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ONTOLOGICAL MODEL OF THE KNOWLEDGE IN FOLKLORE DIGITAL LIBRARY Desislava Paneva Institute of Mathematics ONTOLOGICAL MODEL OF THE KNOWLEDGE IN FOLKLORE DIGITAL LIBRARY Desislava Paneva Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – Bulgarian Academy of Sciences dessi@cc. bas. bg Konstantin Rangochev Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – Bulgarian Academy of Sciences krangochev@yahoo. com Detelin Luchev Ethnographic Institute with Museum – Bulgarian Academy of Sciences luchev_detelin@abv. bg Final HUBUSKA Workshop, Kosice, Slovakia, 31 May – 1 June, 2007

Contents - Introduction - Ontological presentation of folklore knowledge - Bulgarian folklore ontology - Contents - Introduction - Ontological presentation of folklore knowledge - Bulgarian folklore ontology - Semantics of the complex folklore objects - Ideas for use of the ontology in Bulgarian folklore digital library - Conclusion Final HUBUSKA Workshop, Kosice, Slovakia, 31 May – 1 June, 2007

Introduction Bulgarian folklore heritage - current state; - digitalization and presentation; - new methods Introduction Bulgarian folklore heritage - current state; - digitalization and presentation; - new methods for access, preservation, maintenance and distribution Final HUBUSKA Workshop, Kosice, Slovakia, 31 May – 1 June, 2007

“Knowledge Technologies for Creation of Digital Presentation and Significant Repositories of Folklore Heritage” (Folk. “Knowledge Technologies for Creation of Digital Presentation and Significant Repositories of Folklore Heritage” (Folk. Know) project - Aims and tasks; Target domain; Target group of users; Technologies that will be used; Bulgarian folklore ontology – the first stage of project work Final HUBUSKA Workshop, Kosice, Slovakia, 31 May – 1 June, 2007

Ontological Presentation of Folklore Knowledge - Ontology (according Grubber); - Use of ontologies - Ontological Presentation of Folklore Knowledge - Ontology (according Grubber); - Use of ontologies - data-interchange; - data-integration; - data-querying; - data visualization, etc. Final HUBUSKA Workshop, Kosice, Slovakia, 31 May – 1 June, 2007

Bulgarian Folklore Ontology - Main purpose and scope of the ontology; data collection; - Bulgarian Folklore Ontology - Main purpose and scope of the ontology; data collection; - Conceptualization; Problems and discussions: - Segmentation of the folklore text; - The records of Bulgarian folklore are partial and they do not display the whole information; Final HUBUSKA Workshop, Kosice, Slovakia, 31 May – 1 June, 2007

Bulgarian Folklore Ontology - Current folklore descriptions schemes don’t define clearly and unanimously their Bulgarian Folklore Ontology - Current folklore descriptions schemes don’t define clearly and unanimously their subject areas; - Transformation of the enormous objects` number into an end number of ontological units; - Opportunity for minimalization of the contextual defect; Final HUBUSKA Workshop, Kosice, Slovakia, 31 May – 1 June, 2007

Bulgarian Folklore Ontology Defined thematic entities: - Identification and description; - Technical; Final HUBUSKA Bulgarian Folklore Ontology Defined thematic entities: - Identification and description; - Technical; Final HUBUSKA Workshop, Kosice, Slovakia, 31 May – 1 June, 2007

Bulgarian Folklore Ontology - Definition of the concepts and properties; - The Bulgarian folklore Bulgarian Folklore Ontology - Definition of the concepts and properties; - The Bulgarian folklore ontology is composed of more than 650 concepts and properties; Final HUBUSKA Workshop, Kosice, Slovakia, 31 May – 1 June, 2007

Part of the concepts and properties in the Bulgarian folklore ontology Final HUBUSKA Workshop, Part of the concepts and properties in the Bulgarian folklore ontology Final HUBUSKA Workshop, Kosice, Slovakia, 31 May – 1 June, 2007

