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Measuring Governance: Indexes in Comparative Perspective Aniket Bhushan Governance for Equitable Growth & Canadian Measuring Governance: Indexes in Comparative Perspective Aniket Bhushan Governance for Equitable Growth & Canadian International Development Platform The North-South Institute

Defining and Operationalizing “Governance” • “Governance” is fuzzy • Is it measureable? Objective, verifiable, Defining and Operationalizing “Governance” • “Governance” is fuzzy • Is it measureable? Objective, verifiable, replicable • Where on continuum? Input, process, output • Aid aimed at improving governance (“government and CS-general”) fastest growing aid sector ($17 bn in 2011; compared to $11 bn emergency, $9 bn agric, $7 bn basic health) • Rely on objective (hard) measures • Focus on governance as output

Defining and Operationalizing “Governance” • “delivery of essential services or ‘political goods’ to constituents, Defining and Operationalizing “Governance” • “delivery of essential services or ‘political goods’ to constituents, by constituted governments” Security and Safety Rule of Law and Transparency Political Participation and Respect for Human Rights Sustainable Economic Development Human Development

Rating the Raters • • • Assess indexes against stated mission Coverage (time, countries) Rating the Raters • • • Assess indexes against stated mission Coverage (time, countries) Availability of underlying data Replicable method Impact factor • Organize into basket of 5 political goods • Visualize via http: //cidpnsi. ca/

Looking ahead • As aid becomes even more “results based” (value for money) need Looking ahead • As aid becomes even more “results based” (value for money) need for index-type measures will grow • What is available is far less objective or scientific than portrayed • Ability to directly integrate beneficiary feedback (near real-time) fundamentally changing nature of development data • Key is to reach better understanding how, where, index measures fit into policy processes

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