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New Technology Feeder Systems Advanced Transit Association Seminar May 4 -5, 2007 West Virginia New Technology Feeder Systems Advanced Transit Association Seminar May 4 -5, 2007 West Virginia University Morgantown, W V Robert Johnson www. autoroadvehicles. com R. E. Johnson Consulting Rockville, Maryland www. autoroadvehicles. com

New Technology for Small People Movers • Electronics replace mechanical parts • Lateral control: New Technology for Small People Movers • Electronics replace mechanical parts • Lateral control: steers like a car • On-board power supply, usually batteries • Guideway is just exclusive, light duty road • Often called Automated Road Vehicles • New technology may not always be best (wide guideway, snow removal issues) www. autoroadvehicles. com 2

Examples of New Technology Vehicles • Park. Shuttle Minibus • ULTra Personal Rapid Transit Examples of New Technology Vehicles • Park. Shuttle Minibus • ULTra Personal Rapid Transit • Cyber. Cab PRT/Microbus www. autoroadvehicles. com 3

Park. Shuttle Minibus • Has carried the public on one-mile route near Rotterdam • Park. Shuttle Minibus • Has carried the public on one-mile route near Rotterdam • 20 -25 passengers • 20 mph (32 kph) • lead-acid batteries, recharges in off-peak www. autoroadvehicles. com 4

ULTra Personal Rapid Transit Vehicle • Scheduled to begin service at Heathrow airport, London ULTra Personal Rapid Transit Vehicle • Scheduled to begin service at Heathrow airport, London in 2008 • Four passengers • 25 mph (40 kph) • Battery powered www. autoroadvehicles. com 5

Cyber. Cab PRT/Microbus • Designed by same company that developed the Park. Shuttle • Cyber. Cab PRT/Microbus • Designed by same company that developed the Park. Shuttle • 6 passengers • 25 mph (32 kph) www. autoroadvehicles. com 6

Proposed Interior Showing Two Fold-Down Seats www. autoroadvehicles. com 7 Proposed Interior Showing Two Fold-Down Seats www. autoroadvehicles. com 7

At-Grade Exclusive Roadway www. autoroadvehicles. com 8 At-Grade Exclusive Roadway www. autoroadvehicles. com 8

ULTra One-Way Elevated Guideway www. autoroadvehicles. com 9 ULTra One-Way Elevated Guideway www. autoroadvehicles. com 9

Tunnel Under Cross Street www. autoroadvehicles. com 10 Tunnel Under Cross Street www. autoroadvehicles. com 10

Principles of Operation • Shared service, not private • Minimum headway: 5 -10 seconds Principles of Operation • Shared service, not private • Minimum headway: 5 -10 seconds • Maximum grade: 10 % • Low interior headroom means all seated, but acceleration and jerk limits set for standees – Wheelchairs not secured – Can’t be sure all passengers are seated www. autoroadvehicles. com 11

Two-Way Guideways • Other lane is emergency walkway • Two-way is not twice as Two-Way Guideways • Other lane is emergency walkway • Two-way is not twice as expensive • Direct routes reduce vehicle miles • Easier to put two-way guideway at grade; must have grade separation to allow access to area within a one-way loop www. autoroadvehicles. com 12

End-of-Line Station Vehicles back out of berths into turn-around area www. autoroadvehicles. com 13 End-of-Line Station Vehicles back out of berths into turn-around area www. autoroadvehicles. com 13

Guideway Routing • Place guideways at grade whenever possible • Stations at grade eliminate Guideway Routing • Place guideways at grade whenever possible • Stations at grade eliminate elevator costs • Run guideways behind buildings, not in front • If possible, guideways should cross streets, not run along them www. autoroadvehicles. com 14

Layout of Feeder Systems for the Morgantown PRT • All are a single two-way Layout of Feeder Systems for the Morgantown PRT • All are a single two-way line, no branches • Most have stations at end points only • One system also has a center platform station along the line www. autoroadvehicles. com 15

Four possible feeder systems for the Morgantown PRT www. autoroadvehicles. com 16 Four possible feeder systems for the Morgantown PRT www. autoroadvehicles. com 16

Research Park Extension www. autoroadvehicles. com 17 Research Park Extension www. autoroadvehicles. com 17

www. autoroadvehicles. com 18 www. autoroadvehicles. com 18

www. autoroadvehicles. com 19 www. autoroadvehicles. com 19

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Sunnyside Line - Detail www. autoroadvehicles. com 21 Sunnyside Line - Detail www. autoroadvehicles. com 21

Operating Parameters * Based on maximum speed of 25 mph (40 kph) www. autoroadvehicles. Operating Parameters * Based on maximum speed of 25 mph (40 kph) www. autoroadvehicles. com 22

Approximate Unit Capital Costs • Two-way elevated guideway: $10 M / mile, not strongly Approximate Unit Capital Costs • Two-way elevated guideway: $10 M / mile, not strongly dependent on vehicle weight • Two-way at-grade: $1. 5 M - 3 M / mile + land • 6 -passenger vehicles: $150 K - 200 K • 20 -passenger vehicles: $500 K • Central control: $200 K ? per system, but some savings if multiple systems www. autoroadvehicles. com 23

Additional Data Needed for System Costs • Unit capital costs for stations • Site Additional Data Needed for System Costs • Unit capital costs for stations • Site specific construction costs • Unit operating costs for vehicles • Other O & M costs • Operating policy, for example maximum wait time in the off peak • Patronage www. autoroadvehicles. com 24

Benefits • Student / Faculty / Staff mobility • Removing cars from streets improves Benefits • Student / Faculty / Staff mobility • Removing cars from streets improves traffic flow for all drivers • Reduced need for expensive parking structures • Increased value of land near stations www. autoroadvehicles. com 25

For more information on Automated Road Vehicles please see: www. autoroadvehicles. com 26 For more information on Automated Road Vehicles please see: www. autoroadvehicles. com 26