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Modul : Food by Mara Kaminski and Viktoria Müller
Content Virtual Water Waste of food Causes of food waste Pollution of the environment Fair trade products Sources
Virtual water connection between the produce we consume and another country’s water resources virtual water is defined as the water used for the production of goods was coined by John Allan in 1995
Waste of food over 100 million tonnes of food is wasted annually in Europe - agricultural food waste and fish discards not included about a third of the food for human consumption is wasted globally - around 1. 3 billion tons per year food waste in industrialised countries is as high as in developing countries
in developing countries, over 40% of food losses happen after harvest and during processing in industrialised countries, over 40% occurs at retail and consumer level Food is wasted throughout the whole food chain – from farmers to consumers – and for various reasons.
Causes of food waste Food is wasted throughout the entire food chain: by farmers, by the food industry, by retailers, by caterers and by consumers. The reasons are diverse and sector specific. main causes: - Lack of awareness - lack of shopping planning - confusion about "best before" and" use by" date labels - lack of knowledge on how to cook with leftovers (households)
Standard portion sizes, difficulty to anticipate the number of clients (catering) Stock management inefficiencies, marketing strategies (2 for 1, buy 1 get 1 free), aesthetic issues (retail) Overproduction, product & packaging damage (farmers and food manufacturing) Inadequate storage (whole food chain) Inadequate packaging.
Pollution of the environment pollutes our groundwater and waterways because of too many nutrients breaks down in landfill → main contributer of methane pollution expensive wasting of ressources
Fair trade products buying Fairtrade products : you can feel good because producers in developing countries like Kenya or Columbia get a fair price they also receive an extra Fairtrade premium so they can invest in things for their communities like schools, hospitals and wells.
Sources http: //www. lovefoodhatewaste. nsw. gov. au/ ec. europa. eu/food/sustainability http: //www. sainsburys-live-well-forless. co. uk/products-values/responsiblesourcing/fairtrade/ https: //www. zugutfuerdietonne. de/warumwerfen-wir-lebensmittel-weg/welche-folgenhat-das/