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Introduction to tape technologies Linear & Helical Scan Recording Methods ULTRIUM DATA LAYOUTS ON Introduction to tape technologies Linear & Helical Scan Recording Methods ULTRIUM DATA LAYOUTS ON TAPE head movement DLT VS 80 SDLT STK 9840 LINEAR 1/2" and 1/4" Tapes SLR/QIC/Travan IBM 3480/90, 3570, Magstar ½” reel to reel DDS 2, 3, 4 Exabyte 8 mm Mammoth track of head across tape HELICAL SCAN 90 degree drum wrap HP Restricted 4 mm & 8 mm Tapes AIT 1, 2 Ecrix VXA Sony DTF May 23 rd, 2001 2

Introduction to tape technologies The Tape Drive Market Place (GB) Native 120 110 SDLT Introduction to tape technologies The Tape Drive Market Place (GB) Native 120 110 SDLT 220 100 High Performance ULTRIUM 215 90 ULTRIUM 230 80 70 60 Mammoth 2 (M 2) 50 AIT-2 DLT VS 80 40 DLT 80 30 AIT-1 20 Low/Mid Range M 1 DDS-4 9840 Near-Line Storage Magstar 3490 10 DDS-3 0 0 HP Restricted 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 (MB/sec) Native 11 12 13 14 15 16 May 23 rd, 2001 3

Introduction to tape technologies Tape Market Share 2000 (units) Source: IDC May 2000 HP Introduction to tape technologies Tape Market Share 2000 (units) Source: IDC May 2000 HP continues to be the highest volume tape manufacturer and supplier HP Restricted May 23 rd, 2001 4

Introduction to tape technologies Tape Automation Market Share 2000 (units) Source: IDC May 2001 Introduction to tape technologies Tape Automation Market Share 2000 (units) Source: IDC May 2001 More customers buy HP Tape Libraries than anyone –else. HP Restricted May 23 rd, 2001 5

Introduction to tape technologies Tape Market Rationalization Future Now Ultrium Premium TAM 200 K Introduction to tape technologies Tape Market Rationalization Future Now Ultrium Premium TAM 200 K TAM 400 K DLT 8000 0007 TLD Performance Ultrium. H H 8 mm 2 Value TAM 400 K 8 mm 1 Entry TAM 1100 K Ultrium & SDLT DDS SLR AIT Single Automation Platform & Linear Reliability Ultrium HH VS Tape 160 VS Tape 80 QIC HP Restricted May 23 rd, 2001 6

Introduction to tape technologies DLT/LTO Tape Technology Forecast & HP Bristol Analysis CAGR 78% Introduction to tape technologies DLT/LTO Tape Technology Forecast & HP Bristol Analysis CAGR 78% SDLT class DLT 80 class VS class CAGR – 1% HP will supply all these technologies – in order to best meet user needs. HP Restricted May 23 rd, 2001 7

Introduction to tape technologies HP tape technology comparison DDS/DAT 9840 VS 80/DLT 80/SDLT Ultrium Introduction to tape technologies HP tape technology comparison DDS/DAT 9840 VS 80/DLT 80/SDLT Ultrium 4 -20 GB capacity 40 -110 GB capacity 100 GB capacity 2 -10 GB/hr 36 GB/hr 5 -36 GB/hr 21 -54 GB/hr Inexpensive, proven technology with compatibility over generations, Vlarge installed base Extremely fast access (11 sec ave. ) for near-line storage applications Reliable industry standard with broad compatibility across the range, large installed base Highperformance and extreme reliability with manageability features, open standard of the future Native capacity & performance shown HP Restricted For more detailed specifications see Appendix 1 May 23 rd, 2001 8

Introduction to tape technologies Current Portfolio Positioning high-end / enterprise server ultrium 230 SDLT Introduction to tape technologies Current Portfolio Positioning high-end / enterprise server ultrium 230 SDLT 220 dlt 80 ultrium 215 mid-range servers dlt vs 80 dat 40 low-end servers dat 24 dds HP Restricted dlt ultrium SDLT May 23 rd, 2001 9

Introduction to tape technologies DDS Technology Attributes • No further development planned • Highest Introduction to tape technologies DDS Technology Attributes • No further development planned • Highest volume tape technology in service today (12 M drives) • Relatively low drive cost, very low media cost • Best used in: — low end servers —high capacity interchange — OS recovery device (using OBDR) • 4 generations with backwards compatibility • Only rated at 12% duty cycle (3 hours per day) • Cost effective entry level automation • Successful because of standards HP, Sony Seagate HP Restricted May 23 rd, 2001 10

