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ne Landscape committee February 15, 2012 Tim J. O’Hara Steve Betzler Dave Chura ØForest ne Landscape committee February 15, 2012 Tim J. O’Hara Steve Betzler Dave Chura ØForest Products Industry of MN ØThe Past ØThe Next 10 years ØLogging Infrastructure ØCost Pressures ØNE Landscape Timberlands and Outputs

Minnesota Forest Industries NE Landscape Committee, Feb 15, 2012 Minnesota Forest Industries NE Landscape Committee, Feb 15, 2012

Boise – International Falls Specialty papers Label release papers Imaging Papers Splox Delivery system Boise – International Falls Specialty papers Label release papers Imaging Papers Splox Delivery system NE Landscape Committee, Feb 15, 2012

Verso – (Sartell) –– UPM-Blandin (Grand Rapids) Coated and uncoated publication papers • Financial Verso – (Sartell) –– UPM-Blandin (Grand Rapids) Coated and uncoated publication papers • Financial printing • • Commercial printing • Catalogs/Magazines • Book publishing • Inserts • Educational materials • Manuals • Direct mail NE Landscape Committee, Feb 15, 2012

Sappi – Cloquet Mill At-a-Glance Annual Production Capacity: 330, 000 metric tons of paper Sappi – Cloquet Mill At-a-Glance Annual Production Capacity: 330, 000 metric tons of paper and 455, 000 metric tons of pulp Products: Mc. Coy, Opus, Flo sheets End Uses: annual reports, advertising brochures, fine art books NE Landscape Committee, Feb 15, 2012

Nor. Bord – Solway NE Landscape Committee, Feb 15, 2012 Nor. Bord – Solway NE Landscape Committee, Feb 15, 2012

Potlatch – Bemidji 2 x 4’s Finger-Joint Studs NE Landscape Committee, Feb 15, 2012 Potlatch – Bemidji 2 x 4’s Finger-Joint Studs NE Landscape Committee, Feb 15, 2012

Hedstrom Lumber – Grand Marais Paneling—Siding—Dimension Lumber—Chips/Bark NE Landscape Committee, Feb 15, 2012 Hedstrom Lumber – Grand Marais Paneling—Siding—Dimension Lumber—Chips/Bark NE Landscape Committee, Feb 15, 2012

Primary Wood Using Facilities and Utilization (2010) Aspen 49% Softwoods 27% Other Hardwoods 24% Primary Wood Using Facilities and Utilization (2010) Aspen 49% Softwoods 27% Other Hardwoods 24% Source: MN DNR, MFI NE Landscape Committee, Feb 15, 2012

US Mill Closures and Curtailments Source: PPRC NE Landscape Committee, Feb 15, 2012 US Mill Closures and Curtailments Source: PPRC NE Landscape Committee, Feb 15, 2012

Panel Board Mill Closures and Curtailments NE Landscape Committee, Feb 15, 2012 Panel Board Mill Closures and Curtailments NE Landscape Committee, Feb 15, 2012

Paper and Wood Product Manufacturing Jobs (NAICS 321, 322) Source: US Census of Manufacturers Paper and Wood Product Manufacturing Jobs (NAICS 321, 322) Source: US Census of Manufacturers NE Landscape Committee, Feb 15, 2012

Who Supplies the Timber— 2005 and 2010 2005 2010 Source: MFI, MN-DNR NE Landscape Who Supplies the Timber— 2005 and 2010 2005 2010 Source: MFI, MN-DNR NE Landscape Committee, Feb 15, 2012

Wood Utilization by Sector 2006 and 2011 2006 2011 Source: MFI, MN-DNR NE Landscape Wood Utilization by Sector 2006 and 2011 2006 2011 Source: MFI, MN-DNR NE Landscape Committee, Feb 15, 2012

Cost Pressures—Timber Supply / Forest Management NE Landscape Committee, Feb 15, 2012 Cost Pressures—Timber Supply / Forest Management NE Landscape Committee, Feb 15, 2012

NE Landscape Wood Product Facilities • Lumber Mills – Structural timber (SFP) • Engineered NE Landscape Wood Product Facilities • Lumber Mills – Structural timber (SFP) • Engineered Wood Products – Siding – Fiber board • Paper Mills – Publication and writing papers NE Landscape Committee, Feb 15, 2012

Housing Starts NE Landscape Committee, Feb 15, 2012 Housing Starts NE Landscape Committee, Feb 15, 2012

Wood Products Production Index (2007=100) NE Landscape Committee, Feb 15, 2012 Wood Products Production Index (2007=100) NE Landscape Committee, Feb 15, 2012

OSB Production Index (2007=100) NE Landscape Committee, Feb 15, 2012 OSB Production Index (2007=100) NE Landscape Committee, Feb 15, 2012

