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National Spatial Data Infrastructure (NSDI) in the United States Kenneth R. Mc. Donald NASA National Spatial Data Infrastructure (NSDI) in the United States Kenneth R. Mc. Donald NASA Goddard Space Flight Center ken. [email protected] nasa. gov from a presentation by: Mark Reichardt Federal Geographic Data Committee [email protected] gov

Agenda History of NSDI in the U. S. n Current Status n Next Steps Agenda History of NSDI in the U. S. n Current Status n Next Steps n Towards a Global Infrastructure n

Genesis of the National Spatial Data Infrastructure n Since late 1950’s federal emphasis to Genesis of the National Spatial Data Infrastructure n Since late 1950’s federal emphasis to review spatial data functions across government (reduce cost, redundancy) n OMB Circular A-16 created to address mapping, surveying and related activities across the federal government n Federal Interagency Coordinating Committee on Digital Cartographic created under OMB directive in 1983 n Federal Geographic Data Committee formalized in 1990 to coordinate federal geospatial data activities throughout federal government and with other national interests (revision of OMB Circular A-16) n National Performance Review endorses a more formal spatial data infrastructure initiative (1993)

Federal Geographic Data Committee Created under a revision to OMB Circular A 16 to Federal Geographic Data Committee Created under a revision to OMB Circular A 16 to coordinate geospatial activities across government n Representation: n – 17 Cabinet and Executive Level Agencies – Numerous Stakeholder Members – Chaired by Secretary Babbitt – FGDC Staff supports operations, administered through the USGS

Genesis of Spatial Data Infrastructure in the U. S. n National Spatial Data Infrastructure Genesis of Spatial Data Infrastructure in the U. S. n National Spatial Data Infrastructure formed by Presidential Executive Order 12906 (1994) n Emergence of Regional, and Global SDI initiatives (1996 and on)

The Vision of the NSDI n Current and accurate geospatial data should be: – The Vision of the NSDI n Current and accurate geospatial data should be: – Readily available: locally nationally globally - To contribute to: economic growth environmental quality social progress -

Core NSDI Components Clearinghouse (catalog) Metadata Framework GEOdata Standards Partnerships Core NSDI Components Clearinghouse (catalog) Metadata Framework GEOdata Standards Partnerships

A Network of NSDI Organizations VI National League of Cities National Association of Counties A Network of NSDI Organizations VI National League of Cities National Association of Counties Intertribal GIS Council Open GIS Consortium University Consortium on GI Sciences FGDC National States Geographic Information Council International City / County Managers Association

Metadata NSDI Progress: Metadata FGDC Metadata Standard in wide use at national, state, local Metadata NSDI Progress: Metadata FGDC Metadata Standard in wide use at national, state, local levels n ISO TC-211 working towards an International Metadata Standard (second draft is in review) n FGDC endorses ISO metadata standard n FGDC will develop an ISO metadata standard implementation strategy and training n

NSDI Clearinghouse Growth 1994 – 2000 NSDI Clearinghouse Growth 1994 – 2000

Z 39. 50 Geo / Metadata Compliant Sites Z 39. 50 Geo / Metadata Compliant Sites

Cooperative Agreements Program Participants State government Academic institutions Federal agencies County & city government Cooperative Agreements Program Participants State government Academic institutions Federal agencies County & city government Regional organizations Tribal government Private business Requirements Cooperative Agreement Partnership/collaboration In-kind funding match Sustainable projects Applied projects

CAP projects (1994 -1999) clearinghouse implementations l metadata training l metadata thematic implementations l CAP projects (1994 -1999) clearinghouse implementations l metadata training l metadata thematic implementations l metadata tool development l educational outreach l framework implementations l standards development & implementation l establishment of coordination groups l web mapping testbed software development l U. S & Canadian collaboration l

1999 Geodata Forum National Assessment of the NSDI progress and future examined at recent 1999 Geodata Forum National Assessment of the NSDI progress and future examined at recent Geodata Forum n 460 industry, government, academia, international attendees n Identified key recommendations to enhance the NSDI n Growing Congressional support for NSDI, first formal hearing held on GIS Policy n

Expanding Emphasis Areas for NSDI Community Applications Open Geoprocessing Interfaces Education & Outreach Increased Expanding Emphasis Areas for NSDI Community Applications Open Geoprocessing Interfaces Education & Outreach Increased Emphasis For Decision Support Systems Establish Means For Sharing Best Practices Through NSDI Document Case Studies Educational Experiences At All Grade Levels Increase GI Sciences Training Increase Data Sharing / Discovery Through Standards Interoperability & Integration Testbeds Resources Additional Federal Community Incentives Publish Funding Data Registry Mechanisms and For Requirements Options More Flexible, Broadly Represented Organization Better Understand Update NSDI Strategic Direction NSDI As A National Objective Through Legislation Locally Independent, Regionally Coordinated Processes National Leadership Economic Dynamics Of Private and Federal Sectors

