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OECD DAC data collection on funding for the UN system Julia Benn Development Co-operation Directorate, OECD January 2011 Geneva
Organisation of Presentation 1. Overview of DAC statistics and DAC statistical data collection methods 2. Overview of DAC sector codes 3. Data pertaining to funding for and outflows from the UN system 2
Part One Overview of DAC statistics and DAC statistical data collection methods 3
What is the DAC? • • 23 Bilateral Donors, plus European Union. • Objective: improve development assistance through coordination and collaboration with major stakeholders. • 4 Development Assistance Committee (DAC) of the OECD. Collect and synthesize data on aid and foreign assistance and disseminate the data to the public.
DAC Statistics • Measure resource flows for development purposes (not only aid) from: - DAC members - Multilateral agencies - Non-DAC donors • DAC statistics are the only source of reliable, complete and comparable aid data.
Strength of DAC Statistics • • Promotes Transparency • Promotes Accountability • Ensures Comparability • 6 Provides a “Global Picture” of aid Enhances Donor Coordination
Current DAC Members Australia Korea Spain Austria Germany Luxembourg Sweden Belgium Greece Netherlands Switzerland Canada Ireland New Zealand United Kingdom Denmark Italy Norway United States Finland 7 France Japan Portugal European Union (Multilateral)
Current Non-DAC Reporters Chinese Taipei Kuwait Romania Cyprus Malta Saudi Arabia Czech Republic Mexico* Slovak Republic Estonia Latvia Slovenia Hungary Liechtenstein Thailand Iceland Lithuania Turkey Israel Poland United Arab Emirates Bolded countries are the non-DAC OECD Members * Only textual information reported, no data 8
Current UN Reporters IFAD UNFPA UNTA UNAIDS UNHCR WFP UNDP UNICEF WHO UNECE UNRWA IAEA Other multilateral reporters include the World Bank, the regional development banks, IMF, GEF. 9
Data collection methods Official and private flows from donor countries to developing countries • Annual DAC aggregate figures • Creditor Reporting System (CRS) on aid activities • CRS++ methodology Data collection is based on instructions that are approved by DAC members and reporting is done by the donors to the DAC Secretariat.
Creditor Reporting System Reporting on annual obligations and disbursements at the activity-level. 30+ variables including; • • • 11 Recipient Country (in analyses often grouped by continent or income) Donor (in analyses often grouped into bilateral and multilateral) Sector and Sub-Sector Codes Activity/Project Titles and Descriptions Flows: ODA, OOF Channels of Delivery Policy Markers (gender equality, environment, PD/GG) RIO Markers (biodiversity, climate change, desertification) Types of finance: Grants, Loans, Equities From 2010 flows onwards: types of aid
Overview of the DAC’s Sector Classification 12
Part 2 Overview of DAC Sector Codes 13
History of CRS Purpose Codes • • • 14 Origin: International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC) Overtime, the DAC starting adding new codes 1996 Complete Revision with participation from the UN (UNICEF & UNDP) Specifically developed for the reporting on aid flows. Regularly updated to reflect evolving aid policies and programs.
Structure of the Purpose Codes • In the CRS, data on the sector of aid are recorded using 5 -digit purpose codes. • • There are 196 unique five-digit purpose codes. • The last two digits of the CRS purpose code are sequential and not hierarchical; Each CRS purpose code belongs to one and only one sector. ü Each CRS code stand for itself ü The sum of all codes equals 100% ü Enables cross-sector groupings 15
Assigning Purpose Codes • • Purpose codes do NOT refer to the type of goods or services provided by the donor. • Each activity reported is assigned one and only one purpose code (use of multiple purpose codes has been previously discussed). • 16 Purpose codes are assigned according to the specific area of a recipient’s economic or social structure that the transfer is intended to foster. Bilateral donors’ internal systems are configured with the DAC’s sector classification.
Mapping to CRS Purpose Codes • • If a purpose code is too general, reporting agencies could create an additional level of breakdown for their internal purpose and roll-up to the more aggregate level for reporting to the DAC. • 17 Several mapping schemes exist Example: WHO Health
Part 3 Data pertaining to funding for and outflows from the UN System 18
Inflows, outflows and reflows of the multilateral system 19
Time series on multilateral Inflows 20
Total use of the Multilateral System Gross ODA Disbursements in 2008 21
Core vs. Non-Core Multilateral Funding Total use of the multilateral system - 2008 22