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Optimising Visibility and measuring Performance in Intermodal Container Supply Chains Dr. Nils Meyer-Larsen Institute Optimising Visibility and measuring Performance in Intermodal Container Supply Chains Dr. Nils Meyer-Larsen Institute of Shipping Economics and Logistics Bremerhaven 11 September 2009 HICL 2009, TUHH 1

Background Top 10 management issues in the over-ocean supply chain Aberdeen Group: “Supply chain Background Top 10 management issues in the over-ocean supply chain Aberdeen Group: “Supply chain executives identify improving visibility as their number one priority. They overwhelmingly desire better transparency to orders, inventory, and shipments across their extended supply chain. ” 11 September 2009 HICL 2009, TUHH 2

Motivation n Bottlenecks in European deep sea ports and hinterland connections n Complex logistics Motivation n Bottlenecks in European deep sea ports and hinterland connections n Complex logistics chains with multiple actors n Information gaps along the chain n New security regulations (ISPS, EU-COM 2003 -0229, 2004 -0076, US CSI, US CTPAT) 11 September 2009 HICL 2009, TUHH 3

Benefits of Supply Chain Visibility Customs 3 PLs Cargo Owners Support of new EU Benefits of Supply Chain Visibility Customs 3 PLs Cargo Owners Support of new EU Customs Code Predictability Support of AEO concept Reliability Support of Advance Manifest Reporting Reduction of uncertainty Shifting security checks to export countries Mutual recognition of security check procedures Reduction of goods In stock and security process Offering pre-arrival clearance 11 September 2009 Optimisation of speed HICL 2009, TUHH 4

Key issues Benefits both for industry and Customs! Security Logistics 11 September 2009 HICL Key issues Benefits both for industry and Customs! Security Logistics 11 September 2009 HICL 2009, TUHH 5

Our Projects • Container Handling in Intermodal Nodes – Optimal and Secure • Duration: Our Projects • Container Handling in Intermodal Nodes – Optimal and Secure • Duration: 2006 – 2009 • Intermodal Global Door-to-door Container Supply Chain Visibility • Duration: 2008 – 2011 • Funded by the European Commission, DG Research 11 September 2009 HICL 2009, TUHH 6

Background of CHINOS • • Intermodal terminals suffer from various bottlenecks Manual tasks during Background of CHINOS • • Intermodal terminals suffer from various bottlenecks Manual tasks during container handling throughout the intermodal transport chain: • Identification (containers, seals, trucks, wagons) • Check and documentation (damages, seals) • Necessary with respect to • Operations (data input into Terminal Operating System) • Security • Observation of responsibility changes throughout the chain • • but cost intensive and safety critical There are single approaches towards automation, but no integrated approach 11 September 2009 HICL 2009, TUHH 7

RFID Technology for Containers – current Status Container tag (ISO 10891) ØStatus: International Standard RFID Technology for Containers – current Status Container tag (ISO 10891) ØStatus: International Standard published ØBased on existing standard EPC Gen 2 (ISO 18000 -6 C) Ø 860 – 960 MHz, passive Tag, read-only ØTags and readers available (fixed and mobile) Electronic seal (ISO 18185) ØStatus: International Standard published ØOne-way seal, active, read-only ØBased on “Sign-Post” technology (SAVI): 433 MHz and 2, 4 GHz, “wake-up” signal at 125 k. Hz ØHardware available since Oct 2007 No integrated technology for readout of tag and e. Seal at the same time available 11 September 2009 HICL 2009, TUHH 8

CHINOS System Terminal System Communication Controller Visibility Systems RFID Reader 11 September 2009 Shipping CHINOS System Terminal System Communication Controller Visibility Systems RFID Reader 11 September 2009 Shipping Companies HICL 2009, TUHH 9

