- Количество слайдов: 25
Massachusetts Quality Rating and Improvement System
Quality Rating and Improvement System: What is it? “A Quality Rating & Improvement System (QRIS) is a method to assess, define, and communicate the level of quality in early care & education and after-school settings. l QRIS are systemic, addressing multiple aspects of early care and education and out of -school time programs through a uniform approach that is available statewide. l QRIS are similar to other consumer rating systems, in that they "rate" goods or services to provide customers with a better understanding about the quality of that item. ” l Stairsteps to Quality, Anne W. Mitchell (2005) 2
Purposes of the Massachusetts QRIS Programs and providers use one streamlined set of standards that are connected to supports and fiscal incentives to help them meet and maintain the standards. l Programs receive feedback and are involved in continuous quality improvement. l Parents have easily accessible information about the quality of early care and education programs. l Policymakers understand where and how to invest additional resources. l High-quality early education and care and out of school opportunities are available throughout the Commonwealth that demonstrate improved outcomes for children. 3
The Massachusetts QRIS a voluntary system l an opportunity available to all programs that are part of the Commonwealth’s mixed delivery system, which includes • child care centers • public preschool programs • private school preschool and kindergarten • family child care homes • after school and out-of-school time programs • Head Start programs l Is linked to Educator and Provider Supports, professional development, mentoring, technical assistance and training opportunities l Is a way of demonstrating and supporting quality that is above and beyond licensing requirements l 4
Review QRIS Standards for QRIS Program Type Continue to Implement Quality Improvements Program Reviews Results & Update Plan for Quality Improvements Program Receives QRIS Rating Start QRIS Application & Self-Assessment (QPM) QRIS Process for continuous quality improvements EEC works with programs to schedules ERS Reliable Rater Visit (Level 3+) EEC Reviews and Verifies QRIS & PQR Information 5 Update Professional Qualifications Registry (PQR) Prepare & Complete QRIS Documentation Submit QRIS Application & Self Assessment (QPM) Send Summary Profile & related documents to EEC (MAIL)
There are QRIS Standards for Each QRIS Program Type Center-based/ School-Based Programs For use by center-based and school-based programs, including license-exempt center-based programs (i. e. public school preschools, Montessori schools, or faith-based affiliated programs serving infants, toddlers, preschool-age children). Family Child Care For use by Family Child Care homes Afterschool/Out of School Time Programs For use by After School and Out of School Time programs, serving school-age children and youth (kindergarten and up) outside of the hours of the regular school day. Programs may be located on public school premises. 6
MA QRIS Standards Categories & Subcategories 1. Curriculum and Learning: 1 A. Curriculum, Assessment, and Diversity 1 B. Teacher- Child Interactions 2. Safe, Healthy Indoor and outdoor Environments: 2 A. Safe, Healthy Indoor and outdoor Environments 3. Workforce Qualifications and Professional Development: 3 A. Program Administrators 3 B. Program Staff/Educators 4. Family and Community Engagement 4 A. Family and Community Engagement 7 5. Leadership, Management and Administration: 5 A. Leadership, Management, and Administration 5 B. Supervision
QRIS Levels: l “Levels”: There are presently four levels in the QRIS Standards. l Each program will need to meet all requirements of the standards in the proceeding level before advancing to the next level. “Meet Requirements of Level 1 Plus” l A fifth level that builds connections between program quality, educator quality and positive outcomes for children is forthcoming. 8
QRIS Levels and Standard Criteria l 9 QRIS Standard: This is the criteria that programs must meet. These indicators of program quality are grounded in research and identified as best practice (used in other state’s QRIS, and/or identified MA stakeholders. l In the QRIS Program Manager, the standards are organized and numbered as follows: 1 A. 1. 1 (Subcategory. Level. Standard Criteria #)
Example: 1 A. Curriculum, Assessment, and Diversity Level 1 Level 4 Level 3 Level 2 1 A. 1. 1 1 A. 2. 1 1 A. 3. 1 1 A. 4. 1 • Meets Licensing regulations or nonlicensable or license exempt and meets EEC licensing requirements. • Educators demonstrate completion of professional development in curriculum, screening tools, and formative assessment. • Staff include parental input in the progress reports. • Program uses a curriculum that is aligned with MA guidelines for Preschool Learning Standards and the Infant/ Toddler Learning Guidelines. 1 A. 2. 2 • Materials reflect the language and culture of the children in the classroom, their communities, and represent the diversity of society. 1 A. 3. 2 • Staff has received formal professional development in the curriculum; using the MA Guidelines for Preschool Learning Standards or Infant / Toddler Learning; documenting children's progress; and working with children from diverse languages and cultures and second language acquisition. 1 A. 3. 3 • Program uses screening tools, progress reports, formative assessments, and information gathered through observation to set goals for individual children across all developmental domains. 1 A. 3. 4 10 • Staff demonstrate language and literacy skills either in English or the child's language that provide a model for children. 1 A. 4. 2 • Program uses progress reports, appropriate screening tools, formative assessments, and information gathered through observation to inform curriculum planning, and use results to monitor each child’s progress across developmental domains, and inform program decisionmaking (e. g. curriculum content, strategies for improved staff implementation, and professional development.
