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Overview of the Rotterdam Convention Overview of the Rotterdam Convention

Overview of the Rotterdam Convention Structure of the presentation: Part 1 Part 2 Part Overview of the Rotterdam Convention Structure of the presentation: Part 1 Part 2 Part 3 Part 4 Part 5 Part 6 - Introduction to the Rotterdam Convention Operation of the Rotterdam Convention Benefits to its Parties Status of implementation in the region Outcome COP-4 Technical assistance 2 Rotterdam Convention

Part 1 Introduction to the Rotterdam Convention Some key dates for the Rotterdam Convention: Part 1 Introduction to the Rotterdam Convention Some key dates for the Rotterdam Convention: Sept 1998 Text of the Convention adopted 1998 -2004 Interim PIC procedure (voluntary) 24 Feb 2004 Convention enters into force (legally binding) March 2009 128 Parties 3 Rotterdam Convention

Objectives • To promote shared responsibility and cooperative efforts among Parties in the international Objectives • To promote shared responsibility and cooperative efforts among Parties in the international trade of certain hazardous chemicals in order to protect human health and the environment from potential harm and to contribute to their environmentally sound use 4 Rotterdam Convention

Meeting the Objectives How: • Provides an early warning of potentially hazardous chemicals • Meeting the Objectives How: • Provides an early warning of potentially hazardous chemicals • Provides the basis for decisions regarding of future imports of chemicals (PIC procedure) • Helps to enforce those import decisions 5 Rotterdam Convention

Scope of the Convention Applies to: • Chemicals banned or severely restricted to protect Scope of the Convention Applies to: • Chemicals banned or severely restricted to protect human health or the environment • Severely hazardous pesticide formulations (SHPF) - causing problems under conditions of use in developing countries or countries with economies in transition 6 Rotterdam Convention

Key Provisions • PIC procedure - Provides for a national decision making process on Key Provisions • PIC procedure - Provides for a national decision making process on import of hazardous chemicals in Annex III and attempts to ensure compliance with these decisions by exporting Parties Ø 40 chemicals listed in Annex III, including 25 pesticides, 4 SHPF and 11 industrial chemicals • Information exchange - the exchange of information on a broad range of potentially hazardous chemicals 7 Rotterdam Convention

Overview of Articles Article 1 - 4: Objective, definitions, scope and DNAs role Article Overview of Articles Article 1 - 4: Objective, definitions, scope and DNAs role Article 5 -14: Procedures for inclusion and removing of chemicals and for export and import of chemicals Article 15 -30: General obligations and common clauses 8 Rotterdam Convention

Overview of Annexes Annex I Information requirements for notifications made pursuant to Article 5 Overview of Annexes Annex I Information requirements for notifications made pursuant to Article 5 Annex II Criteria for listing banned or severely restricted chemicals in Annex III Chemicals subject to the PIC procedure Annex IV Information and criteria for listing severely hazardous pesticide formulations in Annex III Annex V Information requirements for export notification Annex VI Settlement of Disputes 9 Rotterdam Convention

Part 2 Operation of the Rotterdam Convention Key Players ØWho they are and what Part 2 Operation of the Rotterdam Convention Key Players ØWho they are and what they do Key Provisions ØWhat they are and how they operate 10 Rotterdam Convention

Key Players 1. Designated National Authorities (DNAs) 2. Conference of the Parties (COP) 3. Key Players 1. Designated National Authorities (DNAs) 2. Conference of the Parties (COP) 3. Chemical Review Committee (CRC) 4. Secretariat 11 Rotterdam Convention

1. Designated National Authorities • Generally government departments responsible for policy decisions and regulation 1. Designated National Authorities • Generally government departments responsible for policy decisions and regulation of pesticides or industrial chemicals • Key contact point for the secretariat regarding the implementation of the convention • Responsible for coordinating actions at the national level to ensure compliance with the Convention e. g. government ministries, exporters, importers, customs authorities 12 Rotterdam Convention

2. Conference of the Parties (COP) • Highest authority of the Convention • Oversees 2. Conference of the Parties (COP) • Highest authority of the Convention • Oversees the implementation of the Convention Ø including policy issues, programme of work and budget, inclusion of chemicals in Annex III, establishes subsidiary bodies • Meets every two years Ø COP 4, October 2008 13 Rotterdam Convention

3. Chemical Review Committee (CRC) • Composed of government designated experts in chemicals management 3. Chemical Review Committee (CRC) • Composed of government designated experts in chemicals management (31 members – geographical distribution) • Reviews notifications of final regulatory actions and proposals from Parties • Makes recommendations to COP on the addition of chemicals to Annex III 14 Rotterdam Convention

