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NPTEL-IGNOU EDUCATION PROGRAMS USING NPTEL CONTENT AND IGNOU’s ODTEL FRAMEWORK - an IGNOU Project NPTEL-IGNOU EDUCATION PROGRAMS USING NPTEL CONTENT AND IGNOU’s ODTEL FRAMEWORK - an IGNOU Project Proposal under the NME Submitted by K. R. Srivathsan, Pro Vice-Chancellor, IGNOU Convention Centre July 18, 2009

Some Facts About IGNOU Ø IGNOU – the university with the world’s largest enrolment Some Facts About IGNOU Ø IGNOU – the university with the world’s largest enrolment of learners: ~2. 2 million students. Ø Only Central Open University established by an Act of the Indian Parliament; Now 14 State Open Universities. Ø Has over 300 Programs with over 2800 Courses. Reaches the unreached: Over 65% of our students are in the Rural Areas. Ø IGNOU’s learners reached through a network of 60 Regional Centres, over 2, 300 Study Centres spread across India and Partner Institutions. Ø IGNOU’s International Presence growing with Study Centres hosted by partner institutions in different spread over 35 Countries and the Pan African Network.

IGNOU’s Inclusive Education - A Testimonial From IGNOU Graduate IGNOU’s Inclusive Education - A Testimonial From IGNOU Graduate "My name is Sumit Mehta. I am pursuing BCA-MCA Integrated Program of IGNOU and belong to BCA 2005 batch. Due to the fact that I am suffering from Muscular Dystrophy, I had to opt for correspondence studies and at that time I was not sure about the standard of the content of subjects in correspondence studies. But IGNOU's courses and curriculum is very competitive. The programs are recognized by the companies, as I have heard of and their content is also challenging that makes it relevant to the education standards. However, everything is good but in my view, if IGNOU can improve on its management by adopting modern mediums of communication and providing timely information to students, it will reach the standard that will be approximate to the regular institutions' standards. "

Sumit Mehta – BCA Graduate, pursuing MCA from IGNOU Sumit Mehta – BCA Graduate, pursuing MCA from IGNOU

NPTEL-IGNOU Advantage: From Great Content to Great Courses India’s two leading sources of education NPTEL-IGNOU Advantage: From Great Content to Great Courses India’s two leading sources of education content: Ø India’s National Program on Technology Enhanced Learning (NPTEL: http: //nptel. iitm. ac. in) Over 6, 000 Hrs. of Recorded Video Lectures covering about 140 courses, 1000 s of pages of high quality e-content in more than 130 courses – for the Engineering Education. Ø IGNOU’s e-Gyankosh: Largest source of Self Learning Materials for Open Universities; associated youtube/IGNOU content. Challenge: How to develop and conduct courses using NPTEL content using Technology Enhanced Learning systems and processes? IGNOU is ready with the OPEN DISTRIBUTED TECHNOLOGY ENHANCED LEARNING (ODTEL) courses management framework.

IGNOU’s ODTEL Framework IOCG: the key integrator of ODTEL Set Instructional objectives + J IGNOU’s ODTEL Framework IOCG: the key integrator of ODTEL Set Instructional objectives + J _ 1. Instruction Delivery Evaluate against Instructional Objectives 2. IGNOU Open Course 3. Online/ Guide: Learning Self Tests Activities, Exercises Teacher – Learner Involvement in all stages Final Marks, Grade 5. Exams & Evaluation + 6. Assessment 4. Feedback to learners IGNOU has commenced the IOCG part of ODTEL allows richer learning activities centered education. ODTEL integrates multiple modes of reaching out through ICT: Internet, TV, IP-TV, Community Radio, Mobile Alerts, Education Kiosks in Railway Stations, Rural Areas, …

ODTEL as unified e-Learning system 1. Instruction delivered to students using blend of delivery ODTEL as unified e-Learning system 1. Instruction delivered to students using blend of delivery modes: (i) Conventional: Teacher taking the class uses rich content; (ii) Tutored Video Instruction using Recorded Video Lectures (RVL) (ii) IGNOU’s Self Learning Materials (SLM) and suppl. content. (iv) Web-accessed/DVD based content and interactive study. 2. Instruction Delivery augmented by effective engagement of Learners through systems and processes over Convergence. 3. Supported by Discussion Forums, E-mail and Mobile

