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Nano-materials Research in Poland K. J. KURZYDŁOWSKI Deputy Chairman of the State Committee for Nano-materials Research in Poland K. J. KURZYDŁOWSKI Deputy Chairman of the State Committee for Scientific Research P. ZIĘBA Deputy Director of Centre of Advanced Materials and Technologies and Institute of Metallurgy and Materials Science of the Polish Academy of Sciences 1

Projects, Centres & Networks in Poland National-Solicited Projects PBZ Centres and Networks Individual Projects Projects, Centres & Networks in Poland National-Solicited Projects PBZ Centres and Networks Individual Projects 2

National-soliticed Project PBZ-KBN-096/T 08/2003 „New Technologies for Manufacturing of nanostructured metals and alloys products National-soliticed Project PBZ-KBN-096/T 08/2003 „New Technologies for Manufacturing of nanostructured metals and alloys products ” § Centre of Advanced Materials and Technologies CAMAT and Silesian University of Technology § Co-ordinator: Professor Krzysztof J. Kurzydłowski § Total Budget: 8, 25 mln 3

Main objectives of project Modelling Technology IMPLEMENTATION Materials Structure and properties 4 Main objectives of project Modelling Technology IMPLEMENTATION Materials Structure and properties 4

Technology § Refinement methods § § § Equal Channel Angular Pressing Cyclic extrusion compression Technology § Refinement methods § § § Equal Channel Angular Pressing Cyclic extrusion compression High Pressure Torsion Cumulative plastic deformation- varying path Extrusion and rolling § Powder consolidation 5

National-soliticed Project PBZ-KBN-095/T 08/2003 „Polymer materials modified by nanoparticles. Technology – Properties – Applications” National-soliticed Project PBZ-KBN-095/T 08/2003 „Polymer materials modified by nanoparticles. Technology – Properties – Applications” Co-ordinator : Professor Ludomir Ślusarski 6

Polymer materials modified by nanoparticles. Technology – Properties – Applications § § § 26 Polymer materials modified by nanoparticles. Technology – Properties – Applications § § § 26 Research Centres Budget 8 mln Applications for SMEs 7

Objectives § New polymers modified by nanoparticles § § layers fibres bulk for construction Objectives § New polymers modified by nanoparticles § § layers fibres bulk for construction bulk functional 8

National-soliticed Project PBZ-KBN-082/T 08/2002 „New Materials and Technologies for Biomedical Engineering” § Co-ordinator : National-soliticed Project PBZ-KBN-082/T 08/2002 „New Materials and Technologies for Biomedical Engineering” § Co-ordinator : Professor Jan Chłopek 9

Objectives Metallic biomaterials with surface layers § Improvement of biological and tribological properties of Objectives Metallic biomaterials with surface layers § Improvement of biological and tribological properties of metallic implants by modification their microstructure and the surface § Shaping of structure of the shape memory alloys and the hyperelastic alloys intended for medical applications § Preparation of Ti–based new metallic biomaterials with the appropriate modulus of elasticity covered with ceramic, ceramicpolymer, passive-carbon, oxide and nitride layers, having improved corrosion resistance and biological activity 10

Objectives Resorbable polymers and composites § Elaboration of new methods of biodegradable polymers synthesis Objectives Resorbable polymers and composites § Elaboration of new methods of biodegradable polymers synthesis using non-toxic initiators § Modeling of carbon and resorbable polymers scaffolds microstructure for tissue regeneration § Shaping of structure and useful properties of constructional implants made from resorbable polymers modified with the fibres and particles as biomaterials for the controlled osseointegration Bioactive phosphate-siliceous materials § Calcium phosphates – based multifunctional ceramics § Manufacture and shaping of the properties of new bioglass and glass-ceramics as highly – bioactive materials § Bioactive ceramic layers § Ceramic bone cements 11

National-soliticed Project Structural Intermetallics § Co-ordinator: Professor Wojciech Przetakiewicz § The project is directed National-soliticed Project Structural Intermetallics § Co-ordinator: Professor Wojciech Przetakiewicz § The project is directed toward applications of intermetallics in Polish industry Ordered intermetallic alloys show excellent resistance to oxidation and corrosion, good high-temperature strength, relatively low density and high melting point. However, most of them exhibit low ductility and brittle fracture at room temperature. 12

