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Module 3: Standards Module DOREEN FINN, RN, BSN, MBA Senior Associate Director Standards Interpretation Module 3: Standards Module DOREEN FINN, RN, BSN, MBA Senior Associate Director Standards Interpretation Group Division of Healthcare Improvement 1

Faculty Introduction(s) DOREEN FINN, RN, BSN, MBA Senior Associate Director Standards Interpretation Group Division Faculty Introduction(s) DOREEN FINN, RN, BSN, MBA Senior Associate Director Standards Interpretation Group Division of Healthcare Improvement 22

Welcome and Introduction • This module is 1 out of 9 available to help Welcome and Introduction • This module is 1 out of 9 available to help prepare candidates towards the JCCAP exam. Additional webinar modules include: – Understanding the Joint Commission’s Accreditation Process – Organizational Analysis – How to Engage Your Medical Staff into The Joint Commission Accreditation Process – Environment of Care – Leadership – Performance Improvement – Patient Safety – Understanding the CMS Regulatory and Survey Process for Hospitals 33

Welcome and Introduction • Please note that all modules and Exam Questions related to Welcome and Introduction • Please note that all modules and Exam Questions related to the JCCAP product line are specifically related to The Comprehensive Accreditation Manual for Hospitals, in addition to CMS related materials • JCCAP Questions – Please visit www. jcrinc. com/jccap – Email questions to: jccap@jcrinc. com 44

JCCAP Module 3: Standards Disclosure Statement The following staff and speakers have disclosed that JCCAP Module 3: Standards Disclosure Statement The following staff and speakers have disclosed that they do not have any financial arrangements or affiliations with corporate organizations that either provide educational grants to this program or may be referenced in this activity: – – Speaker Program Manager Nurse Planner Other planning team member The following staff and speakers have verbally disclosed their arrangements and affiliations: Not Applicable to this presentation Furthermore, each of the previously named speakers has also attested that their discussions will not include any unapproved or off-label use of products. 55

Publications and Record Restrictions • The program may be electronically recorded by JCR and Publications and Record Restrictions • The program may be electronically recorded by JCR and is subject to the protection of the copyright laws of the US. No individual or entity other than JCR may electronically record any portion of these programs for any purpose without the written permission of JCR. Any and all reproduction or publication of these proceedings and programs for commercial purposes by anyone other than JCR is prohibited. 6

Learning Objectives • Describe a Standard and Element of Performance • Describe how each Learning Objectives • Describe a Standard and Element of Performance • Describe how each chapter supports quality of care and positively effects health outcomes • Apply the information learned to continuous survey readiness 77

Tips for Using Module • Optimize your experience – Viewers are encouraged to pause Tips for Using Module • Optimize your experience – Viewers are encouraged to pause your screen at any time to bring other staff and faculty in to segments that you find appropriate for team building and/or communication – Take advantage of printing out the slides (pdf available on the left side bar) for easy note taking – Make sure to review attached links, documents and references mentioned throughout this module (available on the left side bar) 88

Anatomy of a Chapter • Overview • Outline • Definition of Standards • Element Anatomy of a Chapter • Overview • Outline • Definition of Standards • Element of Performance (EP) 99

Human Resources (HR) • Standards and EPs address the following: • Staffing • Qualifications Human Resources (HR) • Standards and EPs address the following: • Staffing • Qualifications • Orientation • Training and Education • Competence • Evaluation of Performance 10 10

Human Resources (HR) • Pharmacist requirement HR. 01. 01 • Staff qualifications • Current Human Resources (HR) • Pharmacist requirement HR. 01. 01 • Staff qualifications • Current license and of Practice HR. 01. 02. 01 • Staff competency HR. 01. 06. 01 • Staff evaluations HR. 01. 07. 01 HR. 01. 02. 07 Scope 11 11

HR. 01. 01 Staffing • Deemed status purposes: • A full-time, part-time, or consulting HR. 01. 01 Staffing • Deemed status purposes: • A full-time, part-time, or consulting pharmacist develops, supervises, and coordinates all the activities of the pharmacy department / services. 12 12

HR. 01. 02. 05 Qualifications • When law or regulation requires care providers to HR. 01. 02. 05 Qualifications • When law or regulation requires care providers to be currently licensed, certified, or registered to practice their professions, the hospital both verifies these credentials with the primary source and documents this verification when a provider is hired and when his or her credentials are renewed. 13 13

