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Operationally Responsive Space Office - Assured Space Power Focused on Timely Satisfaction of the Operationally Responsive Space Office - Assured Space Power Focused on Timely Satisfaction of the Joint Force Commanders’ Needs - ORS OFFICE Operationally Responsive Space Briefing to Commercial Space Transportation Advisory Committee 21 May 2009 Operationally Responsive Space Office 3548 Aberdeen Ave. SE Kirtland AFB, NM 87117 -5778 Dr. Peter Wegner Director, ORS Office

UNCLASSIFIED//FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY Operationally Responsive Space: Four Reasons, One ORS, One Mission - UNCLASSIFIED//FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY Operationally Responsive Space: Four Reasons, One ORS, One Mission - Assured Space Power Focused on Timely Satisfaction of the Joint Force Commanders’ Needs Four Reasons Budget pressures, new business model Space Protection, robust space capabilities GWOT: capacity and revisit vs. exquisite - ORS OFFICE Technology advancing military utility of small sats $ One ORS Operationally Responsive Space One Mission ASSURED SPACE POWER FOCUSED ON TIMELY SATISFACTION OF JFCs’ NEEDS 2 UNCLASSIFIED//FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY 2

ORS Mission Essential Tasks - Assured Space Power Focused on Timely Satisfaction of the ORS Mission Essential Tasks - Assured Space Power Focused on Timely Satisfaction of the Joint Force Commanders’ Needs - ORS OFFICE 1. Respond to JFC Needs from USSTRATCOM • Simultaneous submission to JUONS process required to obtain funding 2. Develop End-to-End enablers for USSTRATCOM’s 2015 CONOPS Rapid Assembly and Test Minotaur Family of LV’s WALLOPS / Minotaur I Kodiak Launch Complex MMSOC VMOC Cape Falcon I Plug ‘n Play Tactical TPED Vandenberg AFB RAPTOR Responsive Busses/Payloads Manufacturing Super Strypi Responsive Launch Responsive Range Kwajalein CDL MIST Responsive C 2 / TPED 3 3

CDR USSTRACOM Desired 2015 End-State - Assured Space Power Focused on Timely Satisfaction of CDR USSTRACOM Desired 2015 End-State - Assured Space Power Focused on Timely Satisfaction of the Joint Force Commanders’ Needs ORS Needs Gaps / Needs Identified and Prioritized by USSTRATCOM ORS Approaches Tier 1 “Employ it” On-demand with existing assets Minutes to hours Tier 2 “Launch/deploy it” On-call with ready-tofield assets Days to weeks Tier 3 “Develop it” Rapid transition from development to delivery of new or modified capabilities - ORS OFFICE Warfighting Effects Reconstitute lost capabilities Augment/Surge existing capabilities Fill Unanticipated Gaps in capabilities Exploit new technical/ operational innovations Respond to unforeseen or episodic events Enhance survivability and deterrence Months (not years) 4 4

Operationalizing the ORS 2015 Blueprint JFC Needs - Assured Space Power Focused on Timely Operationalizing the ORS 2015 Blueprint JFC Needs - Assured Space Power Focused on Timely Satisfaction of the Joint Force Commanders’ Needs US STRATCOM Tier 1 Capability Shortfall Ti er 2 ORS Playbook Rapid Mission Govt s/w Design Response Tool Space Center Library ISR Mission Kit Comm Mission Kit - ORS OFFICE Tier 1 Solutions ORS “Common Utilities” Tier 2/3 Solutions Rapid Transport to Launch Range Space Protection Mission Kit Services New Capabilities S&T Infusion Tier 2 Tier Capability 3 Shortfall Innovation Cell ORS Office Rapid Integration & Launch Tactical Tasking & Downlink Enabler Spirals 5 5

Analogy for ORS Tier-2 Operating Concept - Assured Space Power Focused on Timely Satisfaction Analogy for ORS Tier-2 Operating Concept - Assured Space Power Focused on Timely Satisfaction of the Joint Force Commanders’ Needs - ORS OFFICE Recon Wing Capability for Space Responsive Platforms - Satellite buses - Plug-n-play satellite payloads - Launch Vehicles Rapid Build-Up/Turn Times - JFC Call-Up - Operation, not acquisition - Air Tasking Order Responsiveness - Sustained high ops tempo Responsive Payloads Responsive Buses Payload Flexibility • Telescopes, comm pkgs, Mini-SAR • RF ID, PAN/MSI/HSI backplane ORS Office Architect & Demonstrate On-Demand Launchers Bus Flexibility/Compatibility • Plug n Play, standard interfaces • Modularity Responsive Infrastructure • Scalable, Responsive Lift • Responsive Range & Network • Responsive Sat Ops • Responsive, Tailorable C 2 & TPED Services Procure, Field, Operate, Sustain 6 6