Composite Framing Lumber Index ($/1, 000 thousand board feet) Sea-Sno mill to close Seattle-Snohomish Composite Framing Lumber Index ($/1, 000 thousand board feet) Sea-Sno mill to close Seattle-Snohomish Mill Co. Inc. , of Snohomish, Wash. , notified employees last week that the mill would close permanently in March, according to the Everett Herald newspaper. Megan Mc. Murray, owner of the mill, said the collapse of the housing market was a major factor in the decision to shut down. The mill had about 50 employees, and produced green Fir and dry Hem-Fir lumber. 1/24/2012 Source: Random Lengths NE Landscape Committee, Feb 15, 2012

Composite OSB Composite Index ($/1, 000 sq’ feet) Hambro exits particleboard industry Hambro Forest Composite OSB Composite Index ($/1, 000 sq’ feet) Hambro exits particleboard industry Hambro Forest Products has closed its particleboard facilities in Lenoir, N. C. , and in Arcata and Crescent City, Calif. Hambro intends to sell its plants in Lenoir and Arcata and will mothball the Crescent City facility to ensure it could be reopened if market conditions warrant in the future. The company cited a prolonged slump in demand for the closures. Hambro had produced particleboard since 1964. - 12/13/2011 Source: Random Lengths NE Landscape Committee, Feb 15, 2012

Paper Consumption NE Landscape Committee, Feb 15, 2012 Paper Consumption NE Landscape Committee, Feb 15, 2012

US Paper Production (index 2007=100) NE Landscape Committee, Feb 15, 2012 US Paper Production (index 2007=100) NE Landscape Committee, Feb 15, 2012

Forest Product Indices (2007=100) NE Landscape Committee, Feb 15, 2012 Forest Product Indices (2007=100) NE Landscape Committee, Feb 15, 2012

Production Index – Are Forest Products Still in Recession? NE Landscape Committee, Feb 15, Production Index – Are Forest Products Still in Recession? NE Landscape Committee, Feb 15, 2012

The Next 10 Years – Paper Manufacturing Steve Betzler MN Power NE Landscape Committee, The Next 10 Years – Paper Manufacturing Steve Betzler MN Power NE Landscape Committee, Feb 15, 2012

Logging Infrastructure Dave Chura MLEP NE Landscape Committee, Feb 15, 2012 Logging Infrastructure Dave Chura MLEP NE Landscape Committee, Feb 15, 2012

Logging Operation and Type – 2012 300 276 250 200 150 101 85 100 Logging Operation and Type – 2012 300 276 250 200 150 101 85 100 86 43 50 16 1 ed N ot og g se L H or N ot in g r rin de G pe r C hi p g el lin an d F H to L C ut C on ve n tio en gt h na l 0 NE Landscape Committee, Feb 15, 2012

Logging Infrastructure NE Landscape Committee, Feb 15, 2012 Logging Infrastructure NE Landscape Committee, Feb 15, 2012

< al l 00 1, 0 n no w u nk 62 Sm Lg < al l 00 1, 0 n no w u nk 62 Sm Lg r - e 80 La rg -2 , 5 00 1, 00 0 e 38 La rg -5 , 0 00 2, 50 1 e 40 La rg , 0 00 1 - 5, 20 rg e 40 La 00 0 5, 60 15 , 0 00 00 1 - 1 0, ge La r 1 ge > La r Operation Size - 2012 160 150 140 120 100 71 42 19 0 NE Landscape Committee, Feb 15, 2012

Membership Trend 2005 -2011 NE Landscape Committee, Feb 15, 2012 Membership Trend 2005 -2011 NE Landscape Committee, Feb 15, 2012

Logging 1280 Infrastructure Log. Safe Participants 1272 (in woods employees/owners) 1260 1245 1240 1231 Logging 1280 Infrastructure Log. Safe Participants 1272 (in woods employees/owners) 1260 1245 1240 1231 1220 1200 1180 1169 1166 1160 1147 1140 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 NE Landscape Committee, Feb 15, 2012

Average Capital Investment* Cut to Length Conventional Grinder Chipper Trucking: Lowboy Van Trailer Walking Average Capital Investment* Cut to Length Conventional Grinder Chipper Trucking: Lowboy Van Trailer Walking Floor Trailer Semi Tractor Trailer w/ Ctr Mount Ldr $500, 000 $600, 000 $250, 000 $150, 000 $20, 000 $7, 500 $20, 000 $45, 000 $25, 000 *reflects estimated market value of used equipment with mid range hours/use NE Landscape Committee, Feb 15, 2012

Costs Associated with Production of Lumber Source: Minnesota Forest Industries NE Landscape Committee, Feb Costs Associated with Production of Lumber Source: Minnesota Forest Industries NE Landscape Committee, Feb 15, 2012

Costs Associated with Production of Oriented Strand Board Source: Minnesota Forest Industries NE Landscape Costs Associated with Production of Oriented Strand Board Source: Minnesota Forest Industries NE Landscape Committee, Feb 15, 2012

Costs Associated with Production of Paper Source: Minnesota Forest Industries NE Landscape Committee, Feb Costs Associated with Production of Paper Source: Minnesota Forest Industries NE Landscape Committee, Feb 15, 2012