4. Secretariat • Provided jointly by UNEP and FAO Ø Convenes meetings of the 4. Secretariat • Provided jointly by UNEP and FAO Ø Convenes meetings of the COP and CRC Ø Facilitates assistance to Parties in implementation of the Convention Ø Coordinates with regional and international partners • Unique example of cooperation between UN organizations 15 Rotterdam Convention

Key Provisions • PIC procedure - Provides for a national decision making process on Key Provisions • PIC procedure - Provides for a national decision making process on import of hazardous chemicals in Annex III and to ensure compliance with these decisions by exporting Parties • Information exchange - the exchange of information on a broad range of potentially hazardous chemicals 16 Rotterdam Convention

Key provision: PIC Procedure Key elements: • Decision Guidance Documents (DGD) • Import response Key provision: PIC Procedure Key elements: • Decision Guidance Documents (DGD) • Import response • PIC Circular • Responsibilities of importing and exporting Parties 17 Rotterdam Convention

Key provision: PIC Procedure Summary: 1. COP decides to make a chemical subject to Key provision: PIC Procedure Summary: 1. COP decides to make a chemical subject to the PIC Procedure (Annex III) 2. Secretariat circulates a DGD to all Parties 3. Parties submit import response for each chemical 4. Secretariat circulates all import responses to all Parties through the PIC Circular 5. Parties follow up on import / export responsibilities 18 Rotterdam Convention

Key provision: Information Exchange Mechanism for the exchange of information on a broad range Key provision: Information Exchange Mechanism for the exchange of information on a broad range of potentially hazardous chemicals: • Any chemical that is banned or severely restricted to protect human health or the environment • Severely hazardous pesticide formulations causing problems under the conditions of use 19 Rotterdam Convention

Key provision: Information Exchange Key elements: • PIC Circular – summaries of notifications of Key provision: Information Exchange Key elements: • PIC Circular – summaries of notifications of national regulatory actions, import responses, contact details DNAs • Export notification – an indication of the hazardous chemicals that are entering the country • Information to accompany export – improved labeling and accompanying information in line with GHS, while HS Codes linked to work of the WCO will facilitate tracking of PIC chemicals 20 Rotterdam Convention

Part 3 Benefits to its Parties 1. Prevents unwanted trade (shared responsibility) 2. Early Part 3 Benefits to its Parties 1. Prevents unwanted trade (shared responsibility) 2. Early warning system 3. Informed decision-making (PIC procedure & information exchange) 4. Export notification 5. Information accompanying export (labeling and provision of safety data sheets) 6. Network of DNAs 7. Technical Assistance 21 Rotterdam Convention

Part 4 Status of implementation in the region Implementation in the Caribbean and Latin Part 4 Status of implementation in the region Implementation in the Caribbean and Latin American regions ØRatification ØImport responses to Annex III ØNotifications ØNon-Parties 22 Rotterdam Convention

Status of implementation – Caribbean region PARTIES Year ratification Total import responses as of Status of implementation – Caribbean region PARTIES Year ratification Total import responses as of 2009 Complete notifications as of 2009 Pesticides Industrial chemicals Non-Annex III chemicals Belize 2005 28 0 0 0 Cuba 2008 27 11 2 0 Dominica 2005 11 0 0 0 Dominican Republic 2006 14 6 0 14 Guyana 2007 28 11 3 19 Jamaica 2002 28 11 1 0 Suriname 2000 23 1 0 2 23 Rotterdam Convention

Status of implementation – Caribbean region List of non-Parties: • • • Antigua and Status of implementation – Caribbean region List of non-Parties: • • • Antigua and Barbuda Bahamas Barbados Grenada Haiti Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Lucia Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Trinidad and Tobago 24 Rotterdam Convention

Status of implementation – Latin American region PARTIES Year ratification Total import responses as Status of implementation – Latin American region PARTIES Year ratification Total import responses as of 2009 Complete notifications as of 2009 Pesticides Industrial chemicals Non-Annex III chemicals Argentina 2004 28 11 0 0 Bolivia 2003 11 0 0 0 Brazil 2004 28 11 2 35 Chile 2005 28 11 2 0 Colombia 2008 17 0 0 0 Ecuador 2004 27 5 1 5 El Salvador 1999 19 2 5 3 Mexico 2005 28 11 2 0 Nicaragua 2008 11 0 0 0 Panama 2000 16 0 2 24 Paraguay 2003 18 0 0 3 Peru 2005 28 11 1 1 Uruguay 2003 28 11 3 9 Venezuela 2005 12 6 0 15 25 Rotterdam Convention