HR. 01. 02. 05 Qualifications • The hospital verifies and documents that the applicant HR. 01. 02. 05 Qualifications • The hospital verifies and documents that the applicant has the education and experience required by the job responsibilities. 14 14

HR. 01. 02. 05 Qualifications • The hospital obtains a criminal background check on HR. 01. 02. 05 Qualifications • The hospital obtains a criminal background check on the applicant as required by law and regulation or hospital policy. • Criminal background checks are documented. 15 15

HR. 01. 02. 05 Qualifications • The hospital confirms that nonemployees who are brought HR. 01. 02. 05 Qualifications • The hospital confirms that nonemployees who are brought into the hospital by a licensed independent practitioner to provide care, treatment, or services have the same qualifications and competencies required of employed individuals performing the same or similar services at the hospital. 16 16

HR. 01. 02. 07 Qualifications • All staff who provide patient care, treatment, and HR. 01. 02. 07 Qualifications • All staff who provide patient care, treatment, and services: 1. Possess a current license, certification, or registration 2. Practice within the scope of their license in accordance with law and regulation 17 17

HR. 01. 04. 01 Orientation • The hospital orients its staff to key safety HR. 01. 04. 01 Orientation • The hospital orients its staff to key safety content before staff provide care, treatment or services. • Completion of this orientation is documented. 18 18

HR. 01. 05. 03 Training and Education • Staff participate in ongoing education and HR. 01. 05. 03 Training and Education • Staff participate in ongoing education and training to maintain or increase their competency. Staff participation is documented. 19 19

HR. 01. 05. 03 Training and Education • The hospital provides education and training HR. 01. 05. 03 Training and Education • The hospital provides education and training that addresses: 1. How to identify early warning signs of a change in a patient’s condition 2. How to respond to a deteriorating patient, including when to contact responsible clinicians 3. Participation is documented 20 20

HR. 01. 06. 01 Competency • Staff are competent to perform their responsibilities. 21 HR. 01. 06. 01 Competency • Staff are competent to perform their responsibilities. 21 21

HR. 01. 07. 01 Evaluations • Staff are evaluated based on performance expectations that HR. 01. 07. 01 Evaluations • Staff are evaluated based on performance expectations that reflect job responsibilities • Evaluation is performed at least every three years 22 22

Infection Control (IC) • Standards and EPs address the following: • Planning • Implementation Infection Control (IC) • Standards and EPs address the following: • Planning • Implementation • Evaluation 23 23

IC. 01 Planning • • • Responsibility Resources Risks Goals Activities Influx IC. 01. IC. 01 Planning • • • Responsibility Resources Risks Goals Activities Influx IC. 01. 01 IC. 01. 02. 01 IC. 01. 03. 01 IC. 01. 04. 01 IC. 01. 05. 01 IC. 01. 06. 01 24 24

IC. 01. 01 Responsibility • The [organization] identifies the individual(s) responsible for the infection IC. 01. 01 Responsibility • The [organization] identifies the individual(s) responsible for the infection prevention and control program. 1. Clinical Authority (Program) 2. Daily management of infection prevention and control activities 25 25

IC. 01. 02. 01 Resources • Hospital leaders allocate needed resources for the infection IC. 01. 02. 01 Resources • Hospital leaders allocate needed resources for the infection prevention and control program. 26 26

IC. 01. 02. 01 Resources • The hospital provides equipment and supplies to support IC. 01. 02. 01 Resources • The hospital provides equipment and supplies to support the infection prevention and control program. 27 27

IC. 01. 02. 01 Resources • • Other education Daily lab services Adequate number IC. 01. 02. 01 Resources • • Other education Daily lab services Adequate number of isolation carts Available Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) 28 28

IC. 01. 03. 01 Risk Assessment • The hospital identifies risks for acquiring and IC. 01. 03. 01 Risk Assessment • The hospital identifies risks for acquiring and transmitting infections. • The risk assessment is the cornerstone upon which the IC program is built. EXAMPLE: Food and Drink in clinical areas 29 29

IC. 01. 04. 01 Goals • Based on the identified risks, the hospital sets IC. 01. 04. 01 Goals • Based on the identified risks, the hospital sets goals 30 30

IC. 01. 04. 01 Goals • The hospital's written infection prevention and control goals IC. 01. 04. 01 Goals • The hospital's written infection prevention and control goals include the following: 1. Improving compliance with hand hygiene guidelines. 2. Limit the transmission of infections 31 31