Sample: QRIS Application & Self Assessment Reference 11
QRIS Measurement Tools: Environment Rating Scales Infant/Toddler Environment Rating Scale, Revised Edition Early Childhood Environment Rating Scale, Revised Edition • ECERS-R is designed to assess group programs for children of preschool through kindergarten age, 2½ through 5. Expanded score sheet and additional notes improve accuracy in scoring. Also available Spanish. Family Child Care Environment Rating Scale, Revised Edition • FCCERS-R is designed to assess family child care programs conducted in a provider's home for children from infancy through school-age. This The School-Age Care Environment Rating Scale 12 • ITERS-R is designed to assess center-based child care programs for infants and toddlers up to 30 months of age. Also available Spanish. • SACERS is a scale designed to assess group-care programs for children of school age, 5 to 12. It contains full instructions for using the scale, a training guide, and notes clarifying selected items are also included. resource is also available Spanish. http: //ers. fpg. unc. edu
QRIS Measurement Tools (Cont. ) Program Administration Scale (Center- School based) Business Administration Scale Family Childcare The Assessing Afterschool Program Practices Tool 13 • PAS is a reliable and easy-to-administer tool designed to assess quality in ten areas: human resources development, personnel cost and allocation, center operations, child assessment, fiscal management, program planning and evaluation, family partnerships, marketing and public relations, technology, and staff qualifications. • BAS is a reliable tool for measuring the overall quality of business and professional practices in family child care settings. When used with FCCERS -R these instruments provide a comprehensive picture of the quality of the family child care learning environment and the business practices that support the program. • APT is designed for programs serving children from kindergarten through middle school. It includes two tools. • The APT Observation Tool (APT O) focuses on observable program practices; and the • APT Program Questionnaire (APT Q), a self-assessment tool which examines other aspects of program quality , such as program planning and connections with schools and parents. For More Info about PAS and BAS http: //cecl. nl. edu/evaluation/pas. htm For More Info about APT: http: //www. niost. org/content/view/1652/282/
QRIS Measurement Tools (Cont. ) Arnett -Caregiver Interaction Scale (Arnett-CIS) The Classroom Assessment Scoring System (CLASS) • The CLASS is a tool for observing and assessing the qualities of interactions among teachers and children in classrooms. It measures the emotional, organizational, and instructional supports provided by teachers that are known from research to contribute to children’s social development and academic achievement. Strengthening Families Self-Assessment 14 • The 26 -item Arnett-Caregiver Interaction Scale can be used without modification in both center and home-based settings. The items measure the emotional tone, discipline style, and responsiveness of the caregiver in the classroom. Available for Download from EEC’s Website • Strengthening Families Self-Assessment offers tools to help programs make small but significant changes in their day-to-day practice to build Protective Factors with families. • Strengthening Families Program Self Assessment is should be used by all programs participating in QRIS at Level 2. For More Info about CLASS http: //www. teachstone. org/ For more Info about the Strengthening Families Self Assessment Tools: http: //www. strengtheningfamilies. net/index. php/online_resources/g uide_assess/category/self_assessment/
QRIS Measurement Tools: Environment Rating Scales l l All programs participating in QRIS are required to complete the appropriate ERS tool for each classroom/group setting as a self-assessment for Level 2. ERS self-assessment must be conducted within 12 months of the QRIS Application submission date. l 15 The Environment Rating Scales are required by all QRIS participants regardless of program type or accreditation status to ensure consistency among the measurement tools used across the mixed delivery system. For Level 3 and above, programs will need to request an outside reliable raters visit with their QRIS Application.
Providing Supporting Documentation: To demonstrate that programs meet the measurements l l 16 Measurement Tools and Scores: ERS, PAS, BAS, APT, and CLASS are reported directly in QRIS Program Manager using the “Add Document – Measurement Tool” for EEC verification. Evidence in PQ Registry: Several of the QRIS Standards require that programs demonstrate that the program administrator and educators working at each program meet specific qualifications, work experience, and have professional development and/or training in certain topics. This information should all be documented in the Professional Qualifications Registry (PQR) and will be reviewed by EEC as part of the QRIS Application & Self-Assessment.