Expanded Emphasis for NSDI Expanded Resources Clearinghouse (catalog) Metadata Framework GEOdata Education and Outreach Expanded Emphasis for NSDI Expanded Resources Clearinghouse (catalog) Metadata Framework GEOdata Education and Outreach Community Applications Standards National Leadership / Global Partnerships

Community Applications n Increased focus on interoperability testbeds and community applications – FGDC Cooperative Community Applications n Increased focus on interoperability testbeds and community applications – FGDC Cooperative Agreements Program – Community Demonstration Projects – Disaster mitigation, response, recovery – Open GIS Consortium Web Mapping Testbed – Digital Earth

NSDI / Digital Earth Relationships • Community End Use Applications • Emphasis on focused NSDI / Digital Earth Relationships • Community End Use Applications • Emphasis on focused research, funding, and collaborative partnerships to resolve gaps issues Outreach and Educations Clearinghouse (catalog) Metadata Framework GEOdata Standards SDI Resources National Leadership / Organization Community Applications • Ensure a sustainable DE marketplace • NSDI and GSDI to provide the core infrastructure • NSDI & DE establish collaborative environment for a complete delivery system • Goal: DE & NSDI provide leadership for nationally consistent capability for new multi-dimensional representations of our planet

Exploring Next Steps for Digital Earth and NSDI n Explore the alignment of Digital Exploring Next Steps for Digital Earth and NSDI n Explore the alignment of Digital Earth with the FGDC – Steering Group – National Geodata Organization Initiative n Create pervasive communications links so that NSDI/GSDI and Digital Earth vision and programmatics are understood.

Expanded Resources n NSDI Financing Study – Potential financing mechanisms (pooled loans) and – Expanded Resources n NSDI Financing Study – Potential financing mechanisms (pooled loans) and – Data Consortia (regional, industry, topic) to build and manage geospatial data n Underwritten to – Protect open access to federal data – Encourage private sector revenue from value added activities n Require metadata, technology standards

Education and Outreach Increased emphasis on case studies and proven practices n Partnerships with Education and Outreach Increased emphasis on case studies and proven practices n Partnerships with Digital Earth Initiative n – DEVELOP (College and HS level, increase curriculum focus on DE and geospatial) – Museums (Smithsonian, Science Museum of Minnesota, American Museum Natural History) – E-theater (NASA) – GLOBE (9, 000 K-12 students collecting Global Change Research information)

National Organization n New flexible, broadly represented national organization – Broader private sector involvement, National Organization n New flexible, broadly represented national organization – Broader private sector involvement, expanded federal commitments – Defined national governance structure – Design team working the plan – October 2000 target date – FGDC continues with federal focus n Congressional interest in Legislation to strengthen NSDI Executive Order

International Activities n Nation to nation collaborative activities n Global Spatial Data Infrastructure n International Activities n Nation to nation collaborative activities n Global Spatial Data Infrastructure n Regional Committees for SDI n International Standards Development n Survey of SDI’s

FGDC International Policy Statement n Acknowledges local, national, regional, global perspectives and needs for FGDC International Policy Statement n Acknowledges local, national, regional, global perspectives and needs for SDI n Identifies a FGDC staff position n Emphasizes collaboration between nations, Regional and Global SDI n Issued March 2000

GSDI: Global Reach On the Way Clearinghouse Sites Gateways ASDD Web Client FGDC CEONet GSDI: Global Reach On the Way Clearinghouse Sites Gateways ASDD Web Client FGDC CEONet Node Node Node Others Node

Tomorrow: A Global Spatial Data Infrastructure Enabled Through Partnerships, Standards, Technology Users s s Tomorrow: A Global Spatial Data Infrastructure Enabled Through Partnerships, Standards, Technology Users s s Businesses Consumers s Government Internet Clearinghouse Map Services Catalog Services Service Registry • E-Commerce • Authentication • Other Web-Enabled Services Internet Registered Data Servers Metadata Imagery Metadata Elevation Hydrography. Demographics Health Environment Economic Metadata Geodetic Transportation Control Crime

Additional Information n www. fgdc. gov www. spatial. maine. edu/ ~onsrud/GSDI. htm n Federal Additional Information n www. fgdc. gov www. spatial. maine. edu/ ~onsrud/GSDI. htm n Federal Geographic Data Committee Survey of SDI’s n www. gsdi. org Global Spatial Data Infrastructure n www. nbii. gov National Biological Information Infrastructure