New national-solicied projects announced by State Comiittee for Scientific Research PBZ – KBN – New national-solicied projects announced by State Comiittee for Scientific Research PBZ – KBN – 100/T 08/2003 Designing and manufacturing of functionallly gradient materials PW-004/ITE/04/2004 Development of nanotechnology in surface engineering 13

Nanomaterials Network (NN) BIOMATERIALS (Professor Jan Chłopek) § „tissue engineering” § implants NANOMATERIALS (Professor Nanomaterials Network (NN) BIOMATERIALS (Professor Jan Chłopek) § „tissue engineering” § implants NANOMATERIALS (Professor Krzysztof J. Kurzydłowski) § nano-metals § nano-ceramics § ceramic-metal composite POLYMERS (Professor Ludomir Ślusarski) § nanoparticle modification MATERIALS CHARACTERIZATION (Professor Jan Cwajna) § quantitative analysis § simulation COROSION & MATERIALS DEGRADATION (Professor Marek Danielewski) 14

Nanomaterials Network (NN) Main objectives: § Participation at the 6 EU Framework Programme (Integrated Nanomaterials Network (NN) Main objectives: § Participation at the 6 EU Framework Programme (Integrated Projects- IPs, Networks of Excellence-No. Es) by: § integration of national research units § new contacts and exchange of research experienceon the European level § Critical mass of research groups § European network on the basis of national network § Assisting in development of intellectual potential and infrastructure of Polish research units § Participation in creation of knowledge-based economy in Poland § Strengthening of Polish economy by involving participation of innovating Small and Medium Size Enterprises (SMEs) 15

Research groups participating in the Network Total § § 18 Universities 4 Institutes of Research groups participating in the Network Total § § 18 Universities 4 Institutes of Polish Academy of Sciences 22 R+D Units 3 Companies 16

Nano. Centre § Nanocrystalline Materials: Fabrication, Structure, Modelling, Properties and Applications Project No: G Nano. Centre § Nanocrystalline Materials: Fabrication, Structure, Modelling, Properties and Applications Project No: G 5 MA-CT-2002 -04043 § Warsaw University of Technology Faculty of Materials Science and Engineering Co-ordinator: Professor Tadeusz Kulik ul. Wołoska 141, 02 -507 Warsaw, Poland Nano. [email protected] pw. edu. pl § discipline : materials science and engineering, nanomaterials technology § keywords : materials science, nanomaterials, structure 17

Research focus of the Centre § Investigated materials : § § § permanent magnet Research focus of the Centre § Investigated materials : § § § permanent magnet materials soft magnetic materials intermetallics Al-based structural materials nanocomposites, etc. § Processing techniques : § nanocrystalization of metallic glasses § mechanical alloying § rapid solidification § severe plastic deformation § impulse plasma deposition § nanopowders consolidation by impulse plasma § Properties characterization : § § mechanical properties (microsamples) corrosion resistance magnetic properties termal properties § Recent developments in modelling of : § texture formation in nanocrystalline magnets § crystallographic structure of nanomaterials § anisotropy of elasto-plastic properties of metal alloys after sever plastic deformation § soft magnetic nanocrystaline materials for high temperature applications 18

NAMAM Nano- and Microscale Characterization and Development of Advanced Materials Project No. : G NAMAM Nano- and Microscale Characterization and Development of Advanced Materials Project No. : G 5 MA-CT-2002 -04048 Institute of Metallurgy and Materials Science, Polish Academy of Sciences Co-ordinator: Professor Jan Pospiech 30 -059 Cracow, ul. Reymonta 25, Poland www. namam. krakow. pl 19

Research focus of the Centre l Enhancement of potential in the field of advanced Research focus of the Centre l Enhancement of potential in the field of advanced structural and functional materials (FGM, Thermoelastic and Magne toelastic Intelligent Materials l Development of new techniques of investigation of material properties and their behaviour in service conditions l Knowledge transfer by organizing dedicated schools, work shops, symposia and conferences, Ph. D courses 20

CENTRE OF ADVANCED MATERIALS AND TECHNOLOGIES CAMAT Consortium established in 2002 by the leading CENTRE OF ADVANCED MATERIALS AND TECHNOLOGIES CAMAT Consortium established in 2002 by the leading research centres in the field of fundamental and applied materials science. Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Warsaw University of Technology Department of Non-Ferrous Metals, AGH-University of Science and Technology, Cracow Institute of Fundamental Technological Research, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw Institute of Metallurgy and Materials Science Polish Academy of Sciences, Cracow Institute of Non-Ferrous Metals, Gliwice Institute for Ferrous Metallurgy, Gliwice 21

