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OFFICE OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY Less-Lethal Program National Institute of Justice Office of Science OFFICE OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY Less-Lethal Program National Institute of Justice Office of Science and Technology Research and Technology Development Division NDIA - NLD VI March 16, 2005 Joe Cecconi Senior Program Manager 202 -305 -7959 [email protected] usdoj. gov

OFFICE OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY Department of Justice ATTORNEY GENERAL DEPUTY AG Office of OFFICE OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY Department of Justice ATTORNEY GENERAL DEPUTY AG Office of Justice Programs ASSOCIATE AG AMERICAN INDIAN EQUAL AMERICAN INDIAN EMPLOYMENT AND ALASKAN OPPORTUNITY NATIVE DESK OFFICE OF POLICE CORPS AND LAW ENFORCEMENT EDUCATION OFFICE CHIEF INFORMATION OFFICER OFFICE OF THE COMPTROLLER BUREAU OF JUSTICE ASSISTANCE EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY OFFICE OF THE ASSISTANT ATTORNEY GENERAL DRUG COURTS PROGRAM OFFICE OF GENERAL COUNSEL BUREAU OF JUSTICE STATISTICS EXECUTIVE OFFICE FOR WEED AND SEED OFFICE OF COMMUNICATIONS NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF JUSTICE VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN OFFICE OF BUDGET AND MANAGEMENT SERVICES OFFICE OF JUVENILE JUSTICE AND DELINQUENCY PREVENTION OFFICE OF ADMINISTRATION OFFICE FOR VICTIMS OF CRIME OFFICE FOR CIVIL RIGHTS

OFFICE OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY Mission of NIJ n The R&D arm of the OFFICE OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY Mission of NIJ n The R&D arm of the Department of Justice n Has no operational mission n Two major areas of responsibility - Behavioral research Office of Research and Evaluation (ORE) - Physical science research Office of Science and Technology (OS&T) - Support Approximately 18, 000 LE agencies Support Approximately 3, 000 Correctional agencies Support Civilian Agencies w/o formal LL programs Support first responders

OFFICE OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY NIJ’s Technology Centers Memorial Institute for the Prevention of OFFICE OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY NIJ’s Technology Centers Memorial Institute for the Prevention of Terrorism Oklahoma City, OK NLECTC Northwest Anchorage, AK Institute for Security Technology Studies Hanover, NH Rural LE Technology Center (2001) Hazard, KY NLECTC Northeast Rome, NY NLECTC National Rockville, MD Office of Law Enforcement Standards NLECTC Rocky Mountain Gaithersburg, MD Denver, CO Office of Law Enforcement Technology Commercialization NLECTC West El Segundo, CA Wheeling, WV WVU Forensic Identification Program Morgantown, WV Border Research & Technology Center Marshall University Forensic Science Center San Diego, CA Huntington, WV NLECTC Southeast Center for Civil Force Protection School Security Technology Resource Center (Sandia National Laboratories) Albuquerque, NM Charleston, SC National Forensic Science Technology Center National Center for Forensic Science Orlando, FL St. Petersburg, FL - National Law Enforcement & Corrections Technology Centers serving specific regions - Specialty Offices and Centers - Forensic Resource Network

OFFICE OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY Less-Lethal Program Modeling Goals: New Tools Wayne State University OFFICE OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY Less-Lethal Program Modeling Goals: New Tools Wayne State University Health & Safety Penn State University NIJ Industry LE Technology SARA E-Labs Vanek NSRI Johns Hopkins University OS&T JNLWD AFRL Army Navy Civilian Agencies ARL Air Force Bureau of Prisons Coast Guard Secret Service Marine Corps FAA/TSA Aberdeen Department of State DARPA FBI U. S. Customs U. S. Marshals R&D NIST Operational Performance NLECTC Do. D Distribute Information Penn State University Univ. of Utah UC San Diego International RCMP (Canada) PSDB (UK) MOD (UK) INP (Israel) NATO Corrections Agencies Law Enforcement Agencies Health & Safety Technical Performance Testing & Evaluation

OFFICE OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY Less-Lethal Program Less Lethal Theory P r o b OFFICE OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY Less-Lethal Program Less Lethal Theory P r o b a b i l i t y L e t h a li t y I n j u r y “Compliance” typical I n e f f e c t i v e desirable less energy Danger to suspect & prisoners more combative or keep coming May return Danger to user & prisoners

