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Mrs. F B Kh Pronunciation Final « s » Sounds P 48 physique relizane www. physique 48. org
iz iz iz sssss iz iz zzzz iz
Using the -s, -es ending There are four purposes for adding -s, -es, or 's to a word: 1 -To create a plural noun (cats) 2 -To conjugate a verb (snows) 3 -To show possession (coach's, coaches') 4 -To create a contraction (boy's meaning boy is or boy has)
Cats The coach’s ball It snows heavily. The boy’ s playing. The boy’ s ball. has
Pronunciation of -s, -es, 's ending No matter the purpose or spelling of the -s, es, 's ending, the pronunciation guidelines are the same. In English, the -s, -es, 's ending has three possible pronunciations: /s/ sound (hats) /z/ sound (loves) /iz/ short i+z sound (misses)
The pronunciation of written -s, -es, 's is based on the final sound of a word, before adding -s.
s /s/ iz z z iz s /z/ /iz/ s z iz
s, -es, 's ending pronounced as /s / sound book – take – like – sit – meet - write /k/ /k/ /t/ /t/ dwarf – laugh – jump - cup – cloth- bath /f/ /p/ /θ/
The /k/, /t/, /f/, /p/ and /θ/ sounds are all unvoiced, which means that your vocal chords must be silent when you make the sound.
books –takes –likes –sits –meets -writes /s/ /s/ /s/ dwarfs, laughs-jumps-cups–cloths-earth’s /s/ /s/ /s/
When the final sound of the word is an unvoiced: ”/k, t, p, f, θ/ sound, the -s, -es, 's ending is pronounced as a /s/ sound. An unvoiced sound does not use the vocal cords during its production. .
In this type, the final 's' should be pronounced with air pushed out between the top of your tongue and your top teeth, without using the vocal chords (the sound made by a snake or gas escaping from a pipe).
Alice and Bruce were a nice couple who wanted to move to a place closer to their jobs. The long drive made them tense and moving would also help them spend less on gas. They decided they would try to lease a house because it cost less than buying one. One day the couple began their race to find a house. They wanted to have all their facts straight so they bought a lot of books on what to avoid when you lease a house. The first place they saw looked like it was in a dangerous area. The house was infested with mice and the grass looked like it hadn't been moved in weeks. Bruce and Alice were at a loss for words and left quickly. The next place they found was the essence of the ideal house. It was in a nice neighborhood with tennis courts and two Olympic-sized pools. Plus, there was plenty of closet space and beautiful glass windows with lace curtains. Bruce asked the owner how much the place costs, and the couple decided it was too much of an expense. They said, “We'll pass. ” The last house they saw looks like the perfect home for Bruce and Alice. They were in a state of complete bliss as they paced around the house. The place was very close to their jobs, and it had a gas stove and a study room, which was the perfect place for some peace and quiet. At first glance, the couple knew that this was the house for them and it put a stop to their search. The look on their faces said, “That's it, we found our house!”
s, -es, 's ending pronounced as /z / sound describe – job – duild – word – beg - dog /b/ /d/ /g/ call – fail – come – dream – decline - win /l/ /m/ /n/
live – love – breath – lathe – sing - belong /v/ /ð/ /ŋ/
cure - fur - flower /r/ - Schwa + r play – study – employee – go – fly - boy /i: / /əu/ /ai/ /ᴐi/ /ei/ /i/ All vowel sounds: short or long Single or diphtongs or triphtongs
These sounds are all voiced, which means that your vocal chords must make a sound when you pronounce them.
describes – jobs – duilds – words – begs - dogs /z/ /z/ /z/ calls – fails – comes – dreams – declines - wins /z/ /z/ /z/
lives – loves – breaths – lathes – sings - belongs /z/ /z/ /z/ cures - furs - flowers /z/ /z/
plays – studies – employees – /z/ /z/ goes – flies - boys /z/ /z/
When the final sound of the word is a voiced sound, the -s, -es, 's ending is pronounced as a /z/ sound. A voiced sound uses the vocal chords during its production. Since all vowel sounds are voiced, there are far more voiced sounds in English than unvoiced sounds. English has 14 other voiced sounds that occur at the end of a word:
/z/ sound is formed in the same way as /s/ sound, but you must make a sound with your vocal chords (the sound made by a bee, or highvoltage electricity)
The kids at school liked to tease Liz because she was tall for her age. Whenever she walked in the classroom, Liz would lower her eyes to the floor until she reached her desk. Mr. Fuzz, the teacher, was always disappointed with the behavior of his students because they treated Liz badly for no reason. He liked Liz because she was very wise. However, Liz would never raise her hand because she did not want her classmates to tease her further. One day, Mr. Fuzz decided to surprise both Liz and the class with an activity. Mr. Fuzz handed out scissors to the kids along with several pieces of colored paper. He then handed out a paper with instructions about how to make a paper rose, and he announced that the first student to make it would win a prize. Mr. Fuzz watched as Liz followed the instructions with ease and created the paper rose in no time. Before Liz began to realize that she was the only student done with the project, Mr. Fuzz cleared his throat and announced the winner. Liz froze when she heard her name, and she felt that her knees were too weak to stand up and receive her prize. Mr. Fuzz pulled a large vase full of candy from behind his desk. When he announced that it was up to Liz to share her prize, the kids in his classroom lowered their eyes to the floor. However, Liz stood up and began to pass out candy to everyone, even Mr. Fuzz. Afterwards, she helped the other students finish their roses, and soon the vase was filled with paper roses instead of candy. Mr. Fuzz kept the vase on his desk as a reminder, and Liz was never teased again.
s, -es, 's ending pronounced as /iz / sound /iz/ bus – miss – entrence - price /s/ /s/ Written « ce » and pronounced /s/
freeze – cause – fix - tax /z/ /ks/ [written -se = /s/ or /z/] wash – watch - encourage /∫/ /t∫/ /dƷ/
buses – misses – entrences - prices /iz/ freezes – causes – fixes - taxes /iz/
washes – watches - encourages /iz/ dishes – catches - bridges /iz/
This sound is the same as the verb 'to be' in its third person form (is). Type three sounds are the only ones which add an additional syllable to the word, for example 'miss' /MIS/ is one syllable, but 'misses' /MIS IZ/ is two syllables. The final /IZ/ syllable isn't usually stressed.
when the “s”, “es” or “’s” comes after the /s/, /z/, and the following combinations, /sh/, /ch/, /ss/, /ge/, and /dge/, the pronunciation of the last syllable is /iz/. P 48 physique relizane www. physique 48. org