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Non Sensitive Information Releasable to the Public Information in Afghanistan Brig Nick Pope UK Non Sensitive Information Releasable to the Public Information in Afghanistan Brig Nick Pope UK A Non Sensitive Information Releasable to the Public

Non Sensitive Information Releasable to the Public UZBEKISTAN KYRGYSTAN TURKMENISTAN IRAN TAJIKISTAN AGHANISTAN PAKISTAN Non Sensitive Information Releasable to the Public UZBEKISTAN KYRGYSTAN TURKMENISTAN IRAN TAJIKISTAN AGHANISTAN PAKISTAN Non Sensitive Information Releasable to the Public CHINA

Non Sensitive Information Releasable to the Public 2006 - A Year of Transitions Stage Non Sensitive Information Releasable to the Public 2006 - A Year of Transitions Stage 3 Stage 2 Stage 4 Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb RAC-RC (N+W) 01 Jun RIP 04 May ISAF VIII ISAF IX St 3 (S) 31 Jul Stage 4 - TOA RAC-RC (C) 06 Aug Non Sensitive Information Releasable to the Public RIP 04 Feb ISAF X

Non Sensitive Information Releasable to the Public Nature of ISAF Operations • Transitional in Non Sensitive Information Releasable to the Public Nature of ISAF Operations • Transitional in Nature Non Sensitive Information Releasable to the Public

Non Sensitive Information Releasable to the Public Operational Environment Non Sensitive Information Releasable to Non Sensitive Information Releasable to the Public Operational Environment Non Sensitive Information Releasable to the Public

Non Sensitive Information Releasable to the Public Non Sensitive Information Releasable to the Public

Non Sensitive Information Releasable to the Public Operational Environment Non Sensitive Information Releasable to Non Sensitive Information Releasable to the Public Operational Environment Non Sensitive Information Releasable to the Public

Non Sensitive Information Releasable to the Public Operational Environment Non Sensitive Information Releasable to Non Sensitive Information Releasable to the Public Operational Environment Non Sensitive Information Releasable to the Public

Non Sensitive Information Releasable to the Public Nature of ISAF Operations • Transitional in Non Sensitive Information Releasable to the Public Nature of ISAF Operations • Transitional in Nature • Multi-Spectrum – – Effects Based Approach (lethal/non-lethal) Joint Air/Land Operations Information Operations Intelligence Led Offensive Operations Non Sensitive Information Releasable to the Public

Non Sensitive Information Releasable to the Public HQ ISAF IX PIO POLAD COM DEVAD Non Sensitive Information Releasable to the Public HQ ISAF IX PIO POLAD COM DEVAD Media Advisor PRISM DCOM Stab LEGAD COS DCOM Sy DCOM Air DOS DCOS Sp DCOS Ops Dep DCOS Sp Ops Div Dir CJOC Engr CJ 2 CJ 9 CJ 1 CJ 5 C-IED CJ 4 CJ 7 JCEB OAB LOC Info Ops FPM CJ 3 Tgts Tactical Level Non Sensitive Information Releasable to the Public CJ 6 CJ 8 CJMed Air Ops Dir

Non Sensitive Information Releasable to the Public Nature of ISAF Operations • Transitional in Non Sensitive Information Releasable to the Public Nature of ISAF Operations • Transitional in Nature • Multi-Spectrum – – Effects Based Approach (lethal/non-lethal) Joint Air/Land Operations Information Operations Intelligence Led Offensive Operations • Multi-Agency – – – Coalition Forces and Air Component Government of Afghanistan Afghan Security Forces Non-Governmental Organisations International Community Non Sensitive Information Releasable to the Public

Non Sensitive Information Releasable to the Public Local Population Government of Afghanistan Afghan Security Non Sensitive Information Releasable to the Public Local Population Government of Afghanistan Afghan Security Forces Reconstruction and Development Media Non Sensitive Information Releasable to the Public Pakistan Military

Non Sensitive Information Releasable to the Public OEF Subordinate Commands PSCs The Players ANSF Non Sensitive Information Releasable to the Public OEF Subordinate Commands PSCs The Players ANSF Military Tri-Partite Commission NATO National Pakistan Media International ISAF Neighbouring Countries Tribal Elders Provincial Governors Government of Afghanistan International Community President ANSF NGOs UN Embassies Ministries OGDs Non Sensitive Information Releasable to the Public