OFFICE OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY Less-Lethal Program THE “TWO” TYPES OF LL DEVICES Primary OFFICE OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY Less-Lethal Program THE “TWO” TYPES OF LL DEVICES Primary Focus: • Devices which “incapacitate” Items you have no choice Suspect is immobilized “Involuntary” compliance Secondary Focus: • Devices which “provide an edge” Items that distract, dissuade, deter, etc. “Voluntary”/smart compliance

OFFICE OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY Less-Lethal Program • Less-Lethal Incapacitation - Blunt Trauma Electrical OFFICE OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY Less-Lethal Program • Less-Lethal Incapacitation - Blunt Trauma Electrical Chemical (Pepper) Light/Laser Nets Acoustic Pursuit Management Modeling and Evaluation

OFFICE OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY Less-Lethal Program Less-Lethal for Homeland Security LL in Aircraft OFFICE OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY Less-Lethal Program Less-Lethal for Homeland Security LL in Aircraft LL in Airports State & Local folks protect your airports Get new LL devices to airports for review: TAPAM, Xnet, PADS, MDS, etc. LL in Quarantine scenarios

OFFICE OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY Less-Lethal Program Less-Lethal DOD vs. LEC Requests Typical DOD OFFICE OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY Less-Lethal Program Less-Lethal DOD vs. LEC Requests Typical DOD Typical LE Range 100 to 5000 ft. 0 to 100 ft. Size/Weight Vehicle mount or smaller Person portable Cost Tolerate higher costs $750 or less Operations Combine Lethal with NL Central purchasing Separate L & LL Each agency

OFFICE OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY Less-Lethal Program OFFICE OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY Less-Lethal Program

OFFICE OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY Less-Lethal - Directed Energy What about Directed Energy Devices OFFICE OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY Less-Lethal - Directed Energy What about Directed Energy Devices ? Consider the following prototype characteristics: Min. Range 50 feet [w/ranging] Energy Intense heat [<1 sec] Effected Area 28 sq in [3” dia] Number of shots 12 [magazine] Size Shotgun Intensity Adjustable Safety Consideration Eye Safe

OFFICE OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY Less-Lethal Program “Force on Target”/ enabling technology - eye OFFICE OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY Less-Lethal Program “Force on Target”/ enabling technology - eye safety: Measure range/position using the red eye effect: Has the potential to aid in aiming & improving safety A place to avoid A reference from which to aim around A place to aim at Discriminate between animal or man The “Electronic Safety” on a weapon

OFFICE OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY Less-Lethal Program New Pilot Programs: Directed Energy: Mapping current OFFICE OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY Less-Lethal Program New Pilot Programs: Directed Energy: Mapping current flow through body [TASER] RF based LL Device [weapon] Optical based LL Device [weapon] Electronic Flashbang [short duration laser/fiber amp] Smart Dazzler and Associated concept Miniaturized Sticky Shocker – funding cut

OFFICE OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY Less-Lethal Program New Pilot Programs: Blunt Trauma: RAP development OFFICE OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY Less-Lethal Program New Pilot Programs: Blunt Trauma: RAP development RAP Independent testing LL Databases/Information: LL database – mine existing, find new Mine LASD database for TASER use Prospective LL database - Wakeforest ILEF conference & Prague

OFFICE OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY Less-Lethal Program New Requests/Solicitation 06: Human Effects: RF/Optical – OFFICE OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY Less-Lethal Program New Requests/Solicitation 06: Human Effects: RF/Optical – short pulse application Is reflex response via arch possible, Targeting simplified Human susceptibility – new exploits for LL Device Development: Eye detector development LL Databases/Information: LL db – mine existing & collect at scene - NHTSA model – detailed analysis [lawyers, med, scientist, LEC, etc] Can Training facilities be used to obtain LL data

OFFICE OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY Less-Lethal Program Find Us on the Web: • National OFFICE OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY Less-Lethal Program Find Us on the Web: • National Institute of Justice (NIJ) Home Page: • Justice Technology Information Network (JUSTNET) Home Page: • Justice Information Center (National Criminal Justice Reference Service) Home Page:

OFFICE OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY Less-Lethal Program Other LL sites on the Web: • OFFICE OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY Less-Lethal Program Other LL sites on the Web: • Pennsylvania State University Home Page [INLDT]: • Joint Non-Lethal Weapons Directorate (JNLWD) Home Page: • University of New Hampshire Home Page [NTIC]:

OFFICE OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY Less-Lethal Program QUESTIONS ? ? OFFICE OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY Less-Lethal Program QUESTIONS ? ?