Скачать презентацию Naval Postgraduate School Joint Task Force Katrina Relief Скачать презентацию Naval Postgraduate School Joint Task Force Katrina Relief

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Naval Postgraduate School Joint Task Force Katrina Relief Effort Unclassified Information Brief Naval Postgraduate School Joint Task Force Katrina Relief Effort Unclassified Information Brief

Purpose/Objective • Purpose: To provide NCOIC with a sketch of NPS’s Hastily Formed Networks Purpose/Objective • Purpose: To provide NCOIC with a sketch of NPS’s Hastily Formed Networks deployed in support of the emergency response to Hurricane Katrina. • Objective: To show relevance of Hastily Formed Networks and NPS’s Humanitarian Assistance/Disaster Relief work to the global humanitarian assistance community.

HFN Defined…. . • Skills to Learn: – – Interagency / coalition ops (civ-mil HFN Defined…. . • Skills to Learn: – – Interagency / coalition ops (civ-mil boundary) Collaborative coordination tool set Capacity to Improvise Leadership in a network HFN Concept by Dr Peter Denning, NPS Cebrowski Institute Executive Director

Conversation Space…. . • Medium in which all communications take place • A set Conversation Space…. . • Medium in which all communications take place • A set of interaction rules for effective coordination among all participants

Aspects of Conversation Space • Physical – communication systems – meeting places – distribution Aspects of Conversation Space • Physical – communication systems – meeting places – distribution systems • Community – players and organizations • Practices – rules of interaction and coordination

Physical Aspects…. . • mobile networks • telephony • Internet • satellite • power Physical Aspects…. . • mobile networks • telephony • Internet • satellite • power • fast configurability • meeting places • pre-positioning essential equipment • distribution systems

Community Aspects…. . • including all players • transcending turf issues • civil-military boundaries Community Aspects…. . • including all players • transcending turf issues • civil-military boundaries • sharing information • situation awareness • planning • coordinating (action, OODA loops) • building trust

Practices Aspects…. . • rules of engagement for multiple, autonomous organizations • must be Practices Aspects…. . • rules of engagement for multiple, autonomous organizations • must be embodied -- not a step-by-step process • getting “buy-in” on the rules • decentralized control and decision making • collaboration without hierarchy

Instructive Examples…. . • NYC after 9/11 – open, included all NY conditioned tendency Instructive Examples…. . • NYC after 9/11 – open, included all NY conditioned tendency to stovepipe • SE Asian Tsunami Dec 26 ’ 04 – collaboration w/out hierarchy, ad hoc, no common conversation space • US Gulf Coast after Katrina Aug 29 ‘ 05 – partitioned, protecting turf, finger pointing, red tape, citizens initially not included

Claim: • Doing HFN well means mastery of conversation space – What are the Claim: • Doing HFN well means mastery of conversation space – What are the rules of the most productive “game”? – What are the skills for successful play? – Where does technology fit in (HFN is the key to the kingdom)?

Hastily Formed Networks NPS’s Katrina Relief Effort Hastily Formed Networks NPS’s Katrina Relief Effort

The Storm Surge…. . The Storm Surge…. .

Areas of Operation Areas of Operation

Network Infrastructure Hancock Medical Center Law Enforcement EOC Relief Distribution Center Bay St Louis Network Infrastructure Hancock Medical Center Law Enforcement EOC Relief Distribution Center Bay St Louis Fire & Police Station Waveland Police Station Relief Distribution Center NPS DET 1 NETWORK Tachyon Satellite 802. 16 Wireless 802. 11 Wireless 223 rd ENG BATT DET

The Images…. . The Images…. .

The Images…. . The Images…. .

The Images… The Images…

The Images…. . The Images…. .

The Problem…. . • No power • No fiber/copper infrastructure • No push-to-talk comms The Problem…. . • No power • No fiber/copper infrastructure • No push-to-talk comms to speak of • Cellular services totally jammed • Satellite phone service totally jammed • Not enough satellite eqpt suites available • No Internet access (web, email, VOIP)

THE PUZZLE…. . THE PUZZLE…. .