Bulgarian Folklore Ontology Scheme of relationships between classes of objects in Bulgarian folklore ontology Bulgarian Folklore Ontology Scheme of relationships between classes of objects in Bulgarian folklore ontology Folklore Object has Record Place subclass Song type Schema type /…/Chichovite_kone has. Record. Place /…/Radomirtsi is. Record. Place. Of Final HUBUSKA Workshop, Kosice, Slovakia, 31 May – 1 June, 2007 Data

Semantics of the Complex Folklore Objects - Simple Folklore Objects: “song”, “food”, “magic”, etc. Semantics of the Complex Folklore Objects - Simple Folklore Objects: “song”, “food”, “magic”, etc. - Complex Folklore Objects - archived objects which cannot be so clearly and simply (synonymously) classified: the same unit (material), according to its informational content, could be classified into different Folklore Object Types Final HUBUSKA Workshop, Kosice, Slovakia, 31 May – 1 June, 2007

Semantics of the Complex Folklore Objects - CFO A 1_146_2 -14 - an interview Semantics of the Complex Folklore Objects - CFO A 1_146_2 -14 - an interview containing information of the catholic community in the village of Oresh, Svishtov region, northern Bulgaria. The emphasis in the interview is on the ritual, festival, and everyday life in the village, on the popular beliefs and knowledge. Final HUBUSKA Workshop, Kosice, Slovakia, 31 May – 1 June, 2007

Scheme of semantic description of the complex folklore object A 1_146_2 -14 Complex Folklore Scheme of semantic description of the complex folklore object A 1_146_2 -14 Complex Folklore Object Type Ritual First Level Description Calendar rituals Second Level Description Annunciation Easter Family rituals Wedding rites Funeral rites A 1_146_2 -14 Labour rituals Working bee Spinning bee Rituals for rain Other practices Faith and Knowledge Demonological personages For wood-nymphs Dreams Interpretations Food Ritual food Final HUBUSKA Workshop, Kosice, Slovakia, 31 May – 1 June, 2007

Bulgarian Folklore Ontology Formalization: - Web Ontology Language (OWL); - OWL Protégé; Bulgarian Folklore Ontology Formalization: - Web Ontology Language (OWL); - OWL Protégé;

National investigations and projects for virtual presentation of ethnographic and folklore artefacts - “Bulgarian National investigations and projects for virtual presentation of ethnographic and folklore artefacts - “Bulgarian Ethnographic Treasury” (http: //mdl. cc. bas. bg/ethnography/); - “Yuper” (http: //yuper. hit. bg/); - “Folklore Motives and Anthologies” (http: //liternet. bg/); - “Web. Folk Bulgaria” (http: //musicart. imbm. bas. bg/EN/Default. htm); - “Living Human Treasures” (http: //www. treasures. eubcc. bg/main. php) - “Virtual Encyclopaedia of Bulgarian Iconography” (http: //mdl. cc. bas. bg/), etc. - Digital Library of Bulgarian Folklore – will be a valuable gallery of artefacts and knowledge for traditional Bulgarian culture, art and folklore; Final HUBUSKA Workshop, Kosice, Slovakia, 31 May – 1 June, 2007

Implementation Opportunities that ontology will provide to the digital library of Bulgarian folklore: - Implementation Opportunities that ontology will provide to the digital library of Bulgarian folklore: - advanced approaches for folklore content representation, browsing and access; - synchronous, diachronic and asynchronous point of view and analysis; - etc. Final HUBUSKA Workshop, Kosice, Slovakia, 31 May – 1 June, 2007

Conclusion - Bulgarian folklore heritage will be semantically described and presented virtually; - Addressed Conclusion - Bulgarian folklore heritage will be semantically described and presented virtually; - Addressed to a wide range of potential users; - We popularize the idea of integration the traditional Bulgarian culture and folklore in the European virtual culture space; Final HUBUSKA Workshop, Kosice, Slovakia, 31 May – 1 June, 2007