IC. 01. 04. 01 Goals • Limiting unprotected exposure to pathogens 1. Isolation systems IC. 01. 04. 01 Goals • Limiting unprotected exposure to pathogens 1. Isolation systems 2. Bloodborne pathogens 3. Waste disposal 32 32

Infection Control (IC) • There is a relationship of Goals to Evaluation ***Remember*** Your Infection Control (IC) • There is a relationship of Goals to Evaluation ***Remember*** Your evaluation must address success or failure of goals. Be sure to consider this when formulating your goals. 33 33

IC. 01. 05. 01 Written IC Plan • When developing the plan, use evidencebased IC. 01. 05. 01 Written IC Plan • When developing the plan, use evidencebased national guidelines or, in the absence of such guidelines, expert consensus. CDC- Center for Disease Control HICPAC- Healthcare Infection Control Advisory Committee NQF- National Quality Forum 34 34

IC. 01. 05. 01 Written Plan • The surveyor: – Will ask the ICP IC. 01. 05. 01 Written Plan • The surveyor: – Will ask the ICP how these evidenced base guidelines have been considered in the design of interventions – Will ask about the newest one or two guidelines – the ICP should be able to discuss them – May want to reference them in policies and procedures 35 35

IC. 01. 05. 01 Written Plan The plan includes a written description of: 1. IC. 01. 05. 01 Written Plan The plan includes a written description of: 1. The activities to minimize, reduce or eliminate the risk of infection. 2. The process to evaluate the plan. 3. The process of investigating outbreaks of infectious disease. 36 36

Infection Control (IC) “The hospital describes, in writing, the process for investigating outbreaks of Infection Control (IC) “The hospital describes, in writing, the process for investigating outbreaks of infectious disease. ” • The surveyor might ask– Has this been predetermined? – Does the method chosen “close the loop” 37 37

IC. 02 Implementation • Plan Implementation • Medical Equipment, and Supplies • Transmission of IC. 02 Implementation • Plan Implementation • Medical Equipment, and Supplies • Transmission of Infections • Influenza Vaccinations IC. 02. 01 Devices, IC. 02. 01 IC. 02. 03. 01 IC. 02. 04. 01 38 38

IC. 02. 01 Implementation • Surveillance is used to minimize, reduce or eliminate the IC. 02. 01 Implementation • Surveillance is used to minimize, reduce or eliminate the risk of infections. • Examples of findings that are frequently scored here are: • dirty ceiling tiles • dirty carts or wheelchairs, • ripped or cracked chairs/mattresses 39 39

IC. 02. 01 Implementation Minimize the risk of infection when storing and disposing of IC. 02. 01 Implementation Minimize the risk of infection when storing and disposing of infectious waste. The surveyor might ask: “How does IC work with facilities and housekeeping to prevent exposure? ” 40 40

IC. 02. 01 Medical Equipment, Devices and Supplies • The hospital reduces the risk IC. 02. 01 Medical Equipment, Devices and Supplies • The hospital reduces the risk of infections associated with medical equipment, devices, and supplies. • This standard is frequently scored among non -compliant standards for Hospitals. 41 41

IC. 02. 01 Cleaning and Disinfecting • The hospital implements IC activities when doing IC. 02. 01 Cleaning and Disinfecting • The hospital implements IC activities when doing the following: Cleaning and performing low-level disinfection of medical supplies and devices. • Surveyors might question the staff about low level disinfection products and how they are used. 42 42

IC. 02. 01 High-Level Disinfection & Sterilization • The hospital implements IC activities when IC. 02. 01 High-Level Disinfection & Sterilization • The hospital implements IC activities when performing intermediate and high-level disinfection and sterilization of medical equipment, devices, and supplies. • See July 2009 Perspectives (Steam Sterilization) • See HICPAC’s “Guideline for Disinfection and Sterilization in Healthcare Facilities, 2008” 43 43

IC. 02. 01 Storage • The hospital implements IC activities when storing medical equipment, IC. 02. 01 Storage • The hospital implements IC activities when storing medical equipment, devices, and supplies. • The surveyor will look for expired supplies, proper storage of medical equipment (how do you know equipment is clean) 44 44

IC. 02. 03. 01 Staff Health Screening • The hospital makes screening for exposure IC. 02. 03. 01 Staff Health Screening • The hospital makes screening for exposure and/or immunity to infectious disease available to licensed independent practitioners (LIP) and staff who may come in contact with infections at the workplace. 45 45

