Скачать презентацию National Water Quality Monitoring Office WQ Indicator Скачать презентацию National Water Quality Monitoring Office WQ Indicator

bef8e88711292c2bb67931d37b55caaa.ppt

  • Количество слайдов: 22

National Water Quality Monitoring Office & WQ Indicator: Canadian Approach Rob Kent and Rob National Water Quality Monitoring Office & WQ Indicator: Canadian Approach Rob Kent and Rob Phillips National Water Quality Monitoring Office National Water Research Institute Environment Canada National Water Quality Monitoring Conference San Jose, California May 10, 2006

National WQ Monitoring Office. …moving beyond “taking the sample’” 1. Program Design & Monitoring National WQ Monitoring Office. …moving beyond “taking the sample’” 1. Program Design & Monitoring Objectives 2. Methods Development & Lab support 3. Research support 4. Data management 5. Interpretive tools/guidance 6. Reporting, Indicators and information systems 7. Partnerships / Outreach 8. National co-ordination

National WQ Monitoring Office. …activities (cont) Other Lead and Supportive Activities • Confirm gaps National WQ Monitoring Office. …activities (cont) Other Lead and Supportive Activities • Confirm gaps & target priority effort areas • Capital plan and acquisition (lab & field monitoring) • Partnership Fund • Dedicated monitoring team (staffing FTEs) • Fed-Prov network plans (SK, NS, QC, North) • Federal collaboration plans (INAC, Parks) • Bilateral Agreements (Drafts)

National WQ Monitoring Office . …moving beyond “taking the sample’” (cont) National Aquatic Biomonitoring National WQ Monitoring Office . …moving beyond “taking the sample’” (cont) National Aquatic Biomonitoring Program • Program integrates biological & phys/chem information to assess aquatic ecosystem health status and trends • Provide national forum for biomonitoring experts • Expansion of network: Ø Collection of reference sites (Parks; historic sites) Ø Pilot network of test sites (10 -15/region) Ø Northern sites – IPY project (Wrona et al. ) - Training for community biomonitoring • Status: Ø Establishing national pilot network team Ø Site selection with Parks • Verification of WQI Aq. Ecosystem Health findings?

National WQ Monitoring Office . …moving beyond “taking the sample’” (cont) • Water Quality National WQ Monitoring Office . …moving beyond “taking the sample’” (cont) • Water Quality Monitoring Networks – Retention and Expansion • WQI Expansion Priorities: North (YK, NWT, NU), SK, QC, NS • Retention: taking stock of existing agreements and work; national consistency, existing capacity and gaps; current geo-referenced metadata inventory • In situ automated network, national data analysis • Annual national meeting (AQUA)

WQI: Approach outline • • • Background, context Current Monitoring & Expansion Water Quality WQI: Approach outline • • • Background, context Current Monitoring & Expansion Water Quality Index? Challenges Summary & Conclusions

Environmental Sustainability Index 2005 (World Economic Forum; Yale/Columbia University research) Canada- Overall rank 6 Environmental Sustainability Index 2005 (World Economic Forum; Yale/Columbia University research) Canada- Overall rank 6 th out of 146 countries Environmental Systems Environmental Stresses Human Vulnerability 4 / 146 104/ 146 2/ 146 Reducing Air Pollution Air Quality Water Quantity Reducing Water Stress Reducing Ecosystem Water Quality and Consumption Pressures Biodiversity Terrestrial Systems Science/Technology Basic Human Sustenance Private Sector Stresses Reducing Waste Environment-related Natural Disaster Exposure Reducing Population Pressure Natural Resource Management Social and Institutional Capacity 14 / 146 Environmental Health Responsiveness Environmental Governance Eco-Efficiency Global Stewardship 133/ 146 Participation in International Collaborative Efforts Greenhouse Gas Emissions Reducing Transboundary Environmental Pressures 6 7

Background • WQ consistently top priority for Canadians • Increased public concern and decreased Background • WQ consistently top priority for Canadians • Increased public concern and decreased confidence in water safety • External criticism of current status (DRIPS!) • Commitment to better inform Canadians on national water quality • Respond to Canadian values on water: drinkable, swimmable, fishable, available

National Roundtable on the Environment and Economy Environment and Sustainable Development Indicators • Understandable National Roundtable on the Environment and Economy Environment and Sustainable Development Indicators • Understandable indicators to track whether Canada's current economic activities threaten the way of life for future generations • Track natural assets including the ecosystem services that are crucial to sustaining the economy in the long term • Water Quality: Canadian WQI as the Freshwater Quality Indicator Environment Canada Environnement Canada

Water Quantity Monitoring Environment Canada Environnement Canada Water Quantity Monitoring Environment Canada Environnement Canada

Existing EC and Provincial Networks (2005) • Current long-term, systematic WQ monitoring programs • Existing EC and Provincial Networks (2005) • Current long-term, systematic WQ monitoring programs • All require annual funding campaigns • Many networks (~20) designed and operated for a range of assessment and management purposes; None explicitly for reporting under the WQ Indicator Note: Grey Jurisdictions have no Fed-Prov Agreement

WQI Monitoring Expansion Saskatchewan WQI Monitoring Expansion Saskatchewan

Existing EC and Provincial Networks (2005) Note: Grey Jurisdictions have no Fed-Prov Agreement Existing EC and Provincial Networks (2005) Note: Grey Jurisdictions have no Fed-Prov Agreement

WQI Monitoring Expansion Yukon WQI Monitoring Expansion Yukon

Existing EC and Provincial Networks (2005) Note: Grey Jurisdictions have no Fed-Prov Agreement Existing EC and Provincial Networks (2005) Note: Grey Jurisdictions have no Fed-Prov Agreement

WQI Monitoring Expansion Nunavut/NWT WQI Monitoring Expansion Nunavut/NWT

WQI: Typical Applications • Selected parameters (~10) related to water use at monitoring site WQI: Typical Applications • Selected parameters (~10) related to water use at monitoring site • Most appropriate ambient WQ guidelines or objectives (site-specific) • 3 yr average values from at least 9 periods; or stratified use of CWQI over specific periods (freshet, recession and base flow) Environment Canada Environnement Canada

Canadian WQI § Scope (F 1) - number of variables not meeting water quality Canadian WQI § Scope (F 1) - number of variables not meeting water quality objectives § Frequency (F 2) - the number of times the objectives are not met § Amplitude (F 3) - the extent to which objectives are exceeded

European example Environment Canada Environnement Canada European example Environment Canada Environnement Canada

Other Modes? Environment Canada Environnement Canada Other Modes? Environment Canada Environnement Canada

Cdn WQI Challenges • Complexity of “Weather Report” for water • Multiplicity of partners Cdn WQI Challenges • Complexity of “Weather Report” for water • Multiplicity of partners means time required • “Boom or Bust” cycles wrst. monitoring means rapid action required when funds available • Climate, vastness of country, many partners • Politics and changing government/ministers • Quantum leaps in tech’y demand attention and take time to verify/implement Environment Canada Environnement Canada

Summary & Conclusions • Expansion Opportunity • Recoup of Monitoring Network cuts of 90’s Summary & Conclusions • Expansion Opportunity • Recoup of Monitoring Network cuts of 90’s • Equation allows flexibility in reporting among Partners • Opportunity to incorporate new technologies including in-situ, real-time, Bio. Monitoring • Opportunity to strengthen existing partnerships and networks • WQI may help solve DRIPS! Environment Canada Environnement Canada