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Modeling the Communities of Practice of E-Learning “Co. PEs” Azeddine Chikh Lamia Berkani Akila Modeling the Communities of Practice of E-Learning “Co. PEs” Azeddine Chikh Lamia Berkani Akila Sarirete Associate Professor National Institute of Lecturer and Cisco University of Tlemcen, Computer Science “INI” Coordinator, Effat Algeria College, Saudi Arabia Presented by Akila Sarirete The 4 th Annual Conference of Learning International Networks Consortium Amman, Jordan, October 28 -30, 2007 1

Objectives Extend the application of the (Co. Ps) Communities of Practice to the -learning Objectives Extend the application of the (Co. Ps) Communities of Practice to the -learning field E The proposed category called Co. PE The Co. PE concepts have been illustrated through a case study within the European project of distance education Cose. Learn 2 The 4 th Annual Conference of Learning International Networks Consortium Amman, Jordan, October 28 -30, 2007

Presentation Overview Introduction to Community of Practice? Concept of Community of Practice of -learning Presentation Overview Introduction to Community of Practice? Concept of Community of Practice of -learning “Co. PE” E Case Study Conclusion and Perspectives 3 The 4 th Annual Conference of Learning International Networks Consortium Amman, Jordan, October 28 -30, 2007

Managing New Functions Educational institutions are moving towards the use of the Internet for Managing New Functions Educational institutions are moving towards the use of the Internet for delivery, both on campus and at a distance Current technology hyper-change faces significant challenges… How to create a work environment that enable people to: Learn, Adapt, Share, Respond effectively to innovative systems How to manage new functions & structures 4 The 4 th Annual Conference of Learning International Networks Consortium Amman, Jordan, October 28 -30, 2007

What is a Co. P? Community of Practice Co. P (Lave & Wenger, 1998) What is a Co. P? Community of Practice Co. P (Lave & Wenger, 1998) is a tool by which knowledge is owned in practice and whose main goal is learning It is about a group of professionals who gather and organize themselves, face to face or virtually, in order to: Share information and experience, related to their area of expertise, Exchange and cooperate in order to solve problems encountered in their activities, Learn from each other and develop their professional competencies Build knowledge and formulate best practices to be followed in the realization of their daily activities. 5 The 4 th Annual Conference of Learning International Networks Consortium Amman, Jordan, October 28 -30, 2007

Characteristics of Co. Ps are characterized by three fundamental features From Information A Mutual Characteristics of Co. Ps are characterized by three fundamental features From Information A Mutual What it is about? A Joint Engagement Enterprise How it functions? A Shared What it has Produced? Repository To Transformation 6 The 4 th Annual Conference of Learning International Networks Consortium Amman, Jordan, October 28 -30, 2007

Community of E-learning (Co. PE) 7 The 4 th Annual Conference of Learning International Community of E-learning (Co. PE) 7 The 4 th Annual Conference of Learning International Networks Consortium Amman, Jordan, October 28 -30, 2007

What is Co. PE? A Co. PE is a group of professionals in e-learning What is Co. PE? A Co. PE is a group of professionals in e-learning who gather, collaborate, and organize themselves face to face and mostly virtually in order to: Share information & techno-pedagogic experiences related to the development & use of Online Learning System (OLS) Exchange and cooperate in order to solve problems Build (improve and/or create) together technopedagogic knowledge and model the best practices to be followed in the realization of the OLS 8 The 4 th Annual Conference of Learning International Networks Consortium Amman, Jordan, October 28 -30, 2007

What is a Co. PE? (cont’ed) Develop competencies in engineering pedagogy; Promote the application What is a Co. PE? (cont’ed) Develop competencies in engineering pedagogy; Promote the application of e-learning standards such as: IMS-LD for learning scenarios; IMS-LIP for learners description; IMS-LOM for pedagogical resources qualification; and SCORM for inter platforms exchanges; Define terminology, glossary, or ontology, conciliating the various views and articulating them around the above mentioned standards. 9 The 4 th Annual Conference of Learning International Networks Consortium Amman, Jordan, October 28 -30, 2007

Co. PE & Online Learning System A Co. PE is a virtual space of Co. PE & Online Learning System A Co. PE is a virtual space of exchange, sharing, and resolution of problems encountered by actors of e-learning during all phases of an online learning system life cycle 10 The 4 th Annual Conference of Learning International Networks Consortium Amman, Jordan, October 28 -30, 2007