Focus of ODTEL: Quality Managed Education y lit y ua b Q rts nts Focus of ODTEL: Quality Managed Education y lit y ua b Q rts nts fo de Ef Stu CG O n. I s y lit tio er ua uc h Q str eac In T By s ity rce al u u Q eso R y lit ce ua en es Q i s b m ces A o Pr & w To make our graduates EMPLOYABLE; to be PRODUCTIVE ON THE JOB and in LIFE. w To observe REAL WORLD PROBLEMS, abstract the issues and apply what they Foundations, have learnt and their innate Concepts, sense to solve them. Contextual Skills Professional Competence, Maturity Self-development Responsibility, Accountability

IOCG for NPTEL Course Content Ø NPTEL Content of Recorded Video Lectures, Web and IOCG for NPTEL Course Content Ø NPTEL Content of Recorded Video Lectures, Web and IGNOU’s SLMs helps in instruction delivery. Ø IOCG helps in engaging the students in sequenced and pedagogically structured LEARNING ACTIVITIES. Ø IGNOU Uses Wiki with suitable extensions related systems to deploy the IOCG. Ø IOCG is developed by Course Management Group of subject experts. CMG also Ø IOCG assures fairly uniform engagements of learners in learning activities across geographically distributed Study Centres/Colleges. Ø Systems for IOCG supported ODTEL management are built using FOSS based solutions.

Quality in ODTEL: Developing the IGNOU Open Course Guide System 2. IGNOU Course Management Quality in ODTEL: Developing the IGNOU Open Course Guide System 2. IGNOU Course Management Group (CMG) Instruction Manageme nt Cycles 4. Colleges & Study Centres Course Design Cycle 1. SLMs (e. Gyankosh), RVLs, NPTEL & Open Web Content 3. CMG to develop & Deploy IGNOU Open Course Guide (IOCG) Students & Teachers 24 X 7 access

Course Home in IGNOU Open Course Guide Course Home Page About the Course, Prerequisites, Course Home in IGNOU Open Course Guide Course Home Page About the Course, Prerequisites, Syllabus Instructions to SCs, Tutors Course Objectives Course Evaluation approach Course Support and Counseling details. Sequence of Articulated Learning Modules Calendar & Alert Systems Course Concept Map linking Learning Modules Recommended Text Books, IOCG is References, Web References implemented Course Calendar in IGNOU using Mediawiki Instruction Team and Contact details CMG nominated by NPTEL-IGNOU Joint Coordination Committee

On Designing Learning Activities in IOCG for Quality Learning Environment w At the end On Designing Learning Activities in IOCG for Quality Learning Environment w At the end of a learning effort, a Learner should be able to say ‘I understand’ Add to his/her Tacit capabilities. People’s Competencies, Communicatio ns, Feelings, Intuitions, Social interactions, Judgment, Guestimation, People’s Real World T A C I T E X P L I C I T Codified Knowledge and Processes accessible over the net, paper… Global networked Information and computation al base

IOCG Supports Different Categories of Learning Activities Ø Adapt Nonaka’s four types of Learning IOCG Supports Different Categories of Learning Activities Ø Adapt Nonaka’s four types of Learning Activities: Tacit Explicit Socialize Externalize Combinational Thinking Quality Learning with Learning Ambience nurtures above SECI Innovations Driven Learning Environment (IDLE). Explicit Internalize CMG to build the IOCG rich with pointers to case studies, learning activities, multimedia illustrations, real world situations, term papers, projects and field work. Use LMS for course events management, interactions,

SAMPLE IOCG MODULE Module Topic Motivational/anecdotal content Instructional Objectives Learning Activities Sequencing: RVL to SAMPLE IOCG MODULE Module Topic Motivational/anecdotal content Instructional Objectives Learning Activities Sequencing: RVL to be played, SLM Unit, textbook sections, recommended problem set, practice, experiments, etc. LMS used for asynchronous Interactions and directives to students. Use of TV Sessions, IP-TV, Webinar driven by Calendar Guidance for Tutorial Monitored Self test and counseling classes for learners. Module test (part of continuous evaluation). Mid-term and end term tests conducted.