IC. 02. 04. 01 Influenza Vaccination • The hospital offers vaccination against influenza to IC. 02. 04. 01 Influenza Vaccination • The hospital offers vaccination against influenza to licensed independent practitioners and staff annually. • The hospital includes in its infection control plan the goal of improving influenza vaccination rates. 46 46

IC. 02. 04. 01 Influenza Vaccination • The hospital educates licensed independent practitioners and IC. 02. 04. 01 Influenza Vaccination • The hospital educates licensed independent practitioners and staff about, at a minimum, 1. the influenza vaccine 2. non-vaccine prevention measures 3. the diagnosis, transmission, and impact of influenza 47 47

IC. 02. 04. 01 Influenza Vaccination • The hospital annually evaluates vaccination rates and IC. 02. 04. 01 Influenza Vaccination • The hospital annually evaluates vaccination rates and the reasons given for declining the influenza vaccination. • The hospital takes steps to increase influenza vaccination rates. 48 48

IC. 03. 01 Evaluation • The hospital evaluates the effectiveness of its IC plan’s IC. 03. 01 Evaluation • The hospital evaluates the effectiveness of its IC plan’s risks, activities and goals. • The organization must ask, “How did we do? ” 49 49

IC. 03. 01 Evaluation • Findings from the evaluation are communicated at least annually IC. 03. 01 Evaluation • Findings from the evaluation are communicated at least annually to the individuals or interdisciplinary group that manages the patient safety program. 50 50

Information Management (IM) • Standards and EP’s address the following: • Planning for the Information Management (IM) • Standards and EP’s address the following: • Planning for the management of information • Health Information – protecting the privacy, capturing, storing and retrieving data 51 51

Information Management (IM) • Plan IM. 01. 01 • Written plan for managing interruptions Information Management (IM) • Plan IM. 01. 01 • Written plan for managing interruptions IM. 01. 03 • Protects the privacy of health information (HIPAA) IM. 02. 01 52 52

Information Management (IM) • Security and integrity of health information • Manages the collection Information Management (IM) • Security and integrity of health information • Manages the collection of health information • Retrieves, disseminates, transmits health useful IM. 02. 01. 03 IM. 02. 01 and information in formats IM. 02. 03 53 53

IM. 03. 01 Knowledge-based Resources • The hospital provides access to knowledgebased information resources IM. 03. 01 Knowledge-based Resources • The hospital provides access to knowledgebased information resources 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. • Provides knowledge-based information resources that are not available on site by cooperative or contractual arrangements 54 54

Medication Management (MM) • Standards and EP’s address the following: • High alert and Medication Management (MM) • Standards and EP’s address the following: • High alert and hazardous medications • Safe storage • Ordering • Labeling 55 55

MM. 01. 03 High Alert/Hazardous Medication • Must be identified in writing • Must MM. 01. 03 High Alert/Hazardous Medication • Must be identified in writing • Must have a process for managing and implement the process • Must report abuses and losses of controlled substances, according to law and regulation 56 56

MM. 01. 02. 01 Look-alike/ Sound-alike Medications • Develop a look-alike/sound-alike list • Take MM. 01. 02. 01 Look-alike/ Sound-alike Medications • Develop a look-alike/sound-alike list • Take action to prevent errors • Annually reviews and, as necessary, revises the list 57 57

MM. 03. 01 Safe Storage • A process exists for ensuring that medications are MM. 03. 01 Safe Storage • A process exists for ensuring that medications are stored safely and at the correct temperature. • All medications are stored in a secure area, and locked when necessary, in accordance with law and regulation. • This standard is frequently scored. 58 58

MM. 03. 01 Safe Storage • Define the process to ensure labeling is occurring MM. 03. 01 Safe Storage • Define the process to ensure labeling is occurring as required Example- multi dose vial (FAQ) • Refer to Booster. Pak® MM. 03. 01 59 59

MM. 04. 01 Orders • Standing Order • Must be approved by the Medical MM. 04. 01 Orders • Standing Order • Must be approved by the Medical Staff • Criteria to trigger standing order • Must have an order to implement the standing order • RN implements the order • MD can sign latter 60 60

MM. 04. 01 Orders • Written policy that defines what action to take when MM. 04. 01 Orders • Written policy that defines what action to take when medication orders are incomplete, illegible, or unclear 61 61

