to developmental aims • Protection of huge investment • Provide for internal coping mechanisms 13

An Opportunity !! Receptive Communities Willing Donor Support Responsive Government Scaling up Disaster Reduction An Opportunity !! Receptive Communities Willing Donor Support Responsive Government Scaling up Disaster Reduction for Sustainable Development Effective Organization al Structure Enabling Environmen t Eager Implementing Partners 14

THQ MADIAN Residential colony of hospital THQ MADIAN Residential colony of hospital

Punjab Punjab

CHALLENGES – DISASTER PREVENTION • Resource constraints, resistance • Lack of consultative partnerships attitudinal CHALLENGES – DISASTER PREVENTION • Resource constraints, resistance • Lack of consultative partnerships attitudinal forums and institutional public-private • Lack of ex-ante dedicated funding arrangements and catastrophe risk financing instruments • Inadequate institutional capacities at national, provincial and district levels • Insufficient community mobilization, support structures and resources 22

NDMA’s DRR RECOMMENDATIONS • Central policy making and Robust M & E • Baseline NDMA’s DRR RECOMMENDATIONS • Central policy making and Robust M & E • Baseline risk identification • Multi-risk factors should be considered in design as well as implementation • Need based up gradations where ever required • Planning documents (PC-Is) satisfy standardized DRR requirements Continued…. 23

NDMA’s DRR RECOMMENDATIONS • Wide-scale social mobilization and public sensitization • Balance mix of NDMA’s DRR RECOMMENDATIONS • Wide-scale social mobilization and public sensitization • Balance mix of vernacular and hazard resistant construction • Institutional capacity building for local authorities to undertaking reconstruction • Constant satellite imaging to guard against massive wood logging Continued…. 24

Peaceful Environment Social & Literate Capital Community Mobilization Institutional Capacity Ex-Ante Funding Public/Pvt Partnership Peaceful Environment Social & Literate Capital Community Mobilization Institutional Capacity Ex-Ante Funding Public/Pvt Partnership Political Ownership Sustainable Development 25

t ional m m un it y Capac M it y S oc ob t ional m m un it y Capac M it y S oc ob ial iliz at Social & Literate Capital Public/Pvt Partnership Institu Co Community Mobilization -A Ex F nt e und ing Institutional Capacity hip Ex-Ante Funding t ic al Ow rs ne Public/Pvt Partnership oli P Political Ownership Sustainable Development INABLE DEVELO SUSTA MENT & L ion it er at e Peaceful Environment DISASTER Ca l acefu Pe pit a l nm nviro E ent 26

THANK YOU THANK YOU