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Notes 1 1. Jefferson: 1801 to 1809 • VP: Aaron Burr • The Revolution Notes 1 1. Jefferson: 1801 to 1809 • VP: Aaron Burr • The Revolution of 1800 • peaceful transfer of power • Jeffersonian Democracy 2. Marbury vs. Madison, 1803 • Midnight appointments of Adams. • Chief Justice John Marshall • Judicial Review • Power of Supreme Court to declare a law unconstitutional

Notes 2 3. Jefferson’s Achievements: • Secured westward expansion • Louisiana Purchase • Lewis Notes 2 3. Jefferson’s Achievements: • Secured westward expansion • Louisiana Purchase • Lewis and Clark 4. Defends our neutrality---freedom of the seas • Barbary Pirate War— 1805 • France vs Britain • Chesapeake Affair— 1807 • Embargo Act— 1808 to 1809 • Economic coercion 5. Hamilton vs. Burr

 • Born in Virginia • Graduate of William and Mary College • A • Born in Virginia • Graduate of William and Mary College • A practicing lawyer and member of Virginia’s House of Burgesses • Father of the DOI • Secretary of State under President Washington • Vice President under Adams • Owned 200 slaves

ELECTION OF 1800 • • • Jefferson defeats Adams in the Electoral College 73 ELECTION OF 1800 • • • Jefferson defeats Adams in the Electoral College 73 -65. Problem: Jefferson & Problem Burr received 73 votes each and both were Democratic-Republicans Therefore election decided by House of Representatives

 • Aaron Burr (1756 -1836) • Born in Newark N. J. • Fought • Aaron Burr (1756 -1836) • Born in Newark N. J. • Fought with the continental Army in the Revolutionary war. • A practicing lawyer in New York City against Hamilton • Vice President of the United States (1801 -1805). • Kills Alexander Hamilton in a duel • Involved in the Burr Conspiracy

Notes 1 1. Jefferson: 1801 to 1809 • VP: Aaron Burr • The Revolution Notes 1 1. Jefferson: 1801 to 1809 • VP: Aaron Burr • The Revolution of 1800

John S. Adams Federalist Thomas Jefferson Democratic/Republican Significance of Election of 1800 • peaceful John S. Adams Federalist Thomas Jefferson Democratic/Republican Significance of Election of 1800 • peaceful transfer of power from one political party to another • “revolutionary” achievement revolutionary

 • Many historians look at this time period as the beginning of the • Many historians look at this time period as the beginning of the true democracy. • Champion for the common man • Believed education would prepare them for participation in government…. . • For now, educated should rule… • Believed National Government became programs. WHY? • Kept most Federalisttoo powerful during Adam’s Presidency • Washington/Adams laid a solid foundation for USA. • Pardoned those arrested with Sedition Act • Repealed the Whiskey tax • Kept Hamilton’s financial policies—BUS Jeffersonian democracy

Notes 1 3. Marbury vs. Madison, 1803 • Midnight appointments of Adams. • Chief Notes 1 3. Marbury vs. Madison, 1803 • Midnight appointments of Adams. • Chief Justice John Marshall • Judicial Review • Power of Supreme Court to declare a law unconstitutional SCAPP (Di) - - -

Notes 2 2. Jefferson’s Achievements: • Secured westward expansion • Louisiana Purchase Notes 2 2. Jefferson’s Achievements: • Secured westward expansion • Louisiana Purchase

Spanish Land 1800 • Great Britain after the Revolution. • United States after War Spanish Land 1800 • Great Britain after the Revolution. • United States after War • Spanish land after Revolution New Orleans

French Land in 1801 • Great Britain after the Revolution. • United States after French Land in 1801 • Great Britain after the Revolution. • United States after War • Spanish land New Orleans

 • 1800, France acquired Spanish Louisiana & New Orleans • Because of pressure • 1800, France acquired Spanish Louisiana & New Orleans • Because of pressure from the west and national security threats, Jefferson offered to buy New Orleans from France • Offered Napoleon $10 million to buy New Orleans • If sale fails, instructed to seek alliance with England

French Land in 1801 • Great Britain after the Revolution. • United States after French Land in 1801 • Great Britain after the Revolution. • United States after War • Spanish land New Orleans

Louisiana purchase • Since Napoleon was at war with Great Britain he offered entire Louisiana purchase • Since Napoleon was at war with Great Britain he offered entire Louisiana Territory to US for $15 million • Needed the money for his war with Great Britain • Jefferson purchased Louisiana Territory for $15 million, about 3 cents an acre • Doubled the size of the US • Jefferson’s greatest accomplishment • Why? Didn’t fight a war, no blood shed.