Скачать презентацию Medicine 101 The basics about over-the-counter and prescription Скачать презентацию Medicine 101 The basics about over-the-counter and prescription

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Medicine 101 The basics about over-the-counter and prescription drugs. 1 www. lifesmarts. org Medicine 101 The basics about over-the-counter and prescription drugs. 1 www. lifesmarts. org

2 Life. Smarts is a program of the National Consumers League 2 Life. Smarts is a program of the National Consumers League

Over–the-counter and prescription medications are drugs Drugs are “substances for treatment, or prevention of Over–the-counter and prescription medications are drugs Drugs are “substances for treatment, or prevention of disease; intended to affect the structure or function of the body. ” 3 www. lifesmarts. org

A drug fact Medicines, or drugs, change the way the body works. 4 www. A drug fact Medicines, or drugs, change the way the body works. 4 www. lifesmarts. org

The Food and Drug Administration regulates both over-the-counter and prescription drugs. 5 www. lifesmarts. The Food and Drug Administration regulates both over-the-counter and prescription drugs. 5 www. lifesmarts. org

Prescription and OTC drugs are tested The Food and Drug Administration is responsible to Prescription and OTC drugs are tested The Food and Drug Administration is responsible to make sure drug manufacturing processes and the drugs themselves are safe and effective. 6 www. lifesmarts. org

OTC Over-the-counter medicine—medicine you buy off -the-shelf without a doctor’s order. 7 www. lifesmarts. OTC Over-the-counter medicine—medicine you buy off -the-shelf without a doctor’s order. 7 www. lifesmarts. org

Characteristics of OTCs The potential for misuse 8 and abuse is low Consumers can Characteristics of OTCs The potential for misuse 8 and abuse is low Consumers can use them for self-diagnosed conditions They can be adequately labeled for safe consumer use Health practitioners are not needed for the safe and effective use of the product

FDA approved OTCs must be Safe Effective Manufactured safely Labeled with a Drug Facts FDA approved OTCs must be Safe Effective Manufactured safely Labeled with a Drug Facts Label that is easy to understand 9 www. lifesmarts. org

The OTC user is responsible to Self-diagnose Self-treat Self-manage their medicine and their illness The OTC user is responsible to Self-diagnose Self-treat Self-manage their medicine and their illness 10 www. lifesmarts. org

There advantages to OTCs They are easy to obtain People have quick access to There advantages to OTCs They are easy to obtain People have quick access to medicine Patients can educate themselves about the medicine by reading and using the Drug Facts Label 11 www. lifesmarts. org

And there are risks Misdiagnosis Delay in getting an accurate diagnosis from a health And there are risks Misdiagnosis Delay in getting an accurate diagnosis from a health care professional Taking medicine incorrectly 12 www. lifesmarts. org

Some people do not understand “More is not better” They need to take as Some people do not understand “More is not better” They need to take as directed on the Drug Facts Label Drugs can cause serious illness or even be fatal if taken incorrectly 13 www. lifesmarts. org

Use all medicine with caution Some risks are not related to the medicines themselves, Use all medicine with caution Some risks are not related to the medicines themselves, but to the people who use them. 14 www. lifesmarts. org

Prescription Medicine-Rx Prescription medicine is medicine you purchase from a pharmacy with a health Prescription Medicine-Rx Prescription medicine is medicine you purchase from a pharmacy with a health care professional’s order. Prescription drugs are also called Legend drugs. 15 www. lifesmarts. org

Who can write a prescription? Physicians—M. D. and D. O. and other health care Who can write a prescription? Physicians—M. D. and D. O. and other health care professionals including: • Veterinarians • Podiatrists • Physician Assistants • Dentists • Optometrists • Nurse Practitioners 16 www. lifesmarts. org

What are the differences between prescription and over-the-counter drugs? Prescription drugs: • Prescribed by What are the differences between prescription and over-the-counter drugs? Prescription drugs: • Prescribed by a doctor • Bought at a pharmacy • Intended to be used by one person 17 www. lifesmarts. org OTC drugs: • Do not require a doctor’s prescription • Bought off-the-shelf at a variety of stores • Intended to be used by many people

OTC • Self Medication • Off-the-Shelf • For general public use 18 www. lifesmarts. OTC • Self Medication • Off-the-Shelf • For general public use 18 www. lifesmarts. org • FDA Regulated Rx • Doctor • Drugs prescribes • Potential side-effects • Pharmacy • Prescribed use for 1 person

Generic Drugs Many over-the-counter and prescription drugs come in generic form. Generic drugs are Generic Drugs Many over-the-counter and prescription drugs come in generic form. Generic drugs are identical to Brand Name drugs in most ways. 19 www. lifesmarts. org

Generic Drugs v. Brand Name Drugs Brand Name Generic Patented Patent life on Brand Generic Drugs v. Brand Name Drugs Brand Name Generic Patented Patent life on Brand Sold exclusively by the company that controls the patent 20 www. lifesmarts. org Name drug is expired Contains the same active ingredient, the same amount of active ingredient, and the same dose as the Brand name

Generic drugs may differ from brand name drugs by Color Shape Taste Inactive ingredients Generic drugs may differ from brand name drugs by Color Shape Taste Inactive ingredients Packaging 21 www. lifesmarts. org

Other concerns about Rx and OTC medicines A few other things you should know… Other concerns about Rx and OTC medicines A few other things you should know… 22 www. lifesmarts. org

Overdose Many OTC products contain the same active ingredient. Overdoses can cause damage to Overdose Many OTC products contain the same active ingredient. Overdoses can cause damage to vital organs. Drugs can cause serious illness or even be fatal if taken incorrectly. 23 www. lifesmarts. org

Alcohol Warning The FDA warns that “people who use alcohol regularly may be at Alcohol Warning The FDA warns that “people who use alcohol regularly may be at increased risk for toxicity. ” 24 www. lifesmarts. org

Children are not small adults When giving children medicine use their weight as a Children are not small adults When giving children medicine use their weight as a guide and use the dose measuring tool included with the medication. 25 www. lifesmarts. org

Drug Interaction Other medicines, supplements, medical conditions, and foods affect the way drugs work Drug Interaction Other medicines, supplements, medical conditions, and foods affect the way drugs work in your body. 26 www. lifesmarts. org

Driving under the influence of drugs-DUID Prescription drugs and OTCs can impair your ability Driving under the influence of drugs-DUID Prescription drugs and OTCs can impair your ability to operate a motor vehicle. DUID laws do not exclude legal Rx and OTC medicines. 27 www. lifesmarts. org

Some final advice from the Food and Drug Administration Before using any medicine, think Some final advice from the Food and Drug Administration Before using any medicine, think SAFER: • Speak up • Ask questions • Find the facts • Evaluate your choices • Read the label 28 www. lifesmarts. org

Life. Smarts Learn it. Live it. Life. Smarts is: • • • An educational Life. Smarts Learn it. Live it. Life. Smarts is: • • • An educational program teaching teens and tweens important real-life knowledge A competition – students compete online and in-person A teaching toolbox. Check out our resources An opportunity for students to gain leadership skills, and fulfill community service requirements A chance to develop strong partnerships with national groups such as FBLA and FCCLA Visit Life. Smarts at www. lifesmarts. org 29