Surrounded by the Civil. Military Boundary…. and Improvisation Surrounded by the Civil. Military Boundary…. and Improvisation

One Viable Comms Solution…. . • SATCOM Internet Reachback • 802. 11 (Wi. Fi) One Viable Comms Solution…. . • SATCOM Internet Reachback • 802. 11 (Wi. Fi) and 802. 16 (Wi. Max) • Broadband Internet, Web, Email • Voice Over IP (basic dial-tone) • Skype (free internet phone) • Groove (collaboration solution)

Tie-in to Earlier HFN Definition…. . • Skills to Learn: – – Interagency / Tie-in to Earlier HFN Definition…. . • Skills to Learn: – – Interagency / coalition ops (civ-mil boundary) Collaborative coordination tool set Capacity to Improvise Leadership in a network

Employed Technologies 2 Mbps Down 512 Kbps Up Long Haul Wide Area Network Connection Employed Technologies 2 Mbps Down 512 Kbps Up Long Haul Wide Area Network Connection 54 Mbps

The Team…… • NPS Faculty Members (2) • NPS Students (19) – Information Warfare, The Team…… • NPS Faculty Members (2) • NPS Students (19) – Information Warfare, Information Systems and Technology, Joint C 4 I Systems, Space Systems Operations, Space Systems Engineering – Multi-service, Multi-designator • Others: – Naval Reservists (5) • Naval Security Group Reserve – OSD NII Observer • Active Duty Commander, USN – Corporate Partners • Cisco, Microsoft, Redline, Tachyon, Mercury Data Systems, Rajant Corp.

Accomplishments • Created and extended full scale, timely, and self contained wide area network Accomplishments • Created and extended full scale, timely, and self contained wide area network in an austere environment – expanded from Tsunami work • First comms capability for *many* • Learned about civ-mil boundary issues CONUS vs International from Tsunami work • Valuable student real world application of technology (learned by doing – live lab work)

Benefits / Observations • NPS: – – TCP/IP glue that binds Practical value for Benefits / Observations • NPS: – – TCP/IP glue that binds Practical value for students and faculty Enhanced research opportunities and theses insights New connections for collaboration (like with NCOIC) • Navy: – – Network Capability is a first responder necessity Time Matters Learned about adaptability in austere environments (improvisation) Reconfirmed applicability of wireless to disaster relief (ship/shore comms) • Joint: – – JTF Operations - collaborative environment using Internet technologies Comms interoperability one of biggest HA/DR issues Social/Political/Economic (soft science) as challenging as technical Civil/Military Boundary is a key with much work to be done

Lessons Learned • • Effect of No Common Situational Awareness Vo. IP Was HUGE Lessons Learned • • Effect of No Common Situational Awareness Vo. IP Was HUGE Benefit Physical Access Was a Challenge PTT Radio Interoperability a Growing Concern • Creature Comforts – You’re on Your Own • Pre-Positioning Assets and Contracts – Can’t Negotiate in the Chaos ! • Force Protection • Active Military vs Nat’l Guard (or both)? • Providing Internet Access to the Public

Current NPS Research • PTT Radio Interoperability • More International HA/DR Issues • Hastily Current NPS Research • PTT Radio Interoperability • More International HA/DR Issues • Hastily Formed Networks that Enable…. . – Noncombatant Evacuation Ops (NEO) Tracking Systems – Patient / Victim Tracking Systems – Ship-to-Shore Wireless for HA/DR and Hospital Ships • • Airline Luggage Capable Flyaway Kits Smaller Form Factor VSAT NCOIC CHD Case Study Strong Angel III (Aug 20 -26 San Diego)

Conclusion and Challenges…. . • • • “We” must do better ! Who are Conclusion and Challenges…. . • • • “We” must do better ! Who are “We” ? How do “We” proceed ? Are We ready for the next hurricane season, international disaster, Japan’s “big one”, Global Avian Flu Pandemic, etc ? Need scalable, robust, interoperable comms !! Int’l Community, Private Sector, Do. D all have roles !! Brian Steckler, Associate Chair for Special Programs, Naval Postgraduate School steckler@nps. edu – 831. 402. 1584 http: //www. nps. navy. mil/disasterrelief

Bottom Line: No Way To Run A Railroad !! Bottom Line: No Way To Run A Railroad !!