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Old Testament Survey I Numbers: Israel’s Wilderness Wanderings Old Testament Survey I Numbers: Israel’s Wilderness Wanderings

Setting n n The book of Numbers takes place over a period of approximately Setting n n The book of Numbers takes place over a period of approximately 39 years (c. 1445 – 1406 BC). It records Israel’s movement from n n n the last 20 days at Sinai to the wandering around Kadesh-Barnea to the arrival in the Plains of Moab in the 40 th year.

Structure: Three Major Divisions n n n The Journey from Sinai to Kadesh-Barnea (chaps. Structure: Three Major Divisions n n n The Journey from Sinai to Kadesh-Barnea (chaps. 1 -12) Israel in the Wilderness (chaps. 13 -19) The Journey from Kadesh-Barnea to Moab (chaps. 20 -36)

Structure n The Journey from Sinai to Kadesh-Barnea (chaps. 1 -12) n Preparation for Structure n The Journey from Sinai to Kadesh-Barnea (chaps. 1 -12) n Preparation for the Journey (1 -9) n n n Numbering and organization of people (1 – 4) Instruction on leprosy, adultery, Nazirite vow (5 – 6) Offerings, setting apart of Levites, Passover observance (7 – 9) The Journey itself (10 -12) Israel in the Wilderness (chaps. 13 -19) n n Crisis at Kadesh-Barnea (13 -14) Instruction after the Crisis (15) Rebellion of Korah (16) Affirmation of Aaron and Sons as Priests, Levites as Helpers (17 – 19)

Structure n The Journey from Kadesh-Barnea to Moab (chaps. 20 -36) n Incidents Enroute Structure n The Journey from Kadesh-Barnea to Moab (chaps. 20 -36) n Incidents Enroute to Moab (20 – 21) n n n Miriam dies Moses strikes the rock at Kadesh Messengers sent to King of Edom Aaron dies Israel’s victory over King Arad and the Canaanites at Hormah Fiery and Bronze Serpents Victories over Sihon and Og Incident with Prophet Balaam (22 – 25) New Numbering of the People; Joshua Commissioned (26 -27) Renewal of Instruction for Israel (28 – 30) Preparation for Conquest of Promised Land (31 – 36)

Major Themes n n n Numbers The Wilderness Rebellion and Its Consequences n n Major Themes n n n Numbers The Wilderness Rebellion and Its Consequences n n n Character of God n n By Israel By Aaron and Miriam By Korah and Company By Moses His patience His wrath and discipline His faithfulness to His covenant and His word The Land

Purpose Statement n Israel’s failure to obey Yahweh brought discipline by death, but it Purpose Statement n Israel’s failure to obey Yahweh brought discipline by death, but it did not frustrate His original purpose to establish and bless the nation.

Camp of Israel n Numbers 10 describes the order of departure. Camp of Israel n Numbers 10 describes the order of departure.

Victories over Sihon & Og Fiery serpents 37. 5 years of wilderness wandering; revolt Victories over Sihon & Og Fiery serpents 37. 5 years of wilderness wandering; revolt of Korah & company; Miriam dies; Moses strikes the rock. 3 months Aaron dies; Eleazar becomes High Priest 4. Rebellion by Miriam & Aaron (12: 1 -15) 3. Provision of Quail (11: 31 -34) 2. Appointment of 70 elders (11: 4 -30) 11 months, 5 days at Sinai 1. Complaint after 3 days travel (11: 1 -3)

Next Week: Deuteronomy Moses’ Final Exhortation Next Week: Deuteronomy Moses’ Final Exhortation