IOCG – the Bridge between Learners, Resources and Course Management IOCG Over Open Wiki IOCG – the Bridge between Learners, Resources and Course Management IOCG Over Open Wiki Course and Instruction Management Team Learners Distributed Over Geography SLM, LMS (Moodle), Vo. D, Books Web Content, Discussion Forums, QMS, etc. IOCG guides course related learning activities management

Use of Tutored Video Instruction Ø Tutored Video Instruction (TVI) was introduced by Prof. Use of Tutored Video Instruction Ø Tutored Video Instruction (TVI) was introduced by Prof. J. Gibbons, Stanford University in 1970 s. Ø TVI involves Group Listening by students to Recorded Video Lectures and followed by interactions. Ø Weekly contact, or Interaction Classes held for tutorials, small tests, answering common doubts (as expressed in a discussion forum), conducting continuous evaluation exercises, motivational topics, case studies and problem solving, etc. TVI changes ‘Distance Learning’ and classroom learning to COLLABORATIVE LEARNING. Studies show performance of students as a whole increases by ~ 0. 6σ shift in the mean of the class.

Adding Real Time Scheduling in IOCG Regional Services Support for Study Centres IOCG Events Adding Real Time Scheduling in IOCG Regional Services Support for Study Centres IOCG Events Scheduler e. Gyankosh & NPTEL & Multimedia Content on Demand Education & IT Services (EITS) SMS Alerts & M-Learn support for Students, CMG, & Instruction Team IOCG (Front) Discussion Forums, LMS & Collaboration Web Resources Support

Tier – 5: Counsellors/Teachers Guided by IOCG 2. IGNOU Course Management Group (CMG) Course Tier – 5: Counsellors/Teachers Guided by IOCG 2. IGNOU Course Management Group (CMG) Course Manageme nt Cycles 4. Study Centres & Colleges Course Design Cycles 1. SLMs, RVLs, MM Content, Open Web 3. IGNOU Open Course Guide (IOCG) Students & teachers 24 X 7 access

Course Map TV & Webinars & Library SLM, Web Content LMS QMS & Web Course Map TV & Webinars & Library SLM, Web Content LMS QMS & Web Mentoring IOCG Personal Dash Board Web Resources M Self Study / Discovery Course Exercises K n an ow ag led em ge en t IGNOU Open Course Guide (IOCG): leverages on Convergence for Learner Engagements Discussion Forums E-Mail & Alerts SMS Alerts M-Learn Group Interactions/ P 2 P Learning

IGNOU’s Educational Technology and Information Services (ETIS) to service ODTEL Course Management Group Teachers IGNOU’s Educational Technology and Information Services (ETIS) to service ODTEL Course Management Group Teachers & Students in the subject IOCG anchored Course Community Capacity Building & Linkages to R&D, Communities & Industry ETIS Subject related Library, e-Journals and open access publications

Education Technology and Information Services (ETIS) IGNOU Open Course Guide (IOCG) Discussion Forums, Online Education Technology and Information Services (ETIS) IGNOU Open Course Guide (IOCG) Discussion Forums, Online Calendar and Alert Systems TV&& Webinar TV Webinar Sessions Community Sessions Radio Community Radio Sessions File/Assignments TV & Webinar Sessions U/D Query Management Community Radio Sessions System Counsellors Support & Web Mentoring System Online Library and Multimedia Publishing System Regional/Study Centres Support System ETIS: Back Office Support for ODTEL Management

IGNOU Education Grid (IEG) for ODTEL – a Layered NME Architecture Education University IGNOU/Universities/ IGNOU Education Grid (IEG) for ODTEL – a Layered NME Architecture Education University IGNOU/Universities/ Institutions Open Grid Gateway Systems Guide & Web Study Collaboration College Centres Services * * Tier– 5: Instruction/Evaluation Management Space (Colleges, Study Centers) R A I L T E L Tier-4: Content T EE LR CN OE ST Experts, Mentors Alignment & Capacity Building (AU) Tier– 3: Content/Web Resources (IGNOU, NPTEL, …) Tier-2: Systems, Applications (Over Clouds and LAN) Tier-1: ICT Infrastructure (Rail. Tel, Tel. Cos, STPI, NKN) Academic Management Managed Services

IOCG supports Integrated Multi-modal Engagement of Learners in ODTEL 2 Community Radio 4 1 IOCG supports Integrated Multi-modal Engagement of Learners in ODTEL 2 Community Radio 4 1 NPTEL IGNOU Program s Agricultur e, Health, … State’s Colleges Institutions Learners Anywhere 3 6 5 TV A IOCG & ETIS Call Centre Kiosk/CSC Internet access B Accessed Services C Internet 7 ((( D Access F E Phone 8 9

IGNOU Education Grid: Education Kiosks in Railway Stations Over Rail. Tel OFC Broadband Network IGNOU Education Grid: Education Kiosks in Railway Stations Over Rail. Tel OFC Broadband Network Root Data Centre in IGNOU Delhi IGNOU Regional Centres to be connected over the Education Grid. Extended & Integrated with CSCs under Ne. GP. Selected Regional Centres Strengthened to service State Open Universities.