MM. 05. 01. 13 • There is a process for providing medications when the MM. 05. 01. 13 • There is a process for providing medications when the pharmacy is closed to meet patient needs. • Store and secure medications approved for use outside the pharmacy. • Only trained, designated prescribers and nurses are permitted access to the approved medications. 62 62

National Patient Safety Goals (NPSG) • Standards and EP’s address the following: • Importance National Patient Safety Goals (NPSG) • Standards and EP’s address the following: • Importance of patient identification • Communication among caregivers • Safety of using medications • Medication reconciliation • Healthcare associated infections • Identifying patients at risk for suicide • Universal Protocol 63 63

Goal 1 - Improve the Accuracy of Patient Identification NPSG. 01. 01 Use two Goal 1 - Improve the Accuracy of Patient Identification NPSG. 01. 01 Use two patient identifiers when providing care, treatment and services. Acceptable identifiers may be the individual’s: • name • assigned identification number • telephone number, or other person-specific identifier 64 64

Goal 2 –Improve Communication Among Staff NPSG. 02. 03. 01 • Develop, implement and Goal 2 –Improve Communication Among Staff NPSG. 02. 03. 01 • Develop, implement and evaluate procedures for managing critical test results 65 65

Goal 3 - Improve the Safety of Using Medications NPSG. 03. 04. 01 • Goal 3 - Improve the Safety of Using Medications NPSG. 03. 04. 01 • Label all medications, containers and other solutions on and off the sterile field • The Joint Commission no longer prohibits prelabeling of syringes in the OR 66 66

NPSG. 03. 06. 01 • Document medications the patient is currently taking when admitted NPSG. 03. 06. 01 • Document medications the patient is currently taking when admitted to the hospital or is seen in an outpatient setting • Provide the patient or family, with written information on the medications the patient should be taking upon discharge 67 67

Goal 7 – Reduce the Risk of Health Care Associated Infections • NPSG. 07. Goal 7 – Reduce the Risk of Health Care Associated Infections • NPSG. 07. 01 • Comply with either the CDC or WHO hand hygiene guidelines 68 68

NPSG. 07. 06. 01 • Implement evidence-based practices to prevent health care associated infections NPSG. 07. 06. 01 • Implement evidence-based practices to prevent health care associated infections due to MRSA, central line associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI), prevent surgical site infections, and prevent indwelling catheter associated urinary tract infections (CAUTI). 69 69

NPSG. 07. 06. 01 • Evidence-based guidelines for CAUTI located at: • http: //www. NPSG. 07. 06. 01 • Evidence-based guidelines for CAUTI located at: • http: //www. sheaonline. org/Guidelines. Resources/Compendium of. Strategiesto. Prevent. HAIs. aspx • http: //www. cdc. gov/hicpac 70 70

Goal 15 – Identify Safety Risks Inherent in Patient Population NPSG. 15. 01 • Goal 15 – Identify Safety Risks Inherent in Patient Population NPSG. 15. 01 • Identify patients at risk for suicide • Booster. Pak® for NPSG. 15. 01 71 71

Universal Protocol • UP. 01. 01 - Conduct a pre-procedure verification process • UP. Universal Protocol • UP. 01. 01 - Conduct a pre-procedure verification process • UP. 01. 02. 01 - Mark the procedure site • UP. 01. 03. 01 - A time-out is performed before the procedure • Most frequently reported sentinel event 72 72

Provision of Care, Treatment and Services (PC) • Standards and EPs address the following: Provision of Care, Treatment and Services (PC) • Standards and EPs address the following: • Plan • Implement • Special Condition • Discharge and Transfer • Blood Safety 73 73

PC. 01. 02. 01 Assessment • The hospital defines, in writing, the scope and PC. 01. 02. 01 Assessment • The hospital defines, in writing, the scope and content of screening, assessment, and reassessment information it collects. 74 74

PC. 01. 02. 03 Assessment • The hospital defines, in writing, the time frame PC. 01. 02. 03 Assessment • The hospital defines, in writing, the time frame for the patient’s initial assessment. • The hospital assesses and reassesses the patient and his or her condition according to defined time frames. • This standard is frequently scored among non -compliant standards for Hospitals. 75 75

PC. 01. 02. 03 Assessment • For an H&P examination that was completed within PC. 01. 02. 03 Assessment • For an H&P examination that was completed within 30 days prior to inpatient admission, an update documenting any changes in the patient’s condition is completed within 24 hours after inpatient admission, but prior to surgery or a procedure requiring anesthesia 76 76

