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Oral Presentation Skills Process and Assessment Criteria Oral Presentation Skills Process and Assessment Criteria

A) Process “Remember anyone can give a good presentation. Don’t worry if you are A) Process “Remember anyone can give a good presentation. Don’t worry if you are not naturally extrovert. Preparation and practice can be the keys to success!”

Determining your goal to buy my product u to adopt my recommendations u to Determining your goal to buy my product u to adopt my recommendations u to join the club u to give me a job u to get good grades u to get a project approved etc Also u Remind yourself the topic again and again to avoid digression u Keep in mind the target audience; who you are speaking to; what can they do u

Researching u u u u Literature review Card making Delimitation of a very general Researching u u u u Literature review Card making Delimitation of a very general topic (I will not speak about…I have limited my speech to. . . ) Visit the most authentic sources/primary sources; relevant institutes etc (like lok versa, NARC, libraries of broadcasting corporations etc) Daily diary NOTE TAKING in field Recording/photography

Organizing From general to particular u From particular to general u Making blocks out Organizing From general to particular u From particular to general u Making blocks out of bits u Putting information into relevant chambers u

Rehearsing Rehearse for time u For fluency u For link u Do it alone Rehearsing Rehearse for time u For fluency u For link u Do it alone u Before friends u Before colleagues and boss u Do full dress rehearsal if possible at the place of original presentation u

Working on possible responses u u Again think what is your topic What is Working on possible responses u u Again think what is your topic What is the background of the audience Make sure that you are clear about the ideas and terms that you use during your presentation Rehearse how to respond a difficult question (by asking to repeat the question; by repeating it yourself; by buying time; by giving an alternative argument; by telling that it is not in the scope of your presentation; by admitting that you don’t know the answer)

Just before presentation u u u u u Check beforehand, if you can, the Just before presentation u u u u u Check beforehand, if you can, the place where you are going to make your presentation. Where will it take place? How big is the room? What equipment is there in the room? What equipment do you need? Does the equipment work? Are you going to need a black or whiteboard? Have you got chalk and / or a felt tip pen? Do you need an overhead projector or a screen? Are they in place? Is there a podium? Where are you going to put your notes /papers /transparencies?

…continued u u u u Do you need an adapter or extension lead? Can …continued u u u u Do you need an adapter or extension lead? Can the information be seen? Do you need a pointer? Will you need to dim the lights or draw the curtains? Are you going to need handouts or any other documents? How many? Do they present a good image of you and your company? When? How long? Dressing

Presenting u u u u u Getting the audience's attention and signaling the beginning Presenting u u u u u Getting the audience's attention and signaling the beginning Greetings, introduction etc Give title and introduce subject Share your objectives with the audience Give introduction and background Content quantity/don’t go into unnecessary details Keeping the audience attention Linking ideas, sections, slides, making smooth shift and transition from one part to the other e. g. “That's all I would like to say about. . . (subject of part A) and now let us turn to. . ” “Now that we've seen. . . let us turn to…” To be clear and concrete. Use examples, rephrasing, summaries etc Concluding: Conclusion; Questions

B) General Assessment Criteria B) General Assessment Criteria

Structure and argument 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. starters; Structure and argument 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. starters; greetings; introduction of the presenter; introduction of the topic of presentation; aims and objectives of the session; outline; middle or the body of the presentation (e. g. what, why and how or types, processes and practice etc); conclusion; inviting the audience to ask questions; don’t forget to thank them

Understanding and using sources Must mention the key figures/Big names of the field u Understanding and using sources Must mention the key figures/Big names of the field u Give impression that your understanding of them is good u Bring some of the most recent works in the area u Use only the relevant parts u

Using audio-visual aids u u What are visuals? (graphs; charts; maps; photos; drawings images; Using audio-visual aids u u What are visuals? (graphs; charts; maps; photos; drawings images; models; video/film; objects What media are used? (transparencies/slides; Power Point slides; video; handouts Why use visuals? (to focus the audience's attention; to illustrate points easier to understand in visual form but difficult in a verbal form (e. g. statistics); to reinforce ideas; to change focus from aural/oral to visual; to involve and motivate the audience; to involve all the senses; to serve as logical proof; to save time and avoid putting information on a board; to avoid turning your back to the audience when writing on a board; to help the speaker Innovative and imaginative use of AV aids

Working in pairs and groups Joint strategy sessions u Individual contribution u Handling issues Working in pairs and groups Joint strategy sessions u Individual contribution u Handling issues that arise in group or pair work u Use of interpersonal communication u

Conclusion Process of preparing oral presentation u Structure of presentation u Assessment criteria u Conclusion Process of preparing oral presentation u Structure of presentation u Assessment criteria u

Sources u u u Comfort, Jeremy and Derek Utley. (York Associates) Effective Presentations. Oxford: Sources u u u Comfort, Jeremy and Derek Utley. (York Associates) Effective Presentations. Oxford: OUP: 1996. Ellis, Mark & Nina O' Driscoll. Giving Presentations. Harlow: Longman, 1992. Howe, Brian. Visitron, the Language of Presentations. Harlow: Longman, 1985. Powell, Mark. Presenting in English. Hove: LTP, 1996. Sweeney, Simon. English for Business Communication. Cambridge: CUP, 1997.