Cost Pressures Facing Industry • Transportation • Energy • Reliable and Affordable Timber Supply Cost Pressures Facing Industry • Transportation • Energy • Reliable and Affordable Timber Supply (Forest Management) NE Landscape Committee, Feb 15, 2012

Cost Pressures--Transportation • Access (all season access) • Maintain forest road infrastructure and bridges Cost Pressures--Transportation • Access (all season access) • Maintain forest road infrastructure and bridges – Indentify good access high productive areas for long-term management • Increase transportation weights (interstate) – MN Law allowing additional weight hauling with sixth axel estimated savings of $8. 3 million, annually. NE Landscape Committee, Feb 15, 2012

Cost Pressures--Transportation NE Landscape Committee, Feb 15, 2012 Cost Pressures--Transportation NE Landscape Committee, Feb 15, 2012

Cost Pressures--Energy • Policy that Increase Energy Costs Negatively Impact the Forest Products Industry. Cost Pressures--Energy • Policy that Increase Energy Costs Negatively Impact the Forest Products Industry. • Credit for Renewable Energy Generation? NE Landscape Committee, Feb 15, 2012

Cost Pressures--Energy NE Landscape Committee, Feb 15, 2012 Cost Pressures--Energy NE Landscape Committee, Feb 15, 2012

Cost Pressures--Transportation NE Landscape Committee, Feb 15, 2012 Cost Pressures--Transportation NE Landscape Committee, Feb 15, 2012

Energy—MN Forest Products Industry ü Capital investments of more than $500 million in co-generation Energy—MN Forest Products Industry ü Capital investments of more than $500 million in co-generation facilities. ü More than 1. 2 million tons of wood waste are used to generate electricity. ü Mills with co-generation facilities meet 11 -75 percent of energy needs. ü 32 percent of energy needs are self generated (SG) ü 28 percent of energy is produced from biomass or water (hydro). Source: Minnesota Forest Industries NE Landscape Committee, Feb 15, 2012

NE Landscape Forests – Forestland Ownership Forestland 5. 7 MM ac. Source: FIA NE NE Landscape Forests – Forestland Ownership Forestland 5. 7 MM ac. Source: FIA NE Landscape Committee, Feb 15, 2012

NE Landscape Forests – Timberland Ownership Forestland 4. 6 MM ac. Source: U. S. NE Landscape Forests – Timberland Ownership Forestland 4. 6 MM ac. Source: U. S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station NE Landscape Committee, Feb 15, 2012

NE Landscape Forests – Who Supplies the Timber 2010 Source: U. S. Department of NE Landscape Forests – Who Supplies the Timber 2010 Source: U. S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station NE Landscape Committee, Feb 15, 2012

Harvest and Timber Sold (2006 -2010 avg) by Ownership Source: U. S. Department of Harvest and Timber Sold (2006 -2010 avg) by Ownership Source: U. S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station, MFI, MN-DNR NE Landscape Committee, Feb 15, 2012

Timberlands Age-class NE Landscape Source: U. S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Timberlands Age-class NE Landscape Source: U. S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station NE Landscape Committee, Feb 15, 2012

ASPEN Timberlands Age-class NE Landscape Source: U. S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern ASPEN Timberlands Age-class NE Landscape Source: U. S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station NE Landscape Committee, Feb 15, 2012

NE Landscape Forests – Harvest, Mortality and Growth (timberlands) Source: U. S. Department of NE Landscape Forests – Harvest, Mortality and Growth (timberlands) Source: U. S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station NE Landscape Committee, Feb 15, 2012

Average Annual Growth compared with Harvest Source: U. S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Average Annual Growth compared with Harvest Source: U. S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station NE Landscape Committee, Feb 15, 2012

Viable Forest Products Industry = Healthy Forests What we know: Areas where the forest Viable Forest Products Industry = Healthy Forests What we know: Areas where the forest products industry and logging infrastructure was lost greatly impacts forest health, over time. Aging forests become more susceptible to insects disease and eventually will be set-back with large scale disturbances, wildfire. NE Landscape Committee, Feb 15, 2012

Key Points • Remaining Industry and Infrastructure has survived some extremely tough times • Key Points • Remaining Industry and Infrastructure has survived some extremely tough times • Contractions will continue in the U. S. • how can MN forest products industry survive • What can the NE Landscape Committee do to encourage a climate of modernization, expansion and recruitment • The variables that the NE Committee can influence • Forest management • infrastructure (roads, access, planning) • improving forest health • Increasing forest productivity, higher quality timber, more volume per acre. NE Landscape Committee, Feb 15, 2012

Key Points -- Sawmills • Hurt by reductions in overall harvest volume • Favoring Key Points -- Sawmills • Hurt by reductions in overall harvest volume • Favoring saw timber guidelines in leave tree guidelines’ • many of these blow down • Rotation ages of red pine stands getting high • Final harvest and regeneration of pine stands • Thinning intensity, should we be thinning more often • Intense competition for saw timber • Markets are still not the best • May see additional mill shutdowns in the state, if supply situation does not improve NE Landscape Committee, Feb 15, 2012