Introduction to tape technologies • • • Ultrium Technology Attributes The new tape technology Introduction to tape technologies • • • Ultrium Technology Attributes The new tape technology for the Enterprise from, HP, IBM & Seagate. 4 generation roadmap until 2007 (800 GB/160 MB/sec native) “Best of Breed” technology approach, GEN 1 technically conservative. HP is the ONLY vendor to have a half-height Ultrium product (Ultrium 215). HP Unique “data rate matching” to ensure streaming on lower performance hosts. Designed for automation – ultra-reliable load/unload, Cartridge Memory (future), surrogate scsi High data integrity – data can be recovered even if 32 mm of tape is completely unreadbale. OBDR support LOW RISK HP Restricted May 23 rd, 2001 11

Introduction to tape technologies • • • SDLT Technology Attributes Quantums new Enterprise technology Introduction to tape technologies • • • SDLT Technology Attributes Quantums new Enterprise technology Revolutionary new servo system LGMR Lower Performance (11 MB/sec) than Ultrium Has 2 sets of heads to be able to read older DLT tapes Compromise leader design to load older DLT tapes No DRM but large (32 M) buffer Uses PRML to get high capacity Infra red diagnostics port Single source Future roadmap keeps changing HP Restricted May 23 rd, 2001 12

Introduction to tape technologies Interchange capabilities Technology Can Write Can Read Speed* DDS 4 Introduction to tape technologies Interchange capabilities Technology Can Write Can Read Speed* DDS 4 – 150 m tape 3 MB/sec DDS 3 – 125 m tape 1 MB/sec DDS 2 – 120 m tape 0. 5 MB/sec DDS 3 – 125 m tape 1 MB/sec DDS 2 – 120 m tape 0. 5 MB/sec SDLT 1 11 MB/sec DLT 80 6 MB/sec DLT 70 DLT 40 DLT VS 80/DLT 1 5 MB/sec 1. 5 MB/sec 3 MB/sec DLT 80 6 MB/sec DLT 70** DLT 70 5 MB/sec DLT 40** DLT 40 1. 5 MB/sec DLT 1 DLT VS 80 DLT 1 DLT 40 1. 5 MB/sec Ultrium gen 1 15 MB/sec DLT 80 HP Restricted * = native ** = requires front panel intervention May 23 rd, 2001 13

Introduction to tape technologies HP Stand Alone Tape Automation Family – Technology support 1/9 Introduction to tape technologies HP Stand Alone Tape Automation Family – Technology support 1/9 2/20 4/40 6/60 8/80 10/100 10/180 900 GB 2. 0 TB 4. 0 TB 6. 0 TB 8. 0 TB 10. 0 TB 17. 4 TB 360 GB 24*6 40*6 20/700 800 GB 1. 6 TB 2. 4 TB 3. 6 TB 4. 0 TB 7. 0 TB 27. 1 TB 4. 4 TB 6. 6 TB 8. 8 TB 11. 0 TB 19. 14 TB 74. 6 TB 3. 5 TB 13. 6 TB 67. 8 TB 360 GB DLT 1 990 GB 2. 2 TB 6*12 GB 6*24 GB HP Restricted Native capacities shown May 23 rd, 2001 14

Introduction to tape technologies Tape Libraries Projection WW (000’s of units) Total units 133. Introduction to tape technologies Tape Libraries Projection WW (000’s of units) Total units 133. 8 Total units 61. 8 Source: Freeman reports May 2000 “early indications confirm a quick LTO ramp and strong market acceptance” Bob Abraham senior tape analyst Freeman Associates HP Restricted May 23 rd, 2001 15

Introduction to tape technologies Where to connect the tape drive/Library • Direct Attach (DA) Introduction to tape technologies Where to connect the tape drive/Library • Direct Attach (DA) – Tape is attached directly to the server it is backing up. Used generally in small/medium businesses where there is no centralised backup policy. This market is still a very high revenue earner for HP – everytime you sell a server – sell a backup solution. • Over the Network (OTN) – Tape drive or more likely an autoloader/library is connected to a “dedicated backup server” which backs up remote servers over a dedicated backup LAN. Allows centralised backup and easier manageabilty. Network bandwidth on 100 base. T can be an issue, ( MAX 25 GB Hr) but Gigabit Etherenet (1000 Base. T) is allowing higher performance tape drives to be used in this environment (MAX 234 GB/Hr). HP Restricted May 23 rd, 2001 16