CENTRE OF ADVANCED MATERIALS AND TECHNOLOGIES CAMAT and to build relationships between academia and CENTRE OF ADVANCED MATERIALS AND TECHNOLOGIES CAMAT and to build relationships between academia and industry WSK-PZL Świdnik S. A. Grupa Kęty S. A. Potential Tenure Professors 55 Associate Professors (D. Sc. ) 60 Research Assistants (with Ph. D. ) 225 Ph. D. Students 160 22

CENTRE OF ADVANCED MATERIALS AND TECHNOLOGIES CAMAT § Aims of Activity § § § CENTRE OF ADVANCED MATERIALS AND TECHNOLOGIES CAMAT § Aims of Activity § § § Industrial implementations Participation in European projects Participation in national projects Structural funds Development of the research infrastructure 23

CENTRE OF ADVANCED MATERIALS AND TECHNOLOGIES CAMAT Research programme (2003 -2007) ã Nanostructured construction CENTRE OF ADVANCED MATERIALS AND TECHNOLOGIES CAMAT Research programme (2003 -2007) ã Nanostructured construction and functional materials ã Advanced methods of plastic deformation ã Modern, functionally graded materials ã New silver based alloys 24

CENTRE OF ADVANCED MATERIALS AND TECHNOLOGIES CAMAT v v v v Regional Laboratory of CENTRE OF ADVANCED MATERIALS AND TECHNOLOGIES CAMAT v v v v Regional Laboratory of Electron Optics Laboratory of Mechanics and Physics of Nanomaterials Competence Centre in Chemical Analysis of Materials Laboratory of Image Analysis and Stereology Laboratory of Physico-chemical Analysis Competence Centre in Methods of X-ray Diffractometry Centre of Surface Research Centre of Modelling, Simulation and Computational Materials Science Some units within laboratories are authorised by Polish Centre for Testing and Certification and they are capable of giving the certificate of conformance with Polish and European standards PN-ISO/IEC 17025: 2001. 25

Regional Laboratory of Electron Optics Agreement signed on 30 December 2003 between Members of Regional Laboratory of Electron Optics Agreement signed on 30 December 2003 between Members of CAMAT and Faculty of Chemistry, Jagiellonian University, Cracow Institute of Catalysis and Surface Chemistry, PAS, Cracow Strata Mechanics Research Institute, PAS, Cracow Faculty of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Technological University, Cracow Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Technological University, Cracow 26

Extension of Research Capabilities in Electron Optics Purchase of transmission electron microscope of new Extension of Research Capabilities in Electron Optics Purchase of transmission electron microscope of new generation as synergic apparatus enabling complex analysis of the structure, chemical composition and determination of crystallographic parameters (in subnano scale) – 1 500 000 EURO 27

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Research Projects in 2004 Engineering 47% 211 743 637 zł Natural Sciences 41% 184 Research Projects in 2004 Engineering 47% 211 743 637 zł Natural Sciences 41% 184 041 770 zł Humanites 12% 51 853 750 zł 30

Industrial Projects Engineering 98% 188 357 947 zł Natural Science 1, 8% 4 458 Industrial Projects Engineering 98% 188 357 947 zł Natural Science 1, 8% 4 458 230 zł Humanites 0, 2% 331 250 zł 31

Materials Research Project in Engineering Materials Research 30% 23 213 000 zł 32 Materials Research Project in Engineering Materials Research 30% 23 213 000 zł 32

Industrial Projects Materials Research 34% 14 078 116 zł 33 Industrial Projects Materials Research 34% 14 078 116 zł 33

State Committee for Scientific Research § 12 Subcommittees § Materials & Engineering § over State Committee for Scientific Research § 12 Subcommittees § Materials & Engineering § over 45 units, over 2000 scientists 34

State Committee for Scientific Research § § § Ranking every 4 years Publications Patents State Committee for Scientific Research § § § Ranking every 4 years Publications Patents Degrees Applications 35

Growing number of Ph. D. students in Poland 36 Growing number of Ph. D. students in Poland 36

Growing number of Ph. D. students at Technical Universities 37 Growing number of Ph. D. students at Technical Universities 37

Ph. D. students at Department of Materials Science and Engineering 38 Ph. D. students at Department of Materials Science and Engineering 38