UNCLASSIFIED//FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY Translating the U-2 model to ORS Essential FY 15 Endstate UNCLASSIFIED//FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY Translating the U-2 model to ORS Essential FY 15 Endstate Elements - Assured Space Power Focused on Timely Satisfaction of the Joint Force Commanders’ Needs - ORS OFFICE Data Processing and Distribution Airbases Mission Kits Mission Planning Wing Maintenance 77

“Joint Task Force – ORS” - Assured Space Power Focused on Timely Satisfaction of “Joint Task Force – ORS” - Assured Space Power Focused on Timely Satisfaction of the Joint Force Commanders’ Needs TT&C AFSCN CDL Mission Data Libraries - ORS OFFICE JTF-ORS: A task-organized space expeditionary force delivering assured space power focused on timely satisfaction of Joint Force Commanders’ needs Responsive Ranges Modular RF Payloads SAR, Comm, Tac E/W Modular EO Payloads PAN, HSI, IR, Missile Warning, SSA Pre-Fabricated Bus Structures/Pn. P Backplanes Multi-Mission SOC Mission Design Tool Rapid Response Space Facility (Mission Planning, SE, AI&T, Logistics) 8 8

Tac. Sat 1 -5: Tech Maturation and Operational Experimentation - Assured Space Power Focused Tac. Sat 1 -5: Tech Maturation and Operational Experimentation - Assured Space Power Focused on Timely Satisfaction of the Joint Force Commanders’ Needs Tac. Sat-1/1 A • Maritime Domain Awareness: automatic identification system (AIS) • Low res imagery • Encrypted links • SIPRNET Networking • Cross-Platform Experimentation • Working with NRL on plans • Launch TBD Tac. Sat-2 Tac. Sat-3 • Medium Res. Imagery • SEI/AIS • Introduce Space. Ground common data link for Tactical Comms • Early Rapid Launch & Checkout Procedures • Increased Autonomy Experimentation • Single-pass TPED • Mission Complete • Launched Dec 16 2006 • Land-Focused Hyperspectral Payload • 1 st Implementation of Selected Bus Standards • Secondary Dataexfiltration (data-X) Payload • Continue Process Dev. for Rapid Launch & Check-Out Ops. • Launched 8 May 2009 - ORS OFFICE Tac. Sat-4 • Comm-on-the-move/blue force tracking/data-X/Ship Tracking • Test Long Dwell tailored Orbits (highly inclined, elliptical) • 1 st System-Level Standardized Bus • Space Qualify High Assurance Internet Encryption • Launch 1 Sep 2009 Tac. Sat-5 • Next-generation plug-and-play bus development by AFRL with industry • Mission payload TBD • Launch Mid FY 12 9 9

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE ORS International Collaboration Strategy Notional Strategy: In coordination, not fully APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE ORS International Collaboration Strategy Notional Strategy: In coordination, not fully vetted within the Department - Assured Space Power Focused on Timely Satisfaction of the Joint Force Commanders’ Needs - ORS OFFICE Goal: Harness capabilities of coalition space assets and enable coalition participation in ORS constellations 1. Establish agreement for international participation 2. Develop ORS satellites & broker coalition strategy 3. Coalition Partners – procure or reproduce additional copies 4. Coalition Partners – enter into data sharing and tasking agreements Partners Can Buy The Capability of a Constellation…. For The Price of a Single Satellite 10

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE Opportunities and Challenges! - Assured Space Power Focused on Timely APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE Opportunities and Challenges! - Assured Space Power Focused on Timely Satisfaction of the Joint Force Commanders’ Needs • - ORS OFFICE ORS is… – Focused on developing enabling capabilities for operational reconstitution and augmentation – Creating an operational capability with service partners – Creating a strategy for international collaboration – Transforming the space enterprise • Challenges… – Very short launch timelines – days for notification – Launch range safety processes – clearing, public safety, etc… This statement is posted on the white house web site (http: //www. whitehouse. gov/issues/defense/): Space: The full spectrum of U. S. military capabilities depends on our space systems. To maintain our technological edge and protect assets in this domain, we will cooperate continue to invest in next-generation capabilities such as operationally responsive space and global positioning systems. We will cooperate with our allies and the private sector to identify and protect against intentional and unintentional threats to U. S. and allied space capabilities. 11