Learning Situations characterized by the collaborative aspect Problem Situation: find solutions to common problems Learning Situations characterized by the collaborative aspect Problem Situation: find solutions to common problems encountered during the two phases of acquisition and utilization in LMS. Example: how to incorporate a Java Applet for a given exercise in Moodle LMS in order to make it interactive. Decision Situation: deciding on choosing between several alternatives during the acquisition phase or the validation of some results of the design. Example: What type of learning situation do we select in a specific course? Or what role do we choose to ensure a moderation activity in a given group (tutor/moderator-learner)? Project Situation: concerns the final build up and realization of the online learning system according to the acquisition cycle. Confrontation of individual practices allows the best practices to surface. Example: Development of an online learning system related to a course on system engineering for master students in computer science field 11 The 4 th Annual Conference of Learning International Networks Consortium Amman, Jordan, October 28 -30, 2007

Components of a learning situation Actors with their roles Activities Learning environment 12 The Components of a learning situation Actors with their roles Activities Learning environment 12 The 4 th Annual Conference of Learning International Networks Consortium Amman, Jordan, October 28 -30, 2007

Roles in Co. PE 13 The 4 th Annual Conference of Learning International Networks Roles in Co. PE 13 The 4 th Annual Conference of Learning International Networks Consortium Amman, Jordan, October 28 -30, 2007

Co. PE Activities Co. PE members carry out joint activities to exchange technopedagogical information Co. PE Activities Co. PE members carry out joint activities to exchange technopedagogical information Activities correspond to the stages of learning life cycle 14 The 4 th Annual Conference of Learning International Networks Consortium Amman, Jordan, October 28 -30, 2007

Co. PE Environment View Use of a specific environment intended to Co. PEs Use Co. PE Environment View Use of a specific environment intended to Co. PEs Use of a generic environment intended to Co. Ps Use of an LMS environment type 15 The 4 th Annual Conference of Learning International Networks Consortium Amman, Jordan, October 28 -30, 2007

Co. PE vs. LMS Co. PE is considered as a thinking space about e Co. PE vs. LMS Co. PE is considered as a thinking space about e -learning activities. Find solutions to encountered problems and to favor practices of reuse and exchange between actors in terms of techno pedagogic knowledge and know-how. Strong relationship between Co. PE and LMS Co. PE exchange: support discussions inside Co. PEs with real problem situations encountered in LMS, making the Co. PE’s space more active ; Co. PE LMS exchange: consists to experiment the solutions, obtained in the COPE’s space, directly in LMS before reifying them in the Co. PE memory. 16 The 4 th Annual Conference of Learning International Networks Consortium Amman, Jordan, October 28 -30, 2007

Case Study Co. PE developed and realized within the framework of the project of Case Study Co. PE developed and realized within the framework of the project of distance education Cose. Learn “Switzerland Cooperation” Promote e-learning in a number of Frenchspeaking countries in Africa Cose. Learn program leads to the professional diploma (MIEL) of “International Master in E -learning” Principal actors of the project: Professors; Tutors; Administrators and Master candidates The 4 th Annual Conference of Learning International Networks Consortium Amman, Jordan, October 28 -30, 2007 17

Case Study (cont. ) The problem situations: finding answers to the various questions encountered Case Study (cont. ) The problem situations: finding answers to the various questions encountered by the candidates during all their training and instruction, namely during the duties stated in various subjects as well as during the final project. The decisional situations: identifying the possible alternatives of design and development, and the criteria and/or the arguments necessary to the selection. The project situations : exchanging the practices, which appear by a viable know-how in terms of construction of the online education courses (best practices). 18 The 4 th Annual Conference of Learning International Networks Consortium Amman, Jordan, October 28 -30, 2007

Conclusion & Perspectives Extend the application of the Communities of Practice (Co. Ps) to Conclusion & Perspectives Extend the application of the Communities of Practice (Co. Ps) to the e-learning field. The proposed category called Co. PE is considered the center of reflection of technopedagogic practices and promotes collaborative and cooperative learning. The concepts related to Co. PE have been illustrated through a case study developed and realized within the project of distance education program Cose. Learn that leads to International Master in e-Learning. 19 The 4 th Annual Conference of Learning International Networks Consortium Amman, Jordan, October 28 -30, 2007

Conclusion & Perspectives We plan to provide a specification language of the learning scenarios Conclusion & Perspectives We plan to provide a specification language of the learning scenarios in Co. PEs. This language will be based on IMS-LD The feasibility of exchanges (LMS Co. PE) is conditioned by a formal modeling of learning situations in their both sides. The IMS-LD language permits to model only the learning situations for LMS. Accordingly, a language of specification of learning situations within Co. PEs is more than necessary 20 The 4 th Annual Conference of Learning International Networks Consortium Amman, Jordan, October 28 -30, 2007