PC. 01. 02. 03 Assessment • If the LIP finds no change in the PC. 01. 02. 03 Assessment • If the LIP finds no change in the patient’s condition since the H&P was completed, he may indicate in the medical record that the H&P was reviewed, the patient was examined and that no change in the patient’s condition has occurred. 77 77

PC. 01. 02. 07 Pain Assessment • A comprehensive pain assessment and reassessment is PC. 01. 02. 07 Pain Assessment • A comprehensive pain assessment and reassessment is performed. 78 78

PC. 01. 02. 08 Assessment • The patient is assessed for a risk of PC. 01. 02. 08 Assessment • The patient is assessed for a risk of falls and an intervention is implemented to reduce falls based on the patient’s identified risk. 79 79

PC. 01. 02. 09 Abuse and Neglect • The hospital has written criteria to PC. 01. 02. 09 Abuse and Neglect • The hospital has written criteria to identify those patients who may be victims of physical/sexual assault, sexual molestation, domestic abuse, or elder or child abuse and neglect. 80 80

PC. 01. 03. 01 Care Plan • The hospital plans the patient’s care, based PC. 01. 03. 01 Care Plan • The hospital plans the patient’s care, based on needs identified by the patient’s assessment, reassessment, and results of diagnostic testing. 81 81

PC. 02. 01 Providing Care • The hospital provides the patient with care, treatment, PC. 02. 01 Providing Care • The hospital provides the patient with care, treatment, and services according to his or her individualized plan of care. 82 82

PC. 02. 01. 03 • Deemed Status – Prior to providing care, treatment, and PC. 02. 01. 03 • Deemed Status – Prior to providing care, treatment, and services, the hospital obtains or renews orders (verbal or written) from a licensed independent practitioner. 83 83

PC. 02. 01. 11 • Resuscitation services are available throughout the hospital. 84 84 PC. 02. 01. 11 • Resuscitation services are available throughout the hospital. 84 84

PC. 02. 01. 19 • The hospital has a process for recognizing and responding PC. 02. 01. 19 • The hospital has a process for recognizing and responding as soon as a patient’s condition appears to be worsening. • Based on the hospital’s early warning criteria, staff seek additional assistance when they have concerns about a patient’s condition. 85 85

PC. 02. 01. 21 • The hospital identifies the patient’s oral and written communication PC. 02. 01. 21 • The hospital identifies the patient’s oral and written communication needs, including the patient’s preferred language for discussing health care. • Reference Perspectives, January 2012 • A Roadmap for Hospitals - 2010 86 86

PC. 02. 03 Coordinate Care • The hospital prepares food and nutrition products using PC. 02. 03 Coordinate Care • The hospital prepares food and nutrition products using proper sanitation, temperature, light, moisture, ventilation, and security. 87 87

PC. 03. 01. 03 Pre-procedure • Before operative or other high-risk procedures are initiated, PC. 03. 01. 03 Pre-procedure • Before operative or other high-risk procedures are initiated, or before moderate or deep sedation or anesthesia is administered: • The hospital conducts a presedation or preanesthesia patient assessment. 88 88

PC. 03. 01. 05 During the Procedure • The hospital monitors the patient during PC. 03. 01. 05 During the Procedure • The hospital monitors the patient during operative or other high-risk procedures and/or during the administration of moderate or deep sedation or anesthesia. 89 89

PC. 03. 01. 07 Post-procedure • A postanesthesia evaluation is completed and documented by PC. 03. 01. 07 Post-procedure • A postanesthesia evaluation is completed and documented by an individual qualified to administer anesthesia no later than 48 hours after surgery or a procedure requiring anesthesia services 90 90

Restraints • For Deemed status Purposes Use PC. 03. 05. 01 - PC. 03. Restraints • For Deemed status Purposes Use PC. 03. 05. 01 - PC. 03. 05. 19 • For Non-Deemed status purposes Use PC. 03. 02. 01 - PC. 03. 31 91 91

PC. 03. 05. 01 • The hospital uses restraint or seclusion only to protect PC. 03. 05. 01 • The hospital uses restraint or seclusion only to protect the immediate physical safety of the patient, staff, or others. • Distinguish between restraints for violent, self destructive behavior and non-violent, nonself destructive behavior. 92 92