Status of implementation – Latin American region List of non-Parties: • Costa Rica • Status of implementation – Latin American region List of non-Parties: • Costa Rica • Guatemala • Honduras 26 Rotterdam Convention

Status of implementation • Why a low level of ratifications in the region? ? Status of implementation • Why a low level of ratifications in the region? ? ? • What are the major challenges of Parties in the region? ? ? 27 Rotterdam Convention

Part 5 Outcome COP-4, October 2008 • > 500 participants from 113 Parties, 14 Part 5 Outcome COP-4, October 2008 • > 500 participants from 113 Parties, 14 non -Parties, 6 IGOs, 26 NGOs/industry societies • High Level Segment attended by 52 (vice) Ministers • Ministerial panel discussions: “Sound chemicals management: relieving the burden on public health” 28 Rotterdam Convention

Outcome COP-4 Key outcomes: • Listed tributyltin in Annex III as of 01/02/2009 • Outcome COP-4 Key outcomes: • Listed tributyltin in Annex III as of 01/02/2009 • Unable to reach consensus on inclusion chrysotile asbestos and endosulfan in Annex III Ø Agreed to reconsider at COP-5 Ø Agreed to share import decisions on a voluntary basis as information exchange • Nominations experts CRC 29 Rotterdam Convention

Outcome COP-4 Key outcomes (cont’d): • Procedure and institutional mechanisms on noncompliance – NOT Outcome COP-4 Key outcomes (cont’d): • Procedure and institutional mechanisms on noncompliance – NOT adopted and agreed to reconsider at COP-5 • Adopted recommendation on enhanced coordination and cooperation among the secretariats of Basel, Rotterdam and Stockholm Conventions • Strong support for technical assistance programme in 2007 -2008 by many Parties • Adopted Programme of work on technical assistance and budget for 2009 -2011 triennium 30 Rotterdam Convention

Part 6 Technical assistance 2007 -2008 The following technical assistance meetings were organized in Part 6 Technical assistance 2007 -2008 The following technical assistance meetings were organized in the following categories: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Developing nationals plans (NAP) National follow-up seminars Thematic meetings Fostering cooperation among DNAs Working directly with individual countries 31 Rotterdam Convention

Technical assistance 2007 -2008 in the Caribbean and Latin American region 1. Developing nationals Technical assistance 2007 -2008 in the Caribbean and Latin American region 1. Developing nationals plans (NAP): subregional meetings in 5 countries (Belize, Dominica, El Salvador, Mexico, Venezuela) 2. Follow-up seminars: in 12 countries (Nicaragua, Peru, Costa Rica, Cuba) 3. Thematic meetings: Ø 1 national and 1 subregional meeting on trade in Brazil Ø 1 national meeting on SHPFs in Ecuador 4. DNAs: 2 subregional meetings of DNAs in Chile and in Panama 32 Rotterdam Convention

Technical assistance 2009 -2011 General approach: • Responding to needs identified by Parties • Technical assistance 2009 -2011 General approach: • Responding to needs identified by Parties • Building on work undertaken previously • Incorporates new areas of strategic direction: Ø Joint delivery through strengthened partnerships Ø Emphasis on regional participation and delivery Ø Programme for industrial chemicals management 33 Rotterdam Convention

Technical assistance 2009 -2011 Activities identified as priority by Parties: • Resource kit • Technical assistance 2009 -2011 Activities identified as priority by Parties: • Resource kit • Awareness raising and training meetings • Thematic meetings: Ø SHPF Ø Trade-related issues Ø Preparation of notifications of final regulatory action Ø Customs (jointly with SC & BC) Ø Resource Mobilization (jointly with RC & BC) Ø Clearing House Mechanism (jointly with RC & BC) • Industrial chemicals programme 34 Rotterdam Convention

Technical assistance 2009 -2011 Partners in the regional delivery of technical assistance: • • Technical assistance 2009 -2011 Partners in the regional delivery of technical assistance: • • • FAO and UNEP Regional offices Stockholm and Basel Regional Centres Regional Experts UNEP and FAO divisions Stockholm and Basel Convention secretariats Regional networks, such as CARICOM 35 Rotterdam Convention

For more information: www. pic. int 36 Rotterdam Convention For more information: www. pic. int 36 Rotterdam Convention