On NPTEL-IGNOU Virtual Institute of Technology through ODTEL Ø NPTEL provides syllabus based RVLs On NPTEL-IGNOU Virtual Institute of Technology through ODTEL Ø NPTEL provides syllabus based RVLs (Recorded Video Ø Ø Lectures) and web content from the best available academicians IGNOU Proposes to develop the IOCG for each chosen NPTEL Course IOCG will link rich supplementary content and serve as guide for engaging students in pedagogically sequenced learning activities in each topic. IGNOU and NPTEL will announce and conduct courses/programs for Proficiency Certificate, Diploma and Certified Instructor for teachers and interested professionals. Same IOCG will serve as reference for the teachers in Engineering Colleges. Will also help profesionals already employed to pursue

Project Budget Requirements - Infrastructure upgrade and Services Integration: Ø Upgrading IGNOU’s Server Systems Project Budget Requirements - Infrastructure upgrade and Services Integration: Ø Upgrading IGNOU’s Server Systems to State-of-the-Art Datacentre and augmentation of Course Management facilities - Rs. 200 Lakh Ø Open Source Systems/Software Developments to support ODTEL - Rs. 20 Lakh 3. Back Office Infrastructure for Academic and Learner Support Services Rs. 20 Lakh 4. Augmentation of Video recording/multicasting facilities and integration with Community Radio for contact classes- Rs. 80 Lakh -

Project Budget Requirements - Activities 1. Development of IGNOU Open Course Guide for Courses Project Budget Requirements - Activities 1. Development of IGNOU Open Course Guide for Courses with NPTEL Content (Rs. 3 Lakh/Course. X 100 Courses) - Rs. 300 Lakh 2. Back office ETI Services (6 persons. X 2 Years) - Rs. 30 Lakh 3. Communications and Contingency* - Rs. 30 Lakh 4. Capacity Building, Workshops, Promotion - Rs. 100 Lakh Subtotal: Rs. 460 Lakh Total Project Outlay - Rs. 780 Lakh • NME is expected to roll out the broadband connectivity

SUMMARY Ø IGNOU’s ODTEL framework provides the distributed ‘Education Grid’ fostering collaborative ways of SUMMARY Ø IGNOU’s ODTEL framework provides the distributed ‘Education Grid’ fostering collaborative ways of conducting ‘Quality Education to All, Independent of Geography’. Ø Anchor of the ODTEL is the IOCG System available openly on Web. Ø IOCG guides effective course management by engaging students in pedagogically structured and sequenced learning engagements. NPTEL-IGNOU Programs and possible VIT will bring quality educational practices to all our engineering education programs. Viswesvarayya Technical University, Nagaland University and Biju Patnaik University of Technology are all keen to join this venture. Several other Technical

“ The only irreplaceable capital an organization possesses is the knowledge and the ability “ The only irreplaceable capital an organization possesses is the knowledge and the ability of its people. The productivity of that capital depends on how effectively people share their competence with those who can use it. ” - Andrew Carnegie 19 th Century ‘The End of Education is Character. ’ – Sai Baba

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS First to IIITM-K for the years spent experimenting with diverse systems of e. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS First to IIITM-K for the years spent experimenting with diverse systems of e. Learning, the Education Grid, KISSAN-Kerala and others. Second to all those colleagues at IIITM-K, specifically Dr. Venkatesh, Shri Radhakrishnan, Shri Ajith Kumar, Shri Pradeep Kumar, Dr. Dinesh, Shri Arvind Mohan, Shri David Mathews, and several others. Third to Vice Chancellor and Board of IGNOU and now Shri Sukant Kole, Ms. Divya Raj, Shri Rejith. R, Dr. Sanjay Mishra, Dr. VSP Srivastava and others for supporting the ongoing initiatives.

T OGETHER E VERYONE A CHIEVES M ORE Thank You T OGETHER E VERYONE A CHIEVES M ORE Thank You