PC. 03. 05 Restraints • The hospital initiates restraint or seclusion based on an PC. 03. 05 Restraints • The hospital initiates restraint or seclusion based on an individual order. • The hospital does not use standing orders or PRN (also known as “as needed") orders for restraint or seclusion. 93 93

PC. 03. 05. 11 Restraints • An LIP responsible for the care of the PC. 03. 05. 11 Restraints • An LIP responsible for the care of the patient evaluates the patient in person within one hour of the initiation of restraint or seclusion used for the management of violent or selfdestructive behavior. 94 94

PC. 03. 05. 11 Restraints • A registered nurse or a physician assistant may PC. 03. 05. 11 Restraints • A registered nurse or a physician assistant may conduct the in-person evaluation within one hour of the initiation of restraint or seclusion; this individual is trained in accordance with the requirements in PC. 03. 05. 17. 95 95

PC. 03. 05. 17 Restraints • The hospital trains staff to safely implement the PC. 03. 05. 17 Restraints • The hospital trains staff to safely implement the use of restraint or seclusion. 96 96

PC. 03. 05. 19 Restraints • The hospital reports deaths associated with the use PC. 03. 05. 19 Restraints • The hospital reports deaths associated with the use of restraint and seclusion to Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS). 97 97

PC. 04. 01. 05 Discharge Education • Before the hospital discharges or transfers a PC. 04. 01. 05 Discharge Education • Before the hospital discharges or transfers a patient, it informs and educates the patient about his or her follow-up care. 98 98

Record of Care (RC) • Standards and EP’s address the following: • Plan • Record of Care (RC) • Standards and EP’s address the following: • Plan • Implementation 99 99

RC. 01 Plan • • • Clinical Record Components Authentication Timeliness Audit Retention RC. RC. 01 Plan • • • Clinical Record Components Authentication Timeliness Audit Retention RC. 01. 01 RC. 01. 02. 01 RC. 01. 03. 01 RC. 01. 04. 01 RC. 01. 05. 01 100

RC. 01. 01 Medical Record • The hospital maintains complete and accurate medical records RC. 01. 01 Medical Record • The hospital maintains complete and accurate medical records for each individual patient. • All entries in the medical record are dated and timed. • This standard is frequently scored among non -compliant standards for Hospitals. 101

RC. 01. 02. 01 Authentication • Entries in the medical record are authenticated. 102 RC. 01. 02. 01 Authentication • Entries in the medical record are authenticated. 102

RC. 01. 04. 01 Audits • The hospital measures its medical record delinquency rate RC. 01. 04. 01 Audits • The hospital measures its medical record delinquency rate at regular intervals, but no less than every three months. 103

RC. 01. 05. 01 Retention • The retention time of the original or legally RC. 01. 05. 01 Retention • The retention time of the original or legally reproduced medical record is determined by its use and hospital policy, in accordance with law and regulation. 104

RC. 02 Implementation • Care, treatment • Verbal Orders • Discharge Information RC. 02. RC. 02 Implementation • Care, treatment • Verbal Orders • Discharge Information RC. 02. 01 RC. 02. 03. 07 RC. 02. 04. 01 105

RC. 02. 01 Care, Treatment • The medical record contains the patient’s race and RC. 02. 01 Care, Treatment • The medical record contains the patient’s race and ethnicity. (Perspectives, January 2012) 106

RC. 02. 01. 03 • The patient’s medical history and physical examination are recorded RC. 02. 01. 03 • The patient’s medical history and physical examination are recorded in the medical record before an operative or other high-risk procedure is performed. 107

RC. 02. 01. 03 • A procedure report is written or dictated upon completion RC. 02. 01. 03 • A procedure report is written or dictated upon completion of the operative or other high-risk procedure and before the patient is transferred to the next level of care. 108

RC. 02. 03. 07 Verbal Orders • Documentation of verbal orders includes: • Date RC. 02. 03. 07 Verbal Orders • Documentation of verbal orders includes: • Date and the names of individuals who 1. Gave 2. Received 3. Recorded 4. Implemented the orders. 109

Rights and Responsibilities (RI) • Standards and EP’s address the following: • Patient Rights Rights and Responsibilities (RI) • Standards and EP’s address the following: • Patient Rights • Patient Responsibilities Encourage patients to become more informed and involved in their care. 110

RI. 01 Patient Rights • Developing and Communicating Patient Rights Organization RI. 01. 01 RI. 01 Patient Rights • Developing and Communicating Patient Rights Organization RI. 01. 01 Effective Communication RI. 01. 03 • Participation in Patient Care Decisions RI. 01. 02. 01 111