Introduction to tape technologies Where to connect the tape drive/Library • Storage Area Networks Introduction to tape technologies Where to connect the tape drive/Library • Storage Area Networks (SAN). – In this implementation Libraries are shared by multiple servers via Fibre channel allowing maximum backup/restore flexibility. The data can always be made accessible even if a particular server is down. However the cost of a shared FC Library in a SAN environment can be high. SANs are not yet fully plug and play – check with your storage specialist to see what confgurations are supported by HP. • Extra Server Sales! – remember that as well as selling Application based servers, somewhere in the corporations infrastructure will be a requirement for dedicated backup servers with Tape drives/Libraries attached and potential sales for HP Omni. Back software. HP Restricted May 23 rd, 2001 17

Introduction to tape technologies Today’s Corporate Enterprise Disk Array SAN Shared Library WAN Tape Introduction to tape technologies Today’s Corporate Enterprise Disk Array SAN Shared Library WAN Tape Library Dedicated Backup LAN Backup Server Admin Station Unix NT Data. Base Win 98 Netware Direct Attach Tape Main Network LAN HP Restricted May 23 rd, 2001 18

Introduction to tape technologies Backup & Recovery Strategies You don’t need to do a Introduction to tape technologies Backup & Recovery Strategies You don’t need to do a full backup every night – use incremental or differential backups to reduce the time on after a full backup. Full F M Tu W Th Any data loss. Yesterday's full backup needed Incremental F M Tu W Th All data losses require at least full backup tape Worst case is last full backup + all incrementals Differential F M Tu W Th All data losses require at least full backup tape. Worst case is last full backup + last differential HP Restricted May 23 rd, 2001 19

Introduction to tape technologies Zero Downtime Backup Solutions SAN Configuration Client network HP-UX (L, Introduction to tape technologies Zero Downtime Backup Solutions SAN Configuration Client network HP-UX (L, N, V class) Solaris Windows NT Database Servers FC Switch Tape Libraries Backup Servers HP-UX NT XP 256 or XP 512 Solaris HP Restricted May 23 rd, 2001 20

Introduction to tape technologies Technology Tape Drive Specs Capacity per tape* Performance* Height/Models Comment Introduction to tape technologies Technology Tape Drive Specs Capacity per tape* Performance* Height/Models Comment DDS 3 (DAT 24) 12 GB 1 MB/sec (3. 62 GB Hr) H-H, int, ext, rackmnt Entry level DDS 4 (DAT 40) 20 GB 3 MB/sec(10. 8 GB/Hr) H-H, int, ext, rackmnt Good Price/Performance DLT VS 80 40 GB 3 MB/sec(10. 8 GB/Hr) H-H, int, ext, rackmnt Entry point to DLT technology DLT 80 40 GB 6 MB/sec (21. 6 GB/Hr) F-H, int, ext, rackmnt Likely to “Loose-out” between vs 80 & SDLT Ultrium 215 100 GB 7. 5 MB/sec (27 GB/Hr) H-H, int, ext, rackmnt “killer product” Ultrium 230 100 GB 150 MB/sec (54 GB/Hr) F-H, int, ext, rackmnt Highest Performance SDLT 220 110 GB 11 MB/sec (39. 6 GB/Hr) F-H, int, ext, rackmnt Only for customers who need backwards compatibility with DLT 80/70/40/VS 80 9840 20 GB 10 MB/sec (36 GB/Hr) Only in 10/180 & 20/700 Libs 11 sec access time to data. 2001 May 23 rd, 21 HP Restricted

Introduction to tape technologies Product Automation Product Specs Technologi es Supported Capacity Range* DAT Introduction to tape technologies Product Automation Product Specs Technologi es Supported Capacity Range* DAT 24*6 DDS 3 12 GB per tape DAT 40*6 DDS 4 20 GB per tape Autoloader 1/9 DLT 1, DLT 80, Ultrium, SDLT 1/20, 2/20, 4/4 0, 6/60, 8/80, 10/100 DLT 80, Ultrium, SDLT 10/180 DLT 80, 9840 Ultrium, SDLT Models Available Comments int, ext Best used as entry level automation rather than large tape drive. DDS technology not rated at 100% duty cycle. 360 GB to 990 GB Stand-alone & rackmount All the features of a library in an Autoloadre. 800 GB to Stand-alone & rackmount Easily scaleable in 20 slot extensions 11 Tera. Byte Remote mgmt option Fibre channel option 3. 6 Tera. Byte to 19 Tera. Byte Stand-alone 80, 140, 174 slot options Fibre channel option Remote mgmt option 20/700 DLT 80, 9840 Ultrium, SDLT 14 Tera. Byte to 77 Tera. Byte Stand-alone 228, 396, 690 slot options Fibre channel option Remote mgmt option HP Restricted * = assumes native capacity May 23 rd, 2001 22

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