Non Sensitive Information Releasable to the Public OEF Subordinate Commands PSCs The Information Demand Non Sensitive Information Releasable to the Public OEF Subordinate Commands PSCs The Information Demand ANSF Military Tri-Partite Commission NATO National Pakistan Media International ISAF Neighbouring Countries Tribal Elders Provincial Governors Government of Afghanistan International Community President ANSF NGOs UN Embassies Ministries OGDs Non Sensitive Information Releasable to the Public

Non Sensitive Information Releasable to the Public OEF Subordinate Commands PSCs Military The CIS Non Sensitive Information Releasable to the Public OEF Subordinate Commands PSCs Military The CIS Supplied ANSF Tri-Partite Commission NATO National Pakistan Media International ISAF Neighbouring Countries Tribal Elders Provincial Governors Government of Afghanistan International Community President ANSF NGOs UN Embassies Ministries OGDs Non Sensitive Information Releasable to the Public

Non Sensitive Information Releasable to the Public Nature of ISAF Operations • Transitional in Non Sensitive Information Releasable to the Public Nature of ISAF Operations • Transitional in Nature • Multi-Spectrum – – Effects Based Approach (lethal/non-lethal) Joint Air/Land Operations Information Operations Intelligence Led Offensive Operations • Multi-Agency – – – Coalition Forces and Air Component Government of Afghanistan Afghan Security Forces Non-Governmental Organisations International Community • Multi-National Non Sensitive Information Releasable to the Public

Non Sensitive Information Releasable to the Public This is not a UK game Non Non Sensitive Information Releasable to the Public This is not a UK game Non Sensitive Information Releasable to the Public

Non Sensitive Information Releasable to the Public This is not a UK game GCTF(75) Non Sensitive Information Releasable to the Public This is not a UK game GCTF(75) NATO(26) ISAF(37) Albania Australia Austria Azerbaijan Croatia Finland Ireland Macedonia New Zealand Sweden Switzerland Belgium Bulgaria Canada Czech Rep. Denmark Estonia France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Italy Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Slovakia Slovenia Spain Turkey UK USA Armenia Bahrain Djibouti Egypt El Salvador Eritrea Ethiopia Fiji Georgia Greece Hungary Honduras India Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Moldova Mongolia Morocco Nicaragua Oman Pakistan Philippines Qatar Russian Fed Saudi Arabia Serbia-Montenegro Singapore South Korea Tajikistan Thailand Tonga Yemen Turkmenistan Ukraine UAE Uzbekistan Non Sensitive Information Releasable to the Public

Non Sensitive Information Releasable to the Public The CIS Reality ISAF JOC May 06 Non Sensitive Information Releasable to the Public The CIS Reality ISAF JOC May 06 • 20 mins to open a 2 Mb ppt file at subordinate HQs • Timesharing on User Terminals • Map overlays sent as powerpoint slides • C 2 coordinated through emails, telephone calls and conferences • Staff dedicated to transferring data between various network domains • No IM discipline - Network servers at full capacity Non Sensitive Information Releasable to the Public

Non Sensitive Information Releasable to the Public ISAF IX Approach to CIS • Create Non Sensitive Information Releasable to the Public ISAF IX Approach to CIS • Create a digitised C 2 environment • Improve quality, capacity and resilience of the networks • Mitigate risk wherever possible and actively drive NATO CIS projects • Establish a single C 2 system before ISAF X • Exploit opportunities to use AFG capabilities • Guarantee ISAF IX success through deployment of UK resources to close NATO CIS capability gaps Non Sensitive Information Releasable to the Public

Non Sensitive Information Releasable to the Public Information Management • Imposed HQ ARRC Electronic Non Sensitive Information Releasable to the Public Information Management • Imposed HQ ARRC Electronic Working Practices as the IM model • Influenced HQ ISAF, but not the subordinate HQs • Underestimated: – Requirement for common IM protocols – Training and Education burden – System management burden – Scale of the task! Non Sensitive Information Releasable to the Public

