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OSTP Update Rob Dimeo & Jon Morse Physical Sciences and Engineering Office of Science OSTP Update Rob Dimeo & Jon Morse Physical Sciences and Engineering Office of Science and Technology Policy Executive Office of the President AAAC Meeting: October 13, 2006

Executive Office of the President (EOP) White House Office (Homeland Security Council, Office of Executive Office of the President (EOP) White House Office (Homeland Security Council, Office of Faith-Based Initiatives, Freedom Corps) Office of Management & Budget (OMB) Office of the Vice President’s Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board US Trade Representative (USTR) Domestic Policy Council Nat’l Economic Council Nat’l AIDS Policy National Security Council (NSC) Office of Administration Council of Environmental Quality (CEQ) Office of National Drug Control Policy Council of Economic Advisors (CEA) Office of Science & Technology Policy (OSTP) Primarily career staff Primarily political staff Mix of detailees, career, political AAAC Meeting: October 13, 2006

OSTP-What We Do • Advise the President and others within the Executive Office of OSTP-What We Do • Advise the President and others within the Executive Office of the President on the impacts of science and technology on domestic and international affairs; • Lead interagency efforts to develop and implement sound science and technology policies and budgets; • Work with the private sector to ensure Federal investments in science and technology contribute to economic prosperity, environmental quality, and national security; • Build strong partnerships among Federal, State, and local governments, other countries, and the scientific community; • Evaluate the scale, quality, and effectiveness of the Federal effort in science and technology. AAAC Meeting: October 13, 2006

OSTP-Who We Are NSTC PCAST Director Associate Director and Deputy Director for Science Associate OSTP-Who We Are NSTC PCAST Director Associate Director and Deputy Director for Science Associate Director and Deputy Director for Technology Deputy to the Associate Director Science Deputy to the Associate Director Technology Deputy Director for Homeland National Security Senior Director Homeland National Security Assistant Director Life Sciences Assistant Director Technology R&D Assistant Director Homeland Security Assistant Director Environment Assistant Director Space & Aeronautics Assistant Director Physical Sciences & Engineering Deputy Chief of Staff Assistant Director National Security Assistant Director Natl. Security/ Emergency Preparedness Com. Chief of Staff Assistant Director Social, Behavioral & Education Science Assistant Director Telecom & Information Tech AAAC Meeting: October 13, 2006 ADMINISTRATIVE STAFF FUNCTIONAL STAFF Administration Budget Security Office Support Computing Legal affairs Legislative affairs Budget analysis Communications International NSTC PCAST

The Budget Cycle 1. OSTP & OMB issue guidance memorandum on R&D priorities 2. The Budget Cycle 1. OSTP & OMB issue guidance memorandum on R&D priorities 2. Agencies prepare and submit proposed budgets to OMB 9. Agencies make decisions on allocation of resources consistent with enacted appropriations and program plans 3. Passback, negotiations, & appeals between agencies and EOP 4. President makes final decisions and sends Budget Request to Congress 5. Congress reviews, considers, & approves overall Budget Request 8. President signs or vetoes appropriations bills 7. Congress marks up & passes agency appropriations bills 6. Appropriations hearings with agencies & EOP on individual programs AAAC Meeting: October 13, 2006

It’s the most wonderful time of the year • Currently under a CR • It’s the most wonderful time of the year • Currently under a CR • Next potential time for Conference will be after the mid-term elections • FY 08 agency budgets submitted to OMBcurrently under review AAAC Meeting: October 13, 2006

NSTC Structure November 2005 NSTC Director, OSTP National Science & Technology Council Committee on NSTC Structure November 2005 NSTC Director, OSTP National Science & Technology Council Committee on Environment & Natural Resources WH: Sharon Hays DOC: Conrad Lautenbacher EPA: George Gray Global Change Research Air Quality Research Disaster Reduction Ecosystems Committee on Science WH: Sharon Hays NSF: Arden Bement NIH: Elias Zerhouni Research Business Models Education & Workforce Dev. Aquaculture Human Subjects Research Physics of the Universe Plant Genome Toxics & Risks Dom. Animal Genomics Water Availability & Quality Prion Science US Group on Earth Observations Trans-Border Research Materials Scientific Collections Multinational Orgs* IWG on Dioxin Oceans S & T R&D Investment Criteria** Committee on Technology WH: Richard Russell DOC: Ben Wu Networking & Information Technology Nanoscale Science, Engineering & Technology Advanced Technologies For Education & Training Manufacturing Research & Development Biometrics Infrastructure Committee on Homeland National Security WH: Sharon Hays DOD: Ken Krieg DHS: Charles Mc. Queary National Security R&D International* Regional Stability and Nation Building WMD Medical Countermeasures Standards Decontamination Standards and Technologies Foreign Animal Disease Threats Aeronautics S& T Biotechnology Social, Behavioral & Econ. AAAC Meeting: October 13, 2006 Export Controls for S&T *in development **Informal

Interagency Working Group on the Physics of the Universe • Originally established to formulate Interagency Working Group on the Physics of the Universe • Originally established to formulate an implementation plan for the opportunities identified in the 2002 NRC report Connecting Quarks with the Cosmos: Eleven Science Questions for the New Century • Report released in February 2004 AAAC Meeting: October 13, 2006