QRIS Documentation l Required Documentation: Materials that will be reviewed by EEC as “evidence” of meeting the Standard/ Measurement. This documentation is submitted in hardcopy with the QRIS Application Summary Profile (PDF). Head Start Documentation: QRIS standards are aligned to specified Head Start Performance Standards. Programs provide a official documentation of their current Head Start program status. l National Accreditation Documentation QRIS standards are aligned to specific national accreditation standards. Programs provide a copy of their current accreditation certificate. l National Association for the Education of Young Children (NAEYC) l National Accreditation for Family Child Care (NAFCC) l Council of Accreditation for Afterschool Programs. (COA) l 17
QRIS Policy Update l QRIS Exemption Requests EEC has increased the number of exemptions a program may request during their QRIS Self-Assessment process from one(1) exemption request to four (4) exemption requests. QRIS Policy Clarification l Qualifications and Professional Development: In considering workforce qualification and professional development requirements, as outlined in the QRIS standards, the terms “All Staff”, “staff” and “educators” refers to those educators that has been employed by the site for 12 months or more and should be considered in a program’s QRIS selfassessment process. Additional Information about Requesting an Exemption is posted on EEC’s website -QRIS Resources for Programs 18 http: //www. mass. gov/eec/qris
Exemption Request – QRIS Policy Update Requesting an exemption is an option that program may use to qualify for a QRIS self -assessment rating, when programs have identified specific barriers to meeting the standards, at one particular QRIS Rating Level. l Program should make a written request each exemption through their on-line QRIS application and self-assessment in the QRIS Program Manager (QPM), as these exemption requests are not automatically approved. l Programs may apply for up to 4 exemptions, per QRIS program type, on their QRIS self-assessment application to self assess at one particular QRIS level. Three (3) of these exemptions may be applied to standards criteria that programs should have resolved within 12 months of their QRIS application submission date, l One (1) of these exemptions may be applied towards one standard criterion that may require a significant length of time to achieve, for example obtainment of a BA. l Additional Information about Requesting an Exemption is posted on EEC’s website -QRIS Resources for Programs 19 http: //www. mass. gov/eec/qris
Amendment to the QRIS 2011 Program Quality Improvement Grant QRIS Application and Self-assessment information was extended from March 21, 2011 to March 28, 2011 and the date for submitting supporting documentation was extended from March 21, 2011 to June 1, 2011. l ERS Exemption Request additional exemptions as related to the implementation and documentation of the Environment Rating Scale self-assessment using the ITERS-R, ECERS-R, FCCERS-R and SACERS. This ERS Exemption is valid until June 1, 2011. l QRIS On-line grant Application: The on-line QRIS grant application the deadline for completing the QRIS Online Grant Application was extended from April 1, 2011 to April 4, at 4 p. m. l 20
Posting QRIS Ratings 2011 – QRIS Policy Update EEC has revised the following policy relative to posting of QRIS Ratings publicly during FY 2011 l EEC to post FY 2011 ratings on EEC website (participants will be notified that this information will be shared publicly) Revised Policy l For QRIS participants that receive a verified QRIS Rating before January 2012, this QRIS Rating will be shared directly with that individual program, but not posted publicly in 2011. l Information about QRIS participation that will be posted publicly in 2011 includes: l Lists of Programs and Educators that are participating in QRIS, and their QRIS program type will be posted and updated periodically. l Aggregate information about program participation 21
FAQs: Evidence of Meeting EEC Licensing l What documentation satisfies “evidence of meeting EEC Licensing Requirements” Programs should submit the Acknowledgment of Self- Assessment: Program Meets EEC Licensing Standards form to meet the required documentation for EEC License-Exempt Program l The self-assessment should indicate that the program is in compliance with EEC Licensing regulations (606 CMR 7. 00: Standards for Licensure or Approval of Family Child Care; Small Group, and School Age and Large Group ad School Age Child Care Programs 22
Family & Consumer Engagement EEC’s Communications Strategies Infrastructure Campaign EEC has been working with the United Way, the Frameworks Institute and mixed delivery system stakeholders to create an overarching statewide communication infrastructure and message to specifically raise public awareness and understanding regarding the importance of quality early education and care 23 This strategy and infrastructure will communicate: l The current science related to raising young children; and l The critical elements of high quality programming, such as l curriculum and learning l the importance of early childhood environments as the framework for children’s learning l qualifications and professional development of early childhood educators l the key role families play as partners in their child’s education; and l the role of leadership in early education and care.
QRIS Application Status* By Region Central MA Metro Boston Draft After School/ Out of School Time Center/School Based Family Child Care Final - Submitted to EEC After School/Out of School Time Center/School Based Family Child Care 134 9 100 26 18 136 13 30 65 44 95 173 9 109 19 Grand Total Application Status 24 Western MA Grand Total 121 3 95 16 712 85 54 61 47 303 64 215 69 188 57 206 32 154 326 1045 35 31 44 34 29 192 51 60 85 71 104 90 461 103 14 99 73 68 35 392 307 209 341 324 327 *As of March 28, 2011 Northeast Southeast and Cape 249 1757
Final QRIS Applications Received by Region and Self-Assessed Levels* Self. Assessed Levels Central Metro North Southeast Western Grand Metro MA Boston east and Cape MA Total Level 1 151 88 189 166 182 140 916 Level 2 15 15 16 22 23 13 104 Level 3 7 5 9 1 1 Level 4 Grand Total 173 109 215 188 *As of March 28, 2011 25 21 1 206 1 4 154 1045