Non Sensitive Information Releasable to the Public Functional Area Sub-Systems (FAS) • NATO SECRET Non Sensitive Information Releasable to the Public Functional Area Sub-Systems (FAS) • NATO SECRET – C 2 PC – WISE – JCHAT – JOIIS – Ibase – ICC – I 2 Analyst – Web. TAS – AIMS – RFIMS • ISAF SECRET • CENTRIXS-GCTF – C 2 PC – WISE/JOCWatch – IWS – JCHAT – m. IRC – JOIIS – JADOC – IGeo. SIT – Macromedia Breeze – Team. Speak 2 – Logrep – Tasker Tracker – IMSA – JADOCs (NATO eyes only) Non Sensitive Information Releasable to the Public

Non Sensitive Information Releasable to the Public The NEC Vision? ISAF CJOC Feb 07 Non Sensitive Information Releasable to the Public The NEC Vision? ISAF CJOC Feb 07 ISAF JOC May 06 Non Sensitive Information Releasable to the Public

Non Sensitive Information Releasable to the Public UZBEKISTAN KYRGYSTAN TURKMENISTAN IRAN TAJIKISTAN HELMANDSHIRE PAKISTAN Non Sensitive Information Releasable to the Public UZBEKISTAN KYRGYSTAN TURKMENISTAN IRAN TAJIKISTAN HELMANDSHIRE PAKISTAN Non Sensitive Information Releasable to the Public CHINA

Non Sensitive Information Releasable to the Public KANDAHAR Non Sensitive Information Releasable to the Non Sensitive Information Releasable to the Public KANDAHAR Non Sensitive Information Releasable to the Public

Non Sensitive Information Releasable to the Public LASHKAR GAH Non Sensitive Information Releasable to Non Sensitive Information Releasable to the Public LASHKAR GAH Non Sensitive Information Releasable to the Public

Non Sensitive Information Releasable to the Public CAMP BASTION Non Sensitive Information Releasable to Non Sensitive Information Releasable to the Public CAMP BASTION Non Sensitive Information Releasable to the Public

Non Sensitive Information Releasable to the Public ISTAR in Abundance E-8 C JSTARS HARRIER Non Sensitive Information Releasable to the Public ISTAR in Abundance E-8 C JSTARS HARRIER GR 7/9 RIVET JOINT U 2 R DRAGON LADY HERMES 450 LUNA RQ-4 GLOBAL HAWK NIMROD R 1 / MR 2 MQ 1 PREDATOR Non Sensitive Information Releasable to the Public

Non Sensitive Information Releasable to the Public UK Complexity! UK J 2 (TOP SECRET) Non Sensitive Information Releasable to the Public UK Complexity! UK J 2 (TOP SECRET) JOCS SG, LYCHGATE UK C 2/J 3/J 5 (SECRET) JOCS GS, RAFCCIS The Information was available – but where? NATO (SECRET 26 EYES) ISAF (SECRET 37 EYES) COALITION C 2 (SECRET 76 EYES!) UK J 1/J 4 (RESTRICTED/UNCLAS) Ground Truth? COMIS / CSUPS / DEMAS / GLOBAL / JPA / LITS MMARS / OLIVER / OMIS / OSCAR / RYAN / RIS / TAV TELEMED / UNICOM / USAS / VITAL / WRAM Etc Non Sensitive Information Releasable to the Public

Non Sensitive Information Releasable to the Public Thoughts • Get the communications network infrastructure Non Sensitive Information Releasable to the Public Thoughts • Get the communications network infrastructure right – Initial investment is critical – Capacity and Volume are the pre-requisites – Apply network interoperability standards • Accept (but understand better) the reality of the hierarchical, multinode, multi-system, multi-network environment • Existing C 2 IS/COTS applications can produce significant NEC capability • Procurement and integration procedures must be sufficiently agile to exploit technical opportunities and keep pace with operational requirements. • Cross Line of Development approach is essential – especially “Training and People”. Converts equipment into sustainable capability • The human dimension remains paramount Non Sensitive Information Releasable to the Public

Non Sensitive Information Releasable to the Public Non Sensitive Information Releasable to the Public