Interagency Working Group on the Physics of the Universe Setting Priorities Step 1: Prioritize Interagency Working Group on the Physics of the Universe Setting Priorities Step 1: Prioritize the Questions The IWG based its prioritization of the eleven questions upon an assessment of each question’s fit to the following criteria: Current potential for scientific advancement The timeliness or urgency of each question The technical readiness of projects necessary to advance the science of each question Existence of gaps in the overall suite of projects addressing the question Step 2: Identify Potential Activities Step 3: Group Related Elements AAAC Meeting: October 13, 2006

Interagency Working Group on the Physics of the Universe AAAC Meeting: October 13, 2006 Interagency Working Group on the Physics of the Universe AAAC Meeting: October 13, 2006

W he re ar e w e no w ? Interagency Working Group on W he re ar e w e no w ? Interagency Working Group on the Physics of the Universe AAAC Meeting: October 13, 2006

Interagency Working Group on the Physics of the Universe • IWG re-established and had Interagency Working Group on the Physics of the Universe • IWG re-established and had first meeting March 22, 2006 • Co-chairs: Robin Staffin (Do. E-SC), Joe Dehmer (NSF-PHY), Eric Smith (NASA-SMD) • Will report on progress made towards interagency coordination on items discussed in the Po. U report. • Interagency Task Force on High Energy Density Physics under the auspices of the Po. U IWG • Dark energy • Interagency Lessons-Learned Task Force: an ad-hoc task force under the auspices of the Po. U IWG AAAC Meeting: October 13, 2006

Physics of the Universe IWG NASA’s Beyond Einstein Program • Po. U report endorsed Physics of the Universe IWG NASA’s Beyond Einstein Program • Po. U report endorsed (among other things) – NASA/Do. E Joint Dark Energy Mission – LISA, and Constellation-X “part of a powerful and complementary suite of tools aimed at the discovery of gravitational waves and exploration of the physics of strong gravitational fields around black holes. ” • NRC study will assess each of the BE missions (Con-X, LISA, JDEM, a black hole finder, and an inflationary probe) for scientific impact, technological readiness, management plans, and cost estimates. – Recommend which mission should go first and R&D investment strategy for subsequent missions. – Inform the next Decadal Survey on ordering the remaining BE missions. – Report scheduled for release in September 2007 to inform FY 09 budget process. AAAC Meeting: October 13, 2006

Task Force on High Energy Density Physics • 2003 NRC/Davidson report: Frontiers in High Task Force on High Energy Density Physics • 2003 NRC/Davidson report: Frontiers in High Energy Density Physics: The X-Games of Contemporary Science – Identify the scientific opportunities and establish a unifying theme for the field – “The need for a broad, multi-agency approach to support the field of HEDP” – “It is recommended that federal interagency collaborations be strengthened in fostering high energy density basic science. Such program collaborations are important for fostering the basic science base, without the constraints imposed by the mission orientation of many of the Department of Energy’s high energy density programs. ” AAAC Meeting: October 13, 2006

Task Force on High Energy Density Physics • 2004 NSTC/Davidson report: Frontiers for Discovery Task Force on High Energy Density Physics • 2004 NSTC/Davidson report: Frontiers for Discovery in High Energy Density Physics – Chartered by Interagency Working Group on the Physics of the Universe – Summarize research opportunities and identify opportunities for interagency coordination – Identified 15 thrust areas in • • Astrophysical systems Beam-induced HEDP Stockpile stewardship facilities Ultrafast, ultraintense laser science – “Interagency cooperation is particularly important for rapid scientific progress in this quintessentially interdisciplinary area. ” • HEDP TF convened under Po. U IWG to establish a plan to coordinate the multidisciplinary activities across agency boundaries • Draft report outlining a Federal coordination plan in progress AAAC Meeting: October 13, 2006

Task Force on High Energy Density Physics From Frontiers for Discovery in High Energy Task Force on High Energy Density Physics From Frontiers for Discovery in High Energy Density Physics, OSTP National Task Force on High Energy Density Physics (July, 2004) AAAC Meeting: October 13, 2006

From Frontiers for Discovery in High Energy Density Physics, OSTP National Task Force on From Frontiers for Discovery in High Energy Density Physics, OSTP National Task Force on High Energy Density Physics (July, 2004) AAAC Meeting: October 13, 2006

Lessons-Learned Status • Lessons-learned activity coordinated under the NSTC Physics of the Universe Interagency Lessons-Learned Status • Lessons-learned activity coordinated under the NSTC Physics of the Universe Interagency Working Group (3 -22 -06) • Group planning meeting on 4 -19 -06 at OSTP attended by agency reps: Hertz (NASA), Staffin (DOE), Van Citters (NSF), and Friel (NSF) • Multiple projects discussed: GLAST, VERITAS, GSMT, JDEM, LHC, LSST, NVO • Scope includes interagency project aspects only (not international) • Individual project teams and program managers completed questionnaires • Agency reps met at OSTP to discuss the findings 8 -7 -06 • Draft writing in progress AAAC Meeting: October 13, 2006