RI. 01 Patient Rights • • • Informed Consent Right to Know End of RI. 01 Patient Rights • • • Informed Consent Right to Know End of Life Personal Rights Services to Protect Patient Rights RI. 01. 03. 01 RI. 01. 04. 01 RI. 01. 05. 01 RI. 01. 06. 03 RI. 01. 07. 01 112

RI. 02 Patient Responsibilities • Written policy that defines patient responsibilities RI. 02. 01 RI. 02 Patient Responsibilities • Written policy that defines patient responsibilities RI. 02. 01 113

RI. 01. 01 Patient Rights • There is a written policy on patient rights. RI. 01. 01 Patient Rights • There is a written policy on patient rights. • The hospital prohibits discrimination based on age, race, ethnicity, religion, culture, language, physical or mental disability, socioeconomic status, sexual orientation, and gender identity or expression. 114

RI. 01. 02. 01 Participation in Care Decisions • The hospital involves the patient RI. 01. 02. 01 Participation in Care Decisions • The hospital involves the patient in making decisions about her care, treatment and services • The patient is provided with written information about the right to refuse care 115

RI. 01. 03. 01 Informed Consent • The hospital has a written policy on RI. 01. 03. 01 Informed Consent • The hospital has a written policy on informed consent • The informed consent process includes a discussion about reasonable alternatives to the patient’s proposed care, treatment, and services. 116

RI. 01. 03. 01 cont. • The discussion encompasses: 1. Risks, benefits, and side RI. 01. 03. 01 cont. • The discussion encompasses: 1. Risks, benefits, and side effects related to the alternatives 2. Risks related to not receiving the proposed care, treatment, and services. 117

RI. 01. 05. 01 • The hospital has a written policy on advanced directives RI. 01. 05. 01 • The hospital has a written policy on advanced directives in accordance with law and regulation and implements this policy. 118

RI. 01. 07. 01 Review of Complaint • The hospital establishes a complaint resolution RI. 01. 07. 01 Review of Complaint • The hospital establishes a complaint resolution process. During the survey process, the surveyor will talk with you about patient, family or visitor complaints. 119

Transplant Safety (TS) • Standards and EPs address the following: • Donating and Procuring Transplant Safety (TS) • Standards and EPs address the following: • Donating and Procuring Organs and Tissue • Transplanting Organ and Tissue 120

TS. 01. 01 Donating Organs • The hospital has a written agreement with an TS. 01. 01 Donating Organs • The hospital has a written agreement with an organ procurement organization (OPO) and follows its rules and regulations 121

Transplant Safety (TS) • Development and implementation of policies and procedures for the acquisition, Transplant Safety (TS) • Development and implementation of policies and procedures for the acquisition, receipt, storage, and issuance of tissue. • Retain tissue records on storage temperatures, procedure and publication for at least 10 years. 122

Waived Testing (WT) • The hospital must obtain a Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments of Waived Testing (WT) • The hospital must obtain a Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments of 1988 (CLIA) certificate to perform waived testing. • http: /www. fda. gov/cdrh/clia/index. html 123

WT. 02. 01 Identify Staff • The hospital identifies staff responsible for performing and WT. 02. 01 Identify Staff • The hospital identifies staff responsible for performing and supervising waived testing • The hospital provides orientation and training and assesses the competency of staff who perform waived testing. There is documented satisfactory competence. 124

WT. 03. 01 Staff Competency • Competency for waived testing is assessed using at WT. 03. 01 Staff Competency • Competency for waived testing is assessed using at least two methods person per test. (WT. 03. 01 EP 5) • Competency for waived testing is assessed at least at the time of orientation and annually thereafter. 125

Closing Comments About JCCAP • For the most current copy of the Candidate Handbook Closing Comments About JCCAP • For the most current copy of the Candidate Handbook and Frequently Asked Questions, please visit www. jcrinc. com/jccap • Continuing Education Certificates and Instructions for obtaining your copy are found on the left side bar. For any difficulty or questions, please contact JCR Customer Service at 877 -223 -6866 (8 am - 8 pm EST) 126

Thank Module you!!! DOREEN FINN, RN, BSN, MBA Senior Associate Director Standards Interpretation Group Thank Module you!!! DOREEN FINN, RN, BSN, MBA Senior Associate Director Standards Interpretation Group Division of Healthcare Improvement 127