CHINOS Validation Scenarios Port of Thessaloniki ØUnloading from vessel ØTruck Export Gate NTB Bremerhaven CHINOS Validation Scenarios Port of Thessaloniki ØUnloading from vessel ØTruck Export Gate NTB Bremerhaven ØVessel loading and unloading processes ØTruck gate processes ØRail operations processes POLZUG Scenarios (Pruszkow Terminal, Warsaw/Poland) ØImport trains processes Focus ØTruck gate processes 11 September 2009 HICL 2009, TUHH 10

CHINOS Validation • • Tag and e-seal attachment to containers Read out with stationary CHINOS Validation • • Tag and e-seal attachment to containers Read out with stationary readers and handheld readers 11 September 2009 HICL 2009, TUHH 11

CHINOS Achievements · · CHINOS systems developed based on profound analysis of requirements and CHINOS Achievements · · CHINOS systems developed based on profound analysis of requirements and technical constraints Systems operable and well tested at several locations under ‚reallife‘ operational conditions Results show that technology works and is feasible Benefits were shown: · · · Optimisation of logistics processes by automated procedures Security measures (fast and automated readout of e. Seal) Safety improvement CHINOS is prepared for connection to visibility systems (INTEGRITY SICIS, Smart. CM, . . . ) Users are prepared and willing to implement technology when it comes 11 September 2009 HICL 2009, TUHH 12

INTEGRITY Partners Academia & Technology Providers Terminal and Transport Operators Logistics Providers & Shippers INTEGRITY Partners Academia & Technology Providers Terminal and Transport Operators Logistics Providers & Shippers Coordinator Customs Authorities 11 September 2009 HICL 2009, TUHH 13

INTEGRITY – Measures Trusted Parties AEO Scanning X-Ray Screening radiation portal Auto-ID Container RFID INTEGRITY – Measures Trusted Parties AEO Scanning X-Ray Screening radiation portal Auto-ID Container RFID Security devices e-Seals, Smart Units Databases Tracking, events Algorithms risk detection EDI/web services validity checks Satellite tracking GNSS/Galileo 11 September 2009 HICL 2009, TUHH 14

SICIS - Shared Intermodal Container Information System · Collect information · Access to relevant SICIS - Shared Intermodal Container Information System · Collect information · Access to relevant • RFIDs • E-seals • Container security devices • Satellites • Radiation portals information for authorised partners • X-ray scanners SICIS • Port Community Systems • Tracking and Tracing portals (e. g. ICSO) · Aim: Supply Chain • Port Authorities • Customs Authorities • 3 Pls/Cargo Owners • Shipping Companies • Terminal Operators • Inland Transport Operators Visibility 11 September 2009 HICL 2009, TUHH 15

INTEGRITY Corridor China (Shenzhen) – Rotterdam/Felixstowe – European Hinterland (Door-to-door) n. Monitoring of 5, INTEGRITY Corridor China (Shenzhen) – Rotterdam/Felixstowe – European Hinterland (Door-to-door) n. Monitoring of 5, 000 containers n. Demonstration will start 21 st September 2009 11 September 2009 HICL 2009, TUHH 16

INTEGRITY - Key points · Development of Shared Intermodal Container Information System · Improving INTEGRITY - Key points · Development of Shared Intermodal Container Information System · Improving the visibility of supply chains · More security and predictability · Industry driven research based solution · Cooperation with Customs · Serves both Industry and Administration/Customs 11 September 2009 HICL 2009, TUHH 17

INTEGRITY For more information visit: www. integrity-supplychain. eu 11 September 2009 HICL 2009, TUHH INTEGRITY For more information visit: www. integrity-supplychain. eu 11 September 2009 HICL 2009, TUHH 18

ECITL 2009 Invitation to the ECITL 2009 Conference 29 th -30 th October, 2009 ECITL 2009 Invitation to the ECITL 2009 Conference 29 th -30 th October, 2009 at Venice Find more information on www. ecitl. eu 11 September 2009 HICL 2009, TUHH 19

Contact Thank you for your attention! 11 September 2009 HICL 2009, TUHH 20 Contact Thank you for your attention! 11 September 